By Ron Kolb
Martha Krebs, director of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science,
came to Berkeley Lab last week with DOE Headquarters and Oakland managers for a
glimpse at the future. And she liked what she saw.
That picture included a research program that brings together the physical,
biological, and computing sciences in an interactive and integrated way to
address major national problems. Never was the term "team science" more
appropriately applied to the mission of the Laboratory.
That was a central theme of this year's annual DOE Institutional Plan On-Site
Review of Berkeley Lab programs, presented on Sept. 16 for Krebs and other DOE
and University of California officials. As the subjects for research become
more complex -- collective phenomena, molecular machines, new materials -- it
will be up to multidisciplinary laboratories such as Berkeley Lab to bring the
diverse disciplines together with engineering and the sophisticated tools
necessary to solve the mysteries of complexity.
After nearly eight hours of scientific and management presentations, Krebs said
she was impressed.
"This was a full, rich day," she told the assembled participants and observers
in Perseverance Hall. "It is very interesting science, a great combination of
the older-and-wiser and the younger-and-enthusiastic people. It was all quite
Following an introductory presentation on Berkeley Lab's "Vision 2010" by
Director Charles Shank, the Lab presented a parade of scientists representing
the Institutional Plan's most ambitious and potentially exciting programs.
"We see the fundamental understanding of the universe as an important piece,
the cornerstone of the Lab, as we move forward," Shank said. "But complex
systems -- in materials, in chemistry and in biology -- is where we might be
going in the future."
Not complicated, but complex, Advanced Light Source Division Director Daniel
Chemla would point out. Complicated systems are exactly the sum of their parts,
and they are predictable. The greatest scientific challenges for the new
millenium will be complex systems -- unpredictable and qualitatively different
from their contributing parts.
Those fields include quantitative biology, addressed by Physical Biosciences
Division Director Graham Fleming; the genome and post-genomics research,
presented by Edward Rubin; biomimetics for materials engineering, discussed by
Carolyn Bertozzi; and computational analysis, which Shank described as the
cross-cutting tool that will enable and enhance the work of virtually every
In March of this year Berkeley Lab hosted a workshop on complex systems, which
was sponsored by the Office of Science. Out of that emerged a roadmap for
future pursuits in research fields such as collective phenomena, materials by
design, functional systems, nature's mastery of systems, and new tools.
"This will require a new discipline, a merging of several others, into the next
century," Chemla told the group. "It will be a challenge to bring together
physicists, chemists and biologists. We have to follow the examples of nature,
which is efficient in running these systems. We will need the tools to detect,
to understand and to manipulate."
And no place is better positioned to do it than Berkeley Lab, where the concept
of "team science" was developed by Ernest O. Lawrence more than six decades
ago. And one of the primary tools to be used in the quest to decipher
complexity is the Advanced Light Source, which Krebs praised as being on the
road to recovery.
The ALS today finds itself the subject of compliments from peers and managers
for its new research vision and commitment to future growth. Now approaching
800 users (almost double the number at the time of the review), the ALS is "the
world leader in soft x-rays and world-class in intermediate x-rays," according
In her summary, Krebs acknowledged "the tremendous turnaround you've made at
the ALS. That's really terrific."
She also noted other key Berkeley Lab efforts that would generate attention
within the DOE and the national scientific community, beginning with the
SuperNova Acceleration Probe (SNAPSAT). This satellite will be dedicated to
answering fundamental questions about the universe by finding thousands of
distant supernovae using a 1.8-meter telescope and the most sensitive
astronomical CCD imager ever constructed. (Shank called it "the highest
priority project for the Lab.")
Krebs also called out the carbon sequestration work described by Earth Sciences
Division Director Sally Benson, and the Laboratory's contributions to the
so-called "IT2" informational technology and computing initiative.
Krebs had high praise for the Laboratory's pioneering work in developing and
implementing Integrated Safety Management (ISM). After hearing a progress
report from Environment, Health and Safety Division Director David McGraw, she
said, "I'm really aware of the contributions Berkeley has made to get this
started. I know it is something that if we could get other labs into it, it
would be one of the best things we could do. What you have done here is very
important to [the DOE]." DOE-Oakland deputy manager Martin Domagala said the
DOE considered Berkeley Lab's ISM program "the flagship of all other lab
Krebs especially cited Berkeley Lab as a key contributor to multi-lab
collaborations in high energy and nuclear physics in projects such as the
Spallation Neutron Source, the B Factory at SLAC, the Dual Axis Radiographic
Hydrodynamic Test Facility (DARHT), the Large Hadron Collider, the STAR
detector at the Brookhaven's RHIC project, and the genome sciences effort.
"Such partnerships are not easy, but it's real nifty," she said.
Nuclear Science Division Director Lee Schroeder gave her one more to think
about -- the Rare Isotope Accelerator (RIA), a radioactive beam facility that
will study nuclear structure, nuclear astrophysics, and fundamental properties.
As the concept goes forward, Berkeley's expertise in ion sources and
high-powered beams will help to drive its potential.
Other presentations were made by Computing Sciences Division Director Bill
McCurdy on plans for the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center's
third generation machines, and cybersecurity; and by Deputy Director Klaus
Berkner on landlord issues, waste management, and the decontamination and
demolition of the Bevalac.
Deputy Director Pier Oddone led a lively discussion about the challenges
involved in launching new program initiatives, including the many filters that
tend to jeopardize the success of a proposal between idea and implementation.
Oddone encouraged the development of a joint Laboratory-DOE working group to
consider procedures and reforms to help streamline and enable the process.
Krebs acknowledged the multiple factors that generate frustration in growing
new programs, and she vowed to carry the message to Washington for future
While at Berkeley Lab, the review team toured two facilities. They heard Wim
Leemans discuss his team's work developing new accelerators utilizing laser
optic techniques; and at the ALS, they watched as Thomas Earnest and Joe
Jaklevic illustrated new robotics systems being developed to improve protein
crystallography performance and the new beamline under way.
In her opening remarks, Krebs reminded everyone of the relevance of reviews
such as these. "The point of these long-range views is not to get bogged down
in a moment of pain or glory, but to keep our eyes on what is really important
-- the direction of science and ways to keep institutions like these healthy."
She predicted the next two years in Washington will be filled with "a lot of
uncertainty and difficulty."
For the first time, the On-Site Review was simulcast via video conferencing
with M-Bone computer tools to Berkeley Lab's Washington Projects Office, where
representatives of the DOE and the Lab could listen and participate
Joe Jaklevic (pointing) demonstrates a submodule of a high throughput protein
crystallography robotic system during DOE's On-Site Review. Left to right are
Director Shank, Jaklevic, DOE's Marvin Singer and Martha Krebs, John O'Fallon
and William Oosterhuis. Derek Yegian is sitting at the controls. Photo by Roy
Martha Krebs, director of DOE's Office of Science (second from left) takes
interest in the equipment in Wim Leeman's laboratory during the Sept. 16 DOE
On-Site Review of Berkeley Lab.
By Lynn Yarris
Using the Macromolecular Crystallography Facility (MCF) at the Advanced Light
Source (ALS), a team of UC Santa Cruz and Berkeley Lab researchers have
produced the first high-resolution images of a complete ribosome complex. The
images revealed that there is much more to ribosomal structures than had been
previously deduced through indirect or low-resolution observations.
Harry Noller, a UCSC molecular biology professor, led the research in which the
crystal structure of the 70S ribosome of the bacterium Thermus themophilus was
resolved to 7.8 angstroms. The detailed images showed an RNA-protein bridge
spanning the two asymmetric subunits (known as 50S and 30S) that make up the
bacterial ribosome. Preliminary work indicates this bridge is the basis for
communication between the two subunits.
A paper that reports on the crystallography imaging of the 70S ribosome is
featured on the cover of this week's issue of Science magazine (Sept. 24).
Co-authoring the paper with Noller were Jamie Cate of MIT, Marat Yusupov and
Gulnara Yusupova of UCSC, and Thomas Earnest, a biophysicist with Berkeley
Lab's Physical Biosciences Division.
Ribosomes are tiny cell organelles responsible for protein synthesis, using
"messenger RNA" molecules from the nucleus and "transfer RNA" molecules from
the cytoplasm. Messenger RNA carries the genetic code for assembling proteins;
transfer RNA carries the amino acids from which proteins are made.
A detailed understanding of ribosomal structures would be a giant step toward
understanding the mechanism by which these critical organelles function.
However, until the advent of synchrotron radiation facilities such as the ALS,
obtaining this information was a challenge deemed insurmountable. Although
smaller than most viruses, a ribosome is a very large molecular complex,
consisting of three RNA and more than 50 protein molecules.
"Obtaining atomic-resolution diffraction data for so large a macromolecular
complex can only be done with a high-brightness source of x-rays," says
Earnest, who oversees activity on the MCF after having been in charge of its
design and construction. "Beamline 5.0.2, with its combination of flux (the
number of photons) and collimation (parallel alignment of photons), is one of
the best in the world for this work."
The MCF houses three separate beamlines at the 5.0 complex, all of which are
powered by a 38-pole wiggler magnet that provides photons of x-rays ranging in
wavelengths from 0.9 to 4.0 angstroms and in energies from 3.5 to 14 keV
(thousand electron volts). The high-end of this energy range, once thought be
beyond the reach of the ALS, is ideal for protein crystallography. A beam of
these x-rays sent through a protein crystal creates a diffraction pattern when
the photons are scattered by the crystal's atoms. This pattern can be
translated by computer into 3-D images of the molecule that makes up the
While other research groups have obtained high-resolution images of individual
ribosome subunits, Noller and his group, with Earnest, are the first to produce
a detailed look at an entire ribosome complex, a necessary step for
"My favorite analogy is the cave man coming across a Ferrari," says Noller.
"There is the moment of discovering the ignition key, the gas pedal, the brakes
and steering wheel followed by years of speculation as to how they work.
Eventually, someone lifts the hood, and a new era of experimentation and
speculation ensues. Finally, they take the engine, transmission, etc. apart. At
this point, there's a lot more stuff than anyone had anticipated, but at last
they have a chance to figure the whole thing out."
From these new 70S ribosome images, Noller says he and his group are seeing how
transfer RNA interacts with the ribosome, and how the two ribosomal subunits
interact with each other. In both cases there appear to be complex networks of
molecular interactions criss-crossing the ribosome, often involving
interactions with a third type of RNA, called ribosomal RNA.
"One gets the impression that there are systems of long-range communication
connecting distant parts of the ribosome," Noller says. "Our images also
suggest very strongly that the ribosome is a machine -- and a very complex one
with many moving parts. It is also clear that most of the excitement of
figuring out the molecular mechanism of translation lies ahead."
The announcement of the new ribosome images should only further enhance MCF's
reputation as one of the world's premier facilities for protein
crystallography. This in turn should increase the already heavy demand for time
on its beamlines. The MCF claims approximately one third of all the ALS
To meet the anticipated growth in demand, plans are now underway to add to the
ALS three superconducting bend magnets which are capable of generating the
higher energy hard x-rays needed for protein crystallography. The addition of
these "superbends" would make it possible to boost the MCF's capabilities to as
many as a dozen beamlines by the year 2002. Another plan, spearheaded by
Earnest, to automate every stage of the protein crystallography procedure will
also benefit MCF users and substantially boost the facility's capabilities.
"Our goal is to minimize the amount of human intervention necessary," says
Earnest. "You just can't solve enough crystal structures with the techniques
we've used in the past."
|| A bacterial ribosome resolved to 7.8 angstroms through protein crystallography
at the ALS graced the cover of this week's issue of Science magazine.
Gulnara Yusupova, Marat Yusupov, and Harry Noller -- three of the authors of
the paper announcing the crystallography imaging of the 70S ribosome. Photo
courtesy UCSC Photography Services
By Paul Preuss
Gender, Jewish origin, politics, and personal ambition denied Lise Meitner's
place in history, speaker says
In a Sept. 17 lecture on "Politics, `Race,' and Gender: Lise Meitner and the
Discovery of Nuclear Fission," chemist and science historian Ruth Sime of
Sacramento City College filled the Bldg. 50 auditorium with a noontime crowd
who listened in fascination as Sime compared the "standard story," which
credits Otto Hahn with the discovery of fission and relegates Lise Meitner to a
secondary role, to the very different facts of the documentary record.
"The standard story emphasizes chemistry and experiment and downplays physics
and theory; the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded solely to Hahn for the
discovery of fission," Sime said. "Yet the uranium project was highly
interdisciplinary. It depended upon both physics and chemistry, upon both
experiment and theory."
Sime is the author of the highly praised biography Lise Meitner: A Life in
Physics (University of California Press, 1996) and cowriter and narrator of
BBC's "A Gift From Heaven," also about Meitner, which the Royal Society cited
as one of the best science programs of 1992.
Sime pointed out that, while Meitner and Hahn collaborated on different
projects at different institutions for 30 years -- including the identification
of element 91, protactinium, in 1918 -- Meitner was the initiator and leader of
the team at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute that, after four years of work,
eventually observed fission. In fact, said Sime, Meitner had to persuade the
hesitant Hahn to join her project, and it was she who recruited Fritz
Strassmann, their younger colleague.
But Meitner was not present when the crucial experiments were made, having been
forced to flee Berlin to exile in Sweden in the summer of 1938, when her native
Austria was annexed by the Nazis. That winter, Hahn informed her (in a secret
meeting in Copenhagen, Sime revealed, not in a letter, as usually reported)
that he and Strassmann had observed radioactive barium among the products of
the neutron bombardment of uranium, for which they had no explanation.
Later Meitner discussed the puzzle with her nephew, Otto Frisch, also a
refugee. In the course of their conversation she proposed the explanation for
Hahn and Strassmann's unnerving result: the barium was a fragment, a product of
the fission (a term they borrowed from biology) of the uranium atom.
Meitner was not credited in the report signed by Hahn and Strassmann. (Frisch,
however, confirmed her explanation in a separate physics experiment in
England.) Sime's suggestion is that Hahn feared the result would be rejected if
it were known to be tainted by "Jewish science" -- female Jewish science at
that -- that he might even lose his position, and that all of German science
might thereby suffer.
"The record clearly shows that racial prejudice, politics, gender, and personal
ambition all led to the distortion of the truth," said Sime. Though he had been
her close friend and colleague for three decades, Hahn's Meitner-free version
of the discovery of fission would prevail.
Lise Meitner was born in 1878 in Vienna of Jewish parents, although she was
baptized a Protestant and was personally unreligious. At the University of
Vienna -- as Sime demonstrated with a photograph of Meitner's handwritten class
schedule -- the bulk of her science courses were taken under the great
theoretical physicist Ludwig Boltzmann. In 1906 she received the university's
first doctorate in physics awarded to a woman.
She moved to Berlin to study with Max Planck, a conservative who disapproved of
women in academia but, said Sime, "apparently made an exception in Meitner's
case." She soon began her long collaboration with Hahn, founded her own career,
and eventually won the sincere, if grudging, respect of her male counterparts.
Meitner was 60 years old when she and her collaborators discovered fission.
Although she had hoped to spend the war years in England, she was prevented
from doing so by the prejudice of British senior scientists.
Invited to join the Manhattan Project in America, she would have nothing to do
with weapons of war. Nevertheless, the New York Times and other media concocted
the myth of a brave Jewish heroine who had smuggled the secret of fission out
of Germany and denied the bomb to the Nazis. "So much for the historical
accuracy of the New York Times," Sime remarked.
Hahn, who was involved with the desultory German effort to harness atomic
power, was awarded the 1944 Nobel Prize (delayed in presentation) by what Sime
calls "an uninformed prize committee." Possibly anxious to defend the status of
German science in the postwar years, he never bothered to correct the record.
Not until 1960 did Meitner move to Cambridge to join her nephew. There, in
1966, Glenn Seaborg, as Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, presented her
with the Fermi Award. She was 88 years old.
Meitner died less than two years later; Frisch chose the epitaph on her simple
tombstone: "A physicist who never lost her humanity."
Lise Meitner, whose contribution to the discovery of nuclear fission was largely overlooked until recently, is seen here sitting (second from right) in front of Berkeley Lab founder Earnest Lawrence at the seventh Solvay scientific conference in Brussels in 1933.
Speaker Ruth Sime (top) discussed Lise Meitner's role in the discovery of
nuclear fission. Above: Meitner is the only woman at the 1920 Bohr Colloquium.
Otto Hahn, shown here standing to her right, never credited Meitner (bottom, in
an early photo) for her contribution to the discovery after he won the Nobel
Both the House of Representatives and the Senate have now voted as part of an
overall defense bill to reorganize DOE by creating a new semiautonomous agency
at the department that would oversee the weapons programs. The House passed the
bill by a vote of 375 to 45. The Senate vote was 93 to 5.
Language in the defense bill would create the National Nuclear Security agency,
whose administration would be overseen by an under secretary for nuclear
stewardship. Energy Secretary Bill Richardson remains opposed to the
reorganization plan, claiming it would undermine his authority to oversee
In response to the House passage of the bill, the Secretary said, "The House
had good intentions, but the reorganization proposal wrongly endangers health,
safety and environment oversight and would jeopardize the counterintelligence
and security reforms that have already been accomplished."
Richardson has said previously he would recommend that President Clinton veto
the defense bill because of the DOE language. A key supporter of the DOE
reorganization language has been Rep. Ellen Tauscher (D-Calif), whose district
includes Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Tauscher called on her
Democratic colleagues to approve the measure so that DOE can begin the process
of improving security and management at its weapons facilities.
"While the DOE reorganization plan is not perfect, it represents a true
compromise between Democrats and Republicans," Tauscher said. "We must give the
American taxpayers confidence that the secrets they paid to develop at our
national labs are safe and secure. Let us reject the status quo."
The House of Representatives has passed a spending bill that erases a proposed
increase for the National Science Foundation (NSF). It also imposed deep cuts
in NASA's budget. The Senate has yet to act on the bill -- a $92 billion
measure that funds housing, veterans' care, and dozens of independent agencies.
House members voted 212 to 207 to shrink NSF's $2.7 billion research account by
an additional $10 million, putting the money into a $225 million program to
house indigent people with AIDS.
White House Chief of Staff John Podesta warned that the House action on this
and other spending bills is "playing politics with science and technology
funding." NSF director Rita Colwell called the budget process "disturbing," and
said it "turns our backs on the country's capability to do great things in
|| Bob "Tij" Tjian, UC Berkeley professor of molecular and cell biology, kicked
off the fall Life Sciences Distinguished Lecture Series last Tuesday with a
talk in the Bldg. 66 auditorium. Tij described his decade-long efforts to
unravel the complex process whereby macromolecular machinery in our cells
converts genetic information stored in DNA molecules to initiate the
biochemical process known as transcription -- turning genes on and off --
ultimately leading to protein production. For more information on upcoming Life
Sciences Division seminars, see the division's homepage at
The Department of Energy has awarded over $25 million for 31 new research
projects to address some of the most complex environmental remediation
challenges: subsurface contamination at facilities that were once part of the
nation's nuclear weapons production complex. Researchers at 20 universities,
eight DOE laboratories (including Berkeley Lab) and three other research
institutions will conduct a wide range of studies, many of them involving
collaborations among a different institutions.
Of particular interest is contamination in the vadose zone -- an unsaturated
zone of soil that lies just beneath the land surface and extends to
"As part of the department's national cleanup responsibility, we are
absolutely committed to protecting the groundwater and surface water resources
on and around our sites," said Under Secretary of Energy Moniz in announcing
the award. "This new research will provide critical knowledge to help us
understand how contaminants move through the vadose zone and how to clean up
the site in a safe and efficient manner."
Berkeley Lab will be responsible for two projects: "Fast Flow in Unsaturated
Coarse Sediments" and "Trans-uranic Interfacial Reaction Studies on Manganese
Oxide Hydroxide Mineral Surfaces." The combined funding for these two projects
is $1.2 million.
The goal of the overall effort is to develop cost-effective and environmentally
safe means to remove radioactive contaminants from polluted sites.
This is the fourth year of grants and other awards made under DOE's
Environmental Management Science Program, a partnership between the Office of
Environmental Management, which is responsible for the environmental cleanup of
the nation's nuclear weapons complex, and the Office of Science, which manages
the department's basic research programs.
A complete list of the projects, including funding and research summaries, is
available on at http://www.em.doe.gov/science.
By Reid Edwards
The annual Congressional budget process is entering its final struggles, with
little likelihood of a resolution of all the issues before the end of the
current fiscal year on September 30. This is therefore a good time to examine
where the process appears to be going and its possible impact on Berkeley Lab.
Two years ago Congress passed the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, which mandated a
series of shrinking spending totals, or "caps," that would lead to a balanced
federal budget by the year 2002. The hope at the time was that the combination
of limiting federal spending and growing federal revenues from a healthy
economy would bring the budget into balance for the first time since 1969.
What has happened, it would be safe to say, has exceeded Congress's wildest
expectations. Not only do we have a balanced budget projected for the coming
fiscal year, but depending on the state of the economy, surpluses are projected
"as far as the eye can see" -- a phrase used in the past to indicate projected
budget deficits. The latest estimate is for surpluses of approximately $1
billion over the next 10 years.
The current Congressional debate over the FY 2000 budget involves not only the
traditional subjects of taxes and federal spending, but also the level of
federal debt. Some members of Congress believe that the spending caps for FY
2000 are too limiting, and will require massive cuts in federal spending. Other
Congressmen believe that federal spending must continue to be reduced, and that
additional federal revenues above the caps be returned to the taxpayers either
as tax cuts or through paying off the federal debt to reduce interest rates.
All of these issues are intertwined, and a resolution is not expected before
Sept. 30. Last year, most of the final budgeting decisions were made at the end
of the Congressional session in a final legislative package that was thousands
of pages long. What is referred to in the press as the budget "train wreck" of
last year is what many in Washington want to avoid this year, yet it is exactly
what many experienced observers expect will happen again.
In the meantime, the appropriations process is moving forward on a number of
fronts. The Energy and Water Development appropriations bill, which contains
most of DOE's funding, has passed the Senate and the House.
The Senate bill provides significantly more money for defense and
defense-related expenditures in DOE. At the same time, it reduced the
Administration request for renewable energy research and the Spallation Neutron
Source (SNS), and provided no funds for the Administration's Scientific
Simulation Initiative (SSI). The House allocation for this bill is $1.7 billion
below the appropriated FY 1999 level. The House bill significantly cut funding
for travel, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) and defense
programs, along with even deeper cuts in the SNS. It also eliminating funding
for the SSI.
The Interior appropriations bill, which among others, funds DOE's energy
efficiency and fossil energy programs, is also moving forward. The Senate
version is $1.2 billion below the Administration request and $80 million less
than that for FY 1999.
The energy efficiency programs were reduced $8.8 million below FY 1999 levels,
and $154.7 million below the Administration request. The House passed its
version of the Interior bill in July. The bill actually provides an increase of
$2 million above the FY 1999 budget for energy efficiency programs, although
this is $118.6 million below the Administration request.
As always, the differing versions of these bills will need to be reconciled in
House-Senate conferences. It is at this time, towards the end of the
Congressional session, that a deal between the Administration and Congress
could be struck that would address the level of federal spending, tax cuts and
possibly funding issues involving both Medicare and Social Security. Until
then, it will be hard to predict what exactly the Laboratory's FY 2000 budget
will be. Watch for more information in upcoming issues of Currents.
Reid Edwards is the Manager of Government Relations at Berkeley Lab.
Berkeley Lab Currents
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Berkeley Lab is managed by the University of California for the U.S. Department
By Allan Chen
Lighting systems researchers at Berkeley Lab and the Sacramento Municipal
Utilities District (SMUD) will work together under a cooperative research and
development agreement to demonstrate the energy-saving potential of compact
fluorescent lamps developed here as a safer alternative to the halogen
"This research will examine consumer satisfaction with the technology, and we
will use the results as a basis for developing design guidelines for the next
generation of compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) torchieres," says Michael
Siminovitch of the Environmental Energy Technologies Division. "We plan to make
the results public and distribute them to the utility and lighting
SMUD will develop and design a CFL torchiere distribution program that will be
offered to a number of its residential household customers. Participants will
be given a range of commercially available CFLs from several manufacturers.
Berkeley Lab will work with SMUD engineers to set up a non-invasive system to
monitor the torchieres' use at each home and to design the measurement
protocols. The system will measure CFLs' operational hours, time of use and
A customer survey will measure user satisfaction. SMUD will handle all of the
interactions with its customers, including the distribution of the
"SMUD has been promoting compact fluorescent technology for several years, and
we're excited to be working with the expert team from Berkeley Lab," says Mike
Weedall, manager of Energy Services at SMUD. "The project could lead to major
improvements to product ... [and] help increase the acceptance of this new
technology by consumers all over the country."
Says Siminovitch, "SMUD's efforts will help establish the CFL torchiere as
one the largest energy saving opportunities in lighting to date."
The CFLs were developed by a team headed by Siminovitch. In addition to being
inefficient, halogen torchieres are also fire hazards, identified as the cause
of nearly 200 residential fires and about a dozen deaths. CFLs produce 25
percent more light than 300-watt halogen torchieres while using one-fifth the
energy and operating hundreds of degrees Farenheit cooler.
The Berkeley Lab team worked with manufacturers of torchieres to develop and
test a number of market-ready designs. Siminovitch and Erik Page of Berkeley
Lab won a Best of What's New Award from Popular Science in 1997 for the
technology, which was a grand winner in that competition's home category.
"We've been active in helping the utility and manufacturing industries
accelerate the market acceptance of energy-saving torchieres," says
Siminovitch. "Through this study and partnership we'll continue this process by
developing a database of information about actual energy savings from CFL
torchieres, and identifying what users like and don't like about them."
This cooperative research effort at Berkeley Lab was supported by a partnership
program through the Office of Technology Transfer.
More information on the CFL torchiers is available online at http://
|| EETD's Jeff Mitchell (left) and Debbie Driscoll show off the bright, energy
efficient CFL, while Erik Page holds a halogen torchiere for comparison. Photo
by Roy Kaltschmidt
A 13-part series of lectures from Berkeley Lab will be broadcast starting next
Monday, Sept. 27, from 7:30 to 8:30 p.m. on Berkeley Community Media, Cable
Access Channel 26. The series will be based largely on last two years' Summer
Lecture Series, and will be led off by Director Charles Shank's 1999 State of
the Laboratory address.
Each program will be broadcast five times during a two-week period, with the
first run on a Monday evening at 7:30. Reruns fill follow the next afternoon
(Tuesday) at 5:00 p.m, Wednesday morning at 11:00 a.m., and again the following
Wednesday at 11:00 a.m.
First Run Schedule
- Director Shank's State of the Laboratory, Sept. 27
- Carolyn Larabell, Imaging the Cellular Universe, Oct. 11
- Gerry Rubin, The Fruit Fly, Oct. 25
- Pier Oddone, The Assymetric B Factory, Nov. 8
- Gerson Goldhaber, Supernovae and the Expanding Universe, Nov. 22
- Don DePaolo, Drilling Through a Volcano, Dec. 6
- Eric Norman, Neutrino Astronomy, Dec. 20
- Uli Dahmen, Observing Nano-crystals from Up Close, Jan. 3
- Horst Simon, Parallel Supercomputing's Golden Age, Jan. 17
- Eva Nogales, A Family Portrait of Tubulin, Jan. 31
- Alex Pines, Some Magnetic Moments, Feb. 14
- Al Ghiorso Remembers Seaborg: A Chronology of Discovery, Feb. 28
- Mina Bissell, Breast Cancer: Can Tumor Cells Be Rehabilitated, March 13
On Oct. 5 and 6, "Your New House," a home improvement show airing on the
Discovery Channel, will broadcast two segments about advanced energy-efficient
technologies being developed at Berkeley Lab.
The Oct. 5 show will air segments showcasing research in the Environmental
Energy Technologies Division. Lab researchers Paul Berdahl and Hashem Akbari
kick off the Lab series with cool roofing materials which reflecting solar
Arlon Hunt follows with a description of aerogel, an extremely lightweight
material and excellent insulator. Robert Cheng will discuss the "low-swirl"
burner, which emits nitrogen oxide levels far lower than existing technologies;
it could be used in home furnaces, boilers, and for power generation.
On Oct. 7, "Your New House" visits the Oakland Federal Center for a
demonstration of an integrated building system designed to maximize the energy
efficiency of commercial offices.
Lab researcher Eleanor Lee explains the award-winning technology, which uses
light sensors, automated blinds, and computer controls to regulate the solar
radiation entering an office.
The shows air at 6:00 p.m. PST. Check local listings for further details.
On Sunday, Sept. 12, Berkeley Lab made its first appearance at the 25th annual
Solano Stroll with a booth organized by Computing Sciences. The effort sought to
attract potential employees and conduct community outreach.
The popular event attracts thousands of participants, many of whom stopped by
to chat. "We talked with a lot of potential job candidates who were very
interested," said Heather McCullough, one of the staffers at the booth. Photo
by Lois Yuen
National Instruments will host a LabVIEW Users Group meeting from 10:30 to noon
on Thursday, Sept. 30, in Perseverance Hall. In addition to a technical
presentation, Tamra Kerns of National Instruments will discuss future product
directions and the new multiuser site license for Berkeley Lab.
Starting next month, the world of atoms will be demonstrated at the Lawrence
Hall of Science by means of familiar entertainment themes. On display from Oct.
2 through Jan. 9 will be "The Atoms Family," which creates a Gothic environment
filled with more than 25 activities and experiments. Atoms and matter will come
alive in "Phantom of the Opera: Basic Principles of Matter," while "Dracula"
will introduce young people to the properties of light, waves and particles.
On Oct. 17, author and San Francisco Examiner science writer Keay Davidson will
sign copies of his book, Carl Sagan: A Life, from 2:00 to 3:00 p.m.
The full text and color photographs of each edition of Currents are published
online at http://www.lbl.gov/Publications/Currents/. You may find a link on
the Lab's home page under the heading "Publications." The site allows users to
do searches of past articles going back to 1994.
Two years ago the Telephone Service Center installed a new voicemail system
which included an Enhanced Feature Package. The system, which offers
state-of-the-art features such as visual messenger and fax messaging, has been
running parallel to the basic VMX 5000 package. Starting Dec. 17, however, the
old system will not be supported any longer.
Employees still using VMX 5000 will be switched over to the Enhanced Package
beginning Oct. 1. The users affected will be notified via voicemail of the date
they will be changed over. A new voicemail booklet and reference card will be
sent in the mail.
Further details can be found on the Telephone Services website at
http://www-cnr.lbl.gov/ics/octelvm/overture.html. For more information contact
the Telephone Service Center by e-mail at email@example.com.
Whether you're a veteran marathon runner or simply enjoy taking part in
Berkeley Lab's annual funfest, it's time to pull out that old T-shirt and get
ready for the 22nd annual Runaround, to be held on Friday, Oct. 15 from noon to
1:00 p.m. Everyone is encouraged to join in the fun by walking, running, biking
or otherwise tackling the 3 km course. Preregistration is not necessary.
Refreshments and entertainment will be waiting at the finish line.
Volunteers are needed for a variety of committees. If you would like to lend a
hand, contact Steve Derenzo at SEDerenzo@lbl.gov.
As customary, the Runaround will begin at the Firehouse and end in the
cafeteria parking lot. A non-competitive bike-around will begin at 11:30 a.m. A
downloadable map of the course in pdf format can be found on the Runaround
website at http://cfi.lbl.gov/~derenzo/ runaround/.
Shuttle bus service on the Hill will be interrupted for the duration of the
event and the cafeteria parking lot will be closed from 6:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.
Organizers are asking everyone to avoid driving during that time.
For more information contact Steve Derenzo (SEDerenzo@lbl. gov) or look up the
Runaround website listed above.
A second four-week series of dance lessons will be offered during lunchtime at
Berkeley Lab starting Monday, Oct. 11, from noon to 1:00 on the lower level of
the Bldg. 51. The featured dances in this series will be the swing and the
foxtrot. Future sessions are expected to include the rhumba, salsa, tango, line
dancing and other dances suggested by the participants. No previous dance
experience is required. Free practice sessions are held every Wednesday at
The lessons are taught by Charlene Van Ness, a professional dance instructor
for 18 years, who currently teaches at the Berkeley YWCA.
The cost is $20 for the four-week session (nonrefundable) or $6 per lesson on a
drop-in basis. Participants are asked to come 10 minutes early for sign-up on
the first day. To register, contact Joy Kono at JNKono@ lbl.gov or Sharon
Fujimura at SPFujimura@lbl.gov.
Procurement is offering two information sessions for the Laboratory's system
subcontract with Newark Electronics, which will provide all of the Lab's
electronic component supplies. The sessions, which will include a demonstration
of online ordering procedures, will be held in Perseverance Hall on Wednesday,
Sept. 29, at 10:30 a.m. and 1:00 p.m.
For more information look up Procurement's website at
http://procurement.lbl.gov/lbnl/newark.htm or contact Zelma Richardson at
Commuting alternatives to driving will be the theme as Berkeley Lab observes
California Rideshare Week (Oct. 4 - 8) with a special event and promotions on
Thurdsay, Oct. 7. From 11:30 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., representatives from RIDES and
Enterprise Vanpool will be on hand in the cafeteria lobby to provide
information and answer questions.
RIDES will give away beach bags and commuter cups to all employees who sign up
for their Ridematching services. A drawing for T-shirts will be held at the end
of the program.
September 24 - October 8
Hispanic Heritage Month Speakers Forum
Noon, Bldg. 50
Pedro Noguera, Marsha Murrington
7:30 - 3:30, cafeteria parking lot
11:30 - 12:40, cafeteria parking lot
11:30 - 2:00, cafeteria lobby
12:00 - 1:00., lower cafeteria
Dance classes are held Mondays from noon to 1:00 on the lower level of Bldg.
51. Martial arts classes are held every Monday and Wednesday from 5:00 to 6:15
p.m., also on the ground floor of Bldg. 51.
Items for the calendars may be sent via e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org,
faxed to X6641, or mailed to Bldg. 65B. The deadline for the Oct. 8 issue is
5:00 p.m. Monday, Oct. 4.
"The Neutrino Puzzle" will be presented by George
Fuller of UC San Diego.
4:30 p.m., 1 Le Conte Hall
Earth Sciences Division
"Modelling of Radiolytic Dissolution of Spent
Fuel" will be presented by Ivars Neretnicks of the Royal Institute of
11:00 a.m., Bldg 90-2063
"Experiments with Atoms in Optical Lattices"
will be presented by David Weiss of UC Berkeley.
4:30 p.m., 1 LeConte Hall
Life Sciences Division
"Heregulin Promotes Breast Cancer Invasion and
Metastasis Through the Induction of a Specific Ligand for the aVB3 Antigen"
will be presented by Ruth Lupu of Life Sciences.
4:00 p.m., Bldg 84-318
"Lambda or Not Lambda?" will be presented by Alex
Filippenko of UC Berkeley.
4:30 p.m. 2 LeConte Hall
Life Sciences Division
"The Phospholipid Scramblase Gene Family" will
be presented by Peter Sims of Scripps Research Institute.
4:00 p.m., Bldg.
Environment Health and Safety Division
"Emergency Medical Response in
a Radiation Environment" will be presented by Jerome Kunzman of Los Alamos
9:30 a.m., Bldg. 66 auditorium
"Microlensing" will be presented by Kim Griest of
UC San Diego.
4:30 p.m. 2 LeConte Hall, UC Berkeley
Materials Sciences Division
"Creating Molecular Guidance Systems to
Stereodirect Reactions at Surface" will be presented by Rasmita Raval of the
Univeristy of Liverpool, England.
1:30 p.m. Bldg. 66 auditorium
Environmental Energy Technologies Division
Validation of Surface Solar Irradiance for the Globe Using Data from the
International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP)" will be presented by
Jim Bishop of Earth Sciences.
Noon, Bldg 90-3148.
Earth Sciences Division
"Frequency-Dependent Acoustic Anisotropy in
Fractured Rock" will be presented by Serji Nakagawa of Earth Sciences.
a.m., Bldg 90-2063
The Employee Activities Association is holding labwide elections to fill two
vacant three-year seats on its Advisory Panel. Ballots are currently being
accepted from all Lab employees.
The panel's main functions are to make recommendations on the scope of EAA
programs; advise, review and recommend the distribution of recreation funds;
monitor activities as needed; provide and develop long-term program planning;
and recommend new activity clubs and programs.
Ballots (see form on back page) must be received by Oct. 8. Mark your choice of
candidates -- one for each position -- on the form and make sure to include
your employee ID number. Your ballot will remain confidential.
Send the completed ballot to Kathy Gray, Human Resources, MS 65, or vote by
e-mail by sending the names of the candidates to KJGray@lbl.gov.
The second highest vote-getters in each category will be asked to serve as
alternates in the event that any of the elected members cannot complete their
More information on EAA sponsored groups and activities can be found at
* Claudia Quezada, Program Assistant, Workforce Diversity Office
I have been with LBNL serving as program assistant for the Office of Workforce
Diversity since October 1998. I have a long track record of serving on
committees and panels; my most recent experiences include:
Onsite Experience: current co-chair of the Lab's Latino and Native American
Association and administrative assistant to the Lab's Diversity Committee. In
both of these positions I am entrusted with the task of promoting a work
environment in which all employees are and feel valued, included, supported,
and encouraged. I work on developing ideas for changes that improve diversity
in the work place and help promote awareness, understanding and valuing of
Offsite Experience: current president of the Public Administration Society at
CSU Hayward, where I am pursuing a Masters degree in Public Policy; and past
vice president and treasurer of CSU Chico's Japan Club.
I hold two degrees from CSU Chico: one in business and one in international
relations. I am very much interested in serving on the Employee Activities
Association's Advisory Panel as cultural representative because I have the
knowledge and expertise needed to help coordinate EAA activities, provide
long-term planning and make recommendations regarding new programs and
activities. More importantly, I have a desire to actively pursue excellence
within the EAA.
Thank you for your vote. Please do not hesitate to e-mail me if you have any
questions. I would love to hear from you.
* Shelley Worsham, Waste Minimization Specialist, Environment Health &
I would like to offer my talent and time to serve as a representative on the
EAA Advisory Panel for a second term. This is an opportunity for me to give
back to the Laboratory through my service as an active member on the EAA Panel.
Over the last two years, several new activities have been initiated, while
others have become annual events. I look forward to being able to contribute
to the growth of this association and its involvement of each employee's unique
Committees or panels I serve on:
- EAA Panel Representative
- Waste Minimization Committee: chairperson
- Green Team: secretary
- Yoga Club: secretary
- Annual Craft Fair Committee: chairperson
- Open House Task Force: EH&S liaison
- Health & Safety Month: chairperson
* Lisa Cordova, Purchasing Assistant, matrixed to Engineering Division
I am interested in re-nomination for Recreational Representative. I've been at
Lab for 12 years. I am currently on the Panel and have enjoyed bringing some
fun activities to LBNL employees, such as Six Flags Marine World, Oakland
A's, and Water World. I am currently handling LBNL discount cards for
Disneyland, Marine World, Magic Mountain, and Sea World, which is on a
volunteer basis. And I'm just getting started! I'm finding out what our
employees would like to do, so being re-elected would keep the wheels in
* Stephen Derenzo, Senior Scientist, Life Sciences Division.
I am interested in serving on the Advisory Panel as a recreational
I have been one of the LBNL Runaround organizers for the past 19 years, and am
active in long distance trail running. If elected to the Advisory Panel, I will
work to maintain and strengthen LBNL's commitment to providing its staff with a
wide range of opportunities for physical
recreation. I have previously served on the LBL recreation panel in the mid
`71 VOLVO station wagon, custom features, rebuilt engine, 38K mi, new paint,
many extras, exc cond, $2,100/obo, Don X7972
`82 VOLVO 240 DL, very reliable, commuter car and family vehicle, passed smog
test in Sept, $1,500/bo, Jens, X7483, 848-9897
`83 BUICK Regal, 3.8L V6,142K mi, automatic, 2 dr, new front tires, brakes,
battery, runs great, $1,000, Miroslaw, X4305, 525-6948
`89 HONDA Civic Si: Sports, fuel inj, black paint, black interior, sunroof, 5
spd, premium wheels, recaro seats, runs well, new exhaust syst, recent brake
overhaul, good tires, $3,200/bo, Nigel, 643-2468
`91 ACURA Integra, GS-Hatchback, 82k mi, alarm, sunroof, alloy wheels, orig
owner, $8,700, Peter, X5983, or Patty, (925) 687-1827
`92 CHRYSLER LeBaron Landau, V6 3.0 L, only 72 K mi, 4 dr, automatic, blue, ac,
air bag, pwr steer/windows/locks/seat, cruise, am/fm/cass, great cond., $4,995,
Erik X6958, 486-1487
EL CERRITO HILLS, furn rm, bay view, household privileges include utilities,
wash/dry/kitchen, 15 min from Lab, $600/mo, Larry, X5406, 235-9268
LAKE MERRITT, share 2 bdrm/2 bth apt with female RA, bright, spacious, balcony
w/ view, garage, 1 blk from lake & bus, bdrm furn. optional, 20 unit bldg,
washer/dryer, $520/mo. + $550 dep, avail 10/15, min 5 months, Saki, X2365
NORTH BERKELKEY, inlaw unit, 3 rm studio, furnished, private bth, nr
shops/transp, 1 adult only, non-smoker, no pets, light cooking, kitchen,
washer/ dryer, separate entrance, $800, 1st/last + $200 dep, 1/4 util,
month-to-month, Santa Barbara near Florida, avail Oct. 1, 527-1833
SAN FRANCISCO, 2 rms, near SFSU/City College, priv phone line, heat, walk to
BART/transp, ideal for non-smoking male, large rm $450, sm rm $380, Mike or
Gwen, (415) 587-6400
VALLEJO, townhouse, 3bd,1-1/2 bth, $850/mo, util not incl, 2 car garage, large
fenced backyard, laundry hook-up, avail 10/15, Shirley, X7113
49ers TICKETS, Wash Redskins, 12/26, sec 6, lower res, row 2, seats 18 &19,
$150 pair, cash only, Sheryl, X5126
BIKE, Motiv, mountain, men's, $190, avail 9/29, Joakim, X7802
BIKE, child's Mongoose, suitable for age 4-7, Fred, X4892
CELL PHONE, Nokia 6150 digital PCS, free if you take over my plan with Pac Bell
at $35/month, incl 500 weekend and 100 weekday mins, commitment until 2/15,
transfer of plan is officially made by Pac Bell, Erik, X6958, 486-1487
COMPUTER, Mac LCIII with external CD ROM, 170 MB HD, $100, Don, X4558
COMPUTER, Mac Performa 6215CD, 48 MB RAM, 750 MB HD, PPC603, 75 MHz,15"
monitor, 28.8 kbps GV modem, Stylewriter 1200 printer, $300, Peter, X7653
DESK, small solid wood w/ drawers, $15, vacuum cleaner (Hoover), $15, Matthias,
MAC LAPTOPS, Powerbook 540c, 2 batteries, video out cable, BTI pwr supply,
9.5," Active Matrix color, 36 Megs RAM, 500 HD, GV 19.2 fax modem, AUI
-10/baseT ethernet adapter, syst disks and manuals, exc cond, $500; Powerbook
160, 8 megs RAM, 16 greyscale passive matrix screen, dead HD, otherwise great
cond, $100/bo, Dan, X7763, 528-0387 (eve)
MATRESSES, twin, box spring, frame, used approx 1 yr, bought soft, good cond,
$50/bo, Annie, X4207, 841-8171
PRINTER, PC laser, Packard Bell 9815, $125, Ken, X7739, 482-3331
TELEVISION, Philips 19", color, remote, like new, $100, radio/CD player, $20,
TENNIS SHOES, men's size 10, used once, $10, Ken, X7739, 482-3331
TICKETS, SF Opera, Ballo in Maschera, 10/1, $150/pair, Diana, X6444
YARD SALE, 9/25, multifamily, 2300 blk of Stuart, Berkeley, antiques,
appliances, books, clothes, furniture, more, Faye X7928
BED, double size, good cond, Hongxin, X609
CAT CARE, seeking responsible, trustworthy person for occasional indoor care,
esp need 2 weeks at Xmas, $7/ day remuneration, Jen, X7475, 649-0610
HOUSING/HOUSESITTING, married postdoc couple, Oct-Nov or Nov only, studio or 1
bdrm apt OK, Barbara, email@example.com or Andreas, X5453
HOUSING, postdoc researcher, married w/ 2 children (ages 9 and 5) from
Germany/Switzerland, begin fall 99 for 1 or 2 yrs, 2-3 bdrm,
HOUSING, visiting prof w/ wife, arrive 10/15 from Israel, 1 yr, need 2 bdrm
apt/house, pref Berkeley, El Cerrito, Albany, firstname.lastname@example.org (Micha
SCANNER, used, for PC, incl software, Matthias, X7940, 526-5495
SO LAKE TAHOE, spacious chalet in Tyrol area, close to Heavenly, peek of the
Lake from front porch, fully furn, sleeps 8+, sunny deck, pool and spa in Club
House, close to casinos, shopping, more, $125/night, Maria, 724-9450
VAN POOL, needs extra rider from SF Haight, Noe Valley and Castro regions to
UCB and LBNL, 8 am and 5 pm, David, X6013
KITTENS, adorable, calico, grey, tabby, orange, creme, black/white, raised in
loving home, m/f, avail. 9/29, will be 6.5 wks old, Chris X7736, (530) 477-6173
Flea Market Ad Policy
Ads are accepted only from LBNL employees, retirees, and onsite DOE personnel.
Submissions must include name, affiliation, extension, and home phone number.
Ads must be submitted in writing -- via e-mail (email@example.com), fax
(X6641), or delivered/ mailed to Bldg. 65B. No ads are taken over the phone.
Ads will be repeated only as space permits. The deadline for the Oct. 8 issue
is Friday, Oct. 1.