Introduction 2    Introduction
The Work Smart Standards set was chosen under the following ground rules.


In general, since Berkeley Lab is a federal instrumentality, it is subject to federal laws and regulations to mitigate and control the work-related hazards and provide protection of workers, the public, and the environment. Therefore these are included in the set. State laws and regulations and local ordinances are also included if the applicable federal law contains a waiver of federal sovereign immunity, making federal facilities subject to state and local laws to the same extent as nonfederal facilities.


Other external or internal standards are included in the set where the Identification Team has determined that mere compliance with legal requirements is insufficient to assure adequate protection of workers, the public, and the environment. Selected external standards include consensus standards (e.g., American National Standards Institute [ANSI] standards), state laws and regulations and local ordinances where there is no sovereign immunity waiver in the applicable federal law, and internal standards (e.g., specific chapters of Berkeley Lab Health and Safety Manual, PUB-3000). These standards also include fire protection and electrical safety consensus standards to provide guidance for establishing performance standards for Berkeley Laboratory operations.


External or internal guidance documents are not included in the Work Smart Standards set. Documents of this nature which are deemed important to implementation of the Work Smart Standards set are included in the individual Identification Team documents and in the narrative section of the report. These documents are meant to supplement professional judgment in mitigating specific hazards, and are not intended as a set of requirements with which to determine compliance. This category may also include standards that are specifically applicable to the Department of Energy but not Berkeley Lab. They are included since Berkeley Lab provides support and assistance to the Department of Energy in carrying out its obligations.

The body of this report is an integral part of the agreement, and it places requirements on Berkeley Lab and the Oakland Operations Office. In particular, Berkeley Lab is required to implement the WSS set in general accord with the implementation guidance described in the narrative section. Both Berkeley Lab and the Oakland Operations Office are required to develop and approve an Integrated Safety Management System for Berkeley Lab which integrates environment, safety, and health into all levels of management so that work is planned and missions accomplished while protecting workers, the public, and the environment. Upon adoption of an Integrated Safety Management System, Berkeley Lab and the Oakland Operations Office will replace the ES&H management orders in the contract between the University of California and the Department of Energy with an appropriately revised set of performance-based integrated safety management principles created specifically to supplant the ES&H management provisions in existing DOE orders, and tailored to the approved Berkeley Lab management systems.


The Work Smart Standards set, to be placed in the contract between the University of California and the Department of Energy, follows this section. It is arranged with "Necessary" standards, first. As described above, these include all laws having jurisdiction over Berkeley Lab which pertain to the work and hazards at Berkeley Lab. Next come the "Sufficient" standards, which are standards selected over and above compliance with legal requirements, as described above.

A second list of standards, which includes the issues that are addressed by each standard, follows. This list provides the justification for the standards by linking them to the issues at Berkeley Lab.

After the WSS set is the Charter, which describes the organization and process followed to arrive at the standards set. The Charter includes a description of the teams used to survey the work and the associated hazards, and the team (and sub-teams) used to identify the standards. A description of the internal review teams and the independent confirmation team is also included.

The detailed justification and implementation narrative, provided by each standards identification sub-team, follows. This provides justification for the chosen standards, based upon the work and hazards at Berkeley Lab. It also describes the implementation assumptions, which are fundamental to the application of the WSS set at Berkeley Lab.

These sections are followed by a re-formatted list of issues, which includes the standards that apply to each issue. This section, along with the narrative, has proven to be extremely useful to the review and confirmation teams in their appraisal of the WSS set.

Finally, tables are provided which summarize the comments raised by the review teams, the confirmation team, and the stakeholders. The concerns are categorized as to their disposition, wholly incorporated, partially incorporated, or not incorporated in the report. Included remarks briefly describe how each comment was handled.

A supplement to the report is available. The supplement includes guidance sent out by the Convened Group, the steering committee of the process, as well as the set of hazard analyses prepared by the teams which surveyed the work and the associated hazards. The supplement also includes the set of Identification Team issue forms, including those prepared to address concerns of the review and confirmation teams and the stakeholders. The supplement is available, upon request, to others interested in pursuing the WSS process.

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