Recent honors bestowed on members of the Berkeley Lab scientific staff include the following:
George Smoot of the Physics Division was awarded the E.O. Lawrence Award for his leadership in the accurate measurements of the variations in the cosmic microwave background radiation, clarifying our understanding of the early history of the universe, the distribution of dark matter, and the formation of stars and galaxies.
Yuen-Ron Shen of the Materials Sciences Division was elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
Andrew Sessler of the Center for Beam Physics in the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division was elected to the position of "President-Elect" of the American Physical Society's and also awarded the Nicholson Medal for Humanitarian Service by the American Physical Society.
Paul Alivisatos of the Materials Sciences Division received the Materials Research Society's Outstanding Young Scientist Award.
David Attwood of the Materials Sciences Division's Center for X-Ray Optics was awarded a DOE/DMS Award in Solid State Physics for Significant Implication for Energy Related Technologies.
Alexis Bell of the Materials Sciences Division was elected academic director of the Governing Board for the Council of Chemical Research, Inc.
Ian Brown of the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division was elected a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers for developing the state-of-the-art MEVVA intense metal (and carbon) vapor vacuum arc ion source for accelerators and for industry.
Swapan Chattopadhyay of the Center for Beam Physics in the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division was elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society for his pioneering studies of fluctuations, coherence and phase-space cooling, and his contributions to the accelerator physics foundation of PEP-II, an asymmetric B-factory collider for CP-violation studies.
Daniel Chemla of the Materials Sciences Division received the Quantum Electronics Award for IEEE Lasers and Electronics, and the Alexander Von Humboldt Research Award for Senior U.S. Scientists.
John Clarke of the Materials Sciences Division was awarded the IEEE United States Activities Board Electrotechnology Transfer Award.
LaRoux Gillespie of the Engineering Division was named Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer of 1995 by the Society of Mechanical Engineers for development of a federal and industrial consortium to assess and reduce environmental risks in manufacturing.
Robert Glaeser of the Life Sciences Division was awarded the Elizabeth Roberts Cole Award of the Biophysical Society.
Norman Glendenning of the Nuclear Science Division was awarded the 1995 Humboldt Research Award for Senior U.S. Scientists.
Ronald Gronsky of the Materials Sciences Division was named a Distinguished Alumnus of the University of Pittsburg.
Jennie Hunter-Cevera of the Earth Sciences Division was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology.
Van Jacobson and Steven McCanne of the Information and Computing Sciences Division received R&D Magazine's 1995 R&D 100 Award for development of a software toolpack that enables multiparty audio and visual conferencing via the Multicast Backbone (MBone).
Kwang-Je Kim of the Center for Beam Physics in the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division was elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society for fundamental contributions to the theory of synchrotron radiation and free electron laser sources, especially concerning brightness, polarization, self-amplified spontaneous emission and laser-driven RF guns.
Stephen Lockett of the Life Sciences Division was awarded the Presidential Research Award from the International Society for Analytical Cytology.
Steven Louie of the Materials Sciences Division received the American Physical Society's 1996 Aneesur Rahman Prize in Computational Physics.
Tom McEvilly of the Earth Sciences Division received a University of California Berkeley Citation for 1995.
Miquel Salmeron of the Materials Sciences Division was awarded a DOE/DMS Award in Materials Chemistry for Outstanding Scientific Accomplishment.
Gareth Thomas of the Materials Sciences Division and doctoral candidate David Trejo received one of 100 "Best of What's New" awards for 1995 from Popular Science magazine.
Jiamin Wan of the Earth Sciences Division was awarded the Langmuir Award from New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology for 1995.
Alexander Zettl of the Materials Sciences Division received the Miller Professorship for 1995.
Three researchers have been promoted to the Distinguished Scientist classification at Berkeley Lab for having a sustained history of distinguished scientific and technical achievements and/or having directly contributed to the Laboratory's preeminence:
David Nygren of the Physics Division for his invention of the Time Projection Chamber, which has had a profound effect on both particle and nuclear physics, and for his pioneering work on pixel detectors. He was also cited for innovative design for an x-ray imaging device based on silicon detectors, and his current work in very-large-scale neutrino detectors.
Arthur Poskanzer of the Nuclear Science Division for his leadership in the Relativistic Nuclear Collisions program, within which the STAR detector has been developed. He is a pioneer in the use of high energy reactions to produce nuclei far from stability and is the co-discoverer of 28 isotopes.
Frank Stephens of the Nuclear Science Division for originating and leading the Gammasphere project, and for his vision, which has advanced the nuclear structure community. He is one of the foremost authorities on the structure of nuclei and the relationship of their structure to phenomena in other branches of physics.