November 5, 1999
Lab Well Represented At Cosmic Genesis Conference SHARES: You Can Do A World of Good

Lab Well Represented At Cosmic Genesis Conference

By Paul Preuss

Last week (Oct. 28-30) Sonoma State University played host to "Cosmic Genesis and Fundamental Physics," a conference that gathered well over a hundred cosmologists, astronomers, particle physicists, and others, from string theorists to giant telescope buil-ders. Berkeley Lab's Physics Division shouldered much of the preparatory work, and Lab scientists were well represented in the three hectic days of multi-track discussions.

Responding to a challenge from NASA administrator Dan Goldin at the "Inner Space/ Outer Space" symposium at Fermilab last May, the Department of Energy, NASA, and the National Science Foundation supported the conference in the interests of making the research dollar stretch farther -- or, as one participant phrased it, getting "more Big Bang for the buck."

Elliott Bloom, a particle astrophysicist with the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, welcomed the crowd and urged them to look "beyond the Standard Model" of fundamental particles and interactions, proposing future collaborative experiments to search for particles and fields yet undiscovered and extra dimensions yet unobserved, and to find new ways to explore cosmic origin, structure, and fate.

Artist's conception of a supermassive black hole.

Examples of experiments already approved or on the drawing board include the Constellation X orbiting X-ray observatory, described by NASA astrophysicist Nicholas White. Designed to meet Goldin's challenge "to image a black hole, where space and time cease to exist," the Constellation X array will launch four independent telescopes to fly in formation in Earth orbit, with resolving power 100 times greater than any yet achieved in X radiation; more modules would result in even higher resolution.

Formation flying also figures in the design of LISA (Laser Interferometer Space Antenna), described by University of Colorado physicist Peter Bender. Three spacecraft would form an equilateral triangle five million kilometers on a side. Gravitational waves from the collapse of black holes, for example, would be detected by variations in the distance between spacecraft of only a fraction of a wavelength of laser light.

While gravity becomes infinitely strong at the center of a black hole, it is many orders of magnitude weaker than the other forces of nature. Berkeley Lab theorist Nima Arkani-Hamed and Savas Dimopoulos of Stanford outlined a scheme that explains gravity's apparent weakness by invoking extra spatial dimensions.

If our world is confined to a wall, or `brane, in a multidimensional "bulk," the strong nuclear force and electro-weak force may be confined to three dimensions; then gravity would appear weak to us because gravitons, the bosons that convey gravity (analogous to the photons that convey electromagnetism) travel to us through at least two extra dimensions. University of Colorado experimentalist John Price described the table-top gear with which he is seeking to measure gravitation across distances of a few dozen microns, which is a long way, as string-theoretical dimensions go. If the theorists are right, at this range extra-dimensional gravity could be millions of times stronger than the gravity we are used to.

On a much larger scale -- that of the entire universe -- Saul Perlmutter, leader of the international Supernova Cosmology Project headquartered at Berkeley Lab, discussed last year's revolutionary discovery that the expansion of the universe is accelerating. Perlmutter noted two thrusts of future research: a search for nearby type Ia supernovae, in order to calibrate them as "standard candles;" and the proposed SuperNova/Acceleration Probe (SNAP) satellite, to gather many more distant supernovae under ideal conditions. SNAP is a paradigm of the sort of cooperative venture among DOE, NASA and NSF that the conference was meant to illuminate.

Artist's rendition of Constellation-X Observatory,
a combination of x-ray satellites working
in unison to generate the observing power of a giant telescope.

One imperative is to explain the energy that drives acceleration, a question debated throughout the three-day conference. Whether a form of the cosmological constant, or quintessence (a sort of inconstant cosmological constant), or some other scheme, "dark energy" will be a fertile field of theory and observation for years to come.

A major source of data on the shape of the universe will come from measurements of the anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background. Caltech's Jason Glenn teased conference participants with high-resolution sky maps obtained by the 10-day BOOMERanG balloon flight around the South Pole last January; but he withheld the all-important "CMB power spectrum," an analysis now underway at NERSC. The position of peaks in the spectrum will reveal whether the universe is open, closed or flat.

Berkeley astrophysicist George Smoot, who pioneered studies of CMB anisotropy, also briefed the gathering on the proposed IceCube neutrino observatory at the South Pole. A cubic kilometer of ice near the existing AMANDA detector, IceCube will search for the neutrino signatures of high-energy events both in and beyond the Galaxy, including the origin of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays.

Robert Streitmatter from NASA reported on a score of cosmic rays of energy so high they were thought forbidden by theory -- the Fly's Eye detector in Utah has captured an event packing 51 joules of energy. In a separate talk, Angela Olinto of the University of Chicago speculated on possible sources of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays such as neutron star winds. "We need full-sky coverage and we need to know the composition of the cosmic rays," she said, "before we can relate their apparent origins in the sky to their actual origins."

Concluding the conference, Fermilab cosmologist Edward "Rocky" Kolb noted that whereas the computer industry has Moore's law, which predicts that computing power doubles every 18 months, particle physicists have the Livingston graph, charting increasing accelerator power since the 1930s. "At this rate we'll reach the Planck scale in 2138," Kolb said dryly -- which would require an increase in energy by some 15 orders of magnitude.

"The slope is sagging," he confessed. "Maybe we can come up with new technologies. Alternately, we can go for natural accelerating processes" -- for example, whatever is accelerating those cosmic rays.

Kolb's message was that a new unification of inner space and outer space studies is essential to carry on the work of fundamental physics, the elucidation of nature itself. The process will continue in Aspen, Colorado, in February, and thereafter move to concrete proposals. While it promises to be a long journey, the first step has been auspicious.

For links to program participants and related activities, see

SHARES: You Can Do A World of Good

By Jon Bashor

Like many Lab employees, EH&S Division Deputy Robin Wendt has learned that when you take the time to help those who are less fortunate you gain a greater appreciation both of them and of yourself.

For seven years Wendt volunteered at the Harbor House, an inner-city Oakland organization providing educational, vocational and recreational services to needy families, many of them recent arrivals from Southeast Asia.

"I used to drive to work through the neighborhood, and my first instinct was always to roll up the windows and lock the doors," said Wendt, who worked for the U.S. Coast Guard at the time. "At first, I felt threatened. Later, after I began volunteering there, I would often drive around picking up kids and dropping them off in those same neighborhoods. I became more aware of the families and souls who made up the neighborhood. It gives you a much different perspective and sensitivity."

Wendt spent much of his volunteer time teaching the kids, playing baseball or other games with them, or discussing topics such as college and career options.

"There was a real connection with the kids; I think all of us who volunteered made a difference in the lives of those kids and their families," says Wendt. "The experience reinforced for me how good you can feel by helping others and having a positive impact on their lives."

Helping through SHARES

Although his increased career and family responsibilities now keep him from actively helping out at Harbor House, Wendt continues to support the center. And this year he plans to extend his support through the Lab's SHARES campaign, as Harbor House is one of the United Way member agencies included in the program.

Robin Wendt, EH&S division
deputy, volunteered for seven
years for an Oakland community
organization, which he now supports
through the SHARES campaign.

SHARES -- the Lab's charity giving campaign -- stands for Science for Health, Assistance, Resources, Education and Services.

This year, Berkeley Lab is working with four umbrella organizations -- United Way of the Bay Area, Earth Share of California, Community Health Charities, and the Bay Area Black United Fund. Also included this year are 23 local Bay Area nonprofit agencies working in areas related to the Lab's mission.

"Our goal is to make it easy and rewarding for every employee to find a community organization to support, either with a one-time donation or through monthly payroll deductions," said Ron Kolb, head of the Lab's Public Communications Office and coordinator of this year's SHARES campaign. "By adding the Bay Area Black United Fund as an umbrella organization and adding more local agencies to the list of organizations with ties to the Lab's mission areas, we think that everyone here can find a good reason to participate in the campaign."

The SHARES campaign began last Monday and will continue through Wednesday, Nov. 24. By now all Lab employees should have received their campaign packet.

During each week of the campaign, employees who make a donation are entered in a drawing for donated prizes, such as tickets for a trip to Alcatraz, restaurant meals, clothing and more. The Lab's Computing Infrastructure Support Department is also donating four free desktop computer tune-ups (a $90 value) for the drawing.

Other means to help

But the rewards of helping others go far beyond a tangible prize.

In the Environmental Energy Technologies Division, for instance, community involvement is encouraged by Director Mark Levine, and employees take their work into schools and neighborhoods. Rick Diamond of the Energy Performance in Buildings Group volunteers in Berkeley elementary schools, teaching kids about energy and the environment.

He and his colleagues work through Community Resources for Science, a non-profit organization based in Oakland. The agency compiles lists of teachers looking for help in various areas of science, helps with lesson plan development and gives age-appropriate guidelines.

"These kids are so enthusiastic," said Diamond, "and they ask questions you have to stop and think about, like `Are bald heads warmer than hairy heads? Why are some hands warm and some cold?' They all want to learn and we're able to teach them things to do at home and school to save energy and protect the environment."

Community Resources for Science is one of the 23 local agencies identified by SHARES as having ties to the Lab's mission in the area of science education. Another agency on the SHARES list is REACH for Learning (the Bay Area Learning Disability Foundation). The nonprofit center provides one-on-one academic services in math, science, computer skills, reading, writing and study skills to children and adults with learning disabilities in Berkeley, Albany and West Contra Costa County.

Betsy Smith, wife of ALS Division Deputy for Science Neville Smith, has been both tutor and board member for the center, which serves about 70 pupils per month during the school year. Last year, Smith tutored two dyslexic second-graders in math and reading.

"I used to be a teacher in New Jersey, so this was a nice way to work with children again," she said. "Each student got 50 minutes of undivided attention twice a week. It was rewarding -- and fun."

The program provides outreach programs, such as an annual discussion to help parents of students with learning disabilities identify colleges and universities which offer extra support. The center also seeks grants to cover expenses for low-income students.

"Those who often need the extra support the most are those who are least able to afford it," Smith said.

Reaching out across the world

That is especially true in the poor black township of Oukasie in South Africa, where community leaders are striving to build better lives by improving educational opportunities. Assisted with training and expertise provided by the Lab's Center for Science and Engineering Education, Oukasie leaders are striving to provide a regional science center for educating both teachers and students.

International grants have paid for the structure, which includes a lecture hall, teaching rooms and a library. Now the challenge is to raise $82,000 to equip the facility with computers and library materials.

"It's the only facility of its kind in all of South Africa," said Eileen Engel, a CSEE staff member who has helped train a contingent of Oukasie teachers visiting the Lab. She also traveled to the township to get a first-hand look. "Access to computers and technology is their key to a better future. There are probably only a handful of computers in the entire township of 30,000 people."

Teachers in Oukasie, South Africa,
attend a science workshop taught by Lab-trained staff.

Oukasie is a sister city of both Berkeley and Oakland, Engel said, and both cities have helped the South Africans. This year Lab employees can make a direct contribution to this project through the SHARES campaign.

"For even a small contribution, you can make a huge difference in the lives of many people," Engel said. "The people in Oukasie have the determination to improve their lives and we want to help give them the opportunity to succeed."

Yuri Orlov: A Spirit Unbroken

By Monica Friedlander

Shivering half to death in a three-by-twelve-foot Siberian prison cell, physicist and then-political prisoner Yuri Orlov had little to keep his spirits up. The human rights activist was sentenced to 13 grueling years of labor camp imprisonment in an area where temperatures often dropped to minus 40 degrees Celsius. What kept Orlov going was a belief in the moral justness of his cause, attempts at communicating with the outside world, and his passion for physics.

"I'm a scientist and an investigator by nature," he says. "I thought."

Communicating and thinking were highly dangerous and illicit endeavors in mid-1980s Soviet Union. To be sustained under the subhuman labor camp conditions in which Orlov survived for 10 years, required ingenious ideas and extreme mental strain. Those attempts at outsmarting the system kept Orlov's mind busy while his body was taking the brunt of the punishment.

"They want to break you psychologically, to break your determination," he says. As it turns out, Orlov's spirit was unbreakable.

On Sept. 23, more than 12 years after being released from prison and sent to the United States, the Cornell University scientist visited the Bay Area and spent time at Stanford and Berkeley, taking a first-hand look at collaborations between SLAC and Berkeley Lab and lecturing both on campus and on the Hill. Before flying back to Cornell, Orlov talked with us about his extraordinary life and some of the people who had a great impact on it -- many of them right here at Berkeley Lab.

Orlov lectures on quantum mechanics at Berkeley Lab.

"This is a great Lab," says the 74-year-old, avuncular Russian with a warm smile, "and to me, a place with so many great friends. They have been so much help to us -- real friends, deep friends."

His friends are the founders of a unique movement that originated at Berkeley Lab and, at its height, numbered 8,000 scientists from 44 different countries.

SOS -- Scientists for Sakh-arov, Orlov and Sharansky -- was started in 1978 by Lab physicists Morris Pripstein and the late Denis Keefe. The organization asked international scientists to abide by a moratorium on scientific exchanges with the Soviet Union as a means to draw attention to human rights violations there and help release political prisoners. (See Currents, July 10, 1998 for more on the SOS.)

In addition to thanking the group for his release and that of his fellow dissidents, Orlov also credits the SOS with actually playing a role in the very demise of the Soviet system.

"These actions were extremely important because of the character of the Soviet regime. The regime was built on an ideological basis: that the system is the best for the people. And because it's `the best system,' they were especially sensitive to criticism. They bluffed to us that it's nothing, but they were ner-vous. And when the SOS appeared, there was a big article in Pravda criticizing it. [The authorities] thought the criticism would help them. No, the criticism helped us, because it was advertisement. People at least knew such people existed, that other ideas existed."

Yet while the Russian people may have heard of the SOS, for a long time Orlov himself did not. Isolated in labor camp, he spent the little free time he had devising means of communicating beyond prison walls. For instance, he used his sugar allowance to concoct an invisible ink; and in the few personal letters he was allowed, Orlov and his family used an intricate secret code. It was through this code that his wife eventually informed him about the SOS.

"You cannot imagine how extremely important it is to know you are not alone and not forgotten," he says.

While the news lifted his spirits, Orlov said, he never dared hope he would ever be free anymore than he could hope the system itself would be brought to its knees within his lifetime.

"It was a psychological solution not to have false hope," Orlov says. "Hope is like drugs. It can corrupt you. If hope is not realized, then what?"

More than just a scientist or political activist, Orlov is a scholar in the truest sense of the word. An avid history and philosophy buff, he spent his youth in Moscow's Lenin Library, reading about everything from workers' movements in Europe to American history and the latest in psychiatry.

"When I was a high school boy," Orlov recalls, "I wanted to be a philosopher. But then when I studied more, I understood it's all subject to interpretation. Philosophy does not have solutions because it's not investigation; it's just guessing. To know what is real, you must study science."

But all that reading laid the foundation for his life as a humanitarian. Interestingly, it was also during those early years that Orlov read about a faraway place called Berkeley.

"Maybe most Americans didn't know about Berkeley, but we did," Or-lov says. "I knew about it from one of Lenin's philosophy books. They told us Berkeley was a nest of idealism, that Berkeley was wrong. I did not know about Berkeley Lab then, but I knew about Berkeley."

Soon thereafter Orlov started speaking out against the system, with increasingly more severe consequences. By 1956 his outcries had drawn the attention of top national officials, but he was still not arrested, albeit stripped of the right to work for given periods of time. His luck ran out in 1977, however, when he was arrested and imprisoned. His crime: demanding that the Soviet Union comply with the Helsinki Accords on human rights that it had signed in 1975.

Ironically, Orlov not only survived, but he outlived the Soviet Union, and got to see the breakup of a system that could not break him. And the movement that led to his release has been recognized internationally for its efforts. Last year, for example, the New York Academy of Sciences honored Berkeley Lab physicist Morris Pripstein with the Heinz Pagels Human Rights Award for his role in founding the SOS.

Yuri Orlov (left) with SOS members and friends Philip Siegelman of San Francisco State University and Bill Wenzel of Berkeley Lab during Orlov's recent visit to Berkeley.

Meanhile, Orlov continues his research in the fields of quantum mechanics and, more recently, in neuro-biology. At the same time, he stays active politically and serves as honorary chairman of the Helsinki Committee on Human Rights. With the wars in the Balkans and in Chechnya, poverty and refugee displacement are as much a concern to him now as communist repression was before.

And while he may wish to devote more of his time to science, Orlov feels a moral obligation to continue in the forefront of the human rights movement.

"I have lots of designs in science, and sometimes it's difficult to do both," he says. "But when you work for human rights, you are not free. When people ask me to help, I have no right to refuse. I must do what I must do."

Washington Report

New Bill to Boost Tech Transfer

A bill that would require DOE to promote clusters of high-tech companies around its national laboratories was introduced last week by Senator Jeff Bingaman, the New Mexico Democrat who 10 years earlier introduced the legislation that established CRADAs.

"This bill seeks to harness the power of technology clusters for the benefit of the labs and the surrounding communities, with the labs as the anchor innovator," Bingaman said.

The bill also intends to make it easier for national labs to work with other institutions by shortening the time the department has to review, modify or approve CRADAs, and by allowing more negotiation over the allocation of intellectual property rights resulting from CRADAs. In addition, the measure would allow contractor-operated labs, such as Berkeley Lab, to approve routine CRADAs without requiring DOE review.

Among other provisions, the bill would establish a small business advocate at DOE's nine multi-purpose labs to help companies compete for lab contracts; and require a study with recommendations on easing the movement of technical personnel between DOE labs and nearby companies. It would also authorize ombudsmen at the multi-purpose labs to resolve complaints or disputes over technology partnerships, patents and licenses.

A DOE spokesperson called Bingaman's bill a "welcome and necessary step to making technology partnership opportunities more accessible and quick to initiate."

New DOE Project Manager Named for SNS

Lester Price, former executive director of the environmental management program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), has been named the new project manager for the Spallation Neutron Source. He will serve as DOE's onsite representative for the $1.3 billion facility being built at ORNL.

In his previous position at ORNL, Price was responsible for managing the contract between DOE and Bechtel Jacobs, the company that handles environmental cleanup activities at Oak Ridge and two other DOE sites. Price will now serve as a liaison between ORNL and DOE, working closely with David Moncton, the SNS project director.

The SNS is a collaboration between ORNL, Berkeley Lab and the national laboratories at Brook-haven, Los Alamos, and Argonne. When completed, it will be the world's largest neutron scattering facility. -- Lynn Yarris

Merry Finale for ALS Users' Meeting

Steve Kevan, chair of the ALS Users' Executive
Committee (right), presented members of the
ALS User Services Office with an award for
providing outstanding service and support to
the ALS user community. The ceremony was held
during the banquet at the annual ALS users' meeting.
Left to right are Sharon Fujimura, Barbara Phillips
and Jane Tanamachi. Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt

Awards and Honors

Paul Linford Richards, a physicist in the Materials Sciences Division and a professor of physics at UC Berkeley, is the recipient of the 2000 Frank Isakson Prize for Optical Effects in Solids, conferred by the American Physical Society. Richards was honored "for his development of innovative infrared techniques and pioneering research in far-infrared spectroscopy."

Richards is the author of more than 300 papers on the subject, including the development of measurement techniques and their application to problems in condensed matter physics and astrophysics.

* * *

Life Sciences Division scientist Trudy Forte is the recipient of the Special Recognition Award from the Council on Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology of the American Heart Association. Forte is being recognized for her significant contributions to the field during her 31-year tenure at Berkeley Lab. She was the first to examine the morphology of lipoproteins by electron microscopy and to relate abnormalities in their structure with specific lipid abnormalities. She was also the first to show how the major protein of high density lipoprotein, in its lipid-free form, removes excess cholesterol from cells.

Call for Hollaender Fellowship

Applications are being accepted for DOE's Alexander Hollaender Distin-guished Postdoctoral Fellowship Program for the year 2000. The fellowships provide $37,500 for the first year and $40,500 for the second year for research supporting the mission of the DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER).

Research topics include is the study of atmospheric, marine, and terrestrial systems; molecular and subcellular mechanisms underlying human somatic genetic processes; nuclear medicine; structural biology; and the development of related instrumentation.

Eligible applicants must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents and have received a doctoral degree after April 30, 1998. The sponsoring research advisor must be funded by OBER at the level of at least $150,000 a year, with funding continuing throughout the tenure of the fellow. The sponsoring investigator must cover half of the fellow's second-year stipend ($20,250).

Completed applications and supporting materials must be received by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education before Jan. 15, 2000. Fellowship offers will be made in April 2000, with expected start dates between May 1 and Sept. 30, 2000.

Online information and application materials can be found at An overview of OBER programs is available at For additional information, contact David Gilbert at X6096, degilbert@

Congressional Fellowship Programs

With the federal government funding about 30 percent of the nation's R&D and 60 percent of basic research programs, lawmakers have a far-reaching impact on the direction science --even though they are rarely trained in science and technology themselves.

In order to provide expertise to Capitol Hill staff while familiarizing scientists with the legislative process, the American Physical Society (APS) and the American Institute of Physics (AIP) are sponsoring two Congressional Science Fellowship programs which enable qualified scientists to spend a year on Capitol Hill and apply their expertise to science-related policy issues.

Applications are currently being accepted for the 2000-2001 fellowship terms. The two programs are operated under the auspices of the American Association for the Advancement of Science but are run separately and have their own application processes.

General requirements include U.S. citizenship, membership in APS or one of the AIP member societies, and a Ph.D. in physics or related field (although in certain cases, the Ph.D. requirement may be waived for candidates with compensating experience).

Further information about the programs and application procedures can be found on the AIP website at and the APS web site at

The application deadline for the 2000-2001 AIP and APS programs is Jan. 15, 2000.

Berkeley Lab Currents

Published twice a month by the Public Information Department for the employees and retirees of Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Ron Kolb, PID department head.

EDITOR: Monica Friedlander, (510) 495-2248,

STAFF WRITERS: Paul Preuss, 486-6249; Lynn Yarris, 486-5375

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS: Jon Bashor, X5849; Allan Chen, X4210, Jeffery Kahn, X4019

FLEA MARKET / CALENDAR: Vikki Davis, 486-5771 /

Public Information Department, Berkeley Lab, MS 65A
One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley CA 94720
Tel: 510/486-5771 Fax: 510/486-6641

Berkeley Lab is managed by the University of California for the U.S. Department of Energy.

FY 2000 Laboratory R&D Program Awards Announced

Allocations for Lab's FY 2000 LDRD Projects

Director Charles Shank has announced the selection of 63 projects for support by the Laboratory Directed Research and Deve-lopment (LDRD) Program for FY 2000. A total of about $9.2 million in both operating expenses and capital equipment has been allocated for LDRD projects out of 142 proposals requesting a total of $26.8 million submitted in response to the Call for Proposals issued earlier this year (see Currents, Feb. 26, 1999).

The proposals were evaluated in a review process that used the scientific judgment and priorities of the division reviews and the Director's review committees.

Said Shank, "The LDRD program gives Berkeley Lab a unique capability to explore new ideas, seed new research directions, and help recruit new scientific talent. The creativity of Berkeley Lab scientists was amply demonstrated by the large number of excellent proposals, and there are many projects not on the awards list I wish we could have funded.

"Furthermore," Shank said, "it is my belief that the quality of science being done through LDRD will insure the program's long-term viability. I thank everyone who submitted a proposal for their efforts and the quality of their ideas."

Lead P.I.


Award ($K)


Integrated Physiome Analysis


Arkin, et al.

Structural/Functional Genomics and Pathways: D. radiodurans and B. subtilis



High Precision Arithmetic with Applications in Mathematics and Physics


Barenblatt, Chorin

Numerical Methods for Time-Dependent Viscoelastic Flows


Belkacem et al.

Laser-assisted Photoabsorption of X-rays by Atoms and Feasibility of a Femtosecond X-ray Source


Bell et al.

Science-Based Sub-grid Scale Modeling in Fluid Turbulence



Instrumentation for Sorting Individual DNA Molecules


Benson, Myer, et al.

Geologic Sequestration of CO2 Through Hydrodynamic Trapping Mechanisms



Ocean Particulate Carbon Dynamics


Canning, Louie

Computational Methods for Electronic Structure Codes in Materials Science: Ground State and Excited State Properties


Cerny et al.

New Exotic Nuclear Beams by Implementation of the "Recyclotron Concept"



Development and Application of the General Theory of Hydrophobicity to Interpret Stability and Dynamics of Biological Assemblies



Transgenic Mouse Models for DNA Repair and Aging


Cohen, et al.

Atmospheric Chemistry Changes at the Interface Between Urban and Regional Scales


Cooper, Tainer

Structural Cell Biology of Multi-Component Protein Complexes Essential for Genomic Stability



Dynamics of Low Emittance Electron Rings With Applications to High Energy Physics Colliders



Nanoscale Transport in Ultra-thin Films



Atomically Resolved Spin-Polarized Imaging Using Superconducting STM Tips



Structural Biology of Large Biomolecular Complexes


Einsweiler, et al.

Silicon-on-insulator Technology for Ultra-Radiation Hard Detectors



Analytical Tools for Gene Expression and Genome Sequence


Fung, Simon, Bishop

Carbon-Climate Interactions



Novel Routes to the Fabrication of Microdesigned Grain Boundaries via Solid-State Methods


Glaeser, et al.

Teraflop Challenges in Single-Particle Electron Crystallography


Glover, et al.

Ultrafast X-Ray Spectroscopy Via Optical Gating



Novel Approaches to the Study of Molecular Organization in Living Cells


Hazen, Oldenburg

Aerobic Bioremediation of Landfills



Identification of Novel Functional RNA Genes in Genomic DNA Sequences


Howells, et al.

Phase- and Amplitude-Contrast Tomography Using Intermediate-Energy X-rays



Transgenic Optical Sensors for Live Molecular Imaging of Neural Activity



Innovative Source Techniques for the Generation of Femtosecond-Scale Pulses of X-rays


Kim, et al.

Effects of 2xCO2Climate Forcing on the Western U.S. Hydroclimate Using the High Performance Regional Climate System Model



DNA Microarray Analysis of Metabolic Regulatory Genes in the Mouse



Cyro X-ray Microscopy and Protein Localization


Lee, et al.

Graphite: the Rosetta Stone of Current 2D Condensed Matter Physics


Lee, et al.

Gamma Ray Studies Using Microamp Beam Intensities


Leung, et al.

Compact D-D Neutron Generator for Moderator Design and Biological Research


Lucas, Hunt

Diesel Particle Detection and Control


Lyneis, I-Y Lee

Vacuum, RF, and Injection Systems for High Intensity Stable Beams


McCurdy, Rescigno

Electron Collision Processes Above the Ionization Threshold



Selective Chemistry With fs ir Laser Pulses



Study of Radionuclide-Bacterial Interaction Mechanisms



First Chemical Study of Element 108, Hassium



Cryo-electron Microscopy Studies of Eukaryotic Transcriptional Basal Factor TFIID



Infrared Spectroscopy of Complex Materials



X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy at Micron Spatial Resolution


Parvin, Yang

Feature Extraction from Observed and Simulated Weather Data


Perlmutter, et al.

Nearby Supernova Search with Ten-fold Increase in Efficiency



Photoemission Study of the Quantum Confinement in Magnetic Nanostructures



Solutions to Data Handling Contraints for Large HENP Experiments


Reade, Berdahl

Ion-Beam Thin Film Texturing: Enabling Future Energy Technologies


Ritchie, Padmore

Spatially-Resolved Residual Stress Characterization at Microstructural Dimensions



Computational Modeling of Protein Folding and Unfolding Using Lattice Models and All-Atom Molecular Dynamics


Salmeron et al.

Electron Spectroscopy of Surfaces Under High Pressure Conditions



BLD: Software for Scalable Linux Clusters


Schipper, et al.

Transportation Energy Use: Examining Driving Forces in the US, OECD, and Key Developing Countries



Research on High Luminosity Tracking Sensors


Simon, Ding

Linear Algebra & Statistical Algorithms for Text Classification in Large Databases


Smoot, et al.

Large Astrophysical Data Sets


Smoot/ Borrill

Extraction of Fundamental Parameters from the Cosmic Microwave Background Data



Isotopic Analysis of Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems and Global Change Impacts


Weiss, et al.

Single Molecule Protein Dynamics


Wu, et al.

Development of the High Performance TOUGH2 Codes


Zholents, et al.

Improved Temporal Resolution in Femtosecond X-ray Spectroscopy



Total: 9,198

Two-Day Blood Drive at Berkeley Lab

Having blood drawn for some blood bank or another may seem like a very impersonal procedure, until you start thinking about the people whose lives are forever changed -- or saved -- by this generous gift.

They may be new mothers who come close to losing their lives after heavy hemorrhaging in childbirth; teen-agers diagnosed with rare forms of cancer that need regular transfusions of red cells and platelets; accident victims who need large amounts of blood or premature babies whose pediatric transfusions consist of one teaspoon of blood at a time.

For all these and countless other kinds of recipients, your donation can literally make the difference between life and death.

To make it easy for employees to donate blood, Berkeley Lab is hosting periodic onsite blood drives, which are sponsored by the Red Cross and benefit the Blood Bank of Alameda-Contra Costa Counties.

The next blood drive is scheduled for next Thursday and Friday, Nov. 11 and Nov. 12, from 7:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. in Bldg. 70A-3377.

For the first time Lab donors can sign up online at ( in order to help organizers plan the event. Please note that you will need to use the company code "LBL" on the web form.

To be eligible to donate blood, you must be in good health, at least 17 years old, weigh at least 110 pounds, and not have donated blood in the last 56 days.

For more information on donating or registering for the blood drive look up the website.

Bulletin Board

Fair Kicks Off SHARES Giving Campaign

Representatives of organizations included
in Berkeley Lab's SHARES campaign took
part in two SHARES Fairs held on Oct. 27-28.
Above, Marva Wilkins stops at the Christmas
in April exhibit during the fair at the Lab cafeteria.

Focus and Toolkit Shutdown/Transition

The Focus training database and Toolkit application will shut down as part of the Laboratory's Y2K compliance efforts. The system will be disabled at 5 p.m. on Nov. 10. On Monday, Nov. 15, a new training system using the Human Resources Information System (HRIS) will go into effect.

While the change is expected to have minimal impact on system users, some activities will be affected. During the shutdown period, users will not be able to record course completions or view training reports on Focus or the EH&S training website. In addition, users will need to access a new website ( to obtain critical training reports. The new site will be effective Nov. 15.

For more information contact Daisy Guerrero at X4013.

FY 2000 Schedule For Power Outages

Facilities Technical Services has released a schedule for power outages needed to perform switch gear maintenance during FY 2000 in the Grizzly, ALS, and East Canyon service areas. The schedule is posted online on the Facilities website at

Weight Watchers Starts New Series

A new session of Weight Watchers begins on Friday, Nov. 12, from 12:00 to 1:00 in the Health Services office, Bldg. 26-109. The cost is $89 for the 10-week series. For more information or to sign up, contact Judy Kody at X6266.

New Employee Orientation Session

The New Employee Orientation session for this month will be held on Tuesday, Nov 9, starting at 9:00 a.m. in the Bldg. 50 auditorium. The session starts with the required EH&S safety training and is followed by orientation to Berkeley Lab.

Currents Online

The full text and color photographs of each edition of Currents are published online at You may find a link to Currents on the Lab's home page under the heading "Publications." The site allows users to do searches of past articles going back to 1994.

Training for the Integrated Disability Management Program

A series of five two-hour training sessions on the Lab's new Integrated Disability Management Program will be offered this month for managers, supervisors and other Lab employees interested in this program. The training will review worker compensation forms and procedures, family care and medical leave policies, non-industrial disability processes, and related laws.

The workshops will be held at two locations:

Bldg. 937-302 conference room on:

Wednesday, Nov. 10, 10:00 - 12:00 p.m.
Friday, Nov. 12, 1:00 - 3:00 p.m.

Bldg. 66 auditorium on:

Monday, Nov. 15, 1:00 - 3:00 p.m.
Tuesday, Nov. 16, 8:00 - 10:00 a.m.
Wednesday, Nov. 17, 10:00 - 12:00

To enroll or for more information, contact Azucena M. Coronel at X5213 or

American Indian Heritage Month

During the month of November Berkeley Lab is sponsoring a speakers forum and a film showing in recognition of National American Indian Heritage Month. The Lab's Latino and Native American Association has assisted the Office of Workforce Diversity in making these activities possible.

SPEAKERS FORUM: Wednesday, Nov. 10, 12:00 - 1:00 p.m, Bldg. 50 auditorium

Featured speakers will be Johnella Sanchez, Corrina Gould and Gladys Cortez, co-founders of the Indians Organizing for Change. Johnella Sanchez of the Shoshone-Bannock, Ute, and Apache tribes is an organizer of the Carpenters Union and one of the few women organizers in the trade; Corrina Gould of the Chumash tribe serves as board member for the Intertribal Friendship House, one of the oldest Indian community centers on the West Coast; and Gladys Cortez of the Maricopa tribe is a highly respected elder within the Bay Area community.

FILM SHOWING: "Smoke Signals" Nov. 5 and 19, 12:00 - 1:00 p.m, Bldg. 50 auditorium

"Smoke Signals," is a critically acclaimed film about two young American Indians leaving their reservation in an attempt to find themselves. It is the first dramatic film directed and written by Native Americans.

An annual Multicultural Events Resource Guide developed by the Office of Work Force Diversity is available online at

For more information about events organized by the Latino and Native American Association, contact co-chairs Rosa Rodriguez-Flores, RROdriguez-Flores@, or Claudia Quezada,

Macintosh Users Group Meeting

"Remote Access at LBNL" will be the topic of the next meeting of LBNL MUG, to be held Wednesday, Nov. 10, at noon in Bldg. 90-3148.

Ed Ritenour of Computing Sciences will discuss Remote Access at Berkeley Lab and how this cross-platform program works with existing as well as new technologies, such as DSL, digital cable, Wireless, and ISDN.

Dance Lessons: A Little Latin Flair

The third series of weekly dance lessons will be offered at Berkeley Lab starting Monday, Nov. 15, from 12:00 to 1:00 p.m. on the lower level of the Bevatron (Bldg. 51). No experience is necessary. The featured dances will be the rhumba and salsa.

The lessons are taught by Charlene Van Ness, a professional dance instructor for 18 years. A free practice session is held on Wednesdays at noon at the same location.

The cost for the lessons is either $20 for the four-week session (nonrefundable) or $6 per lesson on a drop-in basis. Participants are asked to come 10 minutes early to sign up for the first class of the series.

To register or for more information, contact Joy Kono at JNKono@ or Sharon Fujimura at

Calendar of Events

The Berkeley Lab Calendar is published biweekly here on the World Wide Web and in Currents by the Public Information Department. Employees can list a meeting, class, or event in the Calendar by using this submission form. The deadline for submissions is 5 p.m. on Monday in the week that Currents is published.

In addition to the events listed below, Berkeley Lab's Washington, D.C. Projects office is hosting a Science and Technology Seminars series. 

Scientific Conferences

General Interest


12:00 - 1:00, Bldg. 50 auditorium


New series starts, 12:00 - 1:00, Bldg. 50 auditorium


9:00 a.m., Bldg. 50 auditorium


10:00 - 12:00, Bldg. 937-302
12:00 - 1:00, Bldg. 50 auditorium

12:00 - 1:00, Bldg. 90 - 3148


7:00 - 1:00, Bldg. 70A-3377


7:00 - 1:00, Bldg. 70A-3377
New series starts, 12:00 - 1:00, Bldg. 26-109
1:00 - 3:00, Bldg. 937-302


1:00 - 3:00, Bldg. 66 auditorium


8:00 - 10:00, Bldg. 66 auditorium


10:00 - 12:00, Bldg. 66 auditorium


12:00 - 1:00, Bldg. 50 auditorium

Seminars & Lectures


"The Ice - Water Interface: Computer Simulations of Four Crystallographic Ice Interfaces" will be presented by Anthony Haymet of the University of Houston, Texas.
1:30 p.m., Bldg. 66 aud


"The Status of DIAMOND at Daresbury" will be presented by Peter MacIntosh of Dares-bury Laboratory, UK.
2:00 p.m., Bldg. 71 conf. rm.


"Java-based Linear Collider Detector Simulations" will be presented by Michael Ronan of the Physics Division.
4:00 p.m., Bldg 50A-5132


"Efficiency of Magnetized Accretion onto Black Holes" will be presented by Charles Gammie of Harvard.
4:30 p.m., 2 LeConte Hall, UC Berkeley
"Nanostructured Chiral Surfaces" will be presented by Karl-Heinz Ernst of the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Switzerland.
1:30 p.m., Bldg. 71 conf. rm.
"Higgs and Supersymmetry Searches" will be presented by Gail Hanson of Indiana University.
4:00 p.m., Bldg 50A-5132


"Superbends at the ALS" will be presented by Dave Robin of AFRD.
10:30 a.m., Bldg 71 conf. rm.


"Recent Surveys of Occupant Satisfaction, Technical and Energy Performance in UK Buildings" will be presented by William Bordass of William Bordass Associates, London, England.
Noon, Bldg. 90-3148


"Bioprospecting in Siberia" will be presented by Tamas Torok of Life Sciences and Vladimir Repin of the Center for Virology & Biotechnology, VECTOR, Koltsovo, Russia.
Noon, Bldg. 70A-3377
"Molecular Physiology of the Ankyrin Family: Lessons from Gene Knockouts in Mice" will be presented by Vann Bennett of Duke University Medical School.
4:00 p.m., Bldg. 84-318


"Biodegradation and Bioreme-diation of the Gasoline Oxygenate MTBE in Aquifers" will be presented by Joseph P. Salanitro of Equilon Enterprises, LLC.
Noon, Bldg. 50A-5132
"The Differential Expression of Genes by Tumor Cells of a High- or a Low-Malignancy Phenotype: The Case of Murine and Human LY-6 Proteins" will be presented by Isacc P. Witz of Tel Aviv University, Israel.
4:00 p.m., Bldg. 84-31
"Elements 116 and 118" will be presented by Victor Ninov of the Nuclear Science Division.
4:00 p.m., Bldg 50A-5132

Items for the calendars may be sent via e-mail to currents_calendar@, faxed to X6641 or mailed to Bldg. 65B. The deadline for the Nov. 19 issue is 5 p.m. Monday, Nov. 15.

Fourth Annual Holiday Crafts Fair

Thursday, Nov. 18 * 4:00 - 7:00 p.m.
Berkeley Lab Cafeteria

Items crafted by Lab artists
Free drawings
Toy & food drive for local charities

For more information contact
Shelley Worsham at X6123 or

Sponsored by the Employee Activities Association.

Flea Market

Autos / Supplies

`97 CHRYSLER Concorde, 4 dr, exc cond. runs and looks great, loaded, very low miles, $15,000, Roger, X5565, (925) 687-4188

`97 FORD Escort Wagon, 91K mi, auto, am/fm/cass, ac, pwr windows/doors, very good cond, $5,500, Marco, X4399, (925) 225-1601 (after 8 pm)

`94 FORD, Taurus, 4 dr, 55K mi, alarm, ABS, $8,900, Peter, X5983, or Patty, (925) 687-1827

`91 CHRYSLER Maserati T.C., 6 cyl, convertible w/ both tops, white w/ tan leather, only 64K mi, $10,500, Shelley, X6123, (925) 820-3172

`91 NISSAN Stanza XE, all automatic, exc cond, 150K mi, white w/ blue interior, $3,000, Paul, 272-9516.

`91 PLYMOUTH GL, white, 4 cyl, 2 dr, auto, 80K mi, renewed registr & smog check one month ago, new tires, no radio power handle, $2,300, Myung-Gi Baek, X6430, 524-7993

`88 FORD Escort GL, gold, 100K, auto, am/fm, pwr steer, rebuilt transm w/ 10 months warranty, $2,400, Matthias, 526-5495 (eve)

`87 DODGE Colt E Sedan, 5 speed, 4 dr, am/fm/cass, 148K mi, runs well, $1,400/bo, Andre, X5600, 486-2383

`87 NISSAN Maxima GXE, 4 dr, sunroof, two-tone gray, 112K mi, $3,500, Art, 237-4654

`82 TOYOTA Corolla, 4 dr, 91K, at, CD player, new tires, engine needs work, $600/bo, Dan, X6734, (925) 946-1467


`87 KAWASAKI VULCAN VN1500-B, 22K, metallic blue, super clean, new tires/seat, performance pipes, $2,500, Garry, X5721

`86 HONDA MAGNA V45, 700cc, 23K, very clean, runs great, 150 PSI compression, new tires/seat/battery/fork seals, $2,000, Garry, X5721


BERKELEY house in quiet neighborhood, 15 mins walk west of downtown, recently restored, 2 bdrms, furnished, hrdwd flrs, fireplace, large living/ dining rm, share yard/ laundry, avail Nov 1, $2,000/mo, non-smokers, Chris, C_Marnay, 486-7028

ELMWOOD, share elegant 11 rm house w/ 2 men, 1 woman, nonsmoking professionals, $600/mo + deposit, shared exp, medium bdrm w/ walk-in closet, built-ins, piano, yellow Lab, laundry, sauna, hrdwd flrs, exc neighborhood, woman pref, Tony, 841-5424, X6377

FLORENCE, ITALY, beautiful apt in center of city (1 block from cathedral) avail for sublet from 11/15 to 1/20, fully furnished, kitchen, living rm, bdrm & bath, $250/wk, gas & electr incl, Paolo, X4739

KENSINGTON house, furn, 3 bdrms, view, garden patio, quiet, 2 cats, prefer visiting LBNL staff, avail until 3/1, flex, $1,400/mo, Ruth, 526-2007


BABY ITEMS, backpack, $25; high chair, $15; wheeler, $10; gate guard, $5; potty, $5, all five for $50, Francesca, X7193

DIGITAL SCALE (in kg), $15; eleg metal newsp & magazine holder, $15; desk chair/seat, $15; rice cooker (110V), $5; cake mixer/blender (220V), $100; bread/cheese cutter, $40, Matthias, 526-5495 (eve)

EXERCISE MACHINE, Sears LifeStyler Cardio Fit, w/ electronic monitor, as new, hardly used, $90/bo, Ian, X4174, 548-7102. .

FURNITURE SALE, Armoire (fits 15" TV), has bottom drawers + 2 matching night stands, maple, exc cond, $375 for all, Shaun, X4464, 215-8315

FUTON BED, full size, 2-yrs-old, $150, Philippe, X7030

GRACO PLAY YARD/bassinette, $50, converts from a bassinette for infants to a play yard for older babies, folds easily, white wicker; traditional bassinette on wheels, $20, Vicki, 215-5708.

IBM 385DX Notebook, 233MHz Pentium, 3GB disk, 32MB RAM, CD-ROM/speakers, PC card modem/NIC, Windows 98, Lotus Smartsuite, Quicken $600; Macromedia Dreamweaver 2/ Fireworks 2, $50/each; Peachtree Complete and Redhat Linux 5.2, $20 each, DeLynn, X5234, (707) 648-0520

MOVING SALE, Schwinn bike trailer for 2 kids, exc cond, $425; 2 seat sofa, $120; misc small household items, Chris, X7550, (925) 363-4437

PENTIUM NOTEBOOK, 120 MHz Compaq Presario 1020, 1 GB HD, 32 MB RAM, passive color screen, built-in modem, CD-ROM & stereo speakers, $500, John, X7279, 528-2723.

ROLLEI 35S (Germany), $450; ADCOM GFA535 II, $175; Vandersteen 2Ci, $495, Dave, X4506

SF OPERA TICKETS (2), Sat eve balc ctr, sec row, Dec 4, La Boheme, Dec 11, Idomeneo, $100/ pair, Paul, X5508, 526-3519

SEWING MACHINE, Viking 620, 17 stitches/patterns, buttonhole attachm, extra accessories, instr bk, exc cond, $300, Mary X5270, (925) 938-9891.

STEREO UNIT, Sanyo, turn-table, tuner, dbl tape deck (one works), speakers, good working cond, approx 10 yrs old, $35/bo; sleeping pad, full size $5; blanket, full size, ivory therm, used once, still in wrapper, $10; Conair hair dryer, $5; throw w/ lighthouse motif, $20 (new), Melissa, 665-5572

UPRIGHT PIANO, good cond, recently refinished, ivory keys, must sell, $300, buyer moves from Berkeley, 524-7165


BURLEY or other quality child bicycle trailer in good/exc cond, Vicki, 215-5708

CARPENTER/HANDYMAN, assistance for indoor framing job in Berkeley, basic skills only, approx 30-40 hrs, flex sched, can spread over several wks, Tony, X7158, 548-9665

CHESS TABLE, Ruth, 526-2007

HOUSING, 1 bdrm/studio, furn/ unfurn, within 20 mins of Lab, career prof, willing to help with maint, David, X2883, 527-4506

HOUSING, French couple w/ one child needs house to rent for one week, 12/27 to 1/3, in nice area, Phillippe, X4405, 526-7255


SO LAKE TAHOE, spacious chalet in Tyrol area, close to Heavenly, peek of Lake from front porch, furn, sleeps 8+, sunny deck, pool and spa in Club House, close to casinos, shopping, more, $125/night, Maria, (510)724-9450

TAHOE KEYS at So Lake Tahoe, 3 bdrm/2.5 bth house, fenced yard, quiet, close to attractions, private dock, great views, $150/night (2 night min), Bob, (925) 376-2211


`76 VOLVO 245 DL stn wgn, presentable, interior well worn, needs new EGR tube and middle muffler (Midas, under warranty) to pass smog, strong engine, clutch ok, transm seems indestructible, body is good, could use a couple good tires and seat covers, perfectly drivable, will need smog for new registr, Amy, X5987

Lost and Found

LOST: Bunch of keys, Mon, 10/19, probably near Bldgs 29/2 or 84/74, keys are attached to purple cloth purse with a zip, S. Mian, X6216

Note: For other lost and found items call X4855.

Flea Market Ad Policy

Ads are accepted only from LBNL employees, retirees, and onsite DOE personnel. Only items of your own personal property may be offered for sale. Submissions must include name, affiliation, extension, and home phone number.

Ads must be submitted in writing -- via e-mail (, fax (X6641), or delivered/ mailed to Bldg. 65B. No ads are taken over the phone.

Ads will run one week only unless resubmitted in writing. They will be repeated only as space permits.

The deadline for the Nov. 19 issue is Friday, Nov 12.