LBNL Currents

July 21, 1995

Table of Contents

Tiny metal libraries a big tool for materials scientists

By Mike Wooldridge,
The pace at which researchers can create and test new advanced materials should be quickened from the current rate of about one compound a day to as many as 10,000 with a technique developed by scientists in the Materials Sciences Division.

Working at LBNL's Molecular Design Institute, the researchers have found a way to deposit thousands of distinct combinations of metal-oxide molecules onto an area the size of a checkerboard square, thereby creating the first "combinatorial library" of advanced materials. The technique uses "masks" to stencil thin layers of metal-oxide ingredients onto different columns and rows of an inch-square grid. It has already been used to create libraries of high-temperature superconductors.

The research was described in a cover story in the June 23 issue of the journal Science by physicist Xiao-Dong Xiang and chemist Peter Schultz, who is also a professor of chemistry with UC Berkeley. The Lab recently licensed the method to Symyx Technologies Inc. of Palo Alto (see article on pg. 3).

The combinatorial strategy is a departure from so-called rational design, where researchers try to predict beforehand which molecular structures will yield desired properties. The new strategy relies more on sheer numbers--making a myriad of theoretical candidates and sorting through the bunch to find a solution.

The combinatorial approach has been used successfully by researchers in the life sciences to screen for potential drugs. This is the first time scientists have applied it to solid-state materials.

A high-volume strategy makes sense considering the wide range of possibilities scientists are faced with when concocting new materials. Just the five-element combinations available on the periodic chart represent millions of potential compounds. Metals can be combined at different ratios; they also form different molecular structures depending on the temperatures or pressures at which they are treated. The result is an enormous advanced materials "universe," much of which scientists still know very little about.

"In the vast majority of cases, the important discoveries in materials science are serendipitous." Xiang says. "It is very difficult to predict how these structures will behave before you make them." Until now, scientists have had to resort to making new materials by trial and error, one at a time.

The combinatorial approach has long been known as a way in which the human body solves problems. The immune system, for instance, has a library of about one trillion differently shaped antibodies, each made up of different combinations of protein chains. When faced with an invading agent, such as a virus, the immune system selects the antibodies from the trillion that happen to bind to the virus. Their numbers are multiplied to fight the infection.

The key point is that there is no rational design of antibodies to fit a particular virus. The strategy is to create a wide variety of combinations that can be selected from after the fact.

Previously, Schultz has borrowed the immune system's combinatorial strategy to invent "catalytic" antibodies--antibodies that, because of their shape, promote certain chemical reactions. Similarly, biotech researchers have used a combinatorial approach to select potentially useful drugs from large libraries of randomly generated molecules.

To apply the same philosophy to materials design, the researchers turned to thin-film technology, a method in which very small amounts of a complex metal material can be manufactured quickly. Metal components are laid down atop one another, each layer 10 to 100 angstroms in thickness. The layers are heated to mix the metal elements and create a stable, composite compound.

The researchers create arrangements of different metal combinations by depositing the thin films through masks. A so-called primary mask, with square openings like those on a screen door, is used to lay the metals down as a grid of separate squares. A secondary mask, laid atop the primary mask, serves to block out specific rows or columns of the grid. By sending the metals through different secondary masks, each can be deposited on particular sections of the grid.

To test the technique, the researchers created a small, 16-member library of copper-oxide high-temperature superconductors. Then they laid down a base layer of copper through the primary mask, then deposited layers of four other metals--oxides of bismuth, calcium, lead, and strontium--through different secondary masks. Because of the sequence of masks, each site on the grid received a different combination of metal oxides. Every possible combination was represented once.

After heat treatment, the researchers tested the electrical characteristics of the materials in their library. Results showed the copper-oxide thin-films had the same resistive characteristics as superconductors created by large-scale means. The researchers went on to successfully make denser, 128-site superconductor libraries with combinations of seven metals.

Tests with decreasing mask sizes showed that the method could produce working superconductor films as small as 200 microns by 200 microns. At scales below 200 microns, metal-oxide molecules in the thin layers begin to evaporate.

"With 200-micron sites, we can realistically deposit 10,000 materials in a square inch area," Schultz says.

CAPTION -- Physicist Xiao-Dong Xiang and colleagues in LBNL's Molecular Design Institute have developed a way to lay thousands of different hi-tech materials onto a square-inch grid. Xiang holds a library of high-temperature superconductors in his right hand. The research was a cover story last month in the journal Science. Photo by Mike Wooldridge

Ready for transport

CAPTION -- In the Bldg. 51B high bay, Rigger Frank Asturias prepares an 11,000-pound concrete shielding block for transport to Brookhaven National Laboratory. Over the next four years, approximately 1,500 Bevatron shielding blocks will be trucked to the freight yards in Richmond, then transported by rail to New York for re-use with the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider at Brookhaven. The recycling effort will save taxpayers millions of dollars and spare needless use of precious waste burial space. Photo by Steve Adams

Chemists get hint of things to come with successful beamline test

By Lynn Yarris,
Users of the chemical dynamics beamline of the Advanced Light Source (Beamline 9.0.2) got a taste of things to come during a recent experiment in which the ALS electron beam was accelerated to little more than half its full energy (1.0 GeV rather than 1.9 GeV). The low energy photons (8-12 eV) that resulted gave the users a preview of the selective chemistry they will be able to perform this fall when the beamline's current 8.0-centimeter-period undulator (U8) is replaced with a new 10.0-centimeter-period undulator (U10).

"The use of low energy photons enabled us to take a blowtorch rather than a sledgehammer approach to photochemistry," says Arthur Suits, a chemist in the Chemical Sciences Division and member of the beamline research team that includes Nobel Laureate Yuan T. Lee. "Instead of bombarding molecules with high energy electrons to create fragments for analysis, we can use soft photons to selectively ionize the products we want to study."

The 8-12 eV photons that were produced especially for this proof-of-principle experiment are at the valence energy of most radicals--atoms and molecules that possess one unpaired electron and play a vital role in combustion and atmospheric chemistry. (The valence energy is where the chemical activity of an atom or molecule takes place.) By tuning their photons to just above this valence threshold, the beamline researcher team was able to separate hydrocarbon molecules from alkylamine compounds without fragmenting larger molecules. This gave them a "near-zero background" detection capability.

Despite the abundance and potential importance of alkylamine compounds, scientists have until now lacked the tools to selectively study the dynamics of their photochemistry. When the U8 undulator is replaced with the U10 undulator --scheduled for September--researchers on the chemical dynamics beamline will have regular access to photons at energies as low as 5 eV. These photons will be delivered in an intense beam (1016 photons per second flux) of bright white light. A rare-gas filter will give the white undulator light unprecedented spectral purity.

"This will be a novel application of synchrotron radiation made possible because of the brightness of the light (a thousand times brighter than conventional synchtroton light beams)," says Suits. "Rather than serving just as a probe of stable systems, the radiation can be used for selective ionization and product detection in primary photodissociation reactions. From this, we expect to get quite a bit more information on the detailed dynamics of these processes and study systems that were previously inaccessible."

Currently, Suits and the other members of the beamline research team are using one endstation. A second branch and endstation for the chemical dynamics beamline, designed by Cheuk Ng of the Ames Laboratory at Iowa State University, is now being installed and should be complete in time for the new U10 undulator. This second branch will feature a 6.65-meter monochromator that will provide users with the highest resolution of any scanning monochromator in the world at its spectral region. The branchline will also be equipped with a state-of-the-art electron spectrometer and several lasers, including a custom-made high-resolution infrared laser.

In addition to Suits, who is the technical director for the chemical dynamics beamline research team, others working on this project include postdoc Xueming Yang, who designed the first endstation and performed the alkylamine experiment, and David Blank, a graduate student in Lee's research group. Phil Heimann of the ALS staff is the coordinator for this beamline and is overseeing the installation of its new components.

Annual fund returns

Following are the annual fund returns for the 403(B) and 401(A) accounts, effective June 30, 1995.*

Equity				26.91%
Bond 				22.30%
Multi-Asset 			15.60%
Money Market 			5.51%
Savings				6.65%
Insurance Company Contract 	7.87%

* Past performance does not guarantee future results

1995 Summer lecture series

Earth Sciences Division Director Sally Benson will give the fifth and final talk in the Lab's 1995 Summer Lecture Series. She will speak on "Groundwater Cleanup: Cost Effective Remedies," at noon on Wednesday, July 26, in the Bldg. 50 Auditorium.

Regulatory reform legislation that would require federal agencies to perform risk assessments and cost-benefit analyses is big news these days. What role can a multiprogram laboratory such as LBNL play if these bills become law?

Benson will demonstrate a PC-based software system developed at the Lab that integrates, analyzes, and presents environmental information to help managers, engineers, scientists, regulators and the public select the most cost-effective environmental remediation strategies.

Since 1977 Benson has performed research on energy and environmental issues, including geothermal energy sources, natural gas storage, and agricultural pollution in California's Central Valley and the Carson Desert in Nevada. More recently, she has focused on environmental problems associated with the DOE weapons production complex.

July 26
Groundwater Cleanup: Cost Effective Remedies, Sally Benson,
Director, Earth Sciences Division

N e w s W i r e

White to resign as DOE Deputy:

Deputy Secretary of Energy William White has announced he will resign his position on August 11 and return to Houston, where he had been a managing partner in the Susman Godfrey law firm and a prominent Democratic fund-raiser. Under-Secretary Charles Curtis will succeed White. There is no word yet on who will replace Curtis. White told reporters a significant factor in his decision to leave the department is his confidence that DOE has "turned the corner" in defending itself against those in Congress who would abolish it.

Science speaks up:

In the July 7 issue of Science magazine, an editorial by Phil Abelson noted that with an annual trade deficit approaching $200 billion, the United States has become the world's largest debtor nation. An international conference in Washington, D.C., sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences, concluded that a principal reason for this deficit has been the failure of many politicians to recognize the importance of partnerships between government and industry in the development of new technologies. Abelson wrote, "Congress rails against support of industrial technology at a time when many nations eagerly enhance it. Moreover, in a world in which U.S. industry and the defense establishment will be dependent on well-trained scientists and engineers, current proposals to decrease support for both basic and applied research are a recipe for future national mediocrity."

Department of Science redux:

Republicans, led by Rep. Robert Walker (R-Penn.), are talking about creating a Department of Science, in part because they need to find a home for research programs that would be orphaned if they succeed in abolishing DOE. Former Deputy DOE Secretary Henson Moore, who served under Energy Secretary James Watkins in the Bush Administration, has heard all the arguments for a Department of Science before. He testified before the House Science Committee that the idea was first proposed by Republicans in 1989 who wanted to expand DOE. Moore said Watkins considered the idea "empire-building" and that it was left for a second Bush presidential term. Allan Bromley, Bush's science adviser, did not like the idea at all. "Nobody thought it was a good idea," he says. "It was just an attempt by DOE to expand its turf."

SSC fire sale:

This fall a huge auction will be held in Waxahatchee, Texas. Up for bid will be approximately 6,500 hectares of land, a $65 million linear accelerator, and 14,000 square meters of office and warehouse space. The state of Texas, owner of this property, is trying to recoup some of the $500 million it spent for construction of the now defunct Superconducting Super Collider. Earlier plans to put the SSC site to use as a cancer treatment facility or supercomputing center fell through when state officials balked at spending more money. Instead they ordered the auction and are trying to buy back the remaining $250 million in state bonds issued to finance the project. DOE has already written off its $2 billion investment and has shipped the most valuable scientific equipment to other national labs.

Was Sir Isaac Newton correct?

The National Association of Scholars, a group of traditionally minded academics, has been concerned that "political correctness" in academia is spreading a stain of anti-intellectualism and hostility to science. In the inaugural issue of its new electronic newsletter, the organization cites an opinion expressed by feminist philosopher Sandra Harding that Newton's Principia Mathematica reflects patriarchal, exploitative Western thinking and therefore might as well be called "Newton's Rape Manual."

Tours a hit with visitors

The Laboratory played host to two large groups of visitors on July 13 with the visit of 38 physics teachers from Denmark and 100 members of the Commonwealth Club of San Francisco.

The teachers, who came from the Danish Gymnasium (equivalent to the last year of high school and first year of college in the U.S.) came to LBNL as part of a study tour of Bay Area laboratories and educational institutions. Their tour included trips to Stanford, Livermore, the Exploratorium, and several private research labs.

According to tour leader Jannik Johansen, the highlight of the trip was their visit to LBNL, where they toured the Advanced Light Source, Bevatron, and National Center for Electron Microscopy. In addition, physicist Carl Pennypacker introduced Hands-On Universe, and nuclear scientist Rick Norman delivered a presentation on the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory.

Later in the evening, 100 Commonwealth Club members were welcomed with a reception in the Bldg. 50 Auditorium foyer, where they were greeted by senior Lab management, ALS and Nuclear Science Division members, and staff from Industry and Government Partnerships.

Following the reception, Director Charles Shank presented an overview of LBNL research, and answered a variety of questions about science programs, the outlook for DOE, and the problems of nuclear waste disposal. His presentation was followed by tours of the ALS and 88-Inch Cyclotron.

Both tours were organized by IGP's Community Relations Office.

Lab swaps science for stock in start-up company

The recent licensing of a new "combinatorial library" technology--developed at LBNL's Materials Design Institute--to Symyx Technologies Inc. (see related article) has ushered in a new way for the Lab to do business.

Symyx paid for much of the license fee with common stock, rather than cash, giving the Lab part ownership of the Palo Alto start-up firm.

According to Technology Transfer's Viviana Wolinsky, this is the first time a UC-managed lab has arranged a license-for-stock agreement. It is the twelfth such deal that has been arranged in the UC system.

DOE's mission obligates LBNL and other national labs to help small businesses--companies with fewer than 500 employees. However, small start-up firms are often the least able to generate cash to pay for licenses. Obtaining a license with stock can be an attractive alternative for small companies.

Symyx plans to use the new technology to develop superconductors, phosphors for flat-panel displays, dielectric materials, zeolites, and magnetic materials. The company is backed by biotech pioneer Alex Zaffaroni of Affymax Inc., which has used combinatorial strategies to design drugs. The agreement is expected to create 80 jobs at Symyx over the next 4 years.

Lab Director Charles Shank said he is pleased with the Symyx agreement, and believes this way of partnering may play a significant role in future licensing. As for its effect on tech transfer at LBNL, Wolinsky said "it's one more arrow in our quiver, another way the Lab can get its science out into private industry." --MW

Fire fighters strike bronze

CAPTION -- LBNL fire fighters Harold Blair and Gary Dunbar, and Oakland Airport fire fighter Ike Saenz wear the bronze medals they won at the 1995 California Fire Fighter Olympics last month. The three were part of the third-place bowling team, along with Sam Hoffman of the Berkeley Fire Department. This is the sixth such medal for Blair and the first for Dunbar.

Photo by Mike Wooldridge

Corporate Challenge

Looking for an event to help you prepare for the LBNL Runaround? The Laboratory is planning to enter a team in the 1995 San Francisco Corporate Challenge, to be held at 7 p.m. on Wednesday, Aug. 9. All employees and students are welcome to participate.

The race, which starts and ends at Justin Herman Plaza, is a level 3.5 miles. All finishers will receive a souvenir T-shirt. Last year's team finished 7th, and this year's team organizers hope to do even better.

The registration fee is $11 if paid before Aug. 2, and $13 thereafter. For information and registration, contact Paul Blodgett, M.S. 75-123, X6218, or

Ergonomics Awareness Week

The Lab is celebrating Ergonomics Awareness Week--July 24-28--by providing a number of opportunities for employees to become ergonomically savvy. The Ergonomics Committee is comprised of employees from EH&S, Inventory Management, Operations, and Facilities.

Household hazardous waste disposal

In response to numerous questions about the disposal of waste oil and spent antifreeze, the Laboratory's Fleet Services has compiled the following list of county household hazardous waste programs that may accept such items as antifreeze, batteries, paint, oil, oil filters, and pesticides. To find out how and where to dispose of your household hazardous waste, contact the program for your county. Some local service stations will also take automotive wastes (oil, oil filters, antifreeze, batteries).

Local county programs

Alameda County: 510-670-6460; 800-606-6606 (only in Alameda Co.)

Contra Costa County: 800-750-4096

San Francisco: 415-554-4333

San Mateo County: 415-363-4718

Santa Clara County: 408-299-7033

Years-of-service awards

Congratulations to the following employees who celebrated anniversaries of service with the Laboratory during the second quarter (April - June) of 1995:

35 years
Ronald Barr		AFRD
Edward Hoedemaker	Operations
Earl Knight		Engineering
Loren Shalz		Engineering
Clifford Sojourner	Engineering
George Towns		Operations

30 years
Richard Briseno		Operations
Michael Green		Engineering
Crystal Llewelyn-Silva	Life Sciences
John Meng		Engineering
Ashley Rothway		Engineering

25 years
Gloria Acosta		Operations
Douglas Bentsen		AFRD

20 years
Mario Cepeda		Engineering
Alfred Hodgson		E&E
Joseph Michelson	ICSD
Mary Strickland		Operations
Gregory Traynor		E&E
Cheryl Weldon		Engineering

15 years
Winifred Baker		Operations
John Bartley		EH&S
James Bishop		Engineering
Nel Boone		Operations
Michael Botello		Operations
Michael Bouchard	Operations
Jerome Burch		Engineering
Craig Eades		ICSD
Sandra Elzy		Operations
Craig Fong		Engineering
Alberto Grunbaum	Physics
Daryl Horler		Engineering
Roar Kilaas		Materials Sciences
Rosalind Kim		Structural Biology
Ki Lee			Earth Sciences
Linda Maio		Chemical Sciences
Sherrill Meaney		Nuclear Science
Meredith Montgomery	Nuclear Sciences
Gregory Morrison	Engineering
Wayne Oglesby		Engineering
Susan Petersen		E&E
Rodney Post		Engineering
Otis Wong		Operations

10 years
Charles Benton		E&E
Eve Edelson		E&E
Glenda Fish		Physics
John Haugrud		Engineering
Jane Macfarlane		ICSD
Chris Marnay		E&E
Bartlett McGuire	E&E
John McKean		Engineering
Lesta Nadel		Materials Sciences
John Peterson		Earth Sciences
Shmuel Oren		E&E
Bea Singer		Life Sciences
Craig Smith		E&E
Thomas Swain		Engineering

5 years
Jeffrey Anderson	Physics
Nina Bailey		Life Sciences
Rudolf Barton		ICSD
Edward Bethel		ICSD
John Birmingham		Materials Sci.
Marcos Cheney		Earth Sciences
Christopher Coen	E&E
Brian Crowley		ICSD
Dale Dalgaard		Operations
William Davis		E&E
James Dunphy		Materials Sciences
Thomas Earnest		Structural Biology
Jamie Eberling		Life Sciences
Gary Firestone		Life Sciences
Heather Galloway	Materials Sci.
Kevin Hestir		Earth Sciences
Wayne Hurlbert		ICSD
Lydia Jimenez		Operations
Guojun Jin		ICSD
James Johnson		EH&S
Eileen Kraskouskas	Directorate
Gilbert Lee		Operations
Paul Martin		Directorate
Steven Martin		Life Sciences
Andre McFayden		Materials Sciences
Miguel Medina		Operations
Joseph Orenstein	Materials Sciences
Maxine Redfearn		Operations
Kevin Peet		Life Sciences
Bjorn Rydberg		Life Sciences
David Shuh		Chemical Sciences
Michael Streczyn	E&E
Osiel Vergara		Operations
Reynaldo Viray		Operations
Anthony Yuen		EH&S

Calendar of Events -- July 24-August 4

Calendar items may be sent via e-mail to, Fax to X6641, or Lab mail to Bldg. 65B. The deadline is 10:30 a.m. Tuesday.

24 m o n d a y


"Status of the CMS ECAL Preshower Front End Electronics" and "A Fast, Low Power CMOS on SOI Amplifier Irradiated to 20 Mrad" will be presented by P. Aspell of CERN at 11 a.m. in Bldg. 2-100B.

25 t u e s d a y


Radiation Protection - Radiological Worker I (EHS 430), 8 a.m. - noon, Bldg. 51-201, concludes on Thursday; pre-registration required, X6612.


"Recent B Physics Results from CDF" will be presented by Manfred Paulini of LBNL at 4 p.m. in Bldg. 50B-4205; refreshments at 3:40 p.m.

26 w e d n e s d a y


Sally Benson, director of the Earth Sciences Division, will speak on "Groundwater Cleanup: Cost Effective Remedies" at noon in the Bldg. 50 Auditorium.


Build confidence and develop the ability to effectively organize and present your ideas in a friendly and supportive atmosphere, 12:10-1 p.m. in Bldg. 2-100.

27 t h u r s d a y


First Aid (EHS 116), 8 a.m. - noon, Bldg. 48-109; pre-registration required, X6554.

Radiation Protection - Radiological Worker I (EHS 430), 8 a.m. - noon, Bldg. 51-201, continued from Tuesday; pre-registration required, X6612.


"Nonpseudomorphic Structures of Ultrathin Fe Films on Cu(001) and Their Magnetism" will be presented by D. Fowler of the IBM Almaden Research Center at 1:30 p.m. in the Bldg. 66 Auditorium.


"Tests of CPT in K Meson Decay" will be presented by G. Gollin of the University of Illinois at 4 p.m. in Bldg. 50A-5132; refreshments at 3:40 p.m.

28 f r i d a y


"Development and Use of Soft X-Ray Multilayer Polarizing Elements" will be presented by Misaki Yamamoto of Tohoku University at 4:10 p.m. in Bldg. 2-100B; refreshments at 3:50 p.m.

31 m o n d a y


1 t u e s d a y


2 w e d n e s d a y


3 t h u r s d a y


4 f r i d a y


"Entropy and Emittance of Particle and Photon Beams" will be presented by Kwang-Je Kim of LBNL at 10:30 a.m. in the Bldg. 71 conference room.


"Unsaturated Zone Gas-Phase VOC Biodegradation: The Importance of Water Potential" will be presented by Patricia Holden of UCB at noon in Bldg. 50A-5132.


Noon - 1 p.m., lower cafeteria conference room, all Technical Employees and Research Associates are invited to attend, especially non-members. Q & A on the RIF and changes in the RPM which will impact employees.

Ergonomics Awareness Week

11:30 a.m. - 1 p.m., in the LBNL Cafeteria. July 24 - 28

LBNL Softball League

Games are played Wednesday evenings on Kleeburger Field.

Results of July 19

CAMShafts		16
Off the Hill 4

Rated X 13
Sudz 5

Budget Cuts 1
Rated X 5

Animals 4
Astros 14

Environ-mets 11
Ball Park Estimates 18

Astros 17
Budget Cuts 7

Standings as of July 19

Rated X 7-2 Environ-mets 6-2 Ball Park Estimates 6-1 Astros 6-3 CAMShafts 5-3 Animals 2-5 Budget Cuts 2-7 Off the Hill 1-6 Sudz 1-7

Parking at a premium

Drivers may feel a parking crunch over the next year. Construction just underway on the Lab's East Canyon Electrical Safety Project has taken up about two dozen parking spaces near Strawberry Gate (see July 14 Currents). The slots will be occupied by crews until next June, according to John Pickrell of Facilities. The project is expected to affect other parking as it moves to different sites on the Hill. For information on alternative transportation at the Lab, including car pools and van pools, call Carma Hamer at X5196.

Dining Center Menu -- July 24-28


Sadie's Early Bird: Honey wheat pancakes w/coffee -- $2.05

Soup of the Day: Old fashioned cabbage -- reg. $1.35 lg. $1.95

Bistro Fare: Roasted sesame chicken, rice pilaf, broccoli spears -- $3.95

Passports: South of the Border

Sadie's Grill: Pizza burger w/fries -- $3.25


Sadie's Early Bird: Biscuit & gravy w/eggs & coffee -- $2.60

Soup of the Day: Cream of broccoli -- reg. $1.35 lg. $1.95

Bistro Fare: Beef stroganoff over egg noodles, sauteed zucchini -- $3.95

Passports: South of the Border a la carte

Sadie's Grill: Fishwich w/fries -- $3.05


Sadie's Early Bird: Corned beef hash w/eggs & coffee -- $2.60

Soup of the Day: Beef noodle -- reg. $1.35 lg. $1.95

Bistro Fare: Lemon pepper pork w/stir fry vegetables & brown rice -- $3.95

Passports: South of the Border a la carte

Sadie's Grill: Chicken Ortega w/cheese & fries -- $3.25


Sadie's Early Bird: Blueberry pancakes w/coffee -- $2.05

Soup of the Day: Creamy clam chowder -- reg. $1.35 lg. $1.95

Bistro Fare: Pollack filet Vera Cruz, honey & lime carrots, oven potato -- $3.95

Passports: South of the Border

Sadie's Grill: Bacon cheddar burger w/ fries -- $3.95


Sadie's Early Bird: Ham scramble w/coffee -- $2.60

Soup of the Day: Meatless lentil vegetable -- reg. $1.35 lg. $1.95

Bistro Fare: Pasta Piatti (pasta & veggies sauteed) w/bread stick -- $3.95

Sadie's Grill: BBQ ribeye steak sandwich w/fries -- $3.95

Currents Online edition

The full text of each edition of Currents is published on the Lab's home page on the World Wide Web. View it at under "Research News and Publications." To set up your computer to access the World Wide Web, call the Mac and PC Support Group at X6858.

F l e a M a r k e t

Flea Market ads may be sent via e-mail to, Fax to X6641, or Lab mail to Bldg. 65B. The deadline is 5 p.m. Friday.


'78 MERCURY Bobcat Villager sta. wgn, runs great, clean, a/t, p/s, p/b, AM-FM, gd tires, 85K mi., $650. Dennis, X7859, 939-2006

'82 MAZDA 626, stick shift, 125K mi., new brake shoes, a/c, runs great, $1650. Fabrice, X7960, 664-2997, Laurent, 415/859-4966

'82 NISSAN Sentra wgn, dependable, needs new shocks, 147K mi., $900. Emy, 652-6618

'85 HONDA Accord, 132K mi., reg. maint., very gd cond., $3500/b.o. Andre Neveu, X4564

'85 PORSCHE 944, red w/black int., sunrf., low mi., $5500/b.o. Russ, 339-9812

'86 FORD Escort wgn, 65K mi., a/t, a/c, p/s, p/b, incl. snow chains, recent tune-up, $2200. John, 601-0730 (before 10 p.m.)

'87 CELICA GTS, 2-dr hatchbk, 5-spd, 2-tone gray, loaded, all pwr, with a rblt. engine incl. warranty, new brakes, struts, clutch, year old tires, exc. cond., $5500/b.o. Ervette, X6135

'87 FORD Taurus DL, V-6, a/t, a/c, p/s, CC, AM/FM cass., tilt, $3200/b.o. Herzel Levy, X7708, 527-3856

'87 VOLVO 240 wgn, stick, a/c, body 66K mi., motor & clutch 24K, tires 15K, great cond., $9K/b.o. Lee Schipper, X5057, 527-5821

'88 HYUNDAI Excel, 4-dr, 5-spd, sunroof, 75K mi., gd cond., $1900. Martin, X2989, 559-8610

'88 TAURUS L wgn, 110K mi., nice, $4k/offer. Joe, X5374, 865-8763

'89 MAZDA 323 hatchbk, 87K mi., very gd cond. X5610, 528-9477

'90 CAMRY DX, pwr everything, CD player, sunrf, 55K mi., exc. cond., $10,250. Dave or Lori, 901-0411

'91 FORD Escort wgn, a/c, a/t, AM/FM/cass. stereo, clean, new trans., 1 owner, 80K mi., $6K. Jane, X6731

'92 GEO Prism, white, exc. cond., a/c, p/s, 52K mi., new front brakes & tires, leaving the country, must sell, $8350/b.o. Songping, X6526, 526-3443 (after 6 p.m.)

'93 MIATA, white, 24K mi., a/c, stereo, p/s, golf/bike attachments cover & more, $13K/b.o. Tom K., X4590, 707/447-1310

'93 SATURN SC2, silver, ABS, CD player, loaded, 42K mi., $12.5K. John, 601-0730 (before 10 p.m.)

'94 HONDA Civic EX coupe, 5-spd, 11.7K mi., showrm cond., am/fm cass., sunrf., $13.5K/b.o. X7074, 528-1935

DIRT BIKES, '70 Yamaha 360, $300; '75 Honda 125, w/all parts to make st. legal, $400. Don or Mary, 582-3079, 538-7900

TUNNEL RAM w/Holly carbs. for sm. blk Chevy, $250; N.O.S. nitrous oxide system minus carb. plate, $100. Paul, X7834, 223-1521


RIDER NEEDED for 4-person carpool from Vacaville, Fairfield area, share driving, Mon.-Fri., 7 a.m.-3:30 p.m. work hrs. Mark, X4671, (707)448-7979


BABY ACCESSORIES for new born girl, car seat, play pen, high chair, swing, crib sheets, receiving blankets, outfits, etc., reasonable prices or donations. Robert, X5992, Keywanne, 893-8656

BOAT, aluminum, sm.(12-14'), for fishing, car toppable. Bob, 376-2211


BICYCLE, Nishiki, men's 10-spd, exc. cond., extras incl. woman's seat, best offer. 524-1140 (10 a.m.-8 p.m.)

BICYCLE, Miyata Trailrunner, white, 18" aluminum frame, Manitou shocks, Onza bars, Cateye ATC, 21-spd (Suntour XTC components), Cam powered rear brakes, $650/b.o. X7074, 528-1935

BICYCLE, '95 ladies Diamond Back mountain bike, Wildwood model, new, mint cond., kickstand, seat leash, kryptonite lock, $390 new, best offer. Allan, X5458

BIKE TRAILER, Burley, '90 model, seats 2 kids, up to 100 lbs., screen cover & rain fly incl., $225. 268-0674

BOAT w/cutty cabin, 20' Lone Star, 75HP OB motor & tilt trailer, $2K/b.o.; 3-in-1 bumper pool table, can also be used as dining, or game table, like new, $300. Don or Mary, 582-3079, 538-7900

CHILD'S BIKE, 2-wheeler, British-made, 15" frame, hand brakes, Sturmey-Archer 3-spd, front & back baskets, gd cond., $50/b.o. Lee Schipper, X5057, 527-5821

CLARINET, not used for many years, needs minor work (some new pads), $120/b.o. Kamran, X4468

CLOSET DOOR, aluminum gold frame mirror, 5', never used, $50; bicycle, $15; 27" color TV, $30; maple end table, $6; kitchen cabinet, SST sink & grill, best offer. Ming Mei, 530-8607

COMPUTER, Sun IPX. 19" Sun color monitor, 500Mb HD, 16Mb RAM, $2900. Chris, X5385

COUCH, Italian, 3 cushion, jacquard fabric, white-on-white modern pattern, very gd cond., photo avail., $200. Marsha, X7438, 654-6364

DESKS (2), 1 steel executive, 1 oak, $100 ea.; grn posture chair, best offer. 724-2521

EXERCISE BIKE, Air Pro computerized w/independent arms, $250/b.o.; galvanized raingutter, 170 ft., new, incl. accessories, $175/b.o.; Levi 501's, various sz., new $20, used $15; gas grill bar-b-cue w/o propane tank, $50. Cheri or Dayna, 669-0338

EXERCISE EQUIPMENT, Tunturi Ergoglide Skier XC430, 4 mos. old, white, $60/b.o. Gene, X7717

FUTON BED/COUCH, black ash frame w/arm rests; futon queen sz., natural color, cotton w/2 foam core, both $200. Karen, X5695, 526-3508

MOVING SALE, mattress, full sz., $60. Bruno, X4779

MOVING SALE, refrig., washer & dryer, sewing machine & sm. appliances. Eileen, 784-3702, 793-3118

MOVING SALE, single bed w/cover, $20; (2) desks+chairs, $38 & $27; iron+ironing board, $13; misc. items. Herzel Levy, X7708, 527-3856

RUGS, bdrm-sz., blue 9' x 9'8", rose 9'7"x10'8", brown 10'2"x13'2', 6 yrs. old, w/pads, $75 ea. Dick McDonald, X6204, 528-0112

SLEEPING BAG, REI, fiberfill, $20; push lawn mower, $15. Linda, X4817, 236-6331

STEREO, Kenwood 6 disc CD player, $150; Onkyo audio/video tuner, amp., $300; Toshiba 4 head, stereo sound, VCR, $200, all 2 yrs. old. Steve, 357-9990

VIDEO GAME SYSTEM, Sega Genesis, w/5 games, $150/b.o.; crib, light finish, $100/b.o. Marie Bushman, X7652

WASHER, Estate, Whirlpool's top line, extra lg. cap., 1.5 yrs. old, like new, new $400, $280. Richard, X4081

WASHER & DRYER, Hotpoint washer, Kenmore elec. dryer, 5 yrs. old, both in exc. cond., $250/pr.; stair step exercise machine w/elec. readout, b.o. Jeff, 482-1377

WINDSURFING EQUIP., '91 Gaastra Racefoil Pro 5.7 sail, gd cond., $75; Serfiac aluminum mast, $25. Doug, X6626, 526-4644


ALBANY, furn. 1-bdrm apt., w/d, nr UC Village & bus to LBNL/UCB, family area, no more than 3 persons, prefer visiting professor w/spouse, nonsmokers, $675/mo. Donald Mangold, X6459

ALBANY, furn. pvt. rm, nr E.C. Plaza, for 1 person, non-smoker, $600/mo. incl. laundry & utils. 525-3847

ALBANY, share 2-bdrm house, laundry, frpl, garden, $535+utils. Robin, 528-8958

ALBANY, 1-bdrm in 3-bdrm, 2-bth apt, nr UC Village, avail. 8/19/95, $270/mo. + 1/3 utils., + $100 dep. Mark, X4427

ALBANY, unfurn. 2 mstr bdrm condo, sec. garage, nr BART & E.C. Plaza, no pets, no smoking, avail. 8/1, $1K/mo. Mrs. Kim, 524-4199

BERKELEY, 1/2 blk no. of UC/LBNL shuttle, furn. 2-bdrm, 2-bth condo to share w/quiet male UC student, $550/mo.+utils+dep. 245-7816

BERKELEY, 2-bdrm house, avail. thru Oct. 524-9749

BERKELEY, 1/2 blk no. of UCB/LBNL shuttle, furn. 2-bdrm, 2-bth condo to share w/quiet, male UC grad student, $550/mo.+utils.+dep. 245-7816

BERKELEY HILLS, 3-bdrm, 1-bth house, 2 mi. from LBNL, $1650/mo. 286-7612

BERKELEY HILLS, furn. rm in pvt. home, sep. entrance, own bth, garden view, kitchen & laundry privs., walking distance to LHS, $485/mo. 549-0510

BERKELEY HILLS, furn. 2.5-bdrm, 2.5-bth house, frpl, avail. 9/1/95-6/30/96, $1200/mo. (negot.)+utils.+dep. X7155, 642-3577

NO. BERKELEY, 2-bdrm, 1-bth apt, share w/grad student, hardwd flrs, washer & dryer in bldg., garden, nr Hopkins St. shops, $315/mo.+utils.&phone. Pete, 524-7929

NO. BERKELEY, 3-bdrm, 2.5-bth, 2 workrms, living, dining, den, lg. kitchen, no smoking, avail. mid-Aug. '95 to mid-Aug. `96, $1500 + utils. Lee or Agneta Schipper, 527-5821

NO. BERKELEY, sublet studio apt w/2 sibling cats, 7/23 - 8/17, rent negot. in exchg. for care of cats. 528-9221

EL CERRITO, unfurn. 3-bdrm house, no pets, no smoking, avail. 8/5, $1100/mo. Mrs. Kim, 524-4199

EL CERRITO, 1-bdrm, 1-bth split-level apt in duplex, hardwd flr, 8 min. walk to BART/EC Plaza, 1/2 blk to bus, $615/mo. 525-7596

EL CERRITO, new 3-bdrm, 2-bth house, dinning rm, family rm, sitting rm, frpl, carpet, yd, partial bay view, $1600/mo.+$50/mo. gardener. Hashem Akbari, 299-0560

OAKLAND, 1-bdrm apt in triplex, nr Rockridge shopping ctr., hardwd flrs, walk-in closets, lg. LR, attached garage, nr trans. to UC, prefer at least 1 yr. commitment, $600/mo. 655-9658, 428-1893

OAKLAND, 2-bdrm upstairs apt in classic brn-shingle house, Grand-Lake area, walk to Lake Merritt, Grand Ave., BART, Piedmont Ave. pref. quiet, non-smoker(s), reasonable utils. are incl., $650. 268-0674

NO. OAKLAND, College/Alcatraz area, rm in house, $385/mo. Nancy, 547-7826

WALNUT CREEK, furn. 1-bdrm condo, nr Heather Farms (golf, tennis, swimming), mo. to mo. or long term lease, avail. 8/1, cleaning & laundry avail (extra), $950/mo. Maurice Sullivan, X5635, 935-6340

WANTED: Furn. bdrm w/ kitchen priv. for female, non-smoking visit. researcher from Portugal from 08/31 or 09/01 to 11/30/95, near UC/LBNL. Eleanor Lee, X4997, Werner Osterhaus, X4042

WANTED: Non-smoking Swedish sci. & wife seeks furn. 2-bdrm apt/condo in safe area w/easy access to LBNL/UCB by bus/BART, mid Aug. to mid March. 46 90 - 16 66 73 (FAX), Anders.Ferry@Physics.UmU.SE

WANTED: Visiting researcher, male, non-smoker, seeks furn. rm from 8/1 to 10/1, nr LBNL, up to $400. 704-9261

WANTED: Apt for visiting academic & child from late Aug. '95 to late Feb. '96, nr UCB & bus/BART. or +64 4 802 6221


BERKELEY, 2-bdrm suite townhouse, 2-car garage, 10 yrs. old, nice quiet neighborhood, asking $127K. X4631, 245-8334


HIGH SIERRAS, 4-bdrm cabin, washer, dryer, deck, frpl, fishing, swimming, hiking, canoeing & relaxing, 4 hrs from Berkeley, 1 hr from Truckee, on hwy 49, wk/wkend, for people who will take gd care of our home. Jane Mauldon, 849-4096

TAHOE KEYS, 3-bdrm, 2.5-bth house w/boat dock, mountain view. Bob, 376-2211


FOUND: Sunglasses in case, in Blackberry Cyn lot on Friday afternoon, 7/7. Cynthia, X6672


AKITA, adult fem., recently abandoned, sweet, playful disposition, needs caring home. Brennan, X6566, 243-1435


Published weekly by the Public Information Department for the employees and retirees of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Manager, Ron Kolb

Mary Bodvarsson, X4014


Jeffery Kahn, X4019

Diane LaMacchia, X4015

Mike Wooldridge, X6249

Lynn Yarris, X5375


Brennan Kreller, X6566


Alice Ramirez


Mary Padilla, X5771

Public Information Department

LBNL, MS 65 (Bldg. 65B)

One Cyclotron Rd.

Berkeley, CA 94720

Tel: (510) 486-5771
Fax: (510) 486-6641

LBNL is managed by the University of California for the U.S. Department of Energy