LBNL Currents

November 3, 1995



Table of Contents


Nearly 5,000 guests flocked to the Open House, where they were greeted at the welcome tent (right) before getting an up-close look at the Lab's science (below).


Nearly 5,000 visitors tour Lab

On Saturday, Oct. 28, the Laboratory opened its doors to the public in an event that was met with overwhelming enthusiasm by Lab and community members alike. Arriving by bus, car and on foot, both young and old got a first-hand look at the wide range of scientific activities going on around the Hill.

Nearly 5,000 visitors attended the event, where they were treated to scientific demonstrations, lectures from some of the Lab's most eminent scientists, activities for children of all ages, live music from the Lab's music club, and the opportunity to picnic on the hill and enjoy our spectacular vistas. From the many activities at the ALS and guided tours of the Lighting Laboratory, to the far reaches of NCEM and the Human Genome Center, volunteers shared their expertise and enthusiasm to make science accessible to our visitors.

By all accounts it seems to have worked. Community response, solicited via surveys distributed on the buses, was overwhelmingly positive (see sidebar for a sampling of comments). Visitors said it was exciting, informative, and exceeded their expectations. One respondent simply summed it up as "cool!"

"Cool" it was, from the electronic petting zoo, where children were encouraged to take screwdrivers to piles of old electronic components at the ALS, to the National Center for Electron Microscopy, where visitors sat down at the controls of the world's largest microscope.

Visitors everywhere were treated to an extraordinary display of the scientific wonder often taken for granted in our day-to-day work. They dissected a virtual frog, surfed the World Wide Web, took an illustrated tour of the universe's fundamental particles and forces, and heard lectures on dinosaur extinctions, earthquakes and more.

Lab employees, who for months have dedicated enormous time and energy, were rewarded by enthusiasm, inquisitiveness, and awe. It was a job well done.


A message from the Director

To all of those employees who worked so hard to plan and execute last Saturday's tremendously successful Open House at the Laboratory, I can only say--Good Show! Your commitment and dedication were rewarded by the overwhelming response we received from thousands of Laboratory and community visitors who expressed their delight in the programs, the activities, and the festive atmosphere they discovered here. I am convinced that the Laboratory, and scientific research, will realize benefits from this experience for a long time. -- Charles V. Shank


Open House brings Nobel laureates together

During the Open House, the Laboratory celebrated its historic legacy with a noontime luncheon honoring the nine Nobel Prize winners who did their work here. It was also an opportunity to honor the Nobelists by dedicating nine Laboratory roads in their names. The five living Nobelists and members of their immediate families were joined by family members of their four colleagues and members of the Laboratory community. Also among the audience were the mayors of Berkeley and Oakland, who expressed their thoughts about being at the Lab and in the presence of some of its highest achievers.

"As a student who went to graduate school at Berkeley," said Oakland's Elihu Harris, "standing in the shadow of this tremendous institution, and now having the opportunity to stand in the shadows of some tremendously talented individuals who have been recognized worldwide for their accomplishments, is really special."

Berkeley Mayor Shirley Dean said, "Berkeley is very proud to be the home of the number one university in the world and the number one laboratory in the world. This is such a wonderful thing for this city, and it is totally awesome to be in the room with the people we honor today. We will work in partnership with the Lab and the university to make things better in the future."

During the outdoor affair, held on the Bldg. 50C patio, Deputy Director Pier Oddone spoke about the Lab's tradition of achievement, and Director Charles Shank presented framed plaques and model road signs to the honored guests.

The Nobelists present were Melvin Calvin, Owen Chamberlain, Donald Glaser, Yuan Lee, and Glenn Seaborg. Ernest Lawrence was represented by son Robert and his family; Luis Alvarez by his widow Janet; Ed McMillan by son Stephen and his wife; and Emilio Segrè by grandson Gino, who came with his mother, Emilio's daughter-in-law.


The Laboratory's Nobel laureates and families enjoyed a luncheon in their honor on the Bldg. 50 patio. At left is Janet Alvarez, the wife of Luis Alvarez; center foreground is Owen Chamberlain.

CAPTION: Robert Lawrence, son of Lab founder Ernest Lawrence, accepts a plaque dedicating Lawrence Road from Lab Director Charles Shank.

CAPTION: Nobel laureates Yuan T. Lee and Melvin Calvin (sitting) peruse the Open House program of events.


Laboratory Open House attracts thousands


Community response very positive


Schroeder named acting Nuclear Science director


Director Charles Shank has appointed Lee S. Schroeder acting division director of the Nuclear Science Division, effective Nov. 1. Schroeder replaces James Symons, who served as division director for 10 years before deciding to step down and return to the pursuit of his research interests. It is anticipated that a permanent appointment will be made in the next six months.

Schroeder began his career at the Laboratory in 1971 in the Physics Division, and joined the Nuclear Science Division in 1977. His research is in the field of high-energy heavy-ion physics.

In 1976 he became scientific coordinator of the Bevalac, and served as scientific director in 1986-87 and 1989-91. In the intervening years, he was detailed to the Department of Energy's Nuclear Physics Division. In 1991, he returned to Washington to serve as assistant director for Physical Sciences and Engineering in the Office of Science and Technology Policy. Since returning to the Lab in 1992, he has served as the deputy project manager for the STAR detector for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), and has led the LBNL Pulsed Spallation Source Study. He chairs the search committee for the NSD director.

In thanking Symons for his 10 years of accomplishment as division director, Lab Director Charles Shank acknowledged Symon's leadership role in the development of the 88-Inch Cyclotron as a national user facility supporting the Gammasphere detector, the initiation of new programs in nuclear astrophysics and weak interactions, and the continued growth of the relativistic heavy ion program, providing leadership for experiments at CERN and Brookhaven.

"Our Laboratory is indebted to him, and I wish him the best as he turns his many talents to his own scientific research," Shank said.


N e w s W i r e


The 200 attendees who turned out for the eighth annual meeting of the Advanced Light Source Users' Association on Oct. 23-24 heard words of optimism on scientific and funding prospects for the upcoming year. Lab Director Charles Shank welcomed the group with a recitation of what has already been accomplished at the Light Source. Scientific talks that backed up his claims followed. ALS Director Brian Kincaid gave a preview of coming attrac-tions on soon-to-be-available beamlines for protein crystallography, magnetic microscopy and spectroscopy, ellipitical polarization studies, and infrared microscopy. As to funding prospects, Michael Lubell of the American Physical Society reported strong support in both the House and the Senate for the facilities initiative that would increase ALS operations money. Bill Oosterhuis, of DOE's Office of Basic Energy Science, reported that DOE's FY96 planning guidelines include a $6.2 million increase for the ALS.


Michael Barnett, of the Physics Division's Particle Data Group, reports that the 1995 updates of the Reviews, Tables, Plots and major notes from the Particle Listings, as well as the Particle Listings themselves, are now available on the World Wide Web. The address is: says these and further updates will appear in the next printed edition of the Review of Particle Physics, which is expected out next June.


In his first public address on science since taking office, President Bill Clinton tied federal funding of science and technology to an easing of racial tensions in this country. Speaking just two days after the Million Man March of African Americans in Washington, D.C., Clinton argued that Republican plans to cut science and technology spending by as much as a third would leave the nation as whole "much poorer" and contribute to the problem of racial division. "Constant churning scientific and technological innovation is the key to economic growth and national strength," the President said. "If we are going to make real the promise of the American dream to all Americans ... we have to go further in the area of science and technology spending."


Calendar of Events -- Nov. 6 to 17

Calendar items may be sent via e-mail to, Fax to X6641, or Lab mail to Bldg. 65B. The deadline is 10:30 a.m. Tuesday.


November is Open Enrollment Month. During this time you can enroll, change, transfer or cancel enrollment in the group insurance plans, including AD&D, Dental, DepCare, Legal, Medical and Optical. For more information send requests to

6 m o n d a y


"STM Observations on MBE Grown Compound Semiconductor Surfaces" will be presented by Shunsuke Ohkouchi of NEC Corporation at 11 a.m. in Bldg. 66-316.


"Diffusion-driven Coarsening of Foams Trapped in Porous Media" will be presented by David Cohen of UCB; "Bubble Coalescence in Electrolytic Gas Evolution" will be presented by Richard Stover of UCB, 3:30 p.m. in the Pitzer Auditorium; refreshments, 3 p.m.


"Heat/Mass Transfer Study for Binary and Multicomponent Mixture - Condensation in Vertical Tubes" will be presented by Alex D. Dvoiris of Exergy Inc., at 4 p.m. in 3106 Etcheverry; refreshments, 3:45 p.m.


"Base-Einstein Condensation in a Dilute Atomic Gas" will be presented by Eric Cornell of the University of Colorado at 4:30 p.m. in 1 Le Conte; refreshments, 4 p.m., 375 Le Conte.

7 t u e s d a y


LBNL Library & MELVYL Catalogs at 11 a.m. in Bldg. 50-134.


"Statistical Mechanics and Black Hole Entropy" will be presented by Steve Carlip of UCD at 2:10 p.m. in 430 Birge Hall.

8 w e d n e s d a y


"Nuclear Burning in the Age of the Universe" will be presented by Lawrence Krauss of Case Western University at 2 p.m. in Bldg. 70A-3377.

9 t h u r s d a y


7:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m., near Bldg. 77.


Current Contents via MELVYL at 11 a.m. in Bldg. 50-134.


General meeting at noon in Bldg. 90-1099.


"The Use of Symmetry in Surface Vibrational Spectroscopy" will be presented by Michael Trenary of the University of Illinois at Chicago at 1:30 p.m. in the Bldg. 66 Auditorium.


"Big Bang Nucleosynthesis: Consistency or Crisis?" will be presented by Gary Steigman of Ohio State University at 4 p.m. in the Bldg. 50 Auditorium; refreshments, 3:40 p.m.


Bruce Buffett of UCB will speak at 4:15 p.m. in 1 Le Conte Hall, title to be announced; refreshments, 3:45 p.m., 661 Campbell Hall.

10 f r i d a y


"Modeling Of Bone-Implant Systems" will be presented by Donald L. Bartel of Cornell University at 1 p.m. in 3110 Etcheverry Hall; refreshments.


"The Ultraviolet Photodisassociation Dynamics of Ozone" will be presented by Arthur Suits of UCB at 4:10 p.m. in Bldg. 2-100B; refreshments, 4 p.m..

13 m o n d a y


A video presentation on the Navajo Code Talkers at noon in the 50 Auditorium.


Peggy McMahan of the Nuclear Science Division will present "The 88-Inch Cyclotron and Its Research Programs," at 12:15 p.m. in Bldg. 70A-3377. Refreshments will be served at noon; all employees are invited to attend.


"Beam Transport in Deterministic and Stochastic Media" will be presented by Gerald C. Pomraning of UCLA at 4 p.m. in 3106 Etcheverry; refreshments, 3:45 p.m.


"Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Laser-Polarized He3 and Xe129" will be presented by Will Happer of Princeton University at 4:30 p.m. in 1 Le Conte; refreshments, 4 p.m., 375 Le Conte.

14 t u e s d a y


SPIN (Physics and Astronomy database) at 11 a.m. in Bldg. 50-134.


"Radiation Hydrodynamics in High Energy Astrophysics and the Interstellar Medium'" will be presented by Richard Klein of UCB at 3:30 p.m. in 643 Campbell Hall.


"Structure-Function Studies of the Human Interferon-Alpha Receptor" will be presented by Verna Gibbs of UCSF at 4 p.m. in the Bldg. 66 Auditorium.

15 w e d n e s d a y


LabVIEW User Group Meeting from 10:30 to 11:30 a.m. in the Bldg. 50 Auditorium; sign-in and refreshments at 10 a.m. LabVIEW is a graphical programming language used for data acquisition, instrument control, data analysis, and display. The meeting will include an overview of new products and upcoming events by Bill Harrold of National Instruments; user presentation by Dan Simionescu of Adcon Telemetry, Inc.; and corporate presentation by Tamra Pringle of National Instruments. For reservations, send e-mail to


12:10-1 p.m., Bldg. 2-300.

16 t h u r s d a y


17 f r i d a y


"Laser Propagation and Wake Excitation in Plasma Channels" will be presented by Jonathan Wurtele of LBNL & UCB at 10:30 a.m. in the Bldg. 71 Conference Room.


"Bio-robotics" will be presented by Homayoon Kazerooni of UCB at 1:00 p.m. in 3110 Etcheverry Hall.


"Field-Emission Electron Microscopy Characterization of Small Particles" will be presented by Miquel Yacaman of the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de México at 1:30 p.m. in the Bldg. 66 Auditorium.


Lecture will be presented at 4 p.m. in Dwinelle Hall; reception will follow.


"New Optical Design Methods and Their Application to High-Resolution EUV and VUV Varied Line Spacing Grating Monochromators at the ALS" will be presented by Masato Koike of LBNL at 4:10 p.m. in Bldg. 2-100B; refreshments, 4 p.m.

Currents ONLINE edition

The full text of each edition of Currents is published on the Lab's home page on the World Wide Web. View it at under "Research News and Publications." To set up your computer to access the World Wide Web, call the Mac and PC Support Group at X6858.


Dining Center Nov. 6 to 10


Open Enrollment Month

November is Open Enrollment Month, during which employees may make changes in their insurance plan coverage. Changes may be made in Accidental Death and Dismemberment, Dental, Dependent Care, Legal, Medical and Optical plans.

The table below lists the medical plans available to Laboratory employees through the University of California. Medical plan benefits and rates are reviewed annually by UC health plan actuaries and outside consultants to ensure that they are within reasonable parameters. The maximum UC contributions are set close to the price of the year's lowest cost HMO plan. Your monthly cost is based on the difference between the cost of your plan and UC's maximum contributions.

All changes made to benefits packages will be effective Jan. 1, 1996. For more information about Open Enrollment or benefits, contact the Benefits Office at or call X6403.


Lab to hold Hazardous Waste Facility meeting for community

The Laboratory will hold a community meeting to address the proposed project to modify operations at the current Hazardous Waste Facility. Members of the surrounding community are invited to attend the meeting on Thursday, Nov. 16, from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. at the North Berkeley Senior Center, Classroom C, 1901 Hearst Ave.

The proposed modifications include increasing the storage capacity for mixed radioactive and hazardous waste, providing for storage of three new types of waste, providing for certain waste treatment methods, and modifying some training and waste sampling procedures.

The project would require modification of the Lab's existing hazardous waste facility permit. The meeting will provide the community an opportunity to learn about the project and to assist in defining the environmental analyses to be presented in an Initial Study, a report to be prepared in accordance with the California Environmental Quality Act.


DEC on the Hill

Digital Equipment Corp. will be at the Lab on Wednesday, Nov. 8, with information and demonstrations on high-performance computing. "Technology Review '96" will feature the company's high-performance networks, 65-bit high-performance computing, Internet/firewall topics, and AlphaServers. Representatives will be in Bldg. 2, Room 100B and 300F, from 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Contact Computing Service's Rita McLean (X5872) for more information.


F l e a M a r k e t

Flea Market ads may be sent via e-mail to, Fax to X6641, or Lab mail to Bldg. 65B. The deadline is 5 p.m. Friday.


'85 BMW 535i, great cond., reliable, 240K, stick-shift, must sell, $3K. Ching, X6558

'85 VW Golf, 106K mi., 2-dr, a/c, radio/cassette, 5-spd, 32-35 mpg, new brakes, runs great, $2750. Hartmut, 841-3117

'87 FORD/MERCURY Lynx, 5-spd, 70K mi., gd engine & tires, needs clutch, $1200/b.o. 635-4417 (after 6 p.m.)

'89 HYUNDAI Excel, 80K mi., 4-spd., p/s, 4-dr, AM/FM, gd cond., runs great, $2K/b.o. Sasa, X7621, 845-4138

MOTORCYCLE, '82 Yamaha Seca 650, exc. cond., $1900. Judy, X6540, 631-6642

MOTORCYCLE, '85 Yamaha XT-350, st./off-road, many extras, $1300/b.o. Bob, X4451, 548-2429


CARPOOL, rider needed for 4 person carpool from Vacaville, Fairfield area, share driving, Mon.-Fri. work hrs. 7 a.m.-3:30 p.m. Mark, X4671, (707) 448-7979

CARPOOL, rider/driver commuting from Benicia-Vallejo, 8 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Maria, X4035


RAIDERS, 2 tickets, 12/24 vs. Denver, field level, 20 yd line, $61 ea. Kathy, X4903, 685-5659


BOY'S BIKE, age 6 to 9, $30. Allan, X4210

COLOR TV, 26" Sony, 10 yrs. old, no remote, picture is still gd, best offer. Derek, X6683, 486-0524

COMPACT DISC STEREO SYSTEM, miniature, AIWA, w/remote, dbl cass. deck & receiver, incl. 3-band equalizer, super t-bass, 3-way bass reflex speaker system & more, 5 yr. warranty, brand new, asking $300/b.o. 635-8224 (msg.)

COUCH, 6', solid wood frame, 3 seat cushions, 3 back cushions, asking $100. Patti, X7603, 525-9045

DINING ROOM TABLE, tile-top country style, w/4 Windsor chairs, like new, $150; CTX SVGA 14" color monitor, $130; Alpha cross-country ski tracker, $30. David, 597-0215

LEVI'S 501 jeans, used, sz. 31, 32 & 33 x 32 , $5 ea. Cheri, 669-0338

MATTRESS, queen sz. & box spring, $75; futon, queen sz., $50; dense foam bed, queen sz. $25; lg. color TV, $100; VCR, $100. Karl, X4370

MONOCHROME MONITOR, Mac, full-page display (8-1/2 x 14), cables, exc. cond., hardly used, $400/b.o. Mae Ola, X6685

MOVING SALE, Sat., 11/4, 9 a.m.-12 p.m., 1622 Francisco, electrical supplies, baby items, Marvin window (2'x4', nonopenable), etc. Heather, X4213, Rick, 845-5709

NOTEBOOK COMPUTER, GATEWAY 2000 Colorbook, 33MHz 486SX, 8MB RAM, 180MB HD, carrying case, $1K; Microsoft PS2/serial mouse, $50. Anthony, X5471

PRINTER, StyleWriterII w/Apple Font Pack, 10 mo. old, under warranty, hardly used , $150/b.o. Chit, X4373, (415) 566-3539 (eve.)

SOFA BED, queen sz., $50; recliner, $25; Schwinn 12-spd, like new, w/rear rack, head & tail lights, $150/b.o. Julie, X4583, 232-6919

TIMING LIGHT, Sears Craftsman, like new; pneumatic impact guns, Ingersoll Rand; pneumatic impact wrench, $40 ea./b.o.; elec. weed trimmer & lawn edger, great cond., $20/both. Brad, X7685, (415) 615-9551

WALKING SHOES, AVIA, women's sz. 9, white, never worn, $60. Shelley, X4737


BERKELEY, modern, furn. 2-bdrm apt on first floor of Victorian home in southside, walk to UCB, LBNL shuttle, BART & shopping, pvt washer/dryer/storage, off-st. parking, access to garden, short/long term, $1025/mo. Chris, X5507, 845-3562

BERKELEY, Euclid/Cedar Ave., 5 blks from UCB, furn. rm in pvt home, kitchen privs., washer/dryer, deck, bay view, nr trans., shops, tennis cts. & Rose Garden, no smoking, no pets, $450/mo. + util. 548-1287

SO. BERKELEY, nr Ashby BART & Berkeley Bowl, lg. bdrm in lg. Victorian, share flat with 2 others, laundry, yd, no smoking/pet, furniture avail., $375/mo. +util. 540-5532

CROCKETT, 3-bdrm, 2-bth house, secluded w/trees, spacious living rm, lg. wrap-around deck w/Carquinez Strait view, 15 mi. to LBNL, 5 min. to I-80, $1050/mo. Frank, 540-0838

EMERYVILLE, 1-bdrm apt, sunny, bay view, pools, Jacuzzi, tennis, 24 hr. sec., avail. ~1/1, $750/mo. Sue, 652-3015

LAFAYETTE, 2-bdrm, 1-bth upper unit in secluded, woodsy duplex, balcony, washer & dryer nearby, new paint/carpet, $885. Helmut, 284-2092, 299-0565

OAKLAND, 3110 Adeline, nr Emeryville, 3K sq. ft. live/work loft space to share with seamstress, zydeco musician & actress, 2K sq. ft. open floor area, hardwood, skylights, 4 bdrms, storage space, avail. 11/21, $337.50/mo. incl. utils. Sharon, 428-2352

OAKLAND HILLS, nr Claremont Hotel, new, 1-bdrm in-law apt, balcony, 3-bridge view, hardwd flrs, 1-car garage, use of washer/dryer, for 1 person, non-smoker, no pets, bicycle to Lab, $795/mo. incl. utils. + sec. dep. 841-6285

WANTED: 3-bdrm house, prefer 2 bath, in Piedmont area or thereabouts, move in between 11/15 - 12/1. Susan, X5299

WANTED: apt for visiting postdoc, prefer furn. & walking distance to UCB/LBNL, from beginning Dec. for 3 to 4 mos., 1 or 2 rms in a shared house/apt also welcome. Joachim, X5083,


BAHAMAS, Taino Beach Resort, 1-bdrm condo, slps up to 4, every amenity, on beach, pool, tennis, maid service, $500/wk, at lease 60 days adv. notice. 528-1614

HIGH SIERRAS, 4-bdrm cabin, washer, dryer, deck, frpl, 4 hrs from Berkeley, 1 hr from Truckee on hwy 49, snowmobiling, cross-country skiing, fishing (ice/normal), swimming, hiking, canoeing, wk/wkends. Jane, 849-4096


Currents/The View and the Communications Department Staff

Published once a month by the Communications Department for the employees and retirees of Berkeley Lab.

Reid Edwards, Public Affairs Department head
Ron Kolb, Communications Department head

Pamela Patterson, 486-4045,
Associate editor
Lyn Hunter, 486-4698,

Dan Krotz, 486-4019
Paul Preuss, 486-6249
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Ucilia Wang, 495-2402
Allan Chen, 486-4210
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Caitlin Youngquist, 486-4020
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Berkeley Lab
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