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Berkeley Lab Currents

December 6, 1996


"Wet Ice" May Solve Two Mysteries

By Lynn Yarris

There is a theory floating out in the scientific community which posits that the slipperiness of ice and the infamous hole in the ozone layer above the Antarctic are the result of the same phenomenon. According to this theory, despite the term "frozen solid," the surface of ice is actually "wet."

This theory has received a big boost with the discovery by Berkeley Lab researchers that even at temperatures far below those in the Antarctic atmosphere, the surface of solid ice remains covered by a thin film of quasi-liquid water.

Ice has a uniquely low coefficient of friction, which is why skaters can glide so swiftly across it. The long-time explanation for this anomaly was that pressure--for instance, from the weight of a skater on a pair of sharp-edged blades--liquefies the surface layers of water molecules. However, modern methods of testing have proven that pressure is not the answer.

Other studies have provided evidence that solid ice is wet on the surface at 230 K (-43 degrees Celsius below the normal freezing point of water) but there has been too little information on the configuration of these water molecules to draw any firm conclusions.

Now, researchers with the Materials Sciences Division (MSD), in collaboration with French and Dutch scientists, have produced the first detailed molecular-scaled pictures of the surface of crystalline ice. These pictures reveal that even at 90 Kelvin (-183 degrees Celsius), water molecules on the surface of ice continue to vibrate, giving the surface a "quasi-liquid" character that could account for catalytic chemistry, as well as slipperiness.

"Our analysis of solid ice showed that at 90 K, water molecules on the surface are bound in a lattice but aren't frozen like those in the layers beneath them," says MSD chemist Michel Van Hove. "Water molecules in this surface layer have an unusually high degree of vibrational motion with amplitudes several times that seen in water molecules buried deeper within the bulk of the ice."

The high degree of vibrational motion exhibited by water molecules in the surface layers of ice is attributed to the absence of other water molecules above them, together with the weakness of the bonds between water molecules. This not only gives rise to a liquid-like vibrational motion, it also frees the water molecules to interact with other molecules to which they are exposed, such as those in the atmosphere.

Temperatures in the polar stratospheric clouds are around 200 K (-73 degrees Celsius). Van Hove and his colleagues believe there are enough vibrating layers of water molecules to create a thin film of quasi-liquid water on the ice crystallites in the clouds.

"This watery film could be the catalyst that provides a crucial link in a long chain of chemical reactions leading to the creation of the ozone hole," says Van Hove. At temperatures around 230 K and above, Van Hove thinks that the surface film of ice becomes a true liquid, which would account for its uniquely low coefficient of friction.

The molecular-scale images of the surface of ice were produced at the Center for Advanced Materials by the research groups led by Van Hove and chemist Gabor Somorjai. The researchers created a thin film of "ideal" ice (about ten angstroms thick) by condensing water vapor on a cold platinum surface in an ultrahigh vacuum. They then "bounced" low-energy electrons off the surface of the ice and studied the resulting diffraction patterns using a technique Van Hove developed called "tensor-LEED (for low-energy electron diffraction). This technique provides researchers with a timely and practical means of determining the position of atoms on a given surface.

"With tensor-LEED, a simple surface structure that would have taken us months to resolve can now be determined in less than a day," says Van Hove.

Once models of the surface structure of ice were obtained, the results were analyzed by Christian Minot in Paris, using total-energy calculations, and Geert-Jan Kroes in Amsterdam, using molecular dynamic simulations.

"What we see is that the outermost molecular film of ice solidifies only up to a point," says Van Hove. "Large vibrational amplitudes continue to exist down to at least 90 K."

Caption: Gabor Somorjai (left) and Michel van Hove of the Center for Advanced Materials are intentionally skating on thin ice. Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt



Washington Office Open House

By Rob Johnson

On Thursday, Dec. 12, Berkeley Lab will hold an Open House. And although it will be 3,000 miles away on a different "Hill," it will be showing off technology that closes the distance gap--virtually.

The Open House will be the first for the Lab's Washington, D.C., Projects Office since moving into new energy-efficient offices on Maryland Avenue just a few blocks from the Department of Energy's headquarters in the Forrestal Building. The event will enable Berkeley Lab to share its capabilities with Washington-based program managers whose belief in us makes our work possible. It will also allow us to showcase some of the latest scientific supercomputing and networking technologies.

* * *

The Washington, D.C., office was established in 1993 to better serve the research and policy analysis needs of the DOE and other federal agencies and provide facilities and support (both long and short term) for Berkeley Lab staff working in Washington. Fourteen Berkeley Lab researchers and support staff currently work there, primarily on energy efficiency programs sponsored by DOE and the Environmental Protection Agency. These projects range from assisting federal agencies in the purchase of energy efficient products, to conducting technical studies and market analyses for voluntary programs such as Motor Challenge and the familiar Energy Star labels program.

* * *

Energy efficient lighting and office equipment are an integral part of the new suite, which has a large conference room that can hold more than 75 people. The Washington Office Seminar Series, organized by Heinz Heinemann, features active Berkeley Lab researchers speaking on topics of current interest. Since September, lectures have featured Paul Alivisatos on nanocrystals, Mina Bissell on the role of the extracellular matrix in human breast cancer, Bo Bodvarsson on the geological disposal of nuclear waste, and Bill Morris on thin-film conductors.

The late afternoon Open House will feature a live video conference between the two Berkeley Lab sites via an MBone video link over the Internet; a live demonstration of an experiment at the Advanced Light Source being conducted remotely via the Internet; and 3-D presentations of scientific data in the new Visualization Laboratory.

These featured technological capabilities all fit within a new and ambitious program at DOE called "DOE 2000." Its goal is to set the standard for R&D organizations into the 21st century by providing tools that eliminate physical distance and organizational structure as limits to collaboration. As the Washington hub for Berkeley Lab's distributed scientific supercomputing capabilities provided by NERSC and Esnet, the office places these capabilities on the doorstep of DOE and other interested agencies. In this way, Berkeley Lab can work in close proximity with DOE to achieve the vision of a networked R&D enterprise that is more productive and cost effective as technology eliminates the barrier of physical distance. And that, after all, is what Berkeley Lab's Washington, D.C., Projects Office is all about.

Berkeley Lab employees traveling to Washington are invited to conduct their business in the Projects Office. It is located at 1250 Maryland Ave., S.W., Suite 500. Contact Moira Howard-Jeweler (202-484-0885, mchoward@ to make your arrangements.

Rob Johnson is head of initiatives development and the Washington, D.C., Projects Office.


NERSC Teams with UCB, Sun Microsystems to Develop Next-Generation Supercomputers

By Jeffery Kahn

Mass manufacturing and high speed computer networks--exploit both and you will build the supercomputer of the future. That's the conviction of researchers at the Lab's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC).

Joining with UC Berkeley's Computer Science Division and Sun Microsystems, NERSC will develop a unique networked cluster of largely off-the-shelf equipment that will be put to work by scientists and then evaluated. Many here believe this COMPS (Cluster of Multiprocessor Systems) project will serve as the architectural blueprint for the next generation of supercomputers.

Initially, the COMPS prototype will consist of three Sun SMP (symmetric multiprocessor) computers connected together and to the world via a mix of lighting-fast networks. Two will have eight processors (CPUs) and the third will have two-to-four processors. In order for these relatively inexpensive machines to function as a supercomputer, systems software and network technology must be developed that allows the 18-20 CPUs on the three separate computers, along with multiple memory storage units, to function as though they were a single machine. The challenge is formidable.

To succeed, researchers must overcome the communication delay or "latency" inherent when clusters of computers are linked together via a network. Anybody who has downloaded a World Wide Web page is familiar with such delays. To speed up the flow of information between machines, multiple 622 megabit/second ATM networks will interconnect the Sun computers as well as link them to scientific instruments. Another type of network technology, SCI (Scalable Coherent Interface), will be used to accelerate the progression of parallel programming tasks and exchange of information between the many processors.

NERSC, home to the most powerful combination of unclassified computing and networking resources in the United States, will host the COMPS project. Lead scientists on the project include Horst Simon, who heads the NERSC Division; William Johnston, who heads ICSD's Imaging and Distributed Computing Group; David Culler, UCB Computer Science Department professor and NERSC researcher; and Greg Papadopoulos, vice president and chief technology officer for Sun.

Sun, which has provided two Enterprise 4000 computers, is making its entry into the field of supercomputers with this project.

COMPS is being launched at a time when the future design of high performance computers is particularly uncertain. The architecture of high performance computing systems ranges from machines with a few powerful vector processors to massively parallel machines with thousands of processors to networks of single-processor workstations, and now to COMPS, a network of multiprocessor workstations. As for the processors used in these different machines, they can be inexpensive off-the-shelf commodities or unique, custom-made CPUs costing tens of millions of dollars.

Simon says NERSC has a major stake in helping to resolve the architectural puzzle posed by the current array of choices.

"What is the most efficient and inexpensive way to put together a set of components to do supercomputing?" he says. "Clusters of symmetric multiprocessor systems have demonstrated their supercomputing potential. What we're now seeking to determine is whether COMPS provides a price and performance advantage for NERSC users. Our approach is to network clusters of SMP machines that use off-the-shelf, inexpensive processors. What NERSC needs to determine is whether this approach really can provide capability computing for a large national user facility."

Culler has tackled the problems of transforming a cluster of workstations into a single system. He heads the Network of Workstations (NOW) project, which links 140 single processor workstations within UCB's Soda Hall. COMPS differs from NOW in that it links multiprocessor workstations. Yet many of the communications issues involved are similar.

Johnston heads a team that is creating virtual laboratories, using the Internet to make unique scientific equipment accessible from all over the world. Collaborators at different locations can conduct an experiment and discuss results while it is in progress. Like Culler, Johnston too must contend with the issue of communications latency if true remote control of machines is to be achieved.

"Scientific experiment instrumentation control is increasingly using `machine intelligence' approaches to automate experiment control functions through the real-time analysis of experiment data, which is also a very computationally intensive process," says Johnston. "It is our hypothesis that the COMPS architecture will be capable of addressing both the traditional numerical computation, and the rapidly increasing needs of the experimental science community for high performance computing and storage. Further, all of these scientific computing activities can use, and will benefit from, a common and incrementally scalable computing system architecture that can be widely distributed around the new high-speed, wide area networks."

The COMPS prototype will be developed and tested through actual use by scientists. In one project, 200 megabit/second data streams from physics detector experiments will be fed to COMPS for analysis. A second test, this involving a "machine intelligence" based control system, will analyze live digital video from an electron microscope at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. COMPS also will be used for the on-line analysis and control of an ultra-high resolution micro-spectroscopy instrument at the Advanced Light Source.


Director's Annual Holiday Reception

All employees are invited to attend the
Director's Annual Holiday Reception
from 3:30 to 5 p.m. on Tuesday,
December 10, in the cafeteria.

The Laboratory Music Club's chamber group will provide entertainment;
refreshments will be served.




New Dean

Jane Long, head of the Earth Sciences Division's Environmental Remediation Technology Department, has been named dean of the University of Nevada, Reno's Mackay School of Mines. She will be consulting dean to the school for the remainder of this school year, and will assume the post full time on July 1, 1997. Long says her goals are to establish joint programs with the mining industry in Nevada and enhance the school's research programs.


New Evidence For Nemesis?

It has been widely accepted in the scientific community now that an asteroid or a comet crashing to Earth 65 million years ago triggered the extinction of the dinosaurs. But there have been other mass extinctions in our planet's history, starting with the greatest of all 250 million years ago at the Permo-Triassic boundary. At this year's annual meeting of the Geological Society of America, a University of Oregon paleontologist reported what he claimed was "the first unequivocal evidence of an impact" implicating a comet or an asteroid in the Permo-Triassic extinction. The evidence offered is tiny grains of quartz excavated from the Permo-Triassic boundary that display the cracks and fractures created by the shock of a titanic impact. Similar "shocked quartz" grains were found at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary marking the great dinosaur die-out.

If this claim holds up, it might stir new interest in a theory proposed in 1984 by Berkeley Lab physicist Rich Muller. The theory posited that the periodic mass extinctions that have occurred throughout Earth's history are the result of comet storms unleashed upon the inner solar system by the close passage of a companion star to the sun. This companion star was dubbed "Nemesis" after the Greek goddess of retribution. One of the arguments against Nemesis has been that the only evidence found thus far to link an extraterrestrial collision with a mass extinction has been at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary.

-- Lynn Yarris


Spotlight on Relaxation

CAPTION: A Bldg. 50 auditorium audience gets the stress out by doing some standing stretches under the guidance of a counselor from UC CARE Services, the Lab's employee assistance program provider. The Dec. 4 presentation was the second of two brown-bag workshops by CARE Services on stress reduction and on-the-job relaxation techniques. The sessions were sponsored by the Lab's Employee and Labor Relations Office. Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt


Local Economy and the Lab

Did you know that Berkeley Lab is the second largest employer in Berkeley and the twelfth largest in Alameda County? Did you know that the overall annual financial impact on the economy of the San Francisco Bay Area attributed to Berkeley Lab activities is $549 million?

These and many other facts are available in a new report entitled "Economic Impact Analysis." Jointly produced by Berkeley Lab's Technology Transfer Department and Community Relations Office, the 27-page report provides a detailed analysis of the financial impact that the Laboratory has on a local, state, and national economic level.

Setting aside for the moment the contributions of science, this Laboratory still wields a hefty clout on the local money scene. Nearly 60 percent of the workforce resides in Alameda County, and 30 percent in Contra Costa County. Factor in the more than 1,700 scientists who visit the lab each year (often bringing their families with them), as well as the 1,500 retirees and survivors who receive benefits from the Lab, and you have thousands of adults re-distributing the wealth. Furthermore, the Lab is a major customer of local businesses and contractors, expending nearly $100 million for goods and services each year. This report, PUB-782, is available free through Tech Transfer Department at X6467.
-- Lynn Yarris


A Replacement for Kermit?

Undoubtedly, PBS has no intention of replacing America's favorite frog, but a production crew for the network's "Scientific American Frontiers" will be here next week to look at frogs. These frogs are the freeze-resistant variety of wood frogs that were used in experiments by UC Berkeley's Boris Rubinsky to study how some animals are biologically equipped to survive in frozen environments. The MRI pictures of these frogs served as the basis for Berkeley Lab's "Virtual Frog," the famous computer image that is used by thousands of students off the Internet in schools across the country. The PBS crew will tape a re-enactment of how the images were obtained working with Katie Brennan at the Center for Functional Imaging.

"Scientific American Frontiers" is a monthly science news magazine show narrated by actor Alan Alda of "MASH" fame. The program airs on Wednesday nights at 8 p.m. and has a national audience of some 20 million students and 165,000 teachers.
-- Lynn Yarris


Seaborg = Go Bears

Glenn Seaborg, Berkeley Lab's associate director at large, was greeted by 55,000 cheering football fans when he took the field at half-time during the Cal-UCLA game in October to present the 1996 Glenn T. Seaborg Award in Football to Cal alumnus and world-renowned surgeon John Najarian. The award was created in Seaborg's name to honor his distinction as "the winningest chancellor in the University's history."


In Appreciation

Pat Hartsough, widow of Berkeley Lab retiree Walt Hartsough, who died in September, would like to thank everyone at the Laboratory who telephoned, sent notes and letters, and made charitable contributions in her husband's name.

"It has been very gratifying to know how much Walt meant to so many of you, because the Lab and his friends there were his life for 40 years," she said. "We would also like to thank those who attended his service and who kept him in their hearts and prayers during his last days."


Holiday Revels

Ken Woolfe, an electronics coordinator at the Advanced Light Source, will once again don medieval garb as he reprises his role as a member of the chorus in the 1996 San Francisco Bay Revels. This holiday event, derived from early European celebrations of the winter solstice, features a mix of mummers' plays, street songs, sword dances, and general merry-making, with an emphasis on audience participation. This year's theme is Victorian England, and features comic Geoff Hoyle of Cirque de Soleil and Pickle Family Circus fame.

Revels runs Thursday through Sunday, Dec. 12-15, at the Scottish Rite Temple in Oakland. Call 893-9853 for ticket information.




Lab, Inventors Both Benefit from Licensing Agreements

In a Nov. 26 ceremony, Lab Director Charles Shank handed out royalty checks to a growing number of Lab inventors whose work has been licensed to private industry. The following employees have received royalty checks this year:

The income from the licensing agreements--fees and royalties--are split between the Lab and the inventor according to a standard formula. For more information, contact Technology Transfer Department licensing manager Viviana Wolinsky at X6463.

Caption: Some of the latest group of Lab inventors to receive royalty checks for work licensed to private industry met with Lab Director Charles Shank and members of the Technology Transfer Department last month to pick up their checks. Photo by Joe Moore


Student Intern Advances Her Own Career and Major DOE Project Through SERS Program

By Monica Friedlander

You would never guess from her demeanor that Yamilet Rodrigues is part of a major national research project. Quiet and soft-spoken, the 24-year-old recent college graduate from Puerto Rico simply considers herself lucky to be working at Berkeley Lab.

"This is a unique experience for me, to have the opportunity to work at a major national laboratory in the United States," she said in impeccable English, which she picked up mostly by watching TV and participating in internship programs. "I learned a lot about scientific research. In Puerto Rico we don't have a lot of resources or opportunities for research."

As it turns out, her work as part of the Science and Engineering Research Semester (SERS) program not only advanced Rodrigues' own academic and professional career, but also the status of a major DOE project--the Comprehensive Epidemiological Data Resource (CEDR) program, which tracks data from DOE epidemiological studies. The information gleaned from this project is used to assess the impact of radiation exposure and to improve existing radiological protection standards.

"It is difficult to overstate the importance of her work to the CEDR program," said computer scientist Allan Konrad, her mentor at the Lab.

A computer science major from Metropolitan University in Puerto Rico, Rodrigues has worked for the past six months as part of a three-person team to provide public access to CEDR data. Her main contribution to the project is the development of Java applets--tiny applications that make the data accessible on the World Wide Web. She has also helped make it possible to browse and do keyword searches of DOE records on the Web.

For many years DOE has collected data from studies of populations exposed to radiation, including those who may have been exposed to atomic tests conducted during the 1940s and '50s. Although many descriptive studies on the subject have been published, the data itself was difficult to obtain and unavailable on the Web. The CEDR program was created to make this data, as well as "metadata," or descriptive information, available to the public and to independent researchers outside the government.

"Through Yamilet's efforts," Konrad said, "the world now has access to both the data and the metadata. She has been involved in every aspect of the program. Her work and that of the other students in the program has advanced the work of CEDR immeasurably."

Rodrigues' work is sponsored by the national SERS program, which is run locally by Berkeley Lab's Center for Science Engineering Education. Through SERS, undergraduate students and some recent graduates nationwide have the opportunity to work as part of applied research programs at world-class research facilities throughout the country.

This is Rodrigues' third internship, having spent the previous two summers at Sandia National Laboratory in New Mexico. She started working at Berkeley Lab over the summer and continued with the SERS program through the Fall semester. She will return home in December to pursue graduate studies in Puerto Rico, but not before enjoying the lighter side of her internship experience--trips to Yosemite, Lake Tahoe and Las Vegas.

During her remaining few weeks in California, Rodrigues will continue to pore over her computer in Bldg. 50, side-by-side with other computer scientists. For all she has learned and contributed during her short stay at the Lab, Rodrigues is keenly aware that her work has just begun.

"I now realize just how much more there is to learn," she said with a smile.


Student Interns To Present Their Research

All Laboratory employees are invited to attend presentations by 15 student interns who are participating in research projects at the Lab. The students are concluding their work as part of the Fall 1996 Science and Engineering Research Semester (SERS) program, hosted by the Center for Science and Engineering Education.

Sponsored by DOE, the project matches undergraduates with mentor scientists at the Lab and UCB campus in order to encourage the students to pursue advanced degrees in science and engineering. Students' areas of interest span the spectrum from atomic physics to biological and environmental studies.

CSEE would like to thank the mentoring scientists and the entire Lab staff for their continued support and assistance with the program throughout the semester.

The presentations will take place on Tuesday, Dec. 10 and Wednesday, Dec. 11 in the Bldg. 50 auditorium. You are invited join the students and learn about their research experience at the Laboratory.

Caption: SERS student intern Yamilet Rodrigues, a graduate of Metropolitan University in Puerto Rico, is working on a major DOE project with computer scientist Allan Konrad, her mentor at the Lab. Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt


Student Presentation Schedule, Bldg. 50 Auditorium




Investment Information Available on Web

Performance information for the UC-managed 403(b) and Defined Contribution Plan funds is now reported on the World Wide Web on a monthly basis; it is usually updated by the third week of each month. As shown in the chart, fund performance is reported for the most recent available month as well as three months, year-to-date, one year, five years and ten years. To assist you in evaluating these funds, comparative performance information is provided for other common benchmarks. The URL to access this information directly via the Web is:

For more detailed performance information, the UC Benefits home page provides links to a wealth of investment information, including the schedule of investments for the UC-managed funds (how contributions are actually invested in the funds), historical values from 1990 through the present, and a review of Morningstar's percentile ranking for the most current month. In addition, there are links to the Fidelity Investments home page, as well as the Calvert and Benham Groups. The URL to access this information via the Web is:

Questions about the savings and investment options available to employees may be e-mailed to

The percentages below reflect the amount by which your investment in the UC fund(s) grows on a periodic basis. Annualized rates of return reflect averages over the past five and ten years. Cumulative returns illustrate returns for the full periods shown. For example, $100 invested in the Equity Fund 10 years ago would be worth $355.54 today.


Berkeley Lab Welcomes New Employees

The Laboratory welcomed the following new career employees during the month of November:


Recycle Currents

Currents is printed on recycled and recyclable paper, using soy-based inks. It may be recycled by placing it in one of the "white paper" receptacles provided by Richmond Sanitary.


Courier Service

IDS Couriers is the Lab's contract courier service, operating 24 hours a day with pick-up and delivery service anywhere in the Bay Area. For service, call 548-3263 with pickup/ delivery locations, time requirements, and a valid Lab account number.


Winter Holiday Fun at LHS

UC Berkeley's Lawrence Hall of Science is offering a holiday schedule of family entertainment, exhibits, planetarium shows, and exploration time in the Biology Lab, each day from Monday, Dec. 23, through Friday, Jan. 3 (except Dec. 24 and 25, when LHS is closed). The special programs are included with LHS admission ($6 for adults; $4 for seniors, students, and children 7-18; $2 for children 3-6).

In addition to the regular LHS programs, special theme activities for the whole family include science and song, physics and juggling, what "hip" birds teach musicians, an ocean commotion, and more. The featured exhibit, "Brain Games," teaches kids of all ages how math and science are part of every game you play. The exhibit, developed by the Pacific Science Center in Seattle, Wash., is at the Hall through Jan. 20.

For more information, call 642-5132.


Lab Holiday Schedule

This year's holiday shutdown schedule is as follows:

The Laboratory will be open Dec. 23, 1996, and Jan. 2-3, 1997, with minimum support. Employees may either use vacation or leave without pay for Friday, Dec. 27, and Monday, Dec. 30. Employees who have not had time to accrue adequate vacation may receive an advance against future vacation accrual for these days.


Employee Buying Service Has Seasonal, Year-Round Bargains

The Employee Buying Service, located in the cafeteria lobby, has a number of bargains for Lab employees, both during the holidays, and throughout the year. The following items may be purchased Monday through Friday, from 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m:


Lab's Cellular Phone Vendors Offering Discounts to Employees

The Laboratory's cellular vendors, GTE Mobilnet and Cellular One, are extending cellular discounted monthly airtime and equipment purchases to Berkeley Lab employees for personal use. This is a corporate employee program arranged by the Lab's Telephone Service Center and the Procurement Department with Cellular One and GTE Mobilnet.

Employees interested in purchasing their own cellular service can obtain information and order forms from the Employee Buying Service, located in the cafeteria. Cellular phone requests for personal use should not be routed through the Telephone Service Center.

If you need information about obtaining cellular service for Lab use, contact the Telephone Service Center at or X7997.


C a f e t e r i a M e n u s



Calendar of Events at Berkeley Lab


The Berkeley Lab Calendar is published biweekly here on the World Wide Web and in Currents by the Public Information Department. Employees can list a meeting, class, or event in the Calendar by using this submission form. The deadline for submissions is 5 p.m. on Monday in the week that Currents is published.

In addition to the events listed below, Berkeley Lab's Washington, D.C. Projects office is hosting a Science and Technology Seminars series. 

Scientific Conferences


MON., DEC. 9


Word 7.0 Intermediate, 9 a.m. - 4 p.m., Bldg. 51L computer training room. Call X5999 to register.


Compensation course for supervisors, timekeepers, personnel administrators, and others involved in the reporting and monitoring of injured or ill employees. 9-11 a.m. in Bldg. 51-201. Offered by the Employee Development & Training Unit. To register, contact Rob Brown at X5999.


General meeting at noon in the lower level cafeteria.

TUES., DEC. 10


PL/SQL Coding Techniques, 8:45 a.m.-1 p.m., Bldg. 936-12. Call X5999 to register.


Excel 7.0 Intermediate, 9 a.m. - 4 p.m., Bldg. 51L computer training room. Call X5999 to register.

EH&S Class

Blood Biosafety and Medical Waste (EHS 737), 10 a.m.-noon, Bldg. 51-201.

Student research talks

1:10-3:50 p.m., Bldg. 50 auditorium.


3:30-5 p.m. in the cafeteria, with music and refreshments.

WED., DEC. 11


PL/SQL Coding Techniques, 8:45 a.m.-1 p.m., Bldg. 936-12. Call X5999 to register.


Power Point 7.0 Interm./Advanced, 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Bldg. 51L computer training room. Call X5999 to register.

Student research talks

9:10-11:40 a.m., Bldg. 50 auditorium.

EH&S ClassES

Laser Safety (EHS 280), 9:30-11:45 a.m., Bldg. 51-201.

Introduction to EH&S at LBNL (EHS 010), 1-3:30 p.m., Bldg. 51-201.


General meeting at noon in the lower level cafeteria.


General meeting at 12:10 p.m. in Bldg. 2-100.


EH&S Class

Radiation Protection: Fundamentals/Lab Safety (EHS 400/EHS 432), 8 a.m.-12:15 p.m., Bldg. 71 conf. rm.


Developer/2000 Tuning, 8:45 a.m.-1 p.m., Bldg. 936-12. Call X5999 to register.


AV Services staff will demonstrate their new digital display capabilities from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. in the Bldg. 54 conf. rm.


General meeting at noon in Bldg. 90-1099.

Green Team

General meeting at noon in the cafeteria to discuss upcoming plans for Earth Month, bulb planting, future litter cleanup and progress on junk mail.

FRI., DEC. 13

EH&S Class

Fire Extinguisher Use (EHS 530), 10-11:30 a.m., Bldg. 48-109.

MON., DEC. 16


7:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m., near Bldg. 79.

TUES., DEC. 17


Technical Highlights from Oracle OpenWorld. Call X5999 to register.


Excel 7.0 Advanced, 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Bldg. 51L computer training room. Call X5999 to register.

EH&S ClassES

Building Emergency Team Training (EHS 154), 9-11:30 a.m., Bldg. 48-109.

Compressed Gas Safety (EHS 231), 10:30-11:30 a.m., Bldg. 51-201.

WED., DEC. 18


Oracle 7 DBA II-Part 1, 8:45 a.m.-1 p.m., Bldg. 936-12. Call X5999 to register.


Word 7.0 Advanced, 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Bldg. 51L computer training room. Call X5999 to register.

EH&S Class

Adult CPR (EHS 123), 9 a.m.-noon, Bldg. 48-109.


Officer's meeting at 12:10 p.m. in Bldg. 2-100.



Oracle 7 DBA II-Part 2, 8:45 a.m.-1 p.m., Bldg. 936-12. Call X5999 to register.


Word 7.0 Fundamentals, 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Bldg. 51L computer training room. Call X5999 to register.

EH&S Class

Lockout/Tagout Training (EHS 256), 9:30-11:30 a.m., Bldg. 51-201.

FRI., DEC. 20


Word 7.0 Fundamentals, 9 a.m.-4 p.m., Bldg. 51L computer training room. Call X5999 to register.


Seminars & Lectures

DECEMBER 10, Tuesday

Physics Division Research Progress Meeting

"Tune In, Turn On, Drop Down or Planting RICE in the Antarctic Icecap" will be presented by Dave Besson of the University of Kansas at 4 p.m. in Bldg. 50B-4205; refreshments, 3:40 p.m.

Life Sciences Division Seminar

"Nitric Oxide and Platelet Function" will be presented by Joseph Loscalzo of the Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute/Boston University School of Medicine at 4 p.m. in Bldg. 66-316.

DECEMBER 11, Wednesday

ALS/CXRO Seminar

"X-Ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism at Sub-Kelvin Temperatures" will be presented by Steve Cramer of E&E/UCD at 4:10 p.m. in Bldg. 2-100B; refreshments, 3:50 p.m.

DECEMBER 12, Thursday

Building Energy Seminar

"Renewables Under a Restructured Utility System" will be presented by Steve Pickle and Ryan Wiser of E&E at noon in Bldg. 90-3148.

Surface Science and Catalysis Science Seminar

"Scattering and Recoiling Imaging Spectrometry (SARIS)" will be presented by J. Wayne Rabalais of the University of Houston at 1:30 p.m. in the Bldg. 66 auditorium.

Physics Division Research Progress Meeting

"Search for New Physics at LEP 2" will be presented by Michael Schmitt of CERN at 4 p.m. in Bldg. 50A-5132; refreshments, 3:40 p.m.

DECEMBER 17, Tuesday

Physics Division Research Progress Meeting

"Status of the KTeV Experiment at Fermilab" will be presented by Julie Whitmore of Fermilab at 4 p.m. in the Bldg. 50 auditorium; refreshments, 3:40 p.m.

DECEMBER 18, Wednesday

ALS/CXRO Seminar

"Infrared Microspectroscopy at the NSLS - Latest Results" will be presented by Gwyn Williams of BNL at 4:10 p.m. in Bldg. 2-100B; refreshments, 3:50 p.m.

DECEMBER 19, Thursday

Building Energy Seminar

"Developing a Carbon Monoxide Passive Sampler" will be presented by Michael Apte of E&E at noon in Bldg. 90-3148.

DECEMBER 20, Friday

Life Sciences Division Seminar

"Recombining DNA Repair, Transcription, Human Syndromes and Mouse Models" will be presented by Jan H.J. Hoeijmakers of Erasmus University, The Netherlands, at noon in the Bldg. 66 auditorium.

Items for either calendar may be sent via e-mail to, faxed to X6641, or mailed to Bldg. 65B. The deadline for the Dec. 20 issue is 5 p.m. Monday, Dec. 16.




'74 CHEVY Nova, 100K mi., reliable, runs great, $1100/b.o. Jorge, X4828, 649-0359

'86 CHRYSLER New Yorker, white, 4-dr, turbo charged, luxury model, blue leather int., 1 owner, very gd cond., asking $2700. Gary or Margrith, 235-0243

'92 HONDA Accord DX, 4-dr, a/c, a/t, AM/FM cass., low mi., great cond., $10,095. X4061, 528-7747

TIRE CHAINS, Campbell, brand new, fit 13" & 14" wheels, $25. Dave, X4024, 526-0552 (eve.)


CARPOOL, 2-person, rider/driver wanted, from the Tri-Valley area to LBNL, 7:30 a.m.-4 p.m. (or thereabouts). Monte, X6761


HOLIDAY CONCERT, Berkeley Community Chorus & Orchestra, Handel's "Messiah", Purcell's "Sing Unto the Lord", Franceschini's "Sonata in D for Two Solo Trumpets", Sat., 12/7, 8 p.m., St. Ambrose Church, 1140 Gilman St., Berkeley; Sat., 12/14 , 8 p.m. & Sun., 12/15, 4 p.m., St. Joseph's Church, 1640 Addison, Berkeley, admission free, donations accepted


HOUSE/APT TO SIT, in Berkeley, for mature woman living in Maine, for 4-to-5 wks starting ~mid-Jan., has house-sitting exp. in Berkeley, Univ. refs., 2 places w/reasonable overlap time periods OK, no pets. (207) 967-9892

RELIABLE NIGHT ATTENDANT for Owen Chamberlain, 9:30 p.m.-8:30 a.m., twice mid week, agreeable easy job for honest, caring person, refs., trans. needed, Rockridge area. 524-4654

SEWING MACHINE, used but gd cond. Tennessee, X5013


BED, electric, single, head or feet can be raised independently, $1K/b.o. Marie, X4317

BED, single, w/mattress, IKEA, $50. 528-9904

CALLER ID BOX, displays last 99 calls, $25. Dave, X4024, 526-0552 (eve.)

CHINA, Lenox Wyncrest, egg shell color w/platinum band, 12 5-pc. place settings w/serving pcs., $495. Bev, 236-2751

CHRISTMAS WREATHS, benefits BSA, 24" Noble Fir, avail. immed., $18 ea. X7853, 526-7388

COMPUTER SCREEN, VGA, color, 14", $80/b.o.; Panasonic matrix printer, $75/b.o.; compact radio/stereo, cass. & CD player, $70/b.o.; color TV, 14", $90/b.o. Marta, X4709

EXERCISE MACHINE, Nordic Track Pro, $275. X7352

HONEY, pure, local, all natural, uncooked, 8, 12 & 16 oz., $2.25-$4.50/jar. Gale, X4826, 372-0933

KIDS FURNITURE, car bed (crib mattress sz.), cribs (2), matching set in light-finished wood (crib, dresser & changing table). Bill, X7271, 376-3419

MOVING SALE, bed, futon, couch, chairs, wicker shelf, mirror, kitchen utils., everything goes. Jorge, X4828, 649-0359

MOVING SALE, child's crib, oak, $100; papasan chair, $20; kitchen table, $40; bookcase w/cabinet, $50; 10-spd bicycle, $60; futon, full sz. w/frame, $100; Altec speakers, $60/pr.; Toshiba TV, $50; Panasonic VCR w/slow motion, $100; refrigerator, $80, all in exc. cond. X5350, 525-4895

PRINTER, Apple Stylewriter II, brand new, $200/b.o. Marcia, X4764, 526-7636 (eve.)

REFRIGERATORS (2), 1 side-by-side, in-door water/ice dispenser, approx. 20 cu. ft., almond, 6 yr. old, $999 new, asking $350/b.o.; 1 dorm-sz., 3 cu. ft., used 1 yr., w/freezer compartment, $275 new, $100 firm. Madeleine, X4859, 231-0237 (eve.)

SAILBOAT, Catalina 30, set up for racing, lots of new equip., $28K. X5626, 935-4437

SNOWBOARD/SKI PANTS, O'neil, reinforced knees & seat, sz. sm. 30-35, very gd cond., $140 new, $60. X7246

SOFA & matching love seat, floral print on cream background, exc. cond., $450/b.o. 943-6517 (eve.)

SOFA BED, beige, pastel floral pattern, 95 long x 39 deep x 32 high, folds out into full-sz. sleeper, exc. cond., $350; futon, full sz., foam-core, w/matte black, metal tubular frame, gd cond., $125. Donald, 652-6434 (eve.)

TEAPOT, ceramic, new, thatched house deco, $10; round cake pans, new, $3 ea.; picture frames, misc. sizes, $3 ea.; plastic hangers (box), $2; orange crate for cass. tapes, new, $2 ea. 843-2097

VIDEO GAMES, exc. cond., Sega Genesis, $50; Sega CD, $35; Sega 32X, $15, each comes w/1 game; addt'l games & accessories, $7 ea. Arjun, 524-3887 (after 4 p.m.)

WATER FILTERS, NSA, sink installation. Marek, X5029, 582-5867

WATERBED FRAME, Calif. king sz., 8-drwr, 4 cabinets underneath, padded rails, leaded glass in lg. headboard, supports standard king sz. mattress, $200/b.o. Dione, X6097


ALBANY, partly furn. 2-bdrm, 2-bth condo, bay view, swimming pool, tennis cts., 24 hr. sec., garage parking, bus/BART to LBNL/UCB 15 min., nr shopping, no pets, non-smoker, lease, avail. 12/1, $980/mo. Rai, 524-7941 (eve.)

ALBANY, male roommate to lease 1-bdrm, 1-bth in lg. 2-bdrm, 2-bth condo, 1 parking space in sec. garage, access to living rm, kitchen & laundry fac., swimming pool & Jacuzzi on premises, $475/mo. Pierre, 526-7039

BERKELEY, live/work space, +1280 sq. ft., 2 flrs, balcony, deck, top flr w/north skylights, incl. laundry fac. & utils., $1K/mo. Loren, 843-4736

BERKELEY HILLS, rm+bth in 3-bdrm+, 2-bth house, bay view, green, fully furn., w/d, d/w, linen, dishes, share w/young prof. couple, walk to LBNL shuttle & UCB, short term OK, $650/mo. X4978

NO. BERKELEY, rm in lg., pvt. home, sep. entrance, pvt. tel. line, bathrm shared w/1 other LBNL scientist, kitchen use OK, avail. 12/1, $350/mo. + share of PG&E. Eva, 524-6606 (eve.)

NO. BERKELEY, furn. Victorian, lg. 1-bdrm, 1-bth apt, linens, kitchenware, laundry fac., enclosed garden, dbl carport, walk to LBNL shuttle, UCB, BART & shopping, short term OK, utils. & local tele. include. 848-1830

CASTRO VALLEY, rm in 3-bdrm house, laundry & kitchen privs., $400/mo. + some util. Marek, X5029, 582-5867

EL CERRITO HILLS, nr Kensington/Berkeley, 3-bdrm, 2-bth home, panoramic bay view, piano, 3 decks, sauna, washer/dryer, prefer yr. lease, no smoking, no pets, 10 min. drive to LBNL, avail. Jan. or Feb., $1500/mo. X6005

KENSINGTON, spacious rm in lg. house, share house area w/LBNL family, avail. 1/4, $475/mo. incl. utils. Dennis, X7853, 526-7388

ORINDA, 1-bdrm, 1-bth apt, garage, dishwahser, washer/dryer connection, woodsy setting, 8 min from Lab, avail. 1/1, $710/mo. 831-9958

EXCHANGE: family house in Oxford, UK, offered in exchange for similar in Berkeley area, July-Dec., 1 mi. east of city center, convenient to Univ. of Oxford, Oxford Brookes Univ. & hospitals, 3-bdrm (1 dbl, 1 twin, 1 single), 1.5 bth, all appliances, garden, car exchange also possible.

WANTED: house in Berkeley for a week, for family reunion of 6 adults + 3 toddlers, Jan. 4-12, could trade our house in Alexandria, VA. Margaret for Art, (206) 523-9058,

WANTED: 2-3 bdrm rental, unfurn. house/apt in Berkeley/Albany/El Cerrito for postdoc, wife & kid by Feb.-March '97. Luis, X6796, 845-2963 (eve.),

WANTED: short-term accommodation/house-sit in Berkeley or Albany for visiting relatives at Xmas, 12/20-31 or portion thereof, no cats.X4740, 528-7770

WANTED: apt/house for a yr. starting 1/1, for postdoc w/wife & 2 children. Fred, X4892

WANTED: sm. apt/rm for Jan.-March, for visiting researcher. Fred, X4892

Real Estate

HERCULES, 3-bdrm, 2-bth home, dbl garage, new 40 yr. roof, gas log fire, new carpet, hardwd flrs, 18 yr. old Sunstream, nr schools, $179,950. Clive, 799-1646

OAKLAND, 2 blks off Lake Merritt, nr Grand Lake Theater, 2-bdrm, 2-bth condo, 1234 sq. ft, walking distance to BART & restaurants, $145K. Andre, X6745, 559-8652

SONOMA COAST, 2.16 acres, Timbercove, Ft. Ross area, all utils. Nick, 527-1965


BAHAMAS, Taino Beach Resort, nr Freeport, 1-bdrm condo, slps 4, every amenity, pool/tennis, on beach, 60 days adv. notice, $500/wk. X6005

For Free

CARDBOARD BOX, approx. 50cm x 50cm x 50cm, sturdy, sturdy plastic bags, foam pieces (3), moving/storage. Anushka, X7780

Flea Market Deadline

Flea Market items may be sent via Quickmail, e-mailed to, faxed to X6641, or mailed to Bldg. 65B. The deadline for the Dec. 20 issue is 5 p.m. Friday 13.



AVON. X6274, 939-7754

CHILDREN'S REMEDIES for colds and flu, all new natural herbal product w/immune formula for children, safe. 724-5054, X5737 (msg. 11:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m.)

COUNSELING & HYPNOTHERAPY, stress & pain reduction, transitions, regressions, group & pvt. sessions. Paul, X4953, 235-6602

DJ MUSIC SERVICE, weddings, parties & other good times, music from the '40s to the '90s, 10 yrs exp. Steve, X5927, 254-2402

EARTHQUAKE BOLTING & bracing for your home, many LBNL references. Ken, X7739, 482-3331

EDIT/WRITE SERVICES for authors and publishers, on-line editing & data, literature searches. Carol, X4812

FIRE PROTECTION COVER, new technology. Gary, 235-0243

SAILING INSTRUCTION & celestial navigation. X5626, 935-4437

SCOTTISH MUSIC, Plaid Attitude, jigs, reels, hornpipes, strathspeys, slow airs, for dancing, listening & celebrating. Janis, X5673, 525-9563

TENNIS RACQUET STRINGING, Gamma, Prince, Wilson, Forten & Gosen strings, next day service, No. Berkeley drop-off, USRSA member. Dan, X5094, 848-2005

TUPPERWARE. X6274, 939-7754

WEB PAGE DESIGN & photography. Matthias, X7075

WEIGHT LOSS, all natural herbal products, no shakes, no diets, no prepackaged foods, free samples. 724-5054, X5737 (msg. 11:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m.)

WEIGHT LOSS & health seminars in your home, have a seminar in your home and get your weight loss product free plus a free membership for wholesale prices. 724-5054, X5737 (msg. 11:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m.)

WELLNESS PRODUCTS of all natural herbs, for sore muscles, stress (free samples), diabetes, back pain, arthritis, indigestion, heart burn, high blood pressure, work without side effects of medicine. 724-5054, X5737 (msg. 11:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m.)

VCR REPAIR, many years exp. in-home electronics repairs of all kinds, flat rate, no charge for consultation/evaluation. James, 845-4132 (msg.)


Flea Market ad policy

Due to the large volume of ads received each week, ads are accepted only from LBNL employees, retirees, and on-site DOE personnel. No other ads will be accepted. We encourage past contributors to the Flea Market to use other local services, such as LBNL's online housing listing (call X6198 for information), and the UC Housing Office.

Please note also:


Currents/The View and the Communications Department Staff

Published once a month by the Communications Department for the employees and retirees of Berkeley Lab.

Reid Edwards, Public Affairs Department head
Ron Kolb, Communications Department head

Pamela Patterson, 486-4045,
Associate editor
Lyn Hunter, 486-4698,

Dan Krotz, 486-4019
Paul Preuss, 486-6249
Lynn Yarris, 486-5375

Ucilia Wang, 495-2402
Allan Chen, 486-4210
David Gilbert, (925) 296-5643

Caitlin Youngquist, 486-4020
Creative Services Office

Berkeley Lab
Communications Department
MS 65, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley CA 94720
(510) 486-5771
Fax: (510) 486-6641

Berkeley Lab is managed by the University of California for the U.S. Department of Energy.

Flea Market is now online at


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