Chapter 35
ELEVATED WORK — AERIAL WORK PLATFORMS, LADDERS, AND SCAFFOLDS

Contents

Approved by Kevin Goodwin
Revised 11/16

35.1 Policy
35.2 Scope
35.3 Applicability
35.4 Exceptions
35.5 Roles and Responsibilities
35.6 Definitions
35.7 Required Work Processes

Work Process A. General Requirements
Work Process B. Procurement of Aerial Work Platforms, Ladders, or Scaffolding
Work Process C. Authorization and Qualification
Work Process D. Fall Protection
Work Process E. Inspections
Work Process F. Exiting Elevated Work Platform Plan
Work Process G. Landscaping and Rough Terrain Maintenance
Work Process H. Qualified Climbers
Work Process I. Lifting Personnel Baskets
Work Process J. Stools and Stepladders
Work Process K. Window Washers

35.8 Source Requirements
35.9 Reference Documents
35.10 Appendices

Appendix A. LBNL Aerial Work Platform Evaluation/Application
Appendix B. LBNL Daily Aerial Lift Inspection Checklist (Scissor & One-Man Lifts)
Appendix C. LBNL Daily Aerial Lift Inspection Checklist (Boom Lifts)
Appendix D. LBNL Scaffolding Daily Inspection Checklist
Appendix E. Elevated Work Platform Exiting Plan

NOTE:
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35.1 Policy

Persons using aerial work platforms, ladders, or rolling scaffolds at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) must ensure that the equipment and structural provisions for accessing and working at elevated levels and for overhead movement of materials meet industry safety standards and comply with general industry safety orders (OSHA). The requirements for fall protection (see Fall Protection Program) apply to work activities from elevated heights covered by the Elevated Work Program.

35.2 Scope

Berkeley Lab’s Elevated Work Program is implemented through planning, classroom training, and on-the-job-training. Implementation of the operational controls, hazard controls, and rescue procedures are established as applicable on the Berkeley Lab Fall Protection Permit and implemented in the field to control the risk of operational hazards while individuals are working at elevated heights.

35.3 Applicability

This program applies to work on any aerial work platform used to raise or lower workers to perform tasks at elevated heights, as well as work requiring the use of ladders and rolling scaffolds. At Berkeley Lab, it applies to:

35.4 Exceptions

None

35.5 Roles and Responsibilities

Role

Responsibilities

Aerial Work Platform (AWP) Manager Is a qualified AWP operator who has been designated as the individual responsible for the safe operation of a specific AWP

Authorized Person (Operator)

  • Has a working understanding of Berkeley Lab’s Elevated Work Program and has the knowledge and training necessary to perform the job safely
  • Must safely operate aerial work platforms for which they are certified
  • Becomes qualified by successfully completing EHS0223 Aerial Work Platform and EHS0222 Aerial Work Platform Practical (or the equivalent for subcontractors) and show proof of completing EHS276 Fall Protection training or the equivalent for subcontractors
  • Must be authorized by his or her supervisor through an Employee Work Planning & Control (WPC) activity, Site Specific Safety Plan, or (for service subcontractors) the Subcontractor Job Hazards Analysis (sJHA)
  • For ladder use (ladders >30 inches tall), must complete EHS0278 Ladder Safety Training (or the equivalent for subcontractors) and be authorized by his or her supervisor through an Employee WPC, Site Specific Safety Plan, or an sJHA.
  • For scaffold use, must complete EHS0279 Scaffold Users Hazard Awareness (or the equivalent for subcontractors) and be authorized by an Employee WPC, Site Specific Safety Plan, or an sJHA

Competent Person

  • Is responsible for identifying hazards by conducting hazard surveys; stopping or limiting work at the hazard site; supervising the selection and use of aerial work platform PPE; and verifying that equipment is compliant and workers are trained
  • Participates in investigations, conducts equipment inspections, and removes damaged equipment from service
  • Is authorized to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate or mitigate hazards and is knowledgeable in the application and use of equipment
  • Is required to complete a training program approved by the Environment/Health/Safety Division and the Fall Protection Program administrator

Elevated Work Subject Matter Expert (SME)

  • Responsible for providing technical expertise regarding elevated work to divisions and assist in the purchase of aerial work platforms, ladders, or scaffolds
  • Responsible for validating equivalency in training for subcontractors and vendors
  • Provides oversite and on-the-job training for fall protection competent person work group
  • Provides metric and program self-assessments for managerial review

Line Management

  • Is responsible for ensuring that elevated work is performed safely and that aerial work platform operators as well as users of ladders or scaffolds are properly qualified and authorized

Managed Fall Protection Program Manager

  • Administers the fall protection program

35.6 Definitions

Term

Definition

Aerial work platform (AWP)

A mobile device that has an adjustable platform and is supported by a ground-level structure. Examples include boom lifts and scissor lifts.

Adhesive anchor

A deformed metal bar or threaded rod set in a predrilled hole containing chemical bonding compounds. Loads are transferred mainly by the bond of the adhesive to both the anchor and the surrounding elements (concrete) along the sides of the hole.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

  • A private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. The standards applicable to aerial lifts are ANSI/SIA-A92.5 Boom-Supported Elevating Work Platforms and ANSI/SIA-A92.6-2006 Self-Propelled Elevating Work Platforms.

Anchorage

A secure point of attachment for lifelines, lanyards, or deceleration devices.

  • Certified anchorage: An anchorage for fall arrest, work positioning, restraint, or rescue systems for which a Fall Protection Qualified Person has certified it as (a) capable of supporting forces that could be applied during a fall or (b) having met the criteria per ANSI Z359.2-2007
  • Noncertified Anchorage: A fall-arrest anchorage that a Fall Protection Competent Person judges to be capable of supporting the predetermined anchorage forces

Arborist Saddle

A fall protection device used to attach a tree arborist to the crane line at a designated anchor point on the boom line when being hoisted to a tree.

Base

The relevant contact point of the aerial platform, ladder, or scaffold that forms its stability fulcrum (e.g., legs, wheels, casters, outriggers, stabilizers)

Boom

A cantilever beam that supports a platform

False crotch

A suspension point in a tree other than a natural crotch created with the use of slings, pulleys, friction savers, or other devices.

Flip line

A flip line (also known as a "scare strap" or "safety") is a type of work positioning safety lanyard that gets its name from the way it is "flipped" up the tree while spur climbing. Flip lines are used to secure the climber to the trunk of the tree while climbing with spurs. Flip lines may have a wire core for added protection from a chainsaw.

Friction saver

A friction saver (also known as a cambium saver or a rope saver) is a device that wraps around the limb or crotch in the tree where a rope will run. The rope then runs either through the rings at the end of the friction saver or through the center of the rope saver, depending on the style of device. This protects the rope from abrasion and also protects the tree from the friction of the running rope. Friction savers are used to create a false crotch in tree climbing.

Guardrail System

A vertical barrier primarily intended to protect personnel from falling to lower levels. A personal fall-protection system is not required in aerial lifts (e.g., scissor lifts) that do not have an installed anchorage system, but manufacturers direct operators to use the guardrail system as their primary form of fall protection.

IWCA

International Window Cleaning Association

Ladder

An appliance usually consisting of two side rails joined at regular intervals by crosspieces — called steps, rungs, or cleats — on which a person may step while ascending or descending

Manufacturer

A person or entity that makes, builds, or produces an aerial platform, ladder, or scaffold

Maximum Travel Height

The maximum platform height, or the most adverse configuration(s) affecting stability, for which travel is permitted by the manufacturer

Natural crotch

“Natural crotch” is the term used for the crotches in trees where branches meet the trunk. These can be useful places to install a climbing or rigging line although both the rope and tree will experience more abrasion and wear, and they may not be located in ideal places.

Negative blocking

The term “negative blocking” is used to describe rigging in which the arborist block is installed below the trunk or limb to be removed, such as in butt-hitching during removals.

Operation

Performance of an aerial platform’s functions within the scope of its specifications and in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, the user’s work rules, and applicable government regulations

Operator

A qualified and authorized person who controls the movement, and pre-work inspection duties of an aerial platform

Outrigger

Device(s) that increase stability and are capable of lifting and leveling

Platform

The portion of an aerial platform intended for occupation by personnel and their necessary tools and materials

PPE

Personal protective equipment

Qualified Climber

A worker who performs any work activity that requires a worker to travel to a work position that is above 6 feet, and to use three points of contact on structures other than portable ladders before implementing an active fall protection system, e.g., a positioning device to perform work.

Qualified Person

A person who possesses a recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing; or who has successfully demonstrated by extensive knowledge, training, and experience his/her ability to solve or resolve problems related to the subject matter, the work, or the project

RDS

An RDS or Rope Descent System is an assembly of components that, when properly configured, will provide the means to descend a drop in a manner whereby the acceleration forces of gravity are controlled, permitting the operator to slow or halt his/her descent on a synthetic fiber rope at any desired moment. Also known as controlled descent equipment (CDE) or controlled descent apparatus (CDA).

Scaffold

Any temporary elevated platform and its supporting structure used for supporting workers, materials, or both

Spar

Part of a tree which has been rigged for cutting by the tree arborist

Spur

The spiked climbing tools worn on the leg by tree or pole climbers. Also sometimes called "climbers," "hooks," "gaffs," "irons," or "spikes." Tree-climbing spurs are typically fastened at the ankle with a synthetic strap and around the calf with a second strap that runs through a pad. "Gaff" is the appropriate term for the spike portion of the climbing spur. A set of climbing spurs is used with a tree-climbing harness and a flip line

Stability/Stable

A condition of an aerial platform in which the sum of the movements that tend to overturn the unit is less than the sum of the movements that tend to resist overturning

Step stool

A stool, often with folding steps attached, on which one stands to reach high objects

SME

Subject matter expert

Training

Instruction, including information about potential hazards, to enable a trainee to become a qualified person for a task to be performed

Window cleaner’s belt anchor

A specially designed fall-preventing attachment point that is permanently affixed to a window frame or to a building part, immediately adjacent to the window frame, or directly attached to the terminal portion of a window cleaner’s belt.

 

35.7 Required Work Processes

Work Process A. General Requirements
Work Process B. Procurement of Aerial Work Platforms, Ladders, or Scaffolding
Work Process C. Authorization and Qualification
Work Process D. Fall Protection
Work Process E. Inspections
Work Process F. Exiting Elevated Work Platform Plan
Work Process G. Landscaping and Rough Terrain Maintenance
Work Process H. Qualified Climbers
Work Process I. Lifting Personnel Baskets
Work Process J. Stools and Stepladders
Work Process K. Window Washers

Work Process A. General Requirements

  1. General Requirements – Aerial Work Platforms
    1. Aerial work platforms can be vertically adjusted by manual or powered means and may be self-propelled, towed, or manually moved. They include equipment such as scissor lifts, one-man-lifts, and boom lifts.
    2. Aerial work platforms are operated only under the following conditions:
      1. Employees using any aerial work platform must be certified in the proper and safe use of the equipment. One certified operator must be stationed on the ground to perform any emergency duties. The ground operator may perform emergency duties for multiple aerial work platforms.
      2. All aerial work platforms must be inspected prior to each shift's use and must not be operated if found to be unsafe.
      3. No elevated work platform may be used on an incline over 5% or in winds that exceed 25 mph unless it has been designed for such use by the manufacturer.
    3. All personnel on the work platform must wear an approved safety harness and adjustable lanyards properly restraining operators to an aerial platform anchorage device. (See Fall Protection Program)
    4. All powered aerial work platforms must have working upper and lower control devices.
    5. Outriggers, if provided, must be used as recommended by the manufacturer.
    6. Aerial work platforms equipped with outriggers must not be relocated while personnel are on the work platform in an elevated position and must not elevate personnel without the stability of outriggers.
    7. Aerial lift operators will not use self-retracting lifelines (SRL) as part of a personal fall-protection system (PFPS) unless the use of self-retracting lifelines has been authorized by the elevated work platform’s manufacturer.
  2. Identification
    1. The following must be permanently displayed on all aerial work platforms:
      1. Special warnings, cautions, or restrictions necessary for safe operations
      2. Make, model, and manufacturer's name and address
      3. Rated workload capacity
      4. Maximum platform height
      5. Statement that device is in accordance with ANSI standards
      6. Instructions to study operating manual
      7. Special instruction e.g. exiting elevated platform , manual elevated platform lowering , maintenance, or attachment capacity instructions
      8. Proof of Maintenance record
    2. Travel of aerial work platforms while employees, materials, tools, or equipment occupy that platform in an elevated position is permitted only if the following information is permanently attached to the unit:
      1. Maximum-rated load capacity at maximum height
      2. Maximum travel height
      3. Statement that the model has successfully passed the static stability test
  3. General Requirements – Ladders
    1. Safety hazards in the use of ladders can be substantially reduced by observing certain basic safety precautions noted below:
      1. Painters' stepladders longer than 3.7 m (12 ft) must not be used.
      2. All markings, warnings, and labels (as originally applied) must be legible.
      3. Wooden ladders must not be painted.
      4. Ladders must be stored to prevent weathering, blistering, or cracking.
      5. All metal ladders must be legibly marked with signs reading "Caution – Do Not Use Near Electrical Equipment."
      6. Portable straight and extension ladders must be equipped with slip-resistant shoes.
      7. Straight or extension ladders must be placed against a support at an angle such that the distance from the ladder base to the base of the support is one-fourth the working length of the ladder.
      8. Tie-down straight or extension ladders when used to access high places.
      9. Face ladders when ascending or descending.
      10. Do not use a ladder as a scaffold.
      11. Do not place a ladder in front of a doorway, unless the door is blocked open, locked, or guarded.
      12. Do not place ladders on boxes or unstable bases to obtain additional height.
      13. Do not climb higher than the second step from the top of a ladder.
      14. Ladders with broken rungs or missing steps must not be used.
      15. Inspect all ladders before use.
      16. Report any defective ladders to your supervisor.
      17. Supervisors must ensure that any ladder reported as defective or unsafe is removed from service.
    2. When a worker’s feet are six feet or more from the ground, and three points of contact (e.g., two feet and one hand) cannot be maintained, a fall-arrest system is required. See Fall Protection Program.
  4. General Requirements – Scaffolds. The following rules are required during the erection and use of scaffolds by all subcontractors:
    1. A competent person must supervise the erection of scaffolds
    2. When rolling scaffolds are being used, wheels are locked.
    3. Tubular welded rolling scaffolds require a horizontal/diagonal brace.
    4. All rolling scaffolds must be fully planked while in use, and guardrails with toe boards must be in place at heights of 6 feet or more.
    5. At all times when next to shaft openings and/or windows, proper guardrails with toe boards must be installed regardless of the scaffold platform height from the floor.
    6. Properly secured ladders must be provided for all scaffolds.
    7. Cross bracing does not take the place of a guardrail.
    8. Guardrail systems include end-rails on all scaffolds.
    9. Independent lifelines for each worker on a swing scaffold are required; they must be secured to a firm anchorage point separate from the scaffold anchorage.
    10. If tie-off is selected, it must be used in accordance with the Berkeley Lab Fall Protection Program. The use of outriggers, in most circumstances, is preferred over tie-off.
    11. Construct scaffolds on a firm, stable base.
    12. Never erect a scaffold without a base using screw jacks and sole plate. Never put an open pipe end directly on concrete, a wood support, asphalt paving, or soil, as it may shift during use.
    13. Provide fall protection at all heights above 6 feet during scaffold erection or while working on a yellow-tagged scaffold regardless of the type of scaffold.
    14. Inspect all scaffolds before use. A daily checklist is recommended for all users. See Appendix D, LBNL Scaffolding Daily Inspection Checklist.

Work Process B. Procurement of Aerial Work Platforms, Ladders, or Scaffolding

Berkeley Lab divisions purchase their own aerial work platforms, ladders, or scaffolding. The Elevated Work Program Subject Matter Expert (SME) assists division representatives in selecting the right equipment. The purchase of an aerial work platform is a controlled item for procurement purposes, and procurement personnel need to ensure that the SME approves all purchases or rentals.

Work Process C. Authorization and Qualification

  1. The operation of aerial work platforms (AWPs) and the use of ladders or scaffolding are restricted to trained personnel who have completed Berkeley Lab-required training and who have been certified to work with specific types of equipment in accordance with the requirements of this ES&H Manual Elevated Work — Aerial Work Platforms, Ladders, and Scaffolds program. Berkeley Lab employees must also be authorized through a specific WPC Activity to operate AWPs or to use ladders or scaffolds..
  2. All AWP use at Berkeley Lab must be approved by the AWP manager for that particular equipment.
    1. The AWP manager is a qualified AWP operator who has been designated as the individual responsible for the safe operation of a specific AWP.
    2. Before operating any given AWP for the first time, the operator must discuss the proposed use with the AWP manager and obtain approval.
    3. The AWP manager will verify that the operator is familiar with the controls for that particular AWP and that the use will not conflict with hazardous conditions or other operations in the area.
  3. AWPs may be operated by qualified service personnel who have been contracted to install, maintain, or repair them.
  4. Contractors and vendors required to use aerial lifts (rented or owned), scaffolds, or ladders must submit a Construction JHA (part of the Site Specific Safety Plan/SSSP) or sJHA form identifying the appropriate work authorizations and regulatory requirements related to the safe operation/use of such equipment at Berkeley Lab. All aerial lift operators, regardless of organizational origin, must meet the requirements of OSHA (Cal/OSHA for construction) and this Elevated Work — Aerial Work Platforms, Ladders, and Scaffolds program.
  5. Prospective AWP operators must do the following:
    1. Complete an AWP application package (Appendix A), which contains the following:
      1. Identification of the specific types of AWPs to be operated by the employee.
      2. Confirmation of a valid driver’s license. This is required because AWPs frequently operate on Laboratory roads. Berkeley Lab AWP operators must maintain a valid driver’s license at all time.
      3. Identification of a currently licensed Berkeley Lab AWP operator who will provide on-the-job training and close supervision of all AWP use during a learner’s permit period.
      4. Signature of the licensed AWP operator to verify agreement to provide the on-the-job training (OJT).
      5. Signature of the prospective AWP operator’s supervisor. The signature verifies that the employee will be required to operate the identified AWPs as part of his/her employment at Berkeley Lab. The certification is not valid for any other purpose. The supervisor’s signature also ratifies the designation of the licensed AWP operator as a mentor and task supervisor during the learner’s permit period.
    2. The operator must complete EHS0223 Aerial Work Platform operator classroom training. Upon completion of this course, a learner’s permit is issued when needed, and the individual may operate AWPs under the direct supervision of the experienced AWP operator identified on the application. The learner’s permit will expire no later than 60 days from the date of issuance.
    3. When the prospective operator has acquired sufficient experience, he/she may contact the instructor to be examined on the operation of AWPs to be used. If the candidate is to be certified on several types of AWPs, a separate examination will be conducted for each AWP. Upon receipt of the examination and certification from the instructor, the EHS Training Office will record that the employee has completed the EHS0222 Aerial Work Platform Practical. Proof of AWP certification will be updated via an employee’s WPC. The certification will be valid for no more than three years.
    4. The AWP certification must be renewed whenever the operator is observed to operate an AWP in an unsafe manner, whenever the operator is involved in an AWP accident, and regardless of record at least once every three years.
      1. Note that the certification will be revoked or suspended by the AWP program manager in case of an accident or unsafe operation of the AWP.
      2. At renewal, the operator must complete an AWP application with a copy of his or her valid driver’s license. The employee will then be re-evaluated on each type of AWP to be covered by the recertification. There is no requirement to repeat the classroom training.
  6. Certified Berkeley Lab Aerial Lift Operators who have successfully completed EHS0223 and EHS0222 are eligible to operate only Laboratory aerial work platforms for which they have received specific practical training.
  7. Subcontractors and vendors must be qualified by their employer to safely operate the AWP they are using. Qualifications must be documented and submitted to the Laboratory prior to any AWP use.
  8. Berkeley Lab employees who intend to use a ladder >30 inches in height are required to take EHS0278 Ladder Safety Training. Subcontractors and vendors must provide evidence of equivalent training to the Elevated Work SME.
  9. Berkeley Lab employees who intend to use a scaffold are required to take EHS0279 Scaffold Users Hazard Awareness. Subcontractors and vendors must provide evidence of equivalent training to the Elevated Work SME.

Work Process D. Fall Protection

  1. The Berkeley Lab Fall Protection Permit is the planning document required for elevated work on aerial work platforms (AWPs) and work from ladders and scaffolds at heights greater than 6 feet.
  2. Contractors, affiliates, and vendors who prefer to use the Laboratory’s Fall Protection Permit instead of a company-prepared Site Specific Safety Plan(SSSP) or sJHA for AWP operations must read and sign a Berkeley Lab Fall Protection Permit Acceptance Letter. (See Appendix B)
  3. For more information, see the Matrix of Required Written Fall Protection Plans and How to Complete the Berkeley Lab Fall Protection Matrix in the Fall Protection Program.
  4. The prerequisite for EHS222 Aerial Work Platform is EHS276 Fall Protection Training. All AWP operators at LBNL are required to be trained to use the appropriate fall protection equipment to safeguard against fall hazards. Subcontractors will be required to provide evidence of the equivalent EHS276 Fall Protection Training, and a valid driver license must be in their possession while operating AWP’s at LBNL.

Work Process E. Inspections

Daily (Pre-Start) Inspections: All aerial work platforms (AWPs), ladders, and scaffolds must be inspected prior to use each shift.

  1. For AWPs, the inspector must sign and date the logbook and note any deficiencies. Inspections must include recommended items in the manufacturer's manual.
    1. Preventive Maintenance: All units must receive preventive maintenance at intervals no longer than is recommended in the manufacturer's manual.
    2. Copies of all inspections, preventive maintenance, and work reports must be retained for at least five years.
    3. A documented annual inspection of the unit must occur at least every 13 months. The inspection must be performed by a person qualified as a mechanic and/or a competent person on the specific make and model of an aerial work platform or make and model of a ladder.
    4. All Berkeley Lab AWPs are labeled with a certificate of inspection indicating an AWP has received its required maintenance and service for both annual and frequent (in service for three months or 150 hours) inspections.
      1. AWP operators are required to perform a pre-use inspection of the equipment as well as an inspection of the work area where they will be operating the AWP.
  2. The inspection must be documented on the daily inspection checklists shown in Appendix B (LBNL Daily Aerial Lift Inspection Checklist — Scissor Lifts CM: 107, 108, 111,112, 183 & One Man Lift CM 149) and Appendix C (LBNL Daily Aerial Lift Inspection Checklist — Boom Lift CM: 106/110/187). The checklists must be kept on file by the AWP custodian.
  3. Because aerial work platforms may become hazardous if maintenance is neglected or incomplete, all AWPs must be routinely inspected and maintained by the Laboratory’s AWP maintenance contractor. Contact the Facilities Transportation Group at ext. 5404 for any questions concerning routine inspection or maintenance, or to report conditions that require repair or emergency maintenance.
  4. If AWP components have been overloaded or stressed beyond capacity, or when there are other reasons to believe that there might be any damage to an aerial work platform, contact the Transportation Group in the Facilities Division for assistance when such issues are suspected.
  5. Contact: FACILITIES/TRANSPORTATION at 510-486-5404
  6. Building 69-125 to report aerial work platform maintenance issues

Work Process F. Exiting Elevated Work Platform Plan

  1. An Elevated Work Platform Exiting Plan is required for:
    1. The aerial lift of operators or passengers who need to exit an elevated aerial work platform (AWP)
    2. Assisting in the rescue of a worker
    3. Access or egress to elevated work platforms, buildings, or machinery
    4. Working beyond the manufactured platform of an aerial lift for any reason
  2. The Elevated Work Platform Exiting Plan must be signed and approved by an LBNL Fall Protection Competent Person, the Managed Fall Protection Program Manager, and the Fall Protection Qualified Person. (See Appendix E. Elevated Work Platform Exiting Plan.)
  3. Requires a Fall Protection Matrix Permit or Site Specific Safety Plan designed with a 100% fall protection system

Work Process G. Landscaping and Rough Terrain Maintenance

  1. Landscaping personnel at Berkeley Lab must use fall restraint systems (with adjustable 6 ft. lanyards) when performing elevated tree work from aerial lifts.
  2. While performing work on hillsides, a rope-grab system or safety monitoring system can be used when employees have completed:
    1. EHS276 Fall Protection Training
    2. LBNL Active Fall Protection Infeasibility Plan
    3. Fall Protection Safety Monitor OJT Training Checklist
    4. LBNL Fall Protection Matrix Permit
    5. Only a fall protection competent or qualified person can write Infeasibility Plans, provide OJT Safety Monitor Training, and is required to write fall protection matrix permits at LBNL.

Work Process H. Qualified Climbers

  1. All work involving qualified climbers must be reviewed by both the Fall Protection SME and the Fall Protection Program Manager.
  2. Qualified climbers are workers who perform any work activity that requires a worker to travel to a work position that is above 6 feet, and to use three points of contact on structures other than portable ladders before implementing an active fall protection system, e.g., a positioning device to perform work.
  3. The Fall Protection Permit for all qualified climbing work will include the signature of the competent person for any of the following activities:
    1. Riding a crane line into a position to cut down a tree
    2. Climbing on communication towers or towers of any kind
    3. Elevator construction and maintenance activities
    4. Window-washing activities
    5. Construction and maintenance activities

Work Process I. Lifting Personnel Baskets

Contact the Elevated Work SME prior to lifting personnel.

  1. Powered Industrial Trucks (PITs): Whenever a PIT is equipped with vertical only controls, or equipped with vertical and horizontal controls elevatable with the lifting carriage or forks designed for lifting personnel, the PIT must:
    1. Use a safety platform firmly secured to the lifting carriage and or forks
    2. Provide a means for personnel on the platform to shut off power to the PIT
    3. Provide protection from falling objects as indicated necessary by the operating conditions
  2. Cranes and Derricks
    1. The use of a crane or derrick to hoist employees on a personnel platform is prohibited except when the erection, use, and dismantling of a conventional means of reaching the worksite, such as a personnel hoist, ladder, stairway, aerial lift, elevating work platform, or scaffold, would be more hazardous or is not possible because of structural design or worksite conditions.
    2. The use of a crane or derrick to hoist employees must be reviewed by both the Fall Protection SME and the Managed Fall Protection Program Manager.
    3. The Fall Protection Permit for all work involving the use of personnel platforms requires the signature of the competent person for any of the following activities:
      1. Riding a crane line into a position to cut down a tree
      2. Climbing on communication towers
      3. Elevator construction and maintenance activities
      4. Window-washing activities
  3. Construction and Maintenance Activities: A pre-lift meeting shall be conducted prior to initiating a personnel lift of any kind. All workers involved in the work activity are required to attend the pre-lift meeting before work begins.

Work Process J. Stools and Stepladders

There are no general requirements for the use of stools or stepladders less than 30 inches high. Consult your WPC Activity Manager for training and authorization related to working on stools, stepladders, or ladders at heights less than 6 feet. Select the appropriate stool or stepladder for the task that will keep you safe and follow the manufacturer’s specifications.

  1. Know the stool or stepladder’s capacity. Do not use a stool or stepladder that cannot support the intended load.
  2. Inspect the stool or stepladder via the manufacturer’s specifications, similar to inspection of a regular ladder.
  3. Ensure that slip-resistant devices such as rubber footing are in place.
  4. Make sure the stool or stepladder is positioned firmly on the floor.
  5. A personal fall protection system and fall protection permit will be required when a stool or stepladder is used near an additional hazard such as:
    1. Next to an unprotected guardrail edge or any other unprotected edge
    2. Next to unguarded machinery
    3. Next to windows or skylights without a known impact rating
    4. On any other elevated work surfaces e.g., aerial lifts, ladders, scaffolds, or other equipment

Work Process K. Window Washers

  1. Window-washing activities fall under the guidelines of ANSI/IWCA.
  2. Required qualifications, authorizations, and fall protection systems must be reviewed and approved by both the Fall Protection SME and the Managed Fall Protection Program Manager.
  3. The LBNL Structural Engineer must review and authorize anchorage and fall protection system designs for all window-washing fall protection systems
  4. Window washers cannot begin work without a permit signed by the Fall Protection Competent Person and Fall Protection Qualified Person/Structural Engineer.

35.8 Source Requirements

35.9 Reference Documents

35.10 Appendices

Appendix A. LBNL Aerial Work Platform Evaluation/Application

Appendix B. LBNL Daily Aerial Lift Inspection Checklist (Scissor & One-Man Lifts)

Appendix C. LBNL Daily Aerial Lift Inspection Checklist (Boom Lifts)

Appendix D. LBNL Scaffolding Daily Inspection Checklist

Appendix E. Elevated Work Platform Exiting Plan

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