Carbon monoxide is the number-one cause of death by poisoning in the United States. About 1,500 people die each year from accidental exposure to high indoor concentrations of the gas. In addition, tens of thousands of people are exposed to non-fatal levels, resulting in headaches, nausea, fatigue, dizziness, aggravation of heart conditions, and brain damage.
Although carbon monoxide is a known killer, there has been no practical method for monitoring levels of the gas. There are some consumer warning devices on the market, but they do not provide detailed information about concentrations.
"There is no good method for measuring CO in residences or in the workplace," says LBL physicist Greg Traynor. "You have to use expensive real-time instruments that need on-site calibration to measure concentrations. It's expensive and awkward."
Traynor, a member of the Indoor Environment Group of the Energy and Environment Division, has been working with E&E's Mike Apte and Gee-Minn Chang to develop an effective, inexpensive, passive CO monitor.
Working with The Quantum Group, Inc., a small San Diego firm, Traynor and Apte designed a device that samples room air for a week. The passive sampler's sensor is a small disk about a centimeter in diameter. The disk sits inside an air diffusion tube contained in a glass vial filled with a silica gel to keep the CO-sensing mechanism dry. Another tube lets air into the vial. As the disk is exposed to CO, the amount of near-infrared radiation getting through it decreases and the disk turns darker. The disk can then be put in a spectrometer to determine CO concentration.
Carbon monoxide is a product of incomplete combustion. The main ways that CO gets indoors are from operating a motor vehicle in an attached garage, burning charcoal indoors, and from the use or misuse of malfunctioning or misinstalled combustion appliances that run on fuels such as gas, kerosene, propane, or wood.
Malfunctioning combustion space heaters, like the one that killed Gerulaitis, inject CO into houses via cracked heat exchangers or blocked or missing flues. CO can also be a serious problem if an unvented gas stove is used to heat a house.
The Department of Energy is concerned about CO levels indoors, because its weatherization programs to save energy can tighten houses and other buildings enough to increase CO concentrations. To test the residential sampler, Traynor plans to do a field survey to identify U.S. houses likely to have high CO levels. He and his co-workers will then mail monitors to those households to identify houses that need mitigation. Each household will be asked to mail the disk back to LBL, where a spectrometer will be used to determine CO concentration in the house.
The residential passive monitor may eventually serve as a screening tool for utility companies.
"They usually send technicians only at hook-up time or when there is a customer service problem," Traynor says. "We'd like to see them get more active."
Now LBL has signed a three-year, $600,000 Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with The Quantum Group to develop an occupational dosimeter for carbon monoxide. It will probably be worn on a worker's lapel to measure exposures for eight-hour work days and ensure compliance with OSHA standards. Traynor expects that the dosimeter will use inexpensive technologies similar to the residential monitor.
PHOTO CAPTION: E&E's Greg Traynor holds a tiny disk that will help replace the array of monitoring and calibration equipment now needed to detect carbon monoxide in houses.
The researchers will receive awards honoring their election on Feb. 18, 1995, during the 161st annual meeting of the AAAS in Atlanta. The LBL scientists named fellows in 1994 are listed below:
The Forum is made up of LBL, the cities of Berkeley and Oakland, the East Bay Municipal Utility District, the East Bay Regional Park District, and UC Berkeley.
Participants began meeting shortly after the Oakland fire in 1992 to plan and enact fire risk reduction strategies and emergency preparedness. Deputy Director Klaus Berkner (then Associate Laboratory Director for Operations) signed a formal Letter of Intent with other members in October 1992. Berkner and senior managers of the other forum members meet twice a year to review progress, strategies and provide guidance to the forum's staff committee. Don Bell, LBL's Emergency Services Group Leader, represents the Lab in the monthly meetings of the staff.
Monthly meetings continue to focus on regional interagency cooperation, a vegetation management plan, improved weather monitoring, and a prescribed burn program to reduce the hazardous fuel load, especially in the urban/wildland intermix of the East Bay hills. With the help of Assemblyman Tom Bates, the East Bay Fire Chiefs Consortium (a subcommittee of the Forum) succeeded in having June declared California "Wildland Fire Prevention Month" to bring attention to fire safety at the start of each fire season.
Members of LBL's Facilities Department and Fire Services Group have actively participated in the development of the Vegetation Management Consortium's Vegetation Management Plan. Other Lab activities include fuel reduction, a wildland fire evacuation and relocation plan, and an automatic aid agreement with the City of Berkeley.
Employee awareness has also been a high priority of the Emergency Services Group, including the production and circulation of the video, "May I Have Your Attention, Please," and the display of fire danger warning signs at the Laboratory gates on "Red Flag" days when fire danger is high.
PHOTO CAPTION: Emergency Services Group Leader Don Bell displays the award presented to LBL at the recent annual meeting of the Hills Emergency Forum. Photo by Paul Hames.
_____________________________________________________________ Date Class Time Place _____________________________________________________________ 11/1 Lockout/Tagout (EHS-256) 9am-noon 90-3148 11/2 Crane/Hoist Operator (Level I) 8am-noon 2-100B Training, for Incidental Opera- tors (EHS-211) 11/8 Forklift Truck Safety (EHS-225) 1:30-3pm 90-4133 11/8 Machine Tool Safeguarding 10am-noon 90-2063 (EHS-245) 11/8 First Aid (EHS-116) 8am-noon 48-109 11/8 & Radiation Protection- 8am-noon 66-316 11/10 Radiological Worker I (EHS-430) -both days 11/9 Adult Cardiopulmonary Resus- 9am-noon 48-109 citation (CPR; EHS-123) 11/10 Fire Extinguisher Use (EHS-530) 10-11:30am 48-109 11/15 Earthquake Safety (EHS-135) 9-10:30am 48-109 11/15 Blood Biosafety Training 9-10:30am 90-3148 (EHS-735) 11/16 Accident Reporting/Investigation 10am-noon 90-1099 (EHS-815) 11/16 Building Emergency Team Training 9-11:30am 66 Aud. (EHS-154) 11/16 EH&S Roles & Responsibilities 8am-noon 66-316 for Supervisors in Office Settings (EHS-025) 11/17 Introduction to Environment, 1:30-4pm 66 Aud. Health & Safety at LBL (EHS-010) 11/18 Laser Safety (EHS-280) 9:30- 90-2063 11:45am 11/29 Back Injury Prevention 10- 48-109 (EHS-053) 11:30am 11/29 Radiation Protection- 8am-noon 66-316 12/1 Radiological Worker I (EHS-430)- both days 11/30 Ergonomics for Computer Users 9:30- 2-300F (EHS-060) 11:30am 11/30 Animal Welfare in Research 10am-noon 66 Aud. Environments (EHS-734) 11/30 Medical/Biohazardous Waste 10- 2-100B Training (EHS-730) 11:30am 11/30 Adult Cardiopulmonary 9am-noon 48-109 Resuscitation (CPR; EHS-123)Pre-registration is required for all courses except Introduction to Environment, Health & Safety at LBL. Call X6554 to register for: CPR, First Aid, Fire Extinguisher Use, Earthquake Safety, and Building Emergency Team Training. Call X6612 or send a fax with your name, extension and employee number to X6608 to pre-register for all other courses.
Open Enrollment is an opportunity to enroll, cancel, or transfer between plans, to add eligible family members, or to alter salary reduction amounts. All enrollment and change forms must be received in LBL's Benefits Office by 5 pm, Wednesday, Nov. 30.
By now, you should have received the annual Open Enrollment announcement in your home mail, as well as a Personal Benefits Summary describing the group insurance plan enrollment and retirement plan benefits on record. It is important to review this information carefully and consider whether any changes are in order during Open Enrollment.
If you discover any errors in the information on the Personal Benefits Summary, make a copy of the error and send it to the Benefits Office (MS 938A, fax: X7563) for review. Since the data used to prepare the summary is based on August 1994 information, any changes made since that period will not be reflected on your summary. Correct plan enrollment or leave balance information can be verified by reviewing your paycheck stub or your monthly leave balance statement.
During Open Enrollment, the new UC Care Point-of-Service (POS) plan will be offered in addition to the HMO plans, Prudential High Option and Core. UC Care (POS) brings three health benefit components--medical, mental health and chemical dependency, and prescription drug--together in one comprehensive plan, with three tiers of benefits. Current UC Care plan members will receive additional information through the mail. Employees who may want to transfer into UC Care (POS) should get a UC Care enrollment packet at the LBL Benefits Fair (November 10), or from the Benefits Office.
The Kaiser and Health Net HMO plans continue to be available at no cost to employees and their eligible family members during 1995. Health Net and QualMed-CA medical plans have merged into one plan, retaining the Health Net name in California.
There are no changes in the dental, optical services, and legal plans in 1995. There are no plan changes for Employee-Paid Life Insurance, but rates will increase slightly Jan. 1, 1995. There will be no plan changes for Basic Dependent Life, Expanded Dependent Life, or Employee-Paid Disability Insurance.
During Open Enrollment, you may enroll in the Dependent Care Assistance Program (DepCare) or change or cancel your salary reduction amount. You may also enroll, change, or cancel AD&D participation or otherwise change your tax savings on Insurance Premiums (TIP) accounts without penalty. DepCare allows payment for dependent care expenses on a pretax, salary reduction basis. TIP allows you to pay your premiums for certain insurance plans on a pretax, salary reduction basis. DepCare and TIP information will be available at the Benefits Fair.
The best way to get information on all of UC's benefits is to attend the LBL Benefits Fairs. Both will provide an opportunity to obtain medical plan brochures, forms, provider directories, and information on other UC benefits. You will also have an opportunity to ask specific questions. The dates and locations are below.
Ergonomic furniture, including chairs and tables, ergonomic accessories, and alternative keyboards will be on hand for demonstration, as will computer software on ergonomics.
Employees may pick up handouts listing what ergonomic equipment is available at the Lab, as well as brochures and posters on how to set up an ergonomically correct workstation. Employees will also be able to sign up for the LBL Office Ergonomics course.
The LBL Ergonomics Committee is comprised of employees from Environment Health and Safety, Inventory Management, Administration, and Facilities.
_____________________________________________________________ Flight 1 Flight 2 Flight 3 Guest Flight _____________________________________________________________ 1s Larry Howard Bonnie Harvey Cochnaue Baruz Zucca Grasso (LLNL) (SLAC) (LLNL) (DOE) 78/69 90/69 98/65 112/76 2nd Harry Larry Barbara Barry Helliwell Hoff Arnold Malatesta (LBL) (Sandia) (LBL) (SLAC) 78/70 90/72 94/66 99/76 3rd Cliff Ollie Mark Jeff Schenkel Rohrback Petree Weiner (LLNL) (Sandia) (SLAC) (LLNL) 85/72 6/74 99/69 104/76 _____________________________________________________________The LBL Golf Club's next tournament takes place at Sky West Golf Club in Hayward on Saturday, Nov. 26. First tee time is 10:30am All interested LBL employees, retirees, and their families are welcome to join. Contact Tom Corbin at X7617 for more information.
KICK OFF MEETING (CALL FOR PROPOSALS)
Noon, Bldg. 50 Aud.; C. Kniel, LBL, Call for Proposals - Quick Response Projects
DEPARTMENT OF NUCLEAR ENGINEERING COLLOQUIUM
3:30 pm, 3113 Etcheverry; M.G. Adamson, LLNL, "Development of Alternative--To--Incineration Processes for the Treatment of Mixed Wastes," Refreshments, 3:15 pm
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SEMINAR
4 pm, 3110 Etcheverry; N. Bunkin, General Inst. of Physics
Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, "Stable Microscopic Bubble Clusters in Pure Liquids"
PHYSICS DEPARTMENT COLLOQUIUM
4:30 pm, 1 LeConte; G. Greene, National Inst. of Standards and Technology, "Neutron Beta-Decay, The Big Bang & the Left-Handed Universe," Refreshments 4 pm, 375 LeConte
1 t u e s d a y
9am-noon, Bldg. 90-3148; Lockout/Tagout (EHS 256); pre-registration required, X6612
U.S. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE SATELLITE SEMINAR
10am, Bldg. 50B-6208; P. Scholtes, Scholtes Seminars & Consulting, "Motivating Employees -- Myth or Reality"
JOINT CENTER FOR BEAM PHYSICS/ION BEAM TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM SEMINAR
1:30 pm, Bldg. 71 Conf. Rm.; M. Regler, Inst. for High Energy Physics, Austrian Academy of Sciences, "AUSTRON, the Austrian Project for an Intense Neutron Spallation Source and Ion Beam Therapy"
LIFE SCIENCES DIVISION SEMINAR
4 pm, Bldg. 66 Aud.; D. Albertson, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, England, "Cytogenetics and the C. elegans Physical Map"
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SEMINAR
4 pm, 3110 Etcheverry; M. Manga, UCB, "The Interaction and Coalescence of Deformable Drops and Bubbles in Low Reynolds Number Suspensions," Refreshments, 3:30 pm
2 w e d n e s d a y
8am-noon, Bldg. 2-100B; Crane/Hoist (Level 1) Training for Incidental Operators (EHS 211); pre-registration required, X6612
NUCLEAR SCIENCE DIVISION COLLOQUIUM
2 pm, Bldg. 70A-3377; G. Greene, CalTech, "Nuclear and Particle Physics at the NIST Cold Neutron Research Facility"
ENERGY & RESOURCES GROUP COLLOQUIUM
4 pm, 2 LeConte; S. Schleicher, Austrian CO2 Commission/Stanford Univ., "On the Economics of Sustainability and the Sustainability of Economics," Reception, 3:30 pm, Bldg. T-4, Rm. 100A
3 t h u r s d a y
SURFACE/CATALYSIS SCIENCE SEMINAR
1:30 pm, Bldg. 66 Aud.; J. Nogami, Univ. of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, "Metal-Induced Reconstructions of Silicon Surfaces Studied by STM"
PHYSICS DIVISION RESEARCH PROGRESS MEETING
4 pm, Bldg. 50A-5132; L. Hall, LBL/UCB, "New Experimental Tests for Supersymmetric Unification," Refreshments, 3:40 pm
4 f r i d a y
CENTER FOR BEAM PHYSICS SEMINAR
10:30am, Bldg. 71 Conf. Rm.; A. Ghiorso, LBL, "Half a Century with New Atoms and New Accelerators"
CENTER FOR BEAM PHYSICS "BEAMS AND U" FOR NON-TECHNICAL STAFF
Noon, Bldg. 71 Conf. Rm.; K.-J. Kim, LBL, "Marvelous Light from Electrons"
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SEMINAR
4 pm, 3110 Etcheverry; S. Robinovitch, UCSF, "Hip Fracture and Fall Impact "
Spider leg pancakes
Dracula's garlic chicken
Cream of potato w/leek
Old-fashioned bean & bacon
Carved roast beef
Chicken Mexican sandwich
Big blueberry pancakes
Manhattan clam chowder
Chicken chow mein
Philly cheese steak
Hearty vegetable beef
Linguini & clam sauce
Jumbo chili dog
'75 PORSCHE 914, V-8 conversion, Chevy 305, modified 901 transaxel, everything new or rebuilt, mint cond., $7500. 530-3933
'84 VW Rabbit Diesel, exc. cond., extras incl. Recaro seat, Borbet wheels, new radio, shocks, $3K. Dick, X6204, 549-9049
'86 HONDA Civic DX hatchbk, 5-spd, beige, 1 owner, cass., runs great, $2800/b.o. X5837, (415)332-6017 (eve.)
'87 CHEVY Blazer, 4-wd, a/c, p/s,
a/t, p/b, exc. cond., new tires, very clean, $8K. Hannah Pena, X6188, (707)829-0392 (after 6 pm)
'90 GEO Prism, white, 5-spd, a/c, pwr lock, 65K mi., exc. cond., $5.5K/b.o. 658-6613 (msg./eve.)
'91 JAYCO tent camping trailer, slps 6, propane stove & refrig., porta potty, lg. awning, exc. cond., $4800. Charlie Matuk, X4658, 283-6111
'93 HYUNDAI Elantra, 16K mi., a/t, a/c, exc. cond., leaving country, must sell, $7200. X4445, 245-2432
CARPOOL, rider/driver needed, Pleasant Hill/Mtz. area, 7am-4 pm (flex.). Steve Lundgren, X7855
VANPOOL, RIDERS WANTED, route begins at Rohnert Park Expy., Petaluma Blvd. So., Shattuck & Hearst, ends at Berkeley BART, work hrs. are 8am-5 pm Shirley Claire, X4521
WARRIORS VS. ORLANDO Magic, Dallas Mavericks, NY Knicks. X4069, 262-5953
DRESSER, wood, sm., 3 or 4 drawers, for 2 yr. old. Mary, X5771, 522-3239
GAS STOVE, O'Keefe & Merritt, prefer in working cond. Kathy Ellington, X4931
MANX KITTEN, female. Jackie or Laura, X6325, 458-1217
OIL PAINTING equip. & supplies, new or used, price negot. Tennessee, X5013
PING PONG PLAYERS interested in noon-12:30 pm mini-tournaments w/players in Bldg. 76. Weygand Younge, X7665
BED, new, queen sz., w/futon mattress, $160; TV-video cart, $40, both from Scandinavia design. X6004
BOAT MOTOR, 2 hp, Johnson, approx. 4 hrs. used, $200. Jim Martinez, X5404
CLARINET, Yamaha, exc. cond., w/case, $410 new, $250; skis, boots, bindings & poles for kids (4-10 yrs.), various sizes, used, gd & exc. cond., reasonable prices/offer. Ivahan, 524-9039
COFFEE TABLE, contemporary, wood, gd cond., $ 50. Andre or Simone, X6745, 559-8652
COMPUTER, IBM XT, 20 M HD, 2 floppy disk drives (3.5 & 5-1/4), keyboard, monitor, Panasonic printer, $275/b.o. X4015, 526-0891
ELEC. HEATER, Intertherm, 1500 W, 120/240 VAC, wall mounting, very quiet, still in box, paid $100, asking $60; light shade, hanging, Tiffany-style, stained glass & lead, very gd cond., 20" x 36", $60. Marc, X6516, 528-5022
ELEC. RANGE, GE, Americana Model, dbl oven, self-cleaning, $300. free GE dishwasher w/purchase. Di Ann, X7437
FUTON, exc. like new cond., almost never used, expensive new, must sell, $120. 642-4418, 525-1793 (eve.)
MOUNTAIN BIKE, Diamond Back, Ascent EX, 21-spd, 18" frame, fits 5'6" - 5'9" riders, Shimano Deore LX components, $325; MAC Plus w/ext. floppy drive & misc. software, gd for children/new users, $175. Lawrence, X5770
PIANO w/bench, antique tiger oak, 1914 upright, ivory keys, $1850. Peter, X7337, 531-7837
PRINTER, DeskWriter, $200/b.o. Chris, X4635
REFRIGERATOR, Westinghouse-white, apt. sz., 38-1/2"x38", 59-1/2" H, exc. cond., $125. 548-8658
TWIN BEDS, 2 matching sets, box springs, mattress, bed frame, rarely used, $150/set. Charlie Matuk, X4658, 283-6111
ALBANY, furn. rm wnew queen sz. bed, modern condo, carpets, balc., 1-1/2 bth, nr public trans. & shopping, 3 mi. from UCB, kitchen privs., coin-op. washer/dryer, st. parking or $25 extra for carport, prefer male, non-smoker, share w/male UCB employee, $475/mo. incl. utils. except phone (line hook-up in rm), $200 dep. 559-8009 (msg./best 5-10 pm/wkend)
ALBANY, 2-bdrm, 2-bth condo, very clean, partly furn., bay view, swimming pool, tennis courts, 24-hr. sec., garage parking, bus/BART to LBL/UCB 15 min., nr shopping ctr, no pet, non-smoker, lease, $950/mo. Rai, X7613, 524-7941 (eve.)
BERKELEY, quiet, furn. rm in brn-shingle (Julia Morgan), easy walk to BART/shuttle, kitchen privs., non-smoker, short term OK. Rob, 843-5987
BERKELEY, 1-bdrm in-law apt., hardwd flrs, tile bthrm, pvt. redwood deck w/bay view, part. furn., microwave, refrig., no stove, pvt. entrance, nr Claremont Hotel, use of washer/dryer, $725/mo. incl. utils. 849-4588
BERKELEY, furn. studio apt w/color TV & parking, 20 min. walk to UCB/LBL shuttle, 5 min. walk to shops & trans., $475/mo. 548-9869
BERKELEY, rm in pvt home, walking distance to UCB, nr Claremont Hotel, $350/mo. 848-4022
BERKELEY, semi-furn. studio, sunny kitchen, 15 min. walk to UCB/LBL shuttle, 5 min. walk to gourmet ghetto, $535/mo. 540-0385
BERKELEY, upstairs, furn. 1-bdrm apt, $600/mo. 527-1358
NO. BERKELEY, furn. 1-bdrm apt./penthouse, dbl bed, ofc. space, garden, patio, laundry rm, st. parking or sec. inside bldg. w/fee, elec. entrance, 1-1/2 blks from UCB/LBL shuttle, trans., shopping, post ofc. etc., 1 or 2 people max., no smoking, no pets, avail. 12/13, $1200/mo. + dep. 548-8658, 548-6528 (FAX)
NO BERKELEY, furn. lg. rm in 4-bdrm house, 4-bridge view, parking, nr bus stop & Tilden Park, $425/mo. 528-6953
SO. BERKELEY, lg. 1-bdrm apt. w/view, quiet neighborhood, new carpet & appliances, pets negot., $497/mo. + dep. 658-6222
EAST RICHMOND HILLS, just below the Arlington nr Barrett, 4-bdrm (2 lg., 2 sm.) house, bay view, kitchen, living rm, dining rm, yd, safe & quiet neighborhood, 20 min. fr. UCB, pub. trans. 1 blk away, 10 min. walk from BART, avail. 1/1 - 7/1, $1100/mo., use of a car negot. Dr. Ivry, X4647, 642-7146, 237-3929 (eve.)
EL CERRITO HILLS, share 5-bdrm, 3-bth house w/3 males, 1 fem., nr Del Norte BART, 2 dining areas, bay views, frpl, 1920's Medit. style, share no smoking, no pets, $300/mo. Stephen, 232-5166
EL CERRITO HILLS, modern 2-bdrm, 2-1/2 bth townhouse, family rm, 2 balc & frpl, washer, dryer, dishwasher, refrig., 2X garage, tennis ct, pool, clubhouse, Wildcat Cyn. Pk. view, nr. hike/bike trails, avail. Dec., $1275/mo. 236-0966
EL CERRITO, 3-bdrm, 2-bth house, Japanese garden, marble frpl, garage, washer, nr BART/bus, no pets, avail. 12/10, $1245/mo. 525-8431
KENSINGTON, furn. studio, quiet, pvt., non-smokers, short term only, avail. 11/15, $450/mo. 559-8021
KENSINGTON, Berkeley border, spacious, furn. 2-bdrm, 1-bth house, dining rm w/deck, microwave, beamed living rm w/frpl, yd, veg. garden, garage, filtered view, nr Tilden Pk & bus, non-smokers, no pets, $1800/mo. Miriam, 525-4600, 845-8326
LOST & FOUND
LOST: Silver flower/leaf pin, on 10/18, in/nr Bldg. 90. X4093
Mary Bodvarsson, X4014
Mac QuickMail, fax X6641
Deadline: 10:30am Tuesday
Deadline: 5 pm Friday
Mary Padilla, X5771
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE
Public Information Dept., Bldg. 65B
Mike Chartock, Acting Manager