Berkeley Lab Currents

December 8, 1995


Three at Berkeley Lab achieve Distinguished Scientist standing --

Nygren, Poskanzer and Stephens honored

By Ron Kolb

Three researchers who have achieved international acclaim for their accomplishments in designing unusual detector systems have been promoted to the rare Distinguished Scientist classification at Berkeley Lab.

David Nygren in the Physics Division and Arthur Poskanzer and Frank Stephens in the Nuclear Science Division were named by Laboratory Director Charles Shank to receive the prestigious "Distinguished" title, which is currently shared by just three others at the Lab.

In his appointment letters, Shank noted that the Distinguished Scientist rank is "reserved for the most exceptional senior scientists. It is expected that the Laboratory will have only a few such stars at any given time."

The Distinguished Staff Scientist/Engineer level is reserved for those who "have a sustained history of distinguished scientific and technical achievements and/or have directly contributed to the Laboratory's preeminence," according to the Lab Regulations and Procedures Manual. The incumbents are "seen as nationally or internationally recognized authorities and leaders in their field; their expertise is sought after by professional colleagues."

Nygren, 57, was nominated by Physics Division Director Robert Cahn, who cited his invention of the Time Projection Chamber (TPC), which has had a profound effect on both particle and nuclear physics, and his pioneering work on pixel detectors. Cahn also cited his innovative design for an x-ray imaging device based on silicon detectors and high-speed data acquisition, and his current work in very-large-scale neutrino detectors.

"The TPC opened new opportunities for experimentation across a broad range of particle and nuclear physics," Cahn said. "The purity and power of his proposal are why, more than 20 years later, new TPCs are still being built."

Nygren, who has been called the most distinguished developer of particle detection instruments in the country, has been with Berkeley Lab since 1973 and is a previous winner of the prestigious E. O. Lawrence Award.

Poskanzer, 64, nominated by former Nuclear Science Division Director James Symons, has been influential as the head of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Program. Symons credited Poskanzer's leadership in uniting the diverse elements of the Relativistic Nuclear Collisions program into a dominant group, within which the STAR detector has been developed as "one of the principal reasons that DOE has maintained a significant nuclear physics presence" at the Laboratory.

A scientist at Berkeley Lab since 1966, Poskanzer is considered a pioneer in the use of high energy reactions to produce nuclei far from stability, especially in the low-Z region. He is the co-discoverer of 28 isotopes. In the field of relativistic heavy ion reactions, he has led a group effort pioneering in the experimental study of central collisions. Poskanzer was co-leader of the Plastic Ball project, which discovered the collective flow of nuclear matter. He is spending this year at CERN in Switzerland, studying nuclear collisions in a new energy domain in search of the predicted Quark-Gluon Plasma.

Now in his 41st year at Berkeley Lab, Stephens, 64, is the originator and spiritual leader of the Gammasphere project, the gamma-ray detector that was officially dedicated on Dec. 1. "His vision has moved the nuclear structure community into the technical big-time, and his detector provides the principal justification for continued operation of the 88-Inch Cyclotron," Symons said in his nomination.

Stephens is one of the foremost authorities on the structure of nuclei and the relationship of that structure to phenomena in other branches of physics. Utilizing heavy-ion beams from the 88-Inch Cyclotron, he has explored the collective properties in nuclei, high angular momentum phenomena, giant resonances, and nuclear reaction mechanisms for which he was awarded the Bonner Prize by the American Physical Society in 1980.

Division nominations were reviewed by the 12-member Laboratory Staff Committee, which forwarded recommendations to Shank for appointment. Physicist George Gidal, chair of the committee, said the honorees share the qualities of "long and sustained work in a particular discipline, national and international recognition, and a single-minded dedication to pushing their field to new heights. And they are innovative, constantly seeking new techniques that often lead to whole new fields of science."

Gidal said the "Distinguished" class is intentionally limited to a small percentage of the approximately 130 senior scientists at the Lab. Other Berkeley Lab staff members who have achieved "Distinguished" career status include former Laboratory directors Andrew Sessler and David Shirley, and retired engineer Frederick Goulding.

CAPTION: David Nygren, Arthur Poskanzer, Frank Stephens.


Team discovers 11 new supernovas --
One is most distant ever observed

By Lynn Yarris

An international scientific team led by researchers at Berkeley Lab have announced the discovery of 11 of the exploding stars known as supernovas, including one that is the most distant star ever observed. Ten of the supernovas were discovered within a 48-hour period (Nov. 19-20), an unprecedented achievement in the history of astronomy, and a validation of a technique that was designed to make deep space supernova discoveries possible.

The new supernovas were found in galaxies ranging from four to seven billion light years away. (A light year is the distance light can travel in a single year--approximately 6 trillion miles.) This means that the farthest of these explosions took place billions of years before our own solar system was formed; the light is only now reaching Earth.

All of the new supernovas (including one discovered on Oct. 29) were sighted on the telescope at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) in La Serena, Chile. This optical telescope, with a reflecting mirror that measures four meters across, is one of the largest in the southern hemisphere. The discoveries were made as part of the "Supernova Cosmology Project," which is headed by astrophysicist Saul Perlmutter of the Physics Division, and jointly sponsored by Berkeley Lab and the Center for Particle Astrophysics, located at UC Berkeley. The project is also affiliated with the Lab's new Institute for Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics.

It is known that the universe is still in a state of expansion as a result of the Big Bang that started it. The goal of the Supernova Cosmology Project is to discover enough "Type Ia" supernovas to measure the universe's "deceleration"--the rate at which the expansion is slowing down. If the deceleration is sufficiently large, the universe will eventually stop expanding and reverse course, a scenario sometimes referred to as the "Big Crunch." If the deceleration is sufficiently small, the expansion of the universe will continue forever.

Type Ia supernovas are the nuclear conflagrations that are believed to occur when a white dwarf, an aging star about the size of the earth but with about the same mass as the sun, accretes too much matter from a companion star and implodes under the gravitational pressure.

"Type Ia supernovas can serve as a measurement of distance because they can be calibrated as a standard candle with a known brightness," says Perlmutter. "By measuring the light from a distant Type Ia supernova and comparing its observed brightness to its known brightness from "close-up" measurements, we can precisely calculate the supernova's distance from Earth."

Scientists can then analyze the spectrum of the supernova and compare it to the spectrum of its parent galaxy to determine the velocity at which the galaxy is receding from earth. This reveals how fast the universe was expanding at the time the supernova explosion occurred.

"To the extent that distant measurements of expansion rate differ from nearby measurements (the Hubble Constant), we can thus determine the rate of deceleration," Perlmutter says.

Perlmutter and his colleagues on the Supernova Cosmology Project believe that about 50 type Ia supernovas should be enough to determine the universe's rate of deceleration. With the addition of their latest discoveries--10 of which are believed to be Type Ia-- they now have a total of 18.

The technique used to discover the 11 new supernovas of 1995 is the same as that used by the supernova cosmology project team to discover seven supernovas in 1994 and one in 1993. An ultrasensitive electronic camera attached to a telescope is used to photograph thousands of deep-space galaxies at the time of a new moon. A second set of images of the same galaxies is taken at the same telescope at the beginning of the next new moon. Using a computer, the two sets of images are compared and light from the older image is subtracted from new image light to reveal the appearance of supernovas.

"A Type Ia supernova can shine almost as brightly as an entire galaxy for about a month before it becomes too faint for even the largest telescopes to observe," says Gerson Goldhaber, a physicist in the Physics Division and one of the key members of the project. "For the purpose of measuring distances, it is critical that a Type Ia supernova be discovered just before its brightest moments. By recording our images at the start of a new moon (the best time to discover faint objects), we can follow our supernovas while their light curves are rising to determine their peak output of light."

Light measurements of the new supernovas were collected at both the CTIO and at the WIYN telescope on Kitt Peak. To collect data for spectral analyses, the Supernova Cosmology Project team is now working with UCB astronomers Alex Filippenko and Aaron Barth at the Keck Ten Meter Telescope in Hawaii. The Keck, which is the world's largest optical telescope, was designed at Berkeley Lab specifically for the observation of faint distant objects such as these supernovas.

Perlmutter and his colleagues have put in a request for images from the Hubble Space Telescope that will enable them to determine the nature of the galaxies that hosted their supernovas (i.e., spiral, elliptical, etc.).

In addition to Perlmutter and Goldhaber, other Berkeley Lab and Center for Particle Astrophysics members of the supernova discovery team include Susana Duestua, Ariel Goobar (now at Stockholm), Donald Groom, Isobel Hook, Alex Kim, Matthew Kim, Julia Lee, Jason Melbourne, Reynald Pain (now in Paris), Carl Pennypacker, and Ivan Small.


Creator of carbon-14 wins Enrico Fermi Award --

Discovery made at 60-Inch Cyclotron

By Lynn Yarris

Martin Kamen, the chemist who used the 60-Inch Cyclotron in the days of the Radiation Laboratory to create carbon-14 and change biochemistry research forever, has been named one of two winners of this year's Enrico Fermi Award.

The 82-year old Kamen is joined by 83-year-old physicist Ugo Fano, who won for his pioneering contributions to the theory of atomic and radiation physics.

The Fermi award, which was announced by President Clinton on Dec. 12, is the nation's oldest prize for achievements in science and technology. It is granted for lifetime achievements in the field of nuclear energy. Winners receive a gold medal and a $100,000 honorarium. In winning the award, Kamen joins a list that includes two of his colleagues from the Rad Lab--Glenn Seaborg and Luis Alvarez.

Kamen is currently professor emeritus at both UC San Diego and the University of Southern California. During the 1950s and '60s, he cemented his claims to scientific greatness with his ground-breaking research in the field of bacterial cytochromes and photosynthesis. However, it was his discovery of carbon-14, the radioisotope of carbon used to trace biochemical pathways and mechanisms and to date archeological and anthropological objects, that proved to be the source of his brightest and darkest moments.

Born in Toronto, Canada, in 1913, Kamen earned his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in chemistry and physical chemistry from the University of Chicago. After completing his doctoral research on neutron scattering, he began his career in 1937 as a radiochemist with the legendary group under Ernest O. Lawrence at the Rad Lab. Kamen was interested in studying plant photosynthesis and the related problem of carbon dioxide assimilation. In 1938, working with the late UC chemist Samuel Ruben, Kamen demonstrated that water is the source of molecular oxygen in photosynthesis and not carbon dioxide. This work had been accomplished through the use of carbon-11, which was the only radiocarbon known at that time. Kamen, however, was frustrated by that tracer's short half-life (21 minutes) and set out to find a radioisotope of carbon that would be better suited for biochemistry. In 1940, again working with Ruben, Kamen used the 60-Inch Cyclotron to bombard a graphite target with a beam of deuterium nuclei. The result was carbon-14, which, with a half-life of 5,000 years, allowed biochemists to trace carbon's movement through photosynthesis, metabolism, and a host of other biochemical processes.

Kamen's resulting scientific prominence, however, coupled with his liberal viewpoints and association with leftist intellectuals, brought him under the scrutiny of government agencies, including the FBI. In July 1944 he was declared a security risk and Lawrence was forced to dismiss him. A few years later, Kamen was brought before the House Un-American Activities Committee and his passport was revoked. He spent 10 years in the courts before finally clearing his name and winning back his passport. He also won settlements against the Washington Times-Herald and Chicago Tribune newspapers for publishing libelous articles about him.


Congressional visit

CAPTION; Lab physicist Helmuth Spieler (holding box) shows House Science Committee staffers a Berkeley Lab-designed silicon detector module prototype for ATLAS, an experiment at the planned Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Staffers (from left) Larry Hart, Nathan Wiggins, Tom Weimer, and Bob Palmer also met with researchers to discuss U.S. funding possibilities for the international project.


N e w s W i r e


The Eisenhower National Clearinghouse for Mathematics and Science Education (ENC) has selected Microworlds, an electronic science magazine developed by the Technical and Electronic Information Department, as one of their Digital Dozen of highlighted World Wide Web sites for December. ENC is funded by the U. S. Department of Education to provide K-12 teachers with a central source of information on math and science curriculum materials. The Digital Dozen are selected based on content, usefulness in the classroom, and ease of use. Microworlds is based on scientific work conducted at the Advanced Light Source. More than 1,000 teachers and students have registered to receive updates on Microworlds since it went online last January. Australia's Ascension College has plans to build part of their curriculum for senior science students around the Microworlds material. Microworlds is at and ENC is at


There may not be much cheer this holiday season for Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary. Having spent the fall defending her department from Congressional attempts to eliminate it, she is now facing controversy herself. Following the flap over her hiring of a private consulting firm to evaluate media coverage of DOE, 32 House Republicans signed a non-binding resolution calling for her resignation. Now, an article in the Dec. 10 Los Angeles Times has generated new heat for the Secretary. The article criticized O'Leary for overseas travel, stating that she spent "millions of taxpayer dollars" to stay in expensive hotels and fly on a chartered jet. This report gave credence to a rumor that O'Leary was asked to resign by White House Chief of Staff Leon Panetta, a rumor the White House called "absolutely and unequivocally untrue." Vice President Al Gore publicly defended the Secretary, saying "There's nobody in the Cabinet who has done a better job of cutting costs and ... eliminating unnecessary spending." O'Leary has asked DOE's inspector general to review the "facts upon which the (LA Times) article is based" and assess the practices of her office.

In a statement released to the public, O'Leary had this to say: "The (LA Times) article overlooks the vital national interests that have been advanced on our overseas missions. All of the missions had the sole goal of advancing the economic, energy, environmental and national security of our nation. That's why Congress statutorily mandated that the Department be involved in these activities, and the Clinton Administration has aggressively advocated these missions. These missions have paid dividends that the taxpayer can support. As a measure of this return, economic projects that were successfully finalized on these missions represent a value of $2.4 billion. When compared to the cost of the missions, this is a return on investment of nearly $1,000 to every $1. With one trillion dollars in investment opportunities overseas in the power sector alone, I expect an even higher return as more deals are signed."


Digital library makes accessing photos a snap

By Jeffery Kahn

Jacob Bastacky, head of the Life Sciences Division's Lung Microscopy Group, had a problem. Over the years, he had accumulated thousands of images of lung tissue, enough to fill a five-foot-tall stack of file boxes in his office. It became almost impossible for anyone but Bastacky to locate a particular image.

Intent upon making the photo archive more accessible, Bastacky has become the first user of an online image library now being developed at the lab.

"Right now," Bastacky says, "we have about a thousand images in the online collection. That will double very soon. This system allows us to organize the images, to search and find individual images, and to view them in several resolutions. What's more, because it is accessed through the World Wide Web, we can make the collection as widely available as we choose."

The image library is being developed by ICSD's Imaging and Distributed Computing Group, headed by Bill Johnston. Mary Thompson heads the project. She says the image library accommodates a wide range of potential uses. Both private and public collections of images can be created, either of which can be stored in a central mass storage system or on a desktop computer. The World Wide Web allows public collections to be accessed from anywhere and on any kind of computer.

"This is a research project in a test stage," Thompson says. "Ultimately, it might become part of a labwide digital library. It could also be deployed as a set of portable tools that individuals could use with their own digital image archives."

Thompson hopes to put other image collections online so their owners can use and test the image library during its development stage. Anyone who is interested in participating should check out the image library at and contact Thompson at X7408 or

Digital data

More and more scientific data now consists of high-resolution digital images. Whether they originate in digital format or as prints that have been scanned, the starting point for an image library collection is a set of high-resolution digital images. The next step is to write a corresponding text file for each image, consisting of a caption with keywords that distinguish individual images from one another.

To install the collection, the owner navigates to the image library on the Web. Authorized individuals can use the online forms to submit their images, organize them into sets and subsets, and determine who has access to the collection.

When an image is submitted, Thompson's software automatically stores it and creates a set of four low resolution images. It also reads every text file and creates a keyword database that makes it possible to find specific images within a collection.

To find an image, the Web provides a form that accepts keywords used to launch a search. The image library responds by finding all images that match the search terms and displaying each in thumbnail size. The user then will be given the option of viewing higher resolution versions of each image. The user may also look at all the thumbnails in a set.

The image library allows collection owners to add new images, rearrange the directories in which they are organized, and edit text files. This leaves the control of the collection in the hands of its owner.

Lung Lab Tour

Jacob Bastacky says the image library has opened up new possibilities for members of his research group, who have used it to improve access to their private collection and to publish a public collection of images.

This educational project is called the Lung Lab Tour (on the Web at the address of The Tour includes a set of images of the lung made with the Scanning Electron Microscope.

"Lung Tour is educational but it is also an experiment," says Bastacky. "The idea is to make what you see online mimic what you see during a microscope experiment. First, you start with a lower magnification image, find something in that image that is of interest, then zoom in at higher and higher magnifications, all the way down to the level of individual cells. I call it hyperimage databasing, but the important point is that this is a computer filing system where images are linked in a logical manner. In the future, we would like to organize our data like this."


IDS Couriers offers 24-hour service

IDS Couriers is Berkeley Lab's contract courier service. It operates 24 hours a day and can deliver and pick up documents and parcels on-site and anywhere in the Bay Area for a nominal fee. For more information and to request service, call 548-3263 and give pick-up/delivery locations, time requirements, and a Laboratory account number.


Lab saves millions

CAPTION: The Department of Energy honored several Lab employees at the DOE Defense Program's pollution prevention workshop in October. (From left) George Goode of Brookhaven National Laboratory, Rick Gough of AFRD, Tanya Goldman of the Berkeley Site Office, Mary Gross of DOE/Oakland, and Brian Smith of EH&S were recognized for their efforts in arranging for the reuse of the Bevatron shielding blocks. The 15,000 tons of concrete blocks will be transported to Brookhaven in New York for use in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The removal of the blocks began this summer and will take three more years, saving millions of dollars in waste disposal and storage costs.


Annual fund returns

Following are the annual fund returns for the 403(B) and 401(A) accounts, effective Nov. 30, 1995.*


Q&A Patent Department --
In answer to your question...

From time to time, the attorneys and patent agents in Berkeley Lab's Patent Department receive questions from individual researchers, the answers to which may be of interest to others in the Laboratory. If you have questions for the Patent Department, call X7058.

Q: What rights are connected with the issuance of a patent?

A: A patent is issued in the name of the United States under the seal of the Patent and Trademark Office, and is either signed by the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks or has the Commissioner's name written thereon and attested by an Office official. The patent contains a grant to the patentee, and a printed copy of the specification and drawing is annexed to the patent and forms a part of it. The grant confers "the right to exclude others from making, using or selling the invention throughout the United States" and its territories and possessions for the term of 20 years from the date of filing, subject to the payment of legally mandated maintenance fees.

The patent does not grant the right to make, use, or sell the invention; rather, only an exclusive right is granted; the patentee only has the right to exclude others from making, using, or selling the invention. Prior authorization from the patentee is required before others may make, use, or sell the patented invention. the patentee's rights are dependent upon the rights of others and whatever general laws might be applicable. A patentee, merely because he or she has received a patent for an invention, is not thereby authorized to make, use, or sell the invention if doing so would violate any law. For example, an inventor of a new, patented medicine cannot use that medicine in violation of laws promulgated by the federal Food and Drug Administration. Neither may a patentee make, use, or sell his or her own invention if doing so would infringe the prior rights of others.


Cashier Office to move --
Some services to change

As part of the overall re-engineering and cost-cutting of overhead functions at the Laboratory, the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) is redesigning the CFO/Cashier function. As a result, the Cashier window in Bldg. 90 will close effective Jan. 3, 1996, and the cashiering function will move to CFO operations in Bldg. 936 (2070 Allston Way).

The Cashier Office will continue to provide all trip settlements; changes to other services are detailed below. These changes are consistent with actions taken at other DOE labs.

Your cooperation during this transition is appreciated. For more information, please contact Teresa Rossi at X6615.


WWW provides access to government regs

Lab employees now have access to the Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, State Environmental Regulations, and Commerce Business Daily via the Web. Through a subscription with Counterpoint Publishing, which provides a user-friendly interface, these documents are easily searched or viewed by date. A link to this service is found by going to the Berkeley Lab Home Page, clicking on "Laboratory Support Services" and scrolling down to "Policies, Manuals, and References."


Lab holiday schedule

This year's holiday shutdown schedule is as follows:

Laboratory operations will resume and employees will return to work on Wednesday, Jan. 3, 1996. Employees may either use vacation or leave without pay for Dec. 28-29. New employees without sufficient vacation time may receive an advance against future vacation accrual for these days.


Cost savings

The Laboratory's holiday shutdown offers a significant opportunity for energy cost savings. These savings are realized by shutting down equipment and utilities. The Laboratory would normally spend $18K per day on energy during December. If you must work during the holiday shutdown, you can save as much as 30 percent of this amount by: These efforts are appreciated.


Director's party --
Lab ushers in holiday season

Tuesday, Dec. 5, Berkeley Lab employees gathered in the cafeteria for the Directors' Annual Holiday Reception, enjoying tasty hors d'oeuvres provided by the cafeteria staff, and musical entertainment offered by members of the Lab's Music Club. At left, Chief Financial Officer Chuck Courey samples the punch. At right, Glenn Morrison, Maria Fink and Wesley Steele of the Lab's Music Club provide chamber music. At bottom right, cafeteria staff who served up the treats include: (front row) Carmen Fernandez, Amelia Martinez, Rimmon Schurik, (back row) Cecile Wies, Dion Herrera, Carlos Romero, Khristal Strickland, Pilar Durana, and Cruz Maravilla.

Photos by Don Fike


Calendar of Events -- Dec. 18, 1995 - Jan 5, 1996

Calendar items may be sent via e-mail to, Fax to X6641, or Lab mail to Bldg. 65B. The deadline is 10:30 a.m. Tuesday.

Dec. 18 -- Monday


7:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m., near Bldg. 77.

Dec. 19 -- Tuesday


"Exact Solution of Discrete 2d R2 Gravity," will be presented by Tom Wynter, ENS, Paris, 2 p.m., 430 Birge Hall

Dec. 20 -- Wednesday


Dec. 21 -- Thursday


Robert Palmer of SLAC will present "Muon Colliders" at 4 p.m. in Bldg. 50A-5132; refreshments at 3:40 p.m.

Dec. 22 -- Friday


Dec. 25- Jan 2

Holiday Shutdown

Jan. 3 -- Wednesday


12:10-1 p.m., Bldg. 2-300.

Jan. 4-5



Season's Greetings!

This is the last issue of Currents for 1995. The next issue will appear on Friday, Jan. 5. Those of us in the Pubic Information Department would like to extend our warmest wishes to each of you for a joyous holiday season and a happy new year. See you in 1996!


United Way

All employees should have received their United Way packets by now. The giving campaign continues through the end of the year.

The United Way has made some changes in giving choices this year which are described in the "Make a Difference" brochure. Employees can give to the United Way Community Fund or choose the "Focused Giving" option. Now participants may also give to any non-profit organization through the United Way, whether or not the organization is a regular recipient of United Way funding. Lab employees may also participate in the Berkeley Pledge, a UC Berkeley effort to support the campus' educational outreach.

All pledge forms should be sent to the Payroll Office in 936B before the holiday break. Contact campaign coordinator Shaun Fennessey at X5122.



If it has to be there on time...

In order to best assure next day delivery for priority shipments from the Laboratory, employees wishing to use Federal Express should have their package or overnight letter delivered to Shipping at Bldg. 69 before 3 p.m.

Customers are encouraged to use the familiar blue and white FedEx envelope for overnight letters. The envelope may be placed in the afternoon mail, which will then be delivered to Shipping prior to the 3 p.m. deadline.

Both the FedEx overnight letter envelope and a new "Express" form are available from Shipping in Bldg. 69, or by calling Chuck Horton at X5084.


Currents ONLINE edition

The full text of each edition of Currents is published on the Lab's home page on the World Wide Web. View it at under "Research News and Publications." To set up your computer to access the World Wide Web, call the Mac and PC Support Group at X6858.


F l e a M a r k e t

Flea Market ads may be sent via e-mail to, Fax to X6641, or Lab mail to Bldg. 65B. The deadline is 5 p.m. Friday.


'70 SAAB96, orig. owner, reconditioned, paint job, valves changed for unleaded, $1500/b.o. Ed, 843-2396

'78 MERCEDES 300D, mech. exc., body fair, AM/FM cass., sunrf, a/c, $1400/b.o. Alexandra, X6168, 5251864

'79 DODGE van, rebuilt engine 4/95, very gd cond., 8 cyl., a/c, new parts, furnished (bed, racks, table), runs well, leaving country, $2200/b.o. Martin, X4800

'84 VW GTI, black, pullout stereo, 120K mi., $1900. Rich, X5896, 524-8897

'85 MAZDA 626, 137K, CD/radio, a/t, very gd cond. $1700/b.o. 528-6953

'88 VOLVO turbo wgn, 5-spd, low mi., all records, p/s, p/l, leather int., sunroof, garaged, asking $8750. Judy, 791-5225

'89 TOYOTA pickup, 4x4, 5-spd, w/camper shell, great cond., $5500. X7176

'90 TOYOTA Corolla, 5-spd, brand new clutch, runs great, reliable, 80K mi., exc. cond. $6200/b.o. Dolores, (415) 991-2559

'91 TOYOTA Previa mini-van, 58K mi., 7 passenger, CD, blue-metallic color, well-tuned
(11/95), warranted till '96, avail. 12/31., $15K. 526-7861

SNOWTIRES, 185-70R13 Firestone, used once, $50; mag wheels, 235-60R14, BFG, $450/all 4; traction bars, $10. Debbey, X6430, Stephen, 527-8210


VANPOOL, riders wanted from Rohnert Park - stopping at Petaluma & Novato - ending at Berkeley BART, Commuter Checks accepted. Shirley, X4521


CAGE for pet rats. Phila, 848-9156


BICYCLE, men's Sekai, 12-spd, road bike, gd cond., $200/b.o. Brad, X7685, (415) 615-9551

CD PLAYER w/ stereo, radio, cassette recorder, Magnavox, almost new (4 months old), perf. cond., pd. $80, asking $50/b.o. Barbara, X4390, 843-0796 (msg.)

CHRISTMAS WREATHS, benefits Boy Scouts, very fresh, decorated w/cones & lg. red bow, may be flocked, immediate delivery, $18. Craig, X7246

COMPUTER, Macintosh Powerbook 540-8RAM, 240HD, incl. Global Village mercury modem (19,100 baud), carrying case & software, $2K/b.o. Amy, 848-3205

DAY BED with trundle, 2 mattresses, hardly used, pd. $370, asking $200. Peter X5983, 687-1827

FUTON, queen sz., polished walnut frame, forest grn mattress, $150/b.o.; 7 ft. couch free with the futon. Sajid, X5184, 548-0641

GOLF CLUBS, set, Taylor Made graphite 3 woods, Wilson 9 Iron set, Arnold Palmer golf bag, Spalding putter, head covers, $450/b.o.; 2 Corso 10-spd touring bicycles, gd cond., $60 ea. X4585

GOLF CLUBS, set, Sting brand, used twice, irons are 2 through sand wedge, 3 metal woods, swing weight D-1, stiff shafts, standard grips, $650 new, sell for $450 firm. Kathy, 837-7062

GROCERY-STORE SHELVES, sturdy, metal, $50/b.o. Thomas, 848-8273

JUICE EXTRACTOR for grass & berry, almost new, w/orig. carton, paid $150, asking $85. Peter, X7337, 531-7837

MAC CLASSIC 2/40, keyboard, mouse, Intel 2400EX modem, $300. Allan, X4210

MACINTOSH SE 1/0, 2 floppies, 1 40 MB hard drive, software, orig. container, perfect cond., $229; Prince graphite tennis racquet, mint cond., $59. Chris, X7395

MATTRESS, twin, Simmons Beautyrest Royalty, $125. Alison, 845-5634

MOUNTAIN BIKE, gray, nice cond., 18-spd, kryptonite lock, lights, $100. Alexandra, X6168, 525-1864

PERSIAN RUG, antique, 60 yrs. in the family, perfect cond., hand-knotted Hammedanm 5'x7', predominately red/multi., $1K/b.o. 549-0135

PIANO, Kohler Campbell spinet & bench, exc. cond., $1200; basketball backboard & hoop, $50. Carol, X6696, 526-4152

RADARANGE, Amana, elec., self-cleaning oven w/microwave, spotless, $150/b.o. Debbey, X6430, 527-8210

SCUBA GEAR, Viking dry suit w/thermal underwear and built-in hard-sole boots; unisex, will fit to 5'6" tall, durable, warm, dry, $600; Seaquest jacket BC, sz. small, $100. Mary, X5270, 938-9891

SKI BOOTS, Salomon, fits approx. sz. 8, exc. cond., gd for teenager or intermed. skier, $35. H. Matis, X5031, 540-6718

SKI CLOTHING, The North Face, several items, never used, $50 & up. Jonathan, X7762, 559-7775

SKIS, 205s, $20/b.o.; Rossignol 160s w/Marker bindings, $50/b.o. Debbey, X6430, 527-8210

STEREO, cass. deck w/dolby noise reduction, level meters & auto stop, cables incl., $23. Peter, 531-7837

TREADMILL, Sears Lifestyler 8.0, 1.25 horsepower DC motor, manual incline, w/digital time, spd, distance, calorie & pulse rate, heavy-duty, under warranty, asking $300/b.o.; surfboard, Santa Cruz Pearson Arrow long board classic, 3 fin, 8'6" long, asking $375/b.o. Maureen, 642-9154

VACUUM, Kirby, w/attachments & carpet cleaner, purchased in June '95, barely used, paid $1650, asking $1400. Lisa, X5314, 906-9786

WET SUIT, med./lg., farmer john plus jacket, gd cond., $40/b.o. 654-7526 (eve.)


ALBANY, unfurn. condo, 2-bdrms, secured garage, nr BART & E.C. Plaza, no pets, no smoking, avail. 1/1/96, $1030. Mrs. Kim, 524-4199

BERKELEY, 1 bdrm in 2-bdrm apt, nr. No. Berkeley BART, avail. 1/1, no smoking, no pets, washer/dryer in bldg., share apt w/grad. student, ~$400/mo. 644-2618

BERKELEY, 2-bdrm furn. apt in UC Village, avail. 1/28 - 3/12, $400/mo., util. incl. X4445, 524-0956

BERKELEY HILLS, Euclid/Cedar Ave., 5 blks from UCB, furn. rm in pvt home, kitchen privs., washer/dryer, deck, bay view, nr trans., shops, tennis cts. & Rose Garden, no smoking, no pets, $450/mo. + util. 548-1287

EL CERRITO HILLS, 1-bdrm house, secluded setting, yd, views, frpl, hardwd flrs, $750/mo. Rich, X5896, 524-8897

KENSINGTON, furn. 3-bdrm house, avail. Christmas/New Year vacation. 526-6730

ROCKRIDGE AREA, College/Chabot, 2 male students seek housemate to share 3-bdrm duplex, lg. bdrm, frpl, carpet, washer/dryer, parking, yd, storage, exc. neighborhood, 1-3 blocks to BART, shops, restaurants & supermarket, avail. 12/27, $425/mo. + 1/3 utils. 654-6730

WANTED: 2 visiting scientists need 2 rms or a 2-bdrm apt for the mo. of Feb. W.J. Swiatecki, X5536, 524-0153

WANTED: housing for visiting scientist currently in Munich, German, starting in Feb. for approx. 7 mos., prefer Berkeley. Carsten.Voelkmann@physik.tu-mu

WANTED: rm for German physics student, 23 yr. old, female, non-smoker, starting in Feb. for approx. 7 mos., nr UCB, no more than $700/mo.


SONOMA COUNTY, Timbercove, nr the ocean, 2.16 acres, water & septic, $70K. Nick, 527-1965


HIGH SIERRAS, 4-bdrm cabin, washer, dryer, deck, frpl, 1 hr from Truckee, on Hwy 49, cross-country skiing, fishing, snowmobiling, wk/wkend. Jane, 849-4096

SO. LAKE TAHOE 4-bdrm cabin, exc. loc., 2 mi. from Heavenly Valley, AEK, washer/dryer. Bill, X4822, 283-3094


COUCH, beige colored, to gd home ( prefer Cal student). Sajid, X5184, 548-0641


Mac Diskette in front of Bldg. 55 (medical research). Disk is labeled "Misc" and contents include: black countach, earth.jpg, gahp-1.jpg, gahp-2.jpg, nineplan.jpg, saturn.jpg, Yosemite.JPG. Contact Roxanne, X6661


Currents/The View and the Communications Department Staff

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Reid Edwards, Public Affairs Department head
Ron Kolb, Communications Department head

Pamela Patterson, 486-4045,
Associate editor
Lyn Hunter, 486-4698,

Dan Krotz, 486-4019
Paul Preuss, 486-6249
Lynn Yarris, 486-5375

Ucilia Wang, 495-2402
Allan Chen, 486-4210
David Gilbert, (925) 296-5643

Caitlin Youngquist, 486-4020
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Berkeley Lab
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