Currents -- October 14, 1994
New process brings down environmental cost of white paper

By Jeffery Kahn,

Energy and Environment Division researchers, led by chem-ist Shih-Ger (Ted) Chang, have developed a new process called POZONE to help U.S. paper manufacturers continue to produce bleached white paper affordably while meeting proposed new EPA standards.

Paper products are a $125-billion business in the U.S. making it the nation's eighth largest industry. Currently, all but one U.S. paper mill rely on chlorine-based chemicals to bleach pulp for the production of white paper. Chlorine bleaching creates wastewater containing hazardous organic compounds such as dioxin.

The EPA has proposed rules that would require U.S. mills to reduce or eliminate chlorine. In Europe, manufacturers already have begun changing to a substitute bleaching process that uses a combination of oxygen-based chemicals including ozone. While environmentally friendly, oxygen bleaching processes are costly.

The POZONE technique, which has been patented and is available for licensing, can substantially reduce the costs of generating ozone for the paper industry. U.S. paper mills produced about 14 million tons of pulp in 1993. With about 15 pounds of ozone required to bleach each ton of pulp, the savings from their process could total some $105 million/year in the U.S. alone.

The paper-making process starts by feeding wood chips into a digester, which cooks the wood down into pulp. Pulp looks and feels like whole-wheat bread dough. It consists of cellulose fibers, from which paper will be made, and about five percent lignin, a natural resinous adhesive which gives the pulp a brownish color. To create white paper from brown pulp, paper makers use a series of treatments with bleaching agents.

Both chlorine and oxygen-based bleaching processes can be effective. Both work by breaking down and destroying the lignin. The difference is that chlorine bleaching--the cheaper alternative--has environmental consequences.

In the conventional ozone production process, ozone is generated electrically. The POZONE process--useful in both pulp bleaching and effluent treatment--generates ozone by chemical means through the reaction of yellow phosphorus with the oxygen in air.

The POZONE process originally was conceived in order to deal with a different problem. In recent years, Chang and his group have focused on devising new approaches for removing the airborne pollutants emitted by plants that burn fossil fuels, patenting three separate processes. One technology, called PhoSNOX, allows existing power plant scrubbers to perform double duty, not only removing sulfur dioxide but also capturing nitrogen oxides. Part of this multi-stage PhoSNOX process is a new and cheaper means to generate ozone. This created the basis for POZONE.

Says Chang, "The potential for POZONE extends well beyond the pulp industry. The semiconductor industry could benefit, as could the national effort to clean up groundwater contaminated with solvents. In both cases, activated carbon often is used to adsorb volatile organic compounds. POZONE can be used to regenerate (recycle) the carbon, reducing costs."

Members of Chang's Flue Gas Chemistry Group include Shu-Mei Wang, who has worked on POZONE for the past three years, David Littlejohn, and Loc Lee.

Naming of element 106 disputed by international committee

By Lynn Yarris,

In a surprising and immediately controversial move, a committee for the British-based International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) has recommended against the name "seaborgium" for element 106. The name had been chosen by the team that discovered 106 to honor Glenn T. Seaborg, Nobel Prize winning chemist and associate director-at-large of LBL (see Currents, March 18, 1994).

The IUPAC committee's decision, which was announced in this week's issue of Chemical and Engineering News (C&EN), was actually made at a meeting in Hungary on August 31 for the purpose of naming elements 101 through 109. Prior to voting on nomenclature, the committee adopted, by a vote of 16-4, a new rule that no element should be named for a living person. (The vote to replace the name seaborgium passed 18-2.) Both Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi were alive when elements 99 and 100 were named for them.

In response to the announcement, LBL Director Charles Shank issued a statement expressing "dismay" with the IUPAC committee's rejection of the name seaborgium.

"Credit for the discovery of element 106 is undisputed and the discovery team unanimously selected the name seaborgium," Shank said. "There has never been any debate about the right of acknowledged discoverers to name an element. We will strongly defend this privilege."

Element 106 was first created and identified in 1974 at LBL by a team of researchers led by LBL physicist Albert Ghiorso and LLNL chemist Kenneth Hulet. It was confirmed in 1993 in an experiment at the 88-Inch Cyclotron led by Ken Gregorich and Darleane Hoffman of the Nuclear Science Division. The name seaborgium, with the chemical symbol "Sg," was announced last March at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society. The ACS's own nomenclature committee promptly adopted the name.

DuPont chemist Anthony Arduengo III, who was one of five Americans on the 20-member IUPAC nomenclature committee (the other members were from Australia, Finland, Hungary, Japan, the Netherlands, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom), defended the committee's decision to ignore the wishes of 106's discoverers.

"Discoverers don't have a right to name an element," he told C&EN. "They have a right to suggest a name. And, of course, we didn't infringe on that at all."

However, as Seaborg noted in the C&EN article, "This would be the first time in history that the acknowledged and uncontested discoverers of an element are denied the privilege of naming it."

The IUPAC nomenclature committee's decisions came on the heels of the rulings of another international committee that spent six years resolving disputed claims of discovery. The first committee, called the Transfermium Working Group (TWG), was jointly convened in 1986 by IUPAC and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics. It reviewed research data submitted from LBL, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, and GSI in Darmstadt, Germany.

The TWG gave full credit for the discovery of 106 to the Ghiorso-Hulet team. Although the TWG ruled that LBL and the Russian group should share credit for the discovery of elements 104 and 105 (a decision with which Seaborg and Ghiorso disagreed), IUPAC's nomenclature committee elected to recommend the two Russian-proposed names of "dubnium" and "joliotium." The committee then assigned the name "rutherfordium," which had been proposed by the LBL group for 104, to element 106. The name "bohrium" was recommended for 107 (instead of GSI's choice of nielsbohrium), and "hahnium" for 108 (instead of GSI's choice of hassium). Hahnium had originally been proposed by the LBL group for element 105. The German proposal of "meitnerium" for 109 was allowed to stand, as were the names proposed for elements 101, 102, and 103 --"mendelevium," "nobelium," and "lawrencium," respectively.

These name recommendations must be ratified by the full IUPAC council, which meets in England next August. The U.S. National Committee for IUPAC is planning to issue a letter requesting that until then, in accordance with IUPAC rules, the recommended names be clearly labeled as "provisional." ACS Board of Directors Chair Paul Walter has also expressed disappointment with the IUPAC committee's decision.

PHOTO CAPTION -- "My crime is still being alive," Glenn Seaborg told reporters in response to IUPAC's recommendation that his name be stripped from element 106.

Women Scientists & Engineers Seminar

Cheryl Fragiadakis, head of LBL's Technology Transfer Department, will give the next presentation in the Women in Science and Engineering Seminar Series. Her talk, "Opportunities in Technology Transfer and Collaborations," is scheduled for 12:10 to 1:15 p.m. on Monday, Oct. 17, in Bldg. 70A-3377. All employees are invited to attend; refreshments will be served at noon.

Fragiadakis will discuss technology transfer and how it fits into the LBL and DOE missions. She will describe some of the opportunities, costs, and benefits to LBL scientists, engineers and other technical staff.

Fragiadakis was previously division administrator for the Energy and Environment Division. Before joining LBL, she worked for 11 years in industry. She received her bachelor's degree in chemical and petroleum refining engineering from the Colorado School of Mines, and her MBA from UC Berkeley in 1978. She is a registered Professional Engineer in the State of California.

Sessler receives humanitarian award

Former Lab director and human rights champion Andrew Sessler has been awarded the first Nicholson Medal for Humanitarian Assistance by the American Physical Society. The award was established to recognize the humanitarian aspect of physics and physicists. It consists of a medal and certificate.

The citation reads as follows:

"For his courageous leadership in the successful campaign on behalf of human rights for scientists in the Soviet Union--as co-founder of the international organization Scientists for Sakharov, Orlov, and Sharansky (SOS). For his leadership, during a critical period, of the APS's Committee for the International Freedom of Scientists. And for his patient, thoughtful and motivational interaction with students and younger colleagues, and his many acts of personal generosity toward his fellow workers."

Sessler, a physicist, spoke on behalf of the Committee of Concerned Scientists this summer at a Tiananmen Square commemoration in San Francisco, saying, "Human rights is a subject of great concern to scientists, perhaps because it is at the very core of scientific inquiry." He will receive the award at the November meeting of the Division of Plasma Physics in Minneapolis, Minn.

ALS Users' Meeting this month

The Annual Meeting of the Advanced Light Source Users' Association will take place at LBL on Thursday and Friday, Oct. 20-21. The meeting offers an opportunity to learn about the scientific results already coming out of the user program at the ALS, to tour the facility, and to hear about future developments and initiatives planned for the ALS.

In conjunction with the meeting, a special workshop on infrared micro-spectroscopy will be held at the ALS on Thursday, Oct. 21, from 2:30 to 5 p.m.

This year more than 20 vendors will display their products in the ALS experiment floor area of Bldg. 6 from noon to 2 p.m. on Thursday and noon to 3 p.m. on Friday. LBL employees are invited to attend. Please note that the ALS floor is a restricted access area, so anyone who is not wearing a radiation-monitoring badge will be asked to fill out an ALS Casual Visitor Form (available in the Bldg. 6 lobby during the exhibit) before entering the experiment floor area.

Anyone who wishes to attend the meeting or workshop, but has not yet registered should call X4257 for registration forms.

-- In Memoriam --

Bruce Cork

Bruce Cork, a former high-energy physicist in LBL's Accelerator and Fusion Research Division, died on October 7 after a lengthy illness. He was 78.

Cork came to LBL as a graduate student and research assistant in 1946, joining the group working with Luis Alvarez on the linear accelerator project. He had previously worked with Alvarez on secret radar research at MIT.

A native of Peck, Mich., Cork had attended the University of Michigan, Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, Columbia University, and MIT before his education was interrupted by the war. He completed the work towards his doctorate at UC Berkeley, and received a Ph.D. in physics in 1960. He became a member of Fred Lofgren's physics group, and participated in the group's experiments on scattering of strongly interacting particles, discovery of production of antineutrons, and measurement of nonconservation of parity in the decay of strange particles. He spent a year at CERN, Geneva.

In 1968 Cork and colleagues, working at a high-altitude laboratory on Mount Evans, Col., completed a search for quarks in cosmic rays. No quarks were found, but a new upper limit of the cross section was determined.

From 1968 to 1973, Cork was associate laboratory directory for high energy physics at Argonne National Laboratory. In September 1973, he returned to LBL, where he resumed his research with the Lofgren physics group. He initiated an LBL collaboration with the PEP-12 experiment at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, where Argonne Laboratory's large diameter superconducting magnet was transported cross country to become the foundation for the collaboration's High Resolution Spectrometer.

Cork retired from LBL in 1986. He is survived by his wife, Sue, four children, and 11 grandchildren. Memorial gifts may be made to Hospice of Northern California, Parkinson Foundation East Bay Chapter of A.P.D.A., or the Nature Conservancy.

Chip Rosenfeld

Chip Rosenfeld, the son of Art Rosenfeld, former head of the Center for Building Science and now with DOE, died on October 8. Rosenfeld, 27, was a graduate student at Harvard University.

Services will be held at 4 p.m. on Wednesday, Oct. 19, at the First Unitarian Church, 1 Lawson Rd., Kensington. For more information, please contact Debbie Giallombardo at X4834.

Nobel science prizes announced

By Lynn Yarris,

A Berkeley economist who applied the tactics of poker and chess to understanding global economic and political activity, and a physicist who made his mark on the first nuclear reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory were among the winners of the 1994 Nobel Prizes announced this week.

John Harsanyi, a Hungarian-born 74-year-old emeritus professor at UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business, shared the prize in economics with John Nash of Princeton and Reinhard Selten of the University of Bonn. All three men were pioneers in the field of "game theory," in which economic decision-making, for governments or businesses, is based on anticipating the actions of competitors rather than predicting trends in the market.

The physics prize was awarded to Clifford Shull, 79, a retired physicist from MIT, and Bertram Brockhouse, 76, a Canadian physicist at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. They won for their development of the neutron scattering technique, in which a beam of neutrons is used to reveal the atomic structure of a liquid or solid. Shull was recognized for showing what atoms are and Brockhouse for revealing what atoms do. Using ORNL's reactor (the first in the U.S.) Shull examined the arrangement of atoms. Brockhouse, using his country's first reactor--the Chalk River Research Reactor, explored atomic motion.

The sole winner of this year's prize in chemistry was George Olah, 67, of the University of Southern California, for his research into hydrocarbons. During the 1960s, Olah discovered that extremely strong acids could be used to break down hydrocarbons and make them easier to study. His research revolutionized the field and paved the way for industrial developments such as plastics, high-octane gasoline, and coal liquefaction.

In medicine, the prize went to Dr. Alfred Gilman, 53, of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, and Dr. Martin Rodbell, 68, retired head of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. The two shared the prize for the discovery in the 1960s of G-proteins, a natural substance that helps cells convert outside signals, such as light and sound, into life-sustaining chemical reactions. Their findings led to a new understanding of diseases such as diabetes and alcoholism.

N e w s W i r e

Fermi Award Winners Announced:

This year's winners of the Enrico Fermi Award were Freeman Dyson and Liane Russell. Dyson, 70, a physicist with the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton who is perhaps best known for his popular books and articles on science, won the award for "his contributions to fundamental scientific knowledge in fields as diverse as physics, biology, astronomy, and mathematics." Russell, 71, is a geneticist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. She won her award for her discovery of the chromosomal basis for sex determination in mammals and her contributions to understanding the effects of radiation on the developing embryo and fetus. The Fermi Award is the government's oldest science and technology award and is given for a lifetime of achievement in the field of nuclear energy. Recipients are presented a $100,000 honorarium and a gold medal. The Fermi Award is administered by DOE for the White House. President Clinton approved this year's awards on the recommendations of Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary.

American Indian Science and Engineering Society to hold conference in San Jose

The American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES) will host its 16th Annual National Conference November 10-13 in San Jose, Calif. This year's theme is "Weaving Tradition and Technology."

Invited keynote speakers include: Wilma Mankiller, Cherokee Nation principal chief; William P. Yellowtail, Environmental Protection Agency regional administrator; Don Coyhis, president, White Bison, Inc.; Craig Barrett, chief operating officer, Intel Corp.; Ed Zschau, vice president, IBM; and Terry A. Vaeth, an acting manager in the U.S. Department of Energy.

Founded in 1977, the American Indian Science and Engineering Society promotes science and math education among American Indians and Alaskan Natives. AISES offers more than $500,000 in scholarships annually.

The AISES conference provides a unique opportunity for employers to meet and network with American Indian professionals and students. More than 3,000 representatives from corporations, government agencies, tribal enterprises, and associations are expected to attend. There will be cultural workshops, keynote presentations, sessions, and scientific discussions on a variety of topics, ranging from "Environmental Toxicology: The effects of lead poisoning at Akwesasne Mohawk Reserve and Elsewhere," to a Biomedical Science Panel discussion about human memory, pharmacology, and biological research.

Representatives from LBL's Human Resources Department will participate in the Career Fair. The Center for Science and Engineering Education will highlight the Lab's Hands-On Universe project at the Technological Expo.

Major sponsors of this year's conference include Intel, IBM, DOE, and Hewlett Packard.

For more information about attending the conference, contact Roberta Boucher at X7580.

O u c h !

Life Sciences Division Director Mina Bissell was one of more than 100 employees who rolled up their sleeves for a flu shot last week at LBL's Health Services Department. The vaccination program was made possible through the Visiting Nurse Association, which sent nurses to LBL for the day, including Gail Yamamoto, above. If you missed out on the program but would still like to get a flu shot, you can call the VNA Hotline--(415) 777-4888--to find a Bay Area location near you. Now through mid-November is the optimal time to receive a vaccination in time for this year's flu season.
Photo by Paul Hames

Energy Awareness Month
Keeping the home fires burning without burning a hole in your wallet

Contributed by Antonia Reaves

While experts debate whether residential customers will benefit from the restructuring of the California electric industry, everyone can save right now on home energy bills with energy-efficient appliances and other technologies.

For example, if you are in the market for a new refrigerator, you may be surprised to know that not all refrigerators are equal in energy consumption. Consulting the yellow "Energy Guide" labels on new refrigerators is the best way to determine relative energy use, but generally, refrigerators with a freezer top and cooler bottom configuration (or the reverse) use less energy than side-by-side models.

Size also makes a difference in a refrigerator's electrical consumption--buying a refrigerator that is just the right size for your needs can save you money. If you are replacing a refrigerator that was made during the 1970s or early '80, you can expect to save 50 percent or more of the electrical costs. Refrigerators are typically the largest user of electricity in the home, so these savings could add up to hundreds of dollars each year.

According to PG&E, the average home spends 20 percent of its monthly electrical bill on lighting. By replacing incandescent lighting with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), residential consumers can save 75 percent of their electrical costs per lamp replaced. Also, improvements in start rate, color, and size in the past few years have made CFLs an appealing alternative for a wider variety of applications. CFLs are available at most hardware and lighting stores.

In the near future, residential energy consumers can look forward to purchasing portable table lamps and other fixtures specifically designed to utilize compact fluorescent lamps. These table lamps will be more cost effective, energy efficient, and will provide better light quality than the current screw-in retrofits. Also, more homes will be built with permanent fixture systems utilizing CFLs, including exterior and ceiling mounted fixtures. To facilitate these changes, LBL's Building Technologies Program in the Energy & Environment Division is designing a program to accelerate the use of new CFL technologies in residential applications.

Another area for saving energy at home includes the use of new energy-efficient windows. Energy-efficient windows reduce energy consumption and increase physical comfort. Windows that keep out both cold and heat create a comfortable home environment while allowing heating and cooling systems to operate more efficiently.

Two new window technologies offer better insulation in winter: Low emissivity (low-e) glass has a special coating on its surface that reduces radiant heat flow. Gas-filled windows use an inert gas, such as argon, instead of air between the panes of glass. Other window technologies using new types of glass tints or coatings keep out the sun's heat, yet let in visible light. The Building Technologies Program worked with a variety of manufacturers to develop and commercialize these technologies.

For more information: The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACE) publishes an annual guide listing the energy consumption of a wide variety of appliances by brand name. To order, contact the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy at 549-9914. Home Energy magazine is a bimonthly publication featuring articles on appliances, windows, home heating and cooling systems, lighting, and other residential energy conservation topics. For subscription information, call 524-5405.

Energy Awareness Fair

For information on how to save energy at home, come to the "Energy Awareness Fair" on Wednesday, Oct. 19, from 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. in the LBL cafeteria. PG&E representatives will be on hand to answer questions and LBL researchers will display new energy-efficient technologies that are making their way to the market place.

Djerassi at LHS

Dr. Carl Djerassi, professor of chemistry at Stanford University, "father" of the birth control pill, and author of "The Bourbaki Gambit," will give a lecture at the Lawrence Hall of Science at 5 p.m. on Thursday, Oct. 20. He will speak on "Disclosing Science's `Tribal Secrets.'"

Djerassi will sign copies of his books at the LHS Discovery Corner Bookstore after his presentation. All employees are invited to the free event. For more information, call 642-5132.

Financial Planning Seminar

LBL's Benefits Office is sponsoring another Tax and Financial Planning Seminar for interested employees. The speaker, Oliver M. Stafford, CFP, will present many useful and informative ideas to consider. The sessions are scheduled for noon to 1 p.m. on Monday and Tuesday, Oct. 17-18, in the Bldg. 50 Auditorium. All interested employees are encouraged to attend both sessions of the two-part presentation. Topics to be covered include: For more information, contact the Benefits Office at X6680.

Seaborg at Zellerbach

Nobel Laureate Glenn T. Seaborg, LBL's Associate Director at Large, will give the G. N. Lewis Memorial Lecture at 4 p.m. on Wednesday, Oct. 19, in UC Berkeley's Zellerbach Auditorium. He will speak on "Ten New Elements and Ten Presidents." All employees are invited to attend.

Massey to speak in Berkeley

Dr. Walter Massey, provost and senior vice president of Academic Affairs for the University of California, will give a talk on "Science and Scientists: Societal Expectations and Ethical Responsibilities" at 8 p.m. on Friday, Oct. 14, at the First Unitarian Church of Berkeley, 1 Lawson Rd., Kensington. All employees are invited to attend. A donation of $5 may be made at the door. For more information, contact Frank Davis at 236-8980.

LBL Golf Club

The LBL Golf Club held their first tournament of the fiscal year at Windsor Golf Club in Santa Rosa last Saturday. The top three finishers of each flight were:

First Flight

1st--Jim Jones (80 net 68)

2nd--Mark Campagna (79 net 70)

3rd--Larry Baker (84 net 74)

Second Flight

1st--Don Weber (93 net 67)

2nd--Denny Parra (94 net 74)

3rd--Bob Everett (99 net 74)

Third Flight

1st--Eric Weber (100 net 69)

2nd--Mike Manzone (105 net 70)

3rd--C. P. Johnson (98 net 71)

The next tournament will be held at Sky West Golf Club in Hayward on Saturday, Nov. 26. LBL Golf Club membership is open to all employees and their families. Anyone interested in joining should contact Tom Corbin at X7617.

Call for fellowship applicants

The call has gone out for DOE's 1995 Alexander Hollaender Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowship Program. The fellowships provide a $37,500 first year, and a $40,500 second year stipend to support the mission of the DOE Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER). OHER's research mission includes the study of atmospheric, marine, and terrestrial systems; molecular and subcellular mechanisms underlying human somatic genetic processes; nuclear medicine; structural biology; and development of instrumentation necessary to achieve programmatic success.

The Alexander Hollaender Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowship Program was established in 1986 in memory of the late Dr. Alexander Hollaender, 1983 recipient of DOE's prestigious Enrico Fermi Award. Research conducted under his direction was instrumental in making DOE's biomedical research programs among the most prominent in the world.

Completed applications and supporting materials must be received by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education before Jan. 15, 1995. Fellowship offers will be made in May 1995.

For more information and application material, call X4365.

Ski lift vouchers on sale

The Employee's Buying Service is once again offering discount vouchers for adult ski lift tickets to Squaw Valley and Alpine Meadows. The vouchers are good any day during the ski season.

For Squaw Valley, the vouchers are $37 (regular price $43). For Alpine Meadows, vouchers are $34 (regular price $40). Unused vouchers can be returned for credit towards next year's purchase with full credit.

The Buying Service is taking prepaid orders only. Employees with credits from last year should deduct the dollar amount for this year's purchase. Deadlines for orders are Wednesday, Oct. 26, for Squaw Valley, and Friday, Nov. 18, for Alpine Meadows. Vouchers will be mailed to employees about two weeks after the deadline date. To order, fill out the form and mail payment to Pamela Stevens.

Ski Voucher Order Form

______Squaw Valley vouchers @ $37 each= ______Total

______Alpine Meadows vouchers @ $34 each=______Total

Less credit from 1993/94=(______)Total

Total Enclosed=______Total

Name___________________________________ Mailstop___________ Ext.________

Please make checks payable to LBL Employees' Buying Service, and mail to Pamela Stevens, Bldg. 90-1121 by deadline (10/26/94 Squaw Valley; 11/18/94 Alpine Meadows).

CALENDAR -- October 17 to October 21

17 m o n d a y


Noon, Bldg. 50 Aud.; O. Stafford, CFP


12:10 p.m., Bldg. 70A-3377; C. Fragiadakis, LBL, "Opportunities in Technology Transfer and Collaborations," Refreshments, noon


2 p.m., Bldg. 70A-3377; C. Davids, ANL, "Recent Results at the FMA"


3:30 p.m., 3113 Etcheverry; J. Shipley, LANL, "Nuclear Waste Management at Los Alamos and Around the DOE Complex," Refreshments, 3:15 p.m.


4:30 p.m., 1 LeConte; D. Weingarten, IBM, "Masses and Decay Constants from Lattice QCD," Refreshments 4 p.m., 375 LeConte

18 t u e s d a y

EH&S Class

8 a.m.-noon, Bldg. 66-317; Radiation Protection - Radiological Worker I (EHS-430), concludes on Thursday; pre-registration required, X6612


10 a.m., Bldg. 50B-6208; A. B. Godfrey, Juran Inst., "Quality Improvement Tools With Today's New Technology"


Noon, Bldg. 50 Aud.; O. Stafford, CFP


Noon, lower cafeteria


4 p.m., Bldg. 66-316; B. Ames, LBL/UCB, "The Causes of Aging and Cancer"

19 w e d n e s d a y


9-11:30 a.m., Bldg. 66 Aud.; Introduction to Environment, Health & Safety at LBL (EHS-10)


9 a.m.-noon, Bldg. 48-109; Adult CPR (EHS-123); pre-registration required, X6554

Energy Awareness Fair

11:30 a.m.-1:30 p.m., cafeteria lawn


Noon, lower cafeteria


2 p.m., Bldg. 70A-3377; G. Odyniec, LBL, "Comparison of Strangeness Production at BNL and CERN"


4 p.m., 2 LeConte; F. Hinterberger, Wuppertal Inst., Germany, "Assessing Environmental Costs Through Models of Material Flows," Refreshments, 3:30 p.m., Bldg. T-4, Rm. 100A


4 p.m., Zellerbach Aud.; G. Seaborg, LBL, "Ten New Elements and Ten Presidents"

20 t h u r s d a y

EH&S Class

8 a.m.-noon, Bldg. 66-317; Radiation Protection - Radiological Worker I (EHS-430), continued from Tuesday; pre-registration required, X6612



12:15 p.m., Bldg. 90-3148; "Goals, Policies and Practices Related to Commuting to the Workplace in the Context of Energy and Environmental Issues"


1:30 p.m., Bldg. 66 Aud.; R. Willis, Pennsylvania State Univ., "Magnetic Ordering in the Monolayer Limit: Is There Such a Thing?"


3:30 p.m., 1 LeConte; R. Muller, LBL/UCB, "Orbital Perturbations and the Ice Ages," Refreshments, 3 p.m., 661 Campbell


4 p.m., 3110 Etcheverry; L. Smith, Yale Univ., "Finite Size Effects in Two Dimensional and Beta Plane Turbulence," Refreshments, 3:30 p.m.


4 p.m., Bldg. 50B-4205; W. Trischuk, CERN, "The DELPHI [[tau]] Lifetime," Refreshments, 3:40 p.m.


5 p.m., LHS; C. Djersassi, Stanford Univ., "Disclosing Science's `Tribal Secrets'"


5:10 p.m., 120 Latimer; J. Polanyi, Univ. of Toronto, "The Responsibility of the Scientist in an Age of Science"

21 f r i d a y


Noon, Bldg. 71 Conf. Rm.; R. Schoenlein, LBL, "Using Lasers to Explore the World of Ultrafast Events"


2 p.m., Bldg. 71 Conf. Rm.; D. Judd, LBL/UCB, "Commercial Electric Power from `Inertial Fusion' Ignited by Heavy Ion Beams?"


4 p.m., 3110 Etcheverry; R. Ritchie, LBL/UCB, "Damage-Tolerance and Life-Prediction in Mechanical Heart Valve Prostheses," Refreshments, 3:30 p.m.



Berry French toast

Seafood gumbo

Roast turkey

Hot & spicy link


Eggs Benedict

Turkey vegetable

Chicken tetrazzini

Tuna melt


Mushroom & cheese omelet

Black bean chili

Salisbury steak

Chicken Dijon sandwich


Big blueberry pancakes

Manhattan clam chowder

Teriyaki beef stir-fry

Steak burger


Ham scramble

Cream of potato & bacon

Broiled salmon

Reuben w/potato salad

F l e a M a r k e t

Flea Market ads may be sent via Lab mail to Bldg. 65B, electronic mail to, or via Fax to X6641. The deadline is 5 p.m. Friday.


'80 MERCEDES 240D, 1 owner, all records, exc. cond., new transmission, exhaust, brake parts, $7K/offer. Dick, X6204, 549-9049

'82 HONDA Accord hatchbk, blue, 5-spd, new clutch & timing belt, brakes, runs great, $1800. Bob, 845-3753

'84 NISSAN 300ZX 2+2, 5-spd, red, 1 owner, stereo, a/c, alloy wheels, mint cond., $5K firm. X5100, (415) 485-9207 (eve.)

'84 VW Rabbit diesel, exc. cond., Recaro seat, Borbet wheels, new radio, shocks, $3K. Dick, X6204, 549-9049

'87 CHEVROLET Nova, 103K, a/t, a/c, very reliable, $2300/b.o. 865-1952

'87 HONDA Civic, 4-dr, 5-spd, gray, 1 owner, stereo, a/c, runs great, $3900. X5100, (415) 485-9207 (eve.)

'88 FORD Tempo, exc. cond., stereo, roof ski rack, 5-spd, leaving the country, 79K mi., reg. until June '95, leaving country, $2800. V.R. Mimo, X4824, 208-5566

'92 MAZDA MPV, exc., 27K mi., 2 a/c, cruise, pwr, cass., blue bk is $16.3K, asking $14,700. Ed, X6190, 849-2228

'93 HYUNDAI Elantra, 15K mi.,

a/t, p/s, p/b, a/c, exc. cond., leaving country, $7700/b.o. X5239, 245-2432

FACTORY REPAIR MANUAL for '85 Toyota Camry, $10. Rob, X4920

PARTS, '74 Toyota Celica, 18RC engine $150; fender, doors $24; hood, bumper, mechanical & electrical parts etc., already off car, cheap. 482-3030


RIDERS WANTED, route begins at Rohnert Park Expy, Petaluma Blvd. So., Shattuck & Hearst, ends at Berkeley BART, work hrs. are 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Shirley Claire, X4521


CAL vs. Washington State football, 10/29, Young Alumni Sec. QQ row 64., next to student section, about 5 yd line, 2 tix, $20/ea. Doug, X5440

S.F. 49ERS, 2 tickets, Sun., 10/23 vs. Tampa Bay, upper res., sec. 47, row 19, seats 9 & 10 (10-15 yd line), $39.75 ea. + $15 res. parking. Al Salazar, X5901, 672-2716

S.F. 49ERS, ind. game ticket (2), exc. upper reserve seat, rights also for sale. John, (415)924-3210

S.F. OPERA, balcony pr., Lucia di Lammermoor, Sat. eve. 11/19, $80/pr. P. Concus, 526-3519

WARRIORS vs. Orlando Magic, Dallas Mavericks, NY Knicks. 262-5953


GAS STOVE, O'Keefe & Merritt, prefer in working cond. Kathy Ellington, X4931

HOUSE CLEANING JOBS, meticulous, responsible & experienced. Sarah, 533-4557

HOUSE TO SIT, quiet, responsible single woman avail., short/long term, exc. local refs., plants, gardens, cats or other sm. pets OK. Cindy, 716-2265

LAWNMOWER, gas powered, must run, prefer power drive, up to $75. James, X7142, 649-1453

OIL PAINTING equip. & supplies, new or used, price negot. Tennessee, X5013

SEWING MACHINE, industrial strength, working or not. Eric, X6435, 848-6465

TEXTBOOKS, McGraw-Hill, pre 1965, EE & Physics; older hi-fi & HAM equip. 845-2625

VIOLIN, 3/4 or full sz. 482-3030


AIR COMPRESSOR TANK, horizontal, 80 gal. cap., heavy-duty professional, 57" long, 20" dia., w/mounting bracket on top that is 12" X 31" long, $100. Jack Smith, X5901, 471-4921 (after 3:30 p.m.)

BACKPACK, $20; fiberfill sleeping bag, REI, $45; foam furniture, 2 chairs, love seat, $60. Linda, X4817, 236-6331

CAPTAIN'S CHEST BED w/3 drwrs, gd cond., $75. 549-0510

DINGHY, 8' Sevylor Inflatable, needs valves & thwart, $50. Carole, X7693

ELEC. HEATER, Intertherm, 1500 W, 120/240 VAC, wall mounting, very quiet, still in box, paid $100, asking $60; light shade, hanging, Tiffany-style, stained glass & lead, very gd cond., 20" x 36", $60. Marc, X6516, 528-5022

ELEC. RANGE, GE American model, dbl oven, self-cleaning oven, like new, $400. Di Ann, X7437

FENCE GRAPE STAKES, 6', about 200, stained redwood, plus misc. used lumber, you haul, take it all, $50; waterbeds, queen sz., (1) redwood frame, $50; two mattresses $50 ea. incl. heater & liner, gd cond. X5063

GARAGE SALE, 10/15 & 16, 739 Norvell St., 9 a.m.-4 p.m., file cabinet w/hanging folders, 4-drwr, European sz.; bike; studio easel; bookshelf; kitchenware; sports equip.; books; fabrics, etc. Johan or Carin, 528-1657

MACINTOSH MIDI INTERFACE, 2 serial ports, 1 midi-in & 3 midi-out ports per serial port, incl. 2 serial cables & 2 midi cables, $50/b.o. James, X7142, 649-1453

MINI-BLINDS, blue, 29W, 60L, $5; sm. ironing board, $5, make offer. 843-2097

MINI TRAMPOLINE, BMI, 3' dia., hardly used, $20. Subhadhra, X6078

PIANO w/bench, antique tiger oak, 1914 upright, ivory keys, $1850. Peter, X7337, 531-7837

REFRIGERATOR, Westinghouse-white, apt. sz., 38-1/2" x 38", 59-1/2" high, exc. cond., $125. 548-8658

SECTIONAL SOFA, 4-pc., w/queen bed, coffee table corner unit, lounge, off-white, just cleaned for $100, sell for $325/b.o. Valerie, 642-4077, 704-9812 (eve.)

SOFA BED, $50; coffee table. $10; dinner table, $50; TV stand, $30; night stand, $10; chairs (non-matching), $10; Sanyo stereo + spkrs, $50. R. Kim, 376-6278

STEREO RECEIVER, Pioneer SX826, 60 watts/channel, $79/b.o.; mono spkr, Wharfdale W60, in orig. oak case, $59/b.o. Charles, X7329, 376-3728

TODDLER TOY COLLECTION, 15 high quality toys in exc. cond. incl. wooden puzzles, wooden stacker, wooden hammer/ball, wood & wire 10-bead maze, mailbox sorter, Gymfinity, lg. wooden tracker, discovery quilt, & 9 books, will sell as complete collection only, $180/b.o. 482-1563

TURKISH RUGS, Konya, 40" x 61", $350; Konya, 41" x 75", $350; Turkish Kilims, Konya & Kayseri, 40" x 60", $175; Konya (lg.), 84" x 132", $400, pastel colors, handmade, pure wool, low prices, make offer. Giv, 845-8840

WASHER & DRYER, elec., white, gd cond., $110 for both. X7405, 524-7721

WASHER & DRYER, Hotpoint washer, Kenmore elec. dryer, both in exc. cond., $250/pr.; hardwd kitchen/bar stools, rattan seat, wood backrest, exc. cond., 4 for $200; stairstep exercise machine w/elec. readout, best offer. Jeff, X5267, 482-1377


ALAMEDA, lg., sunny front rm in furn. Victorian, very safe & clean, phone & cable hook-up, short/long term, incl. utils., $425/mo. + dep. Elise, X4574

ALBANY, 2-bdrm, 1-bth apt. in 5-plex, nr shopping & trans., laundry rm, storage, off-st. parking, $835/mo., $900 sec. dep. 524-4658, 524-7556 (msg.)

ALBANY, 3-bdrm, 1-bth house, kitchen appliances, washer/dryer, hardwd flrs, frpl, detachable garage, lease, $1450/mo., 1st, last + dep. Kym, 525-8961, 525-8743 (FAX)

BERKELEY, quiet, furn. rm in brn-shingle (Julia Morgan), kitchen privs., walk to UCB/BART/downtown, non-smoker, visiting scholar OK, $400/mo. Rob, 843-5987

BERKELEY, semi-furn. studio, wood flrs, sunny kitchen, 10 min. walk to UCB/LBL shuttle/Shattuck & Vine, $525/mo. 540-0385

BERKELEY, furn. studio, 5 min. walk to UCB/LBL shuttle, avail. 11/1, $525. 527-1358.

NO BERKELEY, furn. lg. rm in 4-bdrm house, 4-bridge view, parking, nr bus stop & Tilden Park, $425/mo. 528-6953

BERKELEY HILLS, Euclid/Cedar, 5 blks from UCB, furn. rm in pvt. home, kitchen privs., washer/dryer, deck, view, nr trans., shops, tennis cts. & Rose Garden, non-smoker, no pets, must be clean, prefer visiting scholar/ft working person, $450/mo. + util. Laura, 642-8517, 548-1287

CONCORD, rm avail. in 3-bdrm house, kitchen, washer/dryer, storage, quiet house mates, 30 min., commute to LBL, possible to join carpool w/LBL commuters, 7 a.m.-4 p.m. work hrs., $275/mo. Alex, X5381, 682-9225

EAST RICHMOND HILLS, just below the Arlington nr Barrett, 4-bdrm (2 lg., 2 sm.) house, bay view, kitchen, living rm, dining rm, yd, safe & quiet neighborhood, less than 20 min. by car from UCB, public trans. 1 blk away, 10 min. walk from BART, avail. 1/1 - 7/1, $1100/mo., use of a car negot. Dr. Ivry, X4647, 642-7146, 237-3929 (eve.)

EL CERRITO, 2-bdrm house, lg. dining rm, hardwd flr, carpet in bdrms, new washer/dryer, nr Plaza/BART, front/bk yd, no pets, avail. 10/16, $925/mo. 525-8431

EL CERRITO HILLS, modern 2-bdrm, 2-1/2 bth townhouse, very pvt., den, laundry rm, 2 balc & frpl, washer, dryer, dishwasher, refrig., 2X garage w/opener, tennis ct, pool, Wildcat Cyn. Pk. view, nr. hike/bike trails, avail. Dec., $1275/mo. 236-0966

EL SOBRANTE, 2-bdrm, 2-bth house, just over the hills from Berkeley, quiet cul-de-sac, storage, 2-car garage, spa, frpl, lg. deck fenced backyd, exc. cond., $1100/mo. 223-5832

KENSINGTON, furn. studio, quiet, pvt, non-smokers, short term only, $450/mo. 559-8021

KENSINGTON, furn. lg. rm in house w/family, all amenities, nr bus stop & Tilden Park, avail. 10/26, $425/mo. Dennis Moltz, X7853, 526-7388

LAFAYETTE, 3-bdrm, 2-bth duplex, lg. pvt patio, nr BART & shops, great schools, $1125/mo. 376-2814

OAKLAND, nr Montclair/hwy 13, roommate wanted to share 3-bdrm, 2-bath house, $500/mo. Janette Lake, 482-4163

PLEASANT HILL, nr Sun Valley Mall, share w/1 person, 2-bdrm, 2-bth condo, quiet area, garage, pool/pond view, washer/dryer, frpl, balcony, upstairs end unit, avail. 11/1 or sooner, $575/mo. Rob, X4028

PARIS, FRANCE, lg., furn. 2-bdrm apt, slps 4, cent. located, avail. Jan.-Dec. '95, min. 6 mos., FF8500/mo. 649-3022 (after 7 p.m./wkend)

WANTED: Young Japanese scientist & wife seek quiet, furn. 1-bdrm apt w/pvt. kitchen & bth, prefer no. of UCB or nr trans., mid-Oct. thru late Feb. David Attwood, X4463

WANTED: 2 Univ. of Michigan academics seek furn. 2-bedroom house in or nr Berkeley, from approx. 1/7-6/30, $1400/mo. max. Nancy 525-1652


HIGH SIERRAS, comfortable, quiet 4-bdrm cabin, washer/dryer, deck, frpl, hiking, swimming, fishing, canoeing (comes w/house), sunbathing, 4 hrs. from Berkeley, 1 hr. from Truckee, wk/wkend, to those who will take gd care of our vacation home. Jane Mauldon, 642-3475

KAUAI, HAWAII, 2-bdrm harbor-side condo, a/c, washer/dryer, outdoor pool, tennis, beach, avail. 12/1-15, $450 1st wk, $550 2nd wk or $900/both. Jane Mauldon, 642-3475

SO. LAKE TAHOE, townhouse, lakefront, all amenities, nr all play spots. Herbert Newkirk, 422-8845, 455-5595



CAT, 10 yr. old, affectionate, to gd home, neutered, Calico-tortoiseshell, female. Dayna, X7862

CAT, 2 yr. old Calico, female, recently abandoned. Mark, X6554



Mary Bodvarsson, X4014

Mac QuickMail, fax X6641


Jeffery Kahn

Diane LaMacchia

Mike Wooldridge

Lynn Yarris


Fax X6641

Deadline: 10:30 a.m. Tuesday


Fax X6641

Deadline: 5 p.m. Friday


Mary Padilla, X5771


Alice Ramirez


Public Information Dept., Bldg. 65B

Mike Chartock, Acting Manager