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February 18, 2005
Welcome to the first issue of Science@Berkeley Lab. In the 100 years since the young Albert Einstein published the string of papers that turned our view of the world on its head, the sciences — all of them, not just physics — have undergone steady but dramatic changes, the kind Science@Berkeley Lab intends to celebrate.
Between a Rock and a Wet Place

Billions of years after precursors of life may have formed just where water meets solids, we have only a limited understanding of what happens on the molecular level. Now a new technique has produced detailed and surprising molecular images of the water-solid interface, revealing intermixed regions of ice-like and liquid-like structures.
  In Series  
Beginning a series on the role of Berkeley Lab researchers in planning for the proposed International Linear Collider, an extraordinary new machine to explore the particles and forces that weave the infinite from the infinitesimal.
  The Energy Bar  
A new report shows that implementing state or federal programs for renewable energy and energy efficiency could save the nation anywhere from $600,000 to as much as $23 billion.
Images from the Advanced Light Source show that carbon-containing aerosols remain aloft much longer than previously thought, wreaking climatic havoc.
For years a free spreadsheet program named ProForm has been answering questions from governments and independent energy developers all over the world. A new and easier-to-use version has just come online.
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Imaging to a Fault

Most seismic waves travel through different densities of rock and sediment, blurring the signals needed to understand how earthquakes are triggered. Using guided waves trapped inside the fault itself, researchers have borrowed techniques from medicine and computer science to make CT scans of the San Andreas Fault at its heart.

In 2007 the Planck satellite will record the cosmic microwave background across the entire sky — but can supercomputers handle the data flood? All 6,000 processors of a NERSC supercomputer running a program called MADmap created a map from 75 billion simulated Planck observations, proving it can be done.