Chapter 58



Approved by Robert Fox
Revised 06/13


new section flagnew section flag . . . . . Denotes a new section.
start section flag . . . . . . . . Denotes the beginning of changed text within a section.
end section flag . . . . . . . . Denotes the end of changed text within a section.


58.1 Policy

The Underground Storage Tanks (UST) Program ensures that Berkeley Lab remains in compliance with federal and state UST laws by:

58.2 Scope

This policy covers UST systems located at Buildings 2, 76, and 85; and between Buildings 55 and 90.

58.3 Applicability

All Berkeley Lab employees involved in the operation of UST systems, including but not limited to employees performing inspections, ordering fuel, creating UST records, and responding to spills

58.4 Exceptions


58.5 Roles and Responsibilities



City of Berkeley

  • Enforces compliance with UST regulations at Berkeley Lab          
  • Administers and enforces the UST permit at Berkeley Lab                                                                 

Designated UST Operator within the Facilities Division

  • Coordinates the annual monitor certification, product precision line test, and mechanical line leak detector test
  • Coordinates the triannual secondary-containment testing of the UST system
  • Performs monthly UST inspections
  • Responds to UST alarms
  • Performs corrective action to bring UST systems back into operation after system failures


  • Follow applicable UST laws, regulations, and policies
  • Are fully aware of the environmental impact of their activities, and comply with all requirements that govern those activities
  • Perform activities within acceptable written operating standards, and maintain current records whenever required
  • Take immediate action to stop unplanned releases to the environment and report all instances of unplanned environmental releases to the EHSS Division
  • Complete all required training provided by supervisors and the EHSS Division (EHS0680, Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasures Training)

Environmental Services Group

  • Develops Laboratory policies and procedures to assure that operations are conducted in an environmentally safe manner and in full compliance with all applicable UST laws and regulations
  • Assesses current and planned Berkeley Lab programs, and assists in defining UST compliance upgrades and corrective actions
  • Makes presentations and participates in discussions regarding UST compliance matters with Berkeley Lab employees and regulatory agencies
  • Manages the preparation of UST operating permit applications and UST modification permits
  • Curtails or suspends any operations that pose an immediatedanger to members of the public or the environment
  • Investigates reports of unplanned environmental releases, and notifies federal, state, and local authorities in a timely manner, asrequired
  • Coordinates and represents Berkeley Lab activities during UST audits and inspections by the city of Berkeley and other regulatory agencies
  • Assists in the removal and closure of UST systems
  • Provides notice to the city of Berkeley when the Designated UST Operator with the Facilities Division renews state certification (every two years)

Principal investigators and supervisors

  • Ensure that UST laws, regulations, and policies are followed
  • Request assistance from the Environmental Services Group for technical advice on what UST requirements apply to their operations and what would be an appropriate compliance strategy
  • Ensure that the Designated UST Operator within the Facilities Division provides training for employees in operational requirements pertaining to USTs, and maintain records of such training (EHS0680, Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasures Training)
  • Ensure that activities are performed within acceptable written operating standards and that any required records are current
  • Notify the EHSS Division immediately of any unplanned or accidental releases
  • Ensure that the Designated UST Operator maintains state certification and is recertified every two years
  • Ensure that the Designated UST Operator conducts monthly inspections and coordinates annual certification and testing
  • Ensure that only state-certified UST service technicians perform work on UST systems
  • Manage and prepare budget requests for UST upgrades and corrective actions for institutional projects

State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB)

The agency responsible for promulgating California UST regulations. (At Berkeley Lab, the UST permit is administered and enforced by the city of Berkeley.)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Enforces environmental laws. In California, some of this responsibility is typically delegated to state and local regulatory agencies.

58.6 Definitions



Environmental occurrence

A sudden or sustained deviation from a regulated or planned performance at an operation that has environmental protection and compliance significance

Underground storage tank (UST)

A stationary device designed to accumulate and contain hazardous material or waste. A tank is constructed primarily of nonearthen material, but the entire surface area of the tank is buried below ground and covered over.


58.7 Required Work Processes

Work Process A. General Requirements

  1. Compliance
    1. Underground storage tanks (USTs) and systems are stringently regulated by federal and state laws.
    2. Regulatory elements address the following aspects of UST systems management:
      1. Registration and operating permits
      2. Construction standards – double containment and overfill protection
      3. Monitoring and leak detection
      4. Integrity testing
      5. Release recording and reporting
      6. Closure – temporary and permanent
      7. Cleanup of contaminated sites
    3. The city of Berkeley enforces the UST regulatory program; consolidating federal, state, and local UST requirements.
  2. Implementation
    1. The EHSS Environmental Services Group (ESG) provides UST compliance support and maintains a documented program, including UST permits, a UST Monitoring Plan, and a UST Emergency Response Plan. The Facilities Division ensures that LBNL’s Designated UST Operators maintain state certification required every two years.
    2. The Facilities Division, as the tank operator, plays a major role in implementing plans and procedures to ensure compliance with UST and city of Berkeley regulations.
    3. State-certified Designated UST Operators within the Facilities Division are responsible for conducting monthly inspections of the UST systems and scheduling annual monitor certification; annual product precision line testing; annual mechanical line leak detection testing; annual spill bucket testing; triannual secondary-containment testing; and annual training to specific facility employees who support UST systems.
    4. Berkeley Lab currently has six operating UST systems.
      1. Four of them store diesel fuel for emergency generators, and the other two are used for unleaded and diesel fuel storage at the Building 76 motor pool.

58.8 Source Requirements

58.9 Reference Documents

Document number



UST Monitoring Plan


UST Emergency Response Plan





<< Chapter 57 || Table of Contents || Chapter 59 >>