LBL Currents -- November 18, 1994

Cool ideas for roofs cut energy bills, smog

By Mike Wooldridge, MAWooldridge

For years, researchers in LBL's Energy and Environment Division have been building the case that "painting it black" in sunny climates burns money.

Typically two-thirds of metropolitan landscapes are covered by asphalt-shingled roofs, black-paved roads, and other dark, heat-absorbing materials. The radiation they capture from the sun, researchers say, is an important reason why summer afternoon temperatures in cities average 5deg.F higher than those in nearby rural areas.

The warmer temperatures in these so-called "heat islands" translate into an extra $4 billion in cooling costs in the United States each year, studies estimate. They are also an indirect contributor to air pollution, since warmer temperatures boost chemical reactions that produce smog.

Now the heat island problem has also been taken up by President Clinton. Much of the cool communities approach that began at LBL--which seeks to decrease temperatures in heat islands with reflective roofs, lighter pavement, and shade trees--has been integrated into Clinton's Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP). The comprehensive plan seeks to cut the nation's energy use 10 percent by the year 2000 with about a dozen energy-saving strategies, including cool communities measures.

Members of E&E's Heat Island Project met with other government researchers, roofing and pavement industry representatives, and utility officials at conferences in February and July of this year to formulate a national plan for the CCAP's cool communities approach. What emerged was a 10-year, $30 million program that aims to bolster research on cool materials as well as bring the cool communities philosophy to the marketplace.

"The approach is very down-to-earth," says E&E's Hashem Akbari, who heads the Heat Island Project at LBL and chaired the steering committee at the two conferences. "We are looking at the available resources. We are trying to get into the culture of the manufacturer and the consumer, and educate them about the benefits of using cool materials." E&E's Sarah Bretz, Paul Berdahl, and Art Rosenfeld also participated in the conferences.

Currently, the status of cool materials in the roofing industry ranges from fair to poor, says Akbari. While there exist cool materials for use on commercial buildings--light-colored roofing membranes and such--they are often viewed as a more expensive alternative rather than a practical first choice. The picture is much bleaker in the residential market: reflective materials are practically non-existent.

Central to the committee's goals is the creation of a nationwide computerized resource covering the philosophy and technology behind cool communities. The information system would integrate databases and simulation models about cool paints, shingles, asphalts and other materials. Researchers, architects, and manufacturers could call up the information electronically, potentially over the Internet. Similar information would be spread to consumers through such means as interactive kiosks at retail outlets.

Plans were also set up by the committee for a nationwide product rating and labeling system for cool materials, similar to the energy savings figures now attached in stores to refrigerators, water heaters and other appliances. Controlled tests would assign products such as roofing shingles a rating based on the temperature they rise to on an average sunny day. With the labels, homeowners could weigh the air conditioning costs of choosing different shingles when reroofing a house.

The plan proposes specific research projects to answer some of the long-term questions associated with cool materials. How will more reflective materials withstand the elements compared to those currently on the market? Many experts expect cool roofing materials will actually extend the life of roofs, since a cooler roof would tend to undergo less expansion and contraction, and thus experience less wear and tear under the sun.

The CCAP plan also recommends more studies of heat islands and air quality to present a clearer picture of what effect cooler cities will have on smog. Current computer simulations at LBL estimate that a 3deg.F drop in air temperature in a major heat island like Los Angeles--a change considered feasible with cool community measures on a wide-scale--could cut smog 10 percent, equivalent to converting about a million conventional cars on the road to electric.

"We believe energy efficiency, including heat island measures, is moving into the market to a certain extent just by the natural market forces," Akbari says. "However, in some cases the natural market forces have to compete with the cheap energy prices, and they may not initially compete very well. We're just trying to give the natural processes a push."

Researcher beats roof heat with style

The push to lower temperatures and save money in communities with more reflective construction materials may find its toughest hurdle not with manufacturers but with the average homeowner.

"It's a question of aesthetics," says Paul Berdahl, an LBL materials scientist who works on cooling buildings at the molecular level. "Though it varies somewhat from place to place and over time, white is basically regarded as an unsuitable color for roofs in residential areas."

Even the lighter conventional asphalt shingles on the market today, Berdahl says, are relatively hot. "The ones on the shelf that are called "white" are essentially black in the sun, since their material absorbs most of the solar radiation that strikes them," he says.

But if research at LBL pans out, having a cool roof may not necessarily require you to cover your home with unstylish materials. This is because half of the sun's rays are invisible to the eye, and have no effect on a material's color. A clear, low-emissivity coating tested at LBL, for example, has been shown to reduce temperatures of the darkest, hottest shingles 20 degrees by reflecting invisible light.

Lab researchers are also looking to tinker with the molecular structure of paints to make them more reflective. For instance, the pigment hematite, which is used on shingles, contains impurities of magnetite that absorb light in the near infrared part of the spectrum. Finding a way to get rid of the magnatite, Berdahl says, could create a more reflective paint without noticeably changing its rust-red color.

"It comes down to a question of understanding how the structure of a material contributes to its performance in the sun," he says. In the end, consumers may be able to keep their dark shingles and tiles, and have cooler homes, too.

What color is your roof?

On a sunny day, roof temperatures can range from comfortably warm to egg-frying hot, depending on how much sunlight they reflect. Different roofing materials were tested side-by-side by LBL researchers; their peak temperatures are listed below. Ambient air temperature at the time of the test was 55deg.F.

CAPTION -- Haider Taha of LBL's Heat Island Project and William Bos of the Sacramento Municipal Utilities District measure the solar reflectivity of a school bungalow roof treated with white paint. The reflective paint reduced average summer cooling costs 40 percent compared to those for the bungalow with the untreated roof behind the researchers. Photo courtesy of Hashem Akbari

Durette to speak on proposed federal agency

Dan Durette, director of Equity/Justice for the Committee for the National Institute for the Environment, will speak at LBL on Monday, Nov. 21, in the Bldg. 50 Auditorium. He will discuss the mission of the proposed new federal agency, the National Institute for the Environment. The primary focus of the agency will be environmental policy and funding of environmental research and development. Durette is especially interested in hearing views from the science community.

Durette has had a distinguished career as a public history consultant, historic preservation specialist, and urban environmental design and land use analyst. He has served as a historian for the U.S. Department of the Interior's Technical Preservation Services Division, program coordinator for the National Trust for Historic Preservation's Minority Heritage Initiative, and public history consultant for the City of Baltimore. He has a master's degree in history from Atlanta University, and has completed post-graduate studies in urban history, city planning and African American studies at Emory University.

The talk is sponsored by the LBL/Jackson State University/ Anna G. Méndez University System Science Consortium, in cooperation with the Center for Science and Engineering Education.

Director's Distinguished Lecturer Series

Nathan Rosenberg, the Farleigh S. Dickinson Jr. professor of public policy at Stanford University, will be the next speaker in the Director's Distinguished Lecturer Series. He will speak on "Technical Change and the Medical Device Industry" at noon on Tuesday, Nov. 22, in the Bldg. 50 Auditorium. All employees are invited to attend.

Rosenberg, 67, is the author of numerous books and articles on science and technology policy issues and has served as a consultant for a variety of organizations, including Congress, the World Bank, the International Labor Organization, the National Academies of Science and Engineering, and a number of foreign governments. A summa cum laude graduate of Rutgers University, with a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Wisconsin, he has been a professor in the Stanford Economics Department since 1974.

The goal of the Director's Distinguished Lecturer Series is to bring to the Laboratory distinguished members of the world community whose accomplishments and insights are relevant to LBL. Lecturers are drawn from different fields of science, industry, education, and public policy in order to bring a diverse set of views into the Laboratory. In addition to their noontime talks, the guest lecturers meet with senior Laboratory management to discuss their views on the challenges facing LBL.

Shank up for five-year review

Employee input welcome

From the UC Office of the President

In accordance with its policy to conduct five-year reviews of all campus chancellors and DOE Laboratory Directors, the University of California is now conducting a review of LBL Director Charles Shank.

For directors of the UC-managed laboratories, reviews are performed by a Special Review Board appointed by the University President. Members of the Review Board are: Dr. John Armstrong (Chairman) Retired VP, IBM; Patricia Buffler, Dean of the UC Berkeley School of Public Health; Boyce McDaniel, Professor Emeritus, Cornell University; Christopher McKee, UCB Space Sciences Laboratory; Thomas Page, San Diego Gas & Electric; Kumar Patel, UCLA Vice Chancellor for Research; and Lucy Shapiro, Stanford Medical Center.

The Board will meet in closed sessions at LBL on Dec. 12-13. On Jan. 10-11, 1995, the Board will meet again to hear from employees selected by the Board who have asked to comment in person. This meeting will be held off-site in order to maintain the confidentiality of those requesting to speak.

Neither the meeting agenda, nor a list of interviewers, nor a list of those writing to the Board will be given to anyone other than Board members, who are tasked to maintain strict confidentiality. All agendas and letters are held by one person at UC's Office of the President, who serves as staff to the Board.

In the interest of time and efficiency, the Board encourages employees who wish to comment to do so in writing. Employees also may ask to be heard in person.

Written statements may be sent to the Chairman of the Review Board: Dr. John Armstrong, c/o University of California, Office of Laboratory Affairs, 300 Lakeside Drive, 18th Floor, Oakland, CA 94612-3550. Written statements should be submitted no later than Jan. 6, 1995.

Employees who wish to address the Board in person may request to do so by writing to the same address or by calling the Office of Laboratory Affairs at 987-9409. These request should be submitted no later than Dec. 22.

While it might take some period of time for the Board to complete its review, a statement regarding the outcome of the review will be issued by the UC President. The University welcomes your input to this process.

Hall of Science SPORT Exhibit good for holiday fun, education

Step up to the plate, put your feet on the starting blocks, and psych yourself up for a new museum event at UC Berkeley's Lawrence Hall of Science. Now through Jan. 2, 1995, the Hall is presenting the exclusive California appearance of SPORT, an extravaganza of activities that explore the science behind sports.

From the aerodynamics of a baseball to the precise spin of a skater, SPORT gives you "hands-on"--actually "bodies-on"--experience with the basic science involved with a range of sports, including baseball, bobsledding, rock climbing, and more.

Kids of all ages can:

Other topics featured include women athletes, sports medicine, and a "materials in action" area where visitors can compare hockey goalies with medieval jousters and evaluate who had the better protective equipment.

Lawrence Hall of Science is located on Centennial Drive above LBL, and is open daily from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more information, call 642-5132.

N e w s W i r e


Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary, writing for last Sunday's New York Times, claimed success at "reorienting national laboratories to contribute more directly to industrial competitiveness and job creation," and invited American companies to join the effort. "In the past year, we have halved the average processing time for R&D agreements from 32 weeks to 16 weeks," the Secretary wrote. However, she cautioned that the national labs must not become "job shops" for industry nor perform the private sector's work. The fundamental missions of the national labs continue to be "stewardship of the nation's weapons stockpile, development of clean-energy sources, and environmental technologies and basic research."


Tight research budgets have prompted the creation of an advisory panel to rank the various user facilities supported by DOE's Basic Energy Sciences (BES) program. Specific facilities to be included are four synchrotron light sources, including LBL's Advanced Light Source, two research reactors--at Brookhaven and Oak Ridge--the neutron spallation source at Argonne, and the Combustion Research Facility at Sandia National Lab in Livermore. Acting BES director Iran Thomas told the panel that some members of the scientific community "have a gripe" with DOE continuing to support so many user facilities while funding for individual research projects declines. Martha Krebs, director of the Office of Energy Research, which funds BES, noted in response that the number of non-staff scientists using the facilities in question went from 1,200 in 1989 to about 4,500 last year. About half of the outside users came from private industry and the rest from universities. Ranking these facilities, Krebs has said, "should take into account the importance of each facility to DOE and the nation with respect to science and industry." The other synchrotron facilities to be evaluated are the National Light Source at Brookhaven and the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory at SLAC, plus the Advanced Photon Source now under construction at Argonne.

At the same time, DOE is considering whether to close some of its national user facilities, the Clinton Administration is considering an initiative to pump an additional $200 million into the operating funds of those facilities. An article in this week's issue of Science describes a "rescue" plan drawn up at the White House that would be included in the FY96 budget. The plan would extend the operating schedules for such facilities as LBL's Advanced Light Source, which is only operating at three-fifths capacity. ALS director Brian Kincaid was quoted in the article as saying that a $2-million increase in the current $22-million operations budget would enable the synchrotron to be run to its full capacity of 5,000 hours per year. Martha Krebs, who heads the DOE office that funds the national user facilities, backs the initiative, but says she does not want it to come at the expense of proposed facilities such as the Advance Neutron Source at Oak Ridge. She admits, however, that in the face of flat or declining budgets, DOE will have some difficult decisions to make. "We're struggling to meet very difficult numbers," she told Science.


Michael Gauldin, DOE Director of Public Affairs, joined Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary in criticizing the department's new releases for being flat and dull. In an e-mail message to staff members, he wrote, "If there is some external force, some government regulation, some personal injury, some barrier, some gremlin somewhere that is forcing us to write boring news releases, tell me what it is so I can eliminate it." In a subsequent interview with Inside Energy, Gauldin said that, "I feel an intense responsibility to justify to the taxpayers what the department is doing, as does the Secretary."

Taking care of benefits

The Lab's annual Open Enrollment period continues through November. You may add, change, or transfer memberships, as well as add or delete dependents in the UC-sponsored medical, dental, optical, and legal plans. Changes are effective Jan. 1, 1995. Please note the following:

CAPTIONS: Benefit's Kent Ryden gave out apples at last week's Benefits/Wellness Faire, held in the cafeteria. Gladys Ureta was one of nearly 1,000 employees who attended the fair, which featured representatives from the UC-sponsored health plans and several LBL departments.
Benefits manager Michael Goldstein and Davina Moussa of the National Health Study hold a model of a 5-pound blob of human fat on display at the faire. Have a nice lunch!
Lorna Rodriguez and Janet Amos from the Benefits Office were on hand at the Benefits/Wellness Faire to answer questions.
Photos by Paul Hames

Benefits Resource List

Group insurance, disability, blood drive, unemployment claims: Janet Amos;; X6404

Retirement, savings plans: Kent Ryden;; X6928

Long-term disability, leave without pay, family/medical leave: Lorna Rodriguez;; X6680

Benefits manager/Policy questions: Michael Goldstein;; X6748

All programs: UC Benefits; 1-800-888-8267

Congratuations to the following winners of the Delta Dental drawing, which took place during last week's Benefits/Wellness Faire:

United Way donations make a difference

Today is the last day of the 1994 United Way Campaign at LBL. Please remember to fill out your pledge form and turn it in to your donor representative. If you have any questions about the United Way, you may call campaign coordinators Fred Lothrop at X7726, or Shaun Fennessey at X5122.

Every dollar you donate helps someone in need. From food, clothing, and shelter to counseling and treatment, your dollars make a difference.

For example:

When you authorize a payroll deduction, here are some examples of what your gift can do for people.

$10 per pay period provides:

$25 per biweekly pay period provides:

$50 per pay period provides:

Figures are based on 24 pay periods per year and are computed after the United Way's administrative costs. Figures provided by United Way.

Sessler honored for good works

By Lynn Yarris,

Andrew Sessler, former LBL director and current senior scientist with the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division, has won the Dwight Nicholson Award. The award is presented by the American Physical Society (APS) in recognition of contributions to education, improving the quality of life, and fostering international cooperation in physics.

Sessler was cited for "his courageous leadership in the successful campaign on behalf of human rights for scientists in the Soviet Union as co-founder of the international organization Scientists for Sakharov, Orlav, and Sharansky; for his leadership, during a critical period, of the APS committee for the international freedom of scientists; and for his patient, thoughtful and motivational interaction with students and younger colleagues."

A theoretical physicist, Sessler has been with LBL since 1961. He served as director of the Laboratory from 1973 to 1980 and led its expansion from primarily high-energy and nuclear physics research into today's broad range of scientific programs. His own research contributions to the design of particle accelerators is credited with having brought accelerator physics to new levels of sophistication. He was also instrumental in developing a new understanding of collective beam instabilities and new techniques for manipulating accelerator beams, and he was one of the first to propose the concept of electron-positron colliding beams.

In recent years, Sessler's work has focused on developing compact linear accelerators that use exotic power sources such as free-electron lasers or relativistic klystrons to achieve high energies over short distances.

Technical Unit votes yes on representation

For the past month, University of California employees who are members of the Technical Unit have been participating in a mail ballot election to determine whether of not they will be exclusively represented by the Communications Workers of America Local 9119, UPTE.

The ballots were counted on November 15 at the Public Employment Relations Board (PERB). Of the approximately 3,800 employees who were eligible to vote, just under 60 percent (2,207) cast valid, non-challenged ballots. The election results were determined by a majority of those casting valid ballots.

A total of 992 voted for "No Representation," and 1,215 (32 percent of eligible employees) voted in favor of exclusive representation by UPTE/CWA Local 9119.

The UC/LBL and UPTE have until Friday, Nov. 25, to file objections to the conduct of the election and the election results. If no objections are filed, the results will be certified by PERB on Dec. 1, 1994. The current "laboratory" conditions for Technical Unit employees will continue until the election results are certified by PERB. This means that during the "laboratory" period no significant changes in policies and/or procedures that impact the terms and conditions of employees in the Unit can occur.

After the election results are certified, the UPTE/CWA Local 9119 and the University will meet to begin negotiations over mandatory subjects of bargaining. These negotiable subjects include, but are not limited to, topics such as salary, hours of work, holidays, sick leave, vacation, health & safety, layoff and leaves of absence.

For questions or more information, please contact the Employee/Labor Relations Office at X6700.

LBL helps weave technology, tradition at American Indian Science & Engineering conference

Last week, LBL representatives joined more than 100 corporations, government agencies, tribal associations and 3,000 attendees at the 16th annual American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES) conference.

Participants shared in the latest technological advances and career development opportunities, and enjoyed keynote addresses from speakers such as IBM Vice-President Ed Zschau, and Stewart Uddahl, former Secretary of the Interior. A powwow and traditional dinner were among the highlights of the event.

The four-day (Nov 10-13) conference at San Jose's Convention Center brought together members of American Indian tribes from across the United States. ICSD's Evon Cesar-Dubois, who is of the Mohawk tribe, said she was encouraged to see that Native Americans are pursuing and achieving success in scientific and technical positions. "The conference was inspiring and motivational."

Featuring sessions on topics ranging biomedical science to resume-writing, the conference was a forum for professional networking and learning. Major sponsors of the conference included the Department of Energy, Intel, IBM and Hewlett Packard. The conference theme "Weaving Tradition and Technology was epitomized by the unveiling of a traditional Native American weaving that depicted the image of Intel's newest microchip.

Among those attending from LBL were members of the Center for Science and Engineering Education, who treated High School and College students to a display of the Physics Division's Hands-On Universe project. The Human Resources Department, in collaboration with the Workforce Diversity Office, provided students and educators with information about career and internship opportunities. Roberta Boucher, HR's Recruitment and Outreach coordinator, said the experience was an excellent opportunity to learn the interests of "our future scientists and engineers. The cultural background of the attendees was evident in their fascination with the Environmental Sciences. It was wonderful to see so many students working toward their career goals."

AISES, an organization with more than 90 chapters nationally, assists its members both through education and continual support and encouragement. In a moving ceremony that included a blessing from the elders, $630,000 in academic scholarships were handed out.

Chemistry teacher Marcus Cheney, a post doc in the Earth Sciences Division, helped staff LBL's Career Expo booth. He said he had the opportunity to rekindle relationships with many of his former students. Cheney, of the Yaqui tribe, said the conference was an opportunity to foster interest in young people to continue their educations and become successful in their professional careers. "I truly believe that the young people of today need mentors to guide them, rather than role models to pattern themselves after."

Victor Orange, a civil engineer in LBL's Facilities Department who is of Cheyenne descent, said of the conference, "AISES provides organizations like LBL exposure to qualified American Indian scientists and engineers who can make positive contributions to our Laboratory. I appreciate LBL's more concerted outreach efforts to the American Indian community."

The 1995 AISES conference will be held in Detroit, Michigan.

CAPTION: Chemistry teacher and LBL post-doc Marcus Cheney, who is a member of the Yaqui tribe, chats with some of the American Indian students attending the conference. Photo by Roberta Boucher

CAPTION -- An LBL fire truck and a shuttle bus of Lab employees participated in the first-ever Big Game Parade last Monday. LBL joined the Cal Band, local politicians, a giant chicken, and dozens of other Bear football supporters in the march through downtown Berkeley. UC Berkeley plays Stanford in the Big Game on Saturday. Photo by Mike Wooldridge

Cashier's Office to change hours, services

Effective Monday, Nov. 28, the Cashier Window (first floor, Bldg. 90) will be open only from 1:30 to 3 p.m., Monday through Friday, for travel-related disbursements only.

This change has become necessary as a result of the recent reduction in staff in Financial Management's Finance & Accounting, and is consistent with a recommendation by the Process Improvement Team on Travel to reduce effort in that area.

As a result of the change, reimbursements for petty cash transactions will be handled by Accounts Payable in Bldg. 936B, downtown Berkeley. Petty cash signatories will be individually notified of this change. Checks for miscellaneous payments such as conference and workshop fees will also be issued in Accounts Payable.

In addition, the Cashier will no longer provide for late pick-up of payroll checks not collected during the regular scheduled payday pick-up hours (8:30-9:30 a.m.). The late pick-ups will be held at the Payroll Office in Bldg. 936B. Affected employees will be notified of the change individually. To alleviate any problems, employees are encouraged to take advantage of electronic direct deposit to their bank account.

For more information, contact Kenneth Lines at X6959.

Laboratory recognizes excellent work

FY94 Outstanding Performance Awards

For the third year, the Laboratory has participated in the Outstanding Performance Award (OPA) program, rewarding 131 nominees for outstanding achievements, accomplishments, or contributions made during the past fiscal year.

A total of 35 individual and 20 team awards were presented to employees who have made exceptional contributions to the Laboratory or produced noteworthy achievements going beyond the expectations of their job.

Types of accomplishments that would be considered for an OPA include:

Photos of the recipients and summaries of their work will be on display in the Building 50 entrance until the end of the month. The display will then be moved to the cafeteria lobby.

lndividual Awards

Hiroaki Aihara, Physics

Paul Alivisatos, Materials Sciences

Dariush Arasteh, Energy and Environment

Rodolfo Bartolo, Engineering

Robert Berninzoni, Facilities

Fred Bieser, Nuclear Science

Christine Byrne, EH&S

Shih-Ger Chang, Energy and Environment

Michael Chartock, Planning and Development

Aloke Chatterjee, Life Sciences

Laura Chen, Facilities

Mark Dedlow, ICSD

Jeri Edgar, Materials Sciences

Angela Galtieri, Physics

Jose Gonzalez, Engineering

Frederick Goozen, Physics

Kathie Hardy, Physics

Irene Kan,Operations

Carol Kielusiak , Planning and Development

Jennifer Knox, Life Sciences

Mark Lasartemay, EH&S

Zuzanna Liliental-Weber, Materials Sciences

Augusto Macchiavelli, Nuclear Science

Richard McClure, Facilities

Jeanne Miller, Physics

Henry Rutkowski, AFRD

Fred Schirmer, Administration

Bruce Schumm, Physics

Richard Sextro, Energy and Environment

Helmuth Spieler, Physics

Charles Taberski, Facilities

Joan Tarzian, Nuclear Science

Stephen Wiel, Energy and Environment

Marva Wilkins, Planning and Development

Russell Wells, Engineering

Team Awards
(Divisions noted in parentheses indicate the employee's division when the employee was recognized for work with a different division)

Accelerator and Fusion Research

New Plasma/Materials Synthesis Technique

Robert Castro (ENG)

Michael Dickinson (ENG)

Robert MacGill (ENG)

ALS Beamline 7.0

Richard DiGennaro (ENG)

Phillip Heismann

Dmitri Mossessian

Anthony Warwick

Accelerator Physics Team

Rosa Alvis

Alan Jackson

Roderich Keller

Charles Kim

Gary Krebs

Dexter Massoletti

Hiroshi Nishimura

David Robin

Lindsay Schachinger


Human Radiation Research Team

Anna Berge

Loretta Hefner

Bonnie Kapus

John Stoner

New Employee Orientation Committee

Mary Bodvarsson (OPD)

Shirley Claire

Shaun Fennessey (OPD)

Marina González

Mary Anne Holman

Meredith Montgomery (NSD)

Sara Rigler-Udo (EH&S)

Financial Review

Julie Blickle

Carol Laramore

Surplus Property Sales

Monte Clevenger

Charles Elliott

Energy and Environment

Worker health, safety and productivity during Bldg. 90 retrofit

Brad Bingham

Carol Stoker


Human Genome Center Instrumentation Group

William Benner

Anthony Hansen

Davey Hudson

Joseph Katz

William Kolbe

John Meng

Steven Perreira

Martin Pollard

Michael Press

Ashley Steve Rothway

Jocelyn Schultz

William Searles

Linda Sindelar

Donald Uber

Mark West

David Wilson

Jack Zelver

Heavy Ion Fusion Accelerator Injector

William Abraham

Ralph Hipple

Craig Peters

John Pruyn

Louis Reginato

Gerald Stoker

Committee on Diversity in Engineering

Carol Corriadi

Sally Floyd

B. Maureen Jeung

Charles Lawrence

Albert Salazar

Kenneth Woolfe

Environment, Health & Safety

Mixed Waste Operations Team

Richard Celestre

Ricky DeGuzman

Holden Herbert

Steve Leland

Billy Johnson

James Johnson

David Steffen

Materials Sciences

Center for X-Ray Optics

Phillip Batson (ENG)

Rene Delano (ENG)

Charles Kemp (ENG)

Steven Klingler (ENG)

Ron Tackaberry (ENG)

Scanning Tunneling Microscope

Brian McIntyre

Miquel Salmeron

Novel Sensors for viruses and toxins

Deborah Charych

Raymond Stevens

New methods for studying effects of dopants on surfaces and interfaces

David Ogletree

Eicke Weber

Jun Fei Zheng

Science for Support Staff Seminar

Margaret Holm

Sally Nasman


Electron Beam Micro-Characterization Facility Conceptual Design Report

Fred Angliss

Richard Baker

Donna Brown

Wayne Cox

John Eastman

Kirk Haley

Doug Lockhart

Martin Luk

Danica Truchlikova

Meteorological Monitoring Project

Nathan Hong

Patrick Thorson

Planning & Development

PID-TID Publications Outreach

Pamela Patterson

Lynn Yarris

CAPTION: Francessca Ingram views the new OPA display in the Bldg. 50 Lobby.

Canned food drive

The African American Employees Association is sponsoring a canned food drive to benefit the AIDS Project of the East Bay. Collection bins will be located in the LBL cafeteria lobby through mid-December. Suggested canned food items include canned meats, tuna fish, juice, rice, beans, and peanut butter. Your participation is appreciated.

TB screening

The Health Services Department is now offering tuberculosis (TB) screening at LBL. All employees are encouraged to take advantage of this service. To set up an appointment, call X6266.

Currents takes a break

Because the Laboratory will be closed on Thursday and Friday, Nov. 24-25, there will be no Currents on Friday, Nov. 25. Publication will resume on Friday, Dec. 2. Please note that the calendar of events and menu for both the week of Nov. 21-25 and Nov. 28-Dec. 2 are listed below.

CALENDAR -- November 21 to 25

21 m o n d a y


Noon, Bldg. 50 Aud.; D. Durette, Equity/Justice for the Committee for the National Institute for the Environment


2:30 p.m., 430 Birge; M. Luehrmann, Gettysburg College/UCB, "Avoiding Critical Slowing Down in Monte Carlo Calculations"


3:30 p.m., 3113 Etcheverry; A. Rao, General Electric, "The Simplified Boiling Water Reactor - Improved Economics and Safety," Refreshments, 3:15 p.m.


4:30 p.m., 1 LeConte; W. Nierenberg, Scripps Inst. of Oceanography, "Global Warming/10 Years Later," Refreshments 4 p.m., 375 LeConte

22 t u e s d a y


Noon, Bldg. 50 Aud.; N. Rosenberg, Stanford Univ., "Technical Change and the Medical Device Industry"

23 w e d n e s d a y


2 p.m., Bldg. 70A-3377; P. Reagan, ANU/Surry, "High-K Studies at the ANU"

24 t h u r s d a y


25 f r i d a y


CALENDAR -- November 28 to December 2

28 m o n d a y


7:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m., Bldg. 77


2:30 p.m., Bldg. 50A-3107; Y. Shadmi, Stanford Univ., "Searching for the Gluonic Operator tr(G3)"


8 p.m., George C. Pimentel Hall; T. Hänsch, Max-Planck-Inst./Univ. of Munich, Germany, "Hydrogen and Fundamental Physics"

29 t u e s d a y


8 a.m.-noon, Bldg. 66-316; Radiation Protection - Radiological Worker I (EHS 430), concludes on Thursday; pre-registration required, X6612


10-11:30 a.m., Bldg. 48-109; Back Injury Prevention (EHS 53); pre-registration required, X6612


10 a.m., Bldg. 50B-6208; K. Gulledge, Covey Leadership Ctr., "Increasing Quality Performance with Principle-Centered Leadership"


4 p.m., Bldg. 66 Aud.; G. Hager, National Cancer Inst., "Structure and Regulation of MMTV Chromatin"

30 w e d n e s d a y


9 a.m.-noon, Bldg. 48-109; Adult CPR (EHS 123); pre-registration required, X6554


9:30-11:30 a.m., Bldg. 2-300F; Ergonomics for Computer Users (EHS 60); pre-registration required, X6612


10-11:30 a.m., Bldg. 2-100B; Medical/Biohazardous Waste Training (EHS 730); pre-registration required, X6612


10 a.m.-noon, Bldg. 66 Aud.; Animal Welfare in Research Environments (EHS 734); pre-registration required, X6612

1 t h u r s d a y


8 a.m.-noon, Bldg. 66-316; Radiation Protection - Radiological Worker I (EHS 430), continued from Tuesday; pre-registration required, X6612


Noon, Bldg. 90-3148; M. Tucker, City of San Jose, "Implementing Sustainability at the Urban Level"


1:30 p.m., Bldg. 66 Aud.; C.T. Campbell, University of Washington at Seattle, "Model Cu/ZnO Catalysts for Energy Conversion Reactions: The Role of the Cu-ZnO Interface"


4 p.m., Bldg. 50 Aud.; F. Halzen, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, "High Energy Neutrino Astronomy," Refreshments, 3:40 p.m.

2 f r i d a y


10:30 a.m., Bldg. 71 Conf. Rm.; G. Konrad, Siemens Medical Systems, Inc., "Overview of Radiation Therapy Machines and Related Equipment"


4 p.m., 3110 Etcheverry; M. Denny, Stanford Univ., "Kelps, Kinetics, and Chaos: The Dynamics of Wave-Swept Macroalgae," Refreshments, 3:30 p.m.

Menu: November 21 to 25


French toast

Beef barley

Half game hen

Bacon cheeseburger


Corned beef hash & eggs

Turkey vegetable

Barbecued beef ribs



Breakfast sandwich

Cream of broccoli

Grilled trout

Sloppy Joe

thursday & friday

Thanksgiving Holiday

Menu: November 28 to December 2


Banana pancakes

Turkey w/rice

Chicken parmesan

Guacamole burger


Biscuit & gravy w/eggs

Lentil vegetable

Savory beef stew

Tuna melt


Mushroom & cheddar omelet

Vegetable beef


Chicken breast sandwich


Big blueberry pancakes

Creamy clam chowder

Carved roast beef

Philly cheesesteak


Ham scramble

Vegetarian split pea

Tempura-fried fish

Grilled ham & cheese


Flea Market ads may be sent via Lab mail to Bldg. 65B, electronic mail to, or via Fax to X6641. The deadline is 5 p.m. Friday.


'71 FORD F100 pickup, new water pump, clutch, rebuilt carb., needs engine work, $850. Linda, X5353

'75 PORSCHE 914 V-8 conversion, Chevy 305, modified 901 transaxle, everything new or rebuilt, mint cond., $7500. 530-3933

'82 ALFA Spider Veloce, metallic grn, 43K mi., brand new top, tires, bodywork exc., but needs paint, $4500/b.o. John, 643-5181

'85 SUBARU FWD sta wgn, 1 owner, 5-spd, 120K mi., very gd cond., new clutch, rebuilt carb., $2350. Regine, X5897, 653-1654 (eve./wkend)

'85 TOYOTA Tercel wgn, 117K mi., a/t, p/s, a/c, am/fm/cass, v.g. cond., $3300/b.o. 527-0693

'86 SUBARU wgn, gd cond., manual trans., low mileage, $4K/b.o. Ed, X6047, 527-9933

'87 CHEVROLET Nova, 103K mi., a/t, a/c, 4-dr, very reliable, $2300/b.o. 865-1952 (msg.)

'90 ISUZU Trooper, 59K mi., 1 owner, new tires & brakes, all service records, $10.5K. 836-3522

'92 FORD Escort LX, 3-dr hatchbk, blue, 33K mi., a/t, a/c, p/s, am/fm/cass., exc. cond., leaving country, must sell, $7900/b.o. Eric or Lisa, 643-9680, 528-3980


VANPOOL, riders wanted, route begins in Rohnert Park, stops at Petaluma Blvd. So., Shattuck & Hearst, ends at Berkeley BART, work hrs. are 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Shirley Claire, X4521


49ERS, 2 tix, 11/20 vs. Rams, 12/17 vs. Broncos. John, (415)924-3210

S.F. OPERA, Mefistofele w/Samuel Ramey, Sat., 11/3, 8 p.m., 2 tickets, first row balcony, $40 each (subscriber price). N. Edelstein, X5624, 841-9216(msg.)


COLEMAN LAMP 200A; Kingston Trio's records, Last Month of the Year, Something Special, Stereo Concert by Capitol and DL-4758 by Decca. Nobu, X4585

CURRENCY from different countries, coins/bills, for pastime collector. Shi-Jie Wen, X7140

HOUSE TO SIT over Christmas holidays, family is coming to visit & we can't fit them all in our house, prefer No. Berkeley. Lindsay, X5009, Vern, X7504

MOUSES for Mac Pluses which were donated to a local school dist., could also use some 1 meg SIMMs & sm. ext. hard drives, donations are tax deductible. X5833

OIL/ACRYLIC PAINTING equipment & supplies including easel, palette, tray, etc., new or used, price negot. Tennessee, X5013

OLD PHONOGRAPHS & 78 records, Victor, Edison discs & cylinders, parts, etc. Peter, X6517, 527-5115

SAFE DRIVER to pickup preschool-aged children in Richmond (nr 32nd/Clinton) & El Cerrito & drop children off at Berkeley preschool (nr College/Derby) between 8:30-10:00 a.m., drive takes 25 mins., drop off takes 5 mins., 5 days/wk preferred or 3 days/wk min., $7/day. Janet, 233-4944


BICYCLE, Peugeot road bike, rebuilt, HP Conti tires, Cinelli seat, 23" Reynolds 531 frame, $100; motorcycle jacket, black leather, insulated, sz. 40, identical to SFPD, $80. Pat, X7110

BIKE, 10-spd, $70; file cabinet, 4-drwrs, metal w/hanging folders, $50. Carin or Johan, 528-1657

BRONZEWARE, setting for 12, from Bangkok, Thailand, circa 1967, used twice, elegant, unique, set consists of 144 pieces, twelve 11-piece place settings & 12 serving pieces, wooden case, $3250/b.o. Auben, X4613, 245-0343

CLARINET, Yamaha, exc. cond., case, $250; downhill skis for kids, sz. 120 & 140; ski boots, sz. 3 & 5; play skis for toddler, sz. 3 yrs.; old bricks, used, about 250, $.30 ea. or $60 take all. Ivana, 524-9039

MINI-BLINDS, blue, 29Wx60L, gd cond., $3; sm. ironing board, $3, make offer. 843-2097

MOTORCYCLE JACKET, new, black leather, fully lined w/air vents, top designer brand from Europe, sz. 34 (European), $450 new, $95/b.o. Elise, X4574

MOUNTAIN BIKE, Trek 8000, lightweight aluminum frame, Shimano DX & XT components, bar ends, bottle cage, exc. cond., must sell, $425/b.o. Robert, 937-6433

MOVING SALE, desk, med. sz., sturdy, $60; 5-drwr dresser, white, exc. cond., $60; futon, used for 2 yrs, $25/b.o. Barbara, X5159

PIANO w/bench, antique tiger oak, 1914 upright, ivory keys, $1850. Peter, X7337, 531-7837

PRINTER, Panasonic KX-P1124, almost new, $100. Linda, X5353

SOFA BED, gold upholstered, $100/b.o.; US Divers 80 cu. ft aluminium scuba tank (1988 hydro test) w/Dacor wing pack, $75/b.o.; diver's weight belt w/20 lbs. lead, $10; Apple 13" RGB monitor, $300/b.o.; Hayes 2400 baud modem for Mac, $20; Apple Stylewriter w/cable & driver, $100/b.o.; Emerson VCR, $100/b.o.; Sharp carousel microwave oven, $75/b.o.; desk, mahogany, 4-drwr, $60/b.o.; guitar, Takamine acoustic/electric w/case & strap, $550/b.o. Bill, X4502, (415)292-7968

STEREO, Fisher hi-fi system w/remote, am/fm intergrated amp., dual cass. deck, 5 CD player, (2) 120W 15" woofer, oak casing, new, must sell, $900/b.o. Gladys, X4891, 881-5519 (eve.)


ALAMEDA, lg., sunny rm in furn. Victorian, very safe & clean, phone & cable hookup, avail. 12/15, $450/mo. + dep. Elise, X4574

ALBANY, Jackson St., 3-bdrm, 2-bth condo, sweeping hill view, 1- car attached garage, no pets, 1 yr. lease, $1095/mo., $1200 dep. 235-3983

BERKELEY, upstairs furn. 1-bdrm, 5 min. walk to UCB/LBL shuttle, $600/mo. incl. water, heat & parking. 527-1358

BERKELEY, upstairs, 1-bdrm, share yd, avail. 12/15, $650/mo. 527-1358

BERKELEY, studio w/skylight, sunny garden area in back, 15 min. walk to UCB/LBL shuttle, 10 min. walk to gourmet ghetto, $525/mo. 540-0385

BERKELEY HILLS, Euclid/Cedar, 5 blks from UCB, furn. rm in pvt. home, kitchen privs., washer/dryer, deck, view, nr trans., shops, tennis cts. & Rose Garden, non-smoker, no pets, must be clean, prefer visiting scholar/ft working person, $450/mo. + util. Laura, 642-8517, 548-1287

NO. BERKELEY, Walnut & Eunice St., bd & bkfast in home, daily bkfast, kitchen privs., in-room TV & phone line, snack provided for lunch or dinner, 1 person/rm, avail. 12/1 for 2-6 mos., $195/wk, $600/mo. 527-3252

NO. BERKELEY, furn. 1-bdrm apt./penthouse, full kitchen incl. microwave, TV, dbl bed (linen/towels incl.), ofc. space w/computer desk, leather sofa, clean & quiet, elec. entrance, 1-1/2 blk from UCB, LBL shuttle, public trans., shopping, post ofc., etc., garden, patio, laundry rm, st. parking or secured inside bldg. w/fee, 1 or 2 people max., no smoking, no pets, $1200/mo. + dep. 548-8658, 548-6528 (FAX)

NO. BERKELEY, furn., spacious, quiet rm in lg. home, easy walk to LBL shuttle & downtown, kitchen privs., long/short term, non-smoker, $400/mo. Rob, 843-5987

CONCORD, 3-bdrm, 1 (new) bth house, back fence w/gate on park, tile entry, hardwd flrs, new paint, $895/mo. + dep. 689-7213

EL CERRITO HILLS, 2-bdrm, 2-1/2 bth townhouse, modern, family rm, 2 balc & frpl, W&D, D/W, refrig, 2X garage, tennis/pool/clbhs, view of Wildcat Cyn. Pk.- hike/bike trails, avail. Dec., $1275/mo. 236-0966

KENSINGTON, furn. 3-bdrm house, view, garden patio, quiet setting, 2 cats, prefer visiting LBL staff, avail. 1/1, rental period flex., $1200/mo. 526-6730

OAKLAND, 3300 Jordan Rd., Redwood Hts., 3-bdrm, 2-bth house, 2-car garage, w/1-bdrm in-law house, $1550/mo. 530-0945

OAKLAND, lg. 2-bdrm apt. off Lake Merritt, China Hill dist., very safe, quiet neighborhood, 2 min. off I-580, 1300 sq. ft., wall-to-wall carpet, coin-op washer/dryer, dishwasher, off-st. parking, frpl, disposal & more, $800/mo. Lee, 422-0377, (415) 242-9201 (eve.)

NO. OAKLAND, furn. 1-bdrm apt., quiet neighborhood, clean & modern bldg. w/underground parking, saunas, swimming pool, walk to shops, restaurants & Rose Garden, avail. after 1/15, $725/mo. X7472, 547-0727 (after 4 p.m.)

SAN PABLO, furn. lg. rm in 4-bdrm house, nr public trans. & shopping ctr., share kitchen & bthrm, no pets, no smoking, $350/mo. incl. utils. Gladys, X4891, 881-5519

WANTED: Furn. apt., house sitting or other suitable arrangement for visiting professor from Germany, 2/1 - 3/31. Fred Schlachter, X4892

WANTED: 1-bdrm house/apt. or share in lg. house for grad. student couple from 1/3 or earlier, prefer in hills, rent neegot. Diana, X4978


BAHAMAS, 1-bdrm condo on beach, slps 4, Taino Beach Resort Club, 2 mo. adv. notice needed, $500/wk (Sat. to Sat.). 528-1614


ORINDA, 3-bdrm, fam. rm, frpl, located in cul de sac, Glorieta school dist. 528-1565


CAT, 2 yr. old female, Calico, recently abandoned. Mark, X6554

Currents Staff


Mary Bodvarsson, X4014

Mac QuickMail, fax X6641


Jeffery Kahn

Diane LaMacchia

Mike Wooldridge

Lynn Yarris


Fax X6641

Deadline: 10:30 a.m. Tuesday


Fax X6641

Deadline: 5 p.m. Friday


Mary Padilla, X5771


Alice Ramirez


Public Information Dept., Bldg. 65B

Mike Chartock, Acting Manager