Quick Start Guide
Chapter 21: Radiation Safety
Program: Radiation Safety
Revision Record: http://www.lbl.gov/ehs/pub3000/Pub3000Changes.html
Who needs to know about these requirements?
The requirements of Radiation Safety at Berkeley Lab apply to:
- Berkeley Lab employees, participating guests, visitors, and subcontractors
Whenever they are:
- Accessing areas posted for radiation protection purposes
- Working with radioactive materials or radiation-producing devices or otherwise may be exposed to ionizing radiation because of work
- Planning to change an existing space, e.g., remodeling, installing new or different lab equipment, etc.
- Performing facility maintenance, repairs, or demolitions
- Planning a new project or experiment that could have an effect on any of the above
The unsafe use of radioactive materials or radiation-producing machines, or causing change to an area that contains or uses radioactive materials or radiation-producing machines, may result in:
- Consequences to human health, including illness or death
- Damage to equipment, property, or the environment
- Violation of applicable federal laws and DOE requirements
- Additional cost that could adversely impact budgets
- Personal legal liability that may result in civil and/or criminal penalties
- The denied use of Berkeley Lab facilities for research
What you need to do before performing work:
- Obtain required radiation safety training, as well as appropriate on-the-job training, and ensure that all necessary radiation safety training is maintained as current. See Section 21.4.3 (Training) for more details.
- Understand and follow the requirements in the work authorizations, which detail As Low as Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) criteria, limitations, and monitoring actions specific to the work tasks.
- The Radiological Work Authorization (RWA) may require the following:
- X-ray radiation workers must:
- Understand and abide by all the requirements and precautions of the X-ray Authorization (XA)
- Complete appropriate training, including on-the-job training
- X-ray machine users must:
- Know the safety requirements that apply to their specific X-ray machines
- Complete appropriate training
- Know and adhere to control requirements established in the XA
- Immediately report any deviations from established X-ray safety procedures and controls.
- Know workplace emergency plan; know the location of work area’s evacuation route; and note the locations of emergency showers, eyewashes, and equipment
- For additional requirements of supervisors and principle investigators, refer to Section 21.5.2 (Supervisors and Principal Investigators [PIs])
Where to find out more:
Whom to contact for help:
- Stop working. Stop the spill.
- Warn others.
- Isolate the area.
- Monitor yourself.
- Stay in or near the area until help arrives.
- Call ext. 7911 or 9-911 immediately, if there is a medical emergency or danger to life, health, or the environment.
- Call ext. 7277 (the Radiation Protection Group) immediately, if there is NO medical emergency or danger to life, health, or the environment.
- For more information, see Work Process F (Handling a Radiological Accident or Emergency Situation).