Berkeley Lab Director Charles Shank, wielding an oversized pair of scissors, sliced a special ribbon on April 4 that signaled the opening of the Laboratory's newest facility--a new wing of the National Center for Electron Micro-scopy (NCEM).
The "ribbon," a photo reproduction of atoms of aluminum and germanium, gave the estimated 200 visitors on hand for the ceremony a glance at the power and capabilities of the center's microscopes, three of which were dedicated that day. In particular, the One Angstrom Microscope (OAM), once fully operational, will achieve unprecedented resolution for the study of atomic structure and behavior.
Shank reflected the promise of the new instrumentation, which will "open up new directions for scientific investigation, new vistas of discovery." He said NCEM epitomizes Lab founder Ernest Orlando Lawrence's vision of bringing teams of scientists together to utilize complex instruments in solving national problems of scale.
NCEM Director Uli Dahmen said the facility's new wing and upgrades, which include second-floor office space for user-visitors and five additional microscopes (three in the wing), are important for establishing NCEM as "the leading center for electron microscopy in the world." Many in the audience were conferees from an afternoon symposium on the role of electron microscopy in science and technology, held in Perseverance Hall.
Dahmen cited the contributions of many to the completion of the project--the Department of Energy, which provided the vision and funding; IBM, for its gift of the Spin Polarized Low Energy Electron Microscope (SPLEEM) in the new wing; and Philips Electron Optics, which built the One-Angstrom Microscope and provided a training and research fellowship. Remarks and congratulations were offered by Helen Farrell, of DOE's Basic Energy Sciences program; Barbara Jones, manager for magnetic materials and phenomena at IBM's Almaden Research Center, and Mike Thompson, general manager and president of Philips Electron Optics.
Dahmen also noted the invaluable assistance of Berkeley Lab personnel in the project-- the facilities department, who "took this new wing from the drawing board to reality, on budget and on schedule"; the scientific and technical staff of NCEM; the offices of finance, purchasing and legal counsel; the Oakland Operations Office of DOE; and the support staffs of NCEM and Materials Sciences.
He took special note of the accomplishments of two Lab employees who recently died--Greg Raymond, who was an architect for the new wing, and Mark Fendorf, a microscopist and materials scientist at NCEM. "I want to thank them for their contribution," Dahmen told the audience, "and of their colleagues and friends I would request that when you take your first drink at the refreshment table in the courtyard, you drink not only to the center's health, but to the memory of Greg and Mark, who had to leave before their time."
Of the three new microscopes that were unveiled on a tour following the ceremony, the One Angstrom Microscope is creating the most buzz. The OAM will be able to peer deep inside a material and resolve images to within a single angstrom, which is about the diameter of a hydrogen atom. For example, using computer alignment and reconstruction, the instrument will be used to get a first-time view of the oxygen atoms in oxide superconductors.
SPLEEM, the result of a $1 million donation from IBM, will give scientists their first molecular-level look at the interplay between magnetism and atomic structure at nanometer resolution. Surface magnetic behavior holds the key to advances in reading and writing high-density information on computer disks.
A state-of-the-art analytical microscope known as CM200FEG is capable of identifying the presence of trace impurities in the most minute amounts of materials, at near-atomic levels. It can give scientists a map of atomic bonds at interfaces between materials and measure the distribution of magnetic particles.
NCEM, which was established in 1983, now boasts eight microscopes and a cutting-edge computer facility, which are used by more than 100 visiting scientists from around the world each year.
Caption: Cutting a ribbon to dedicate the expanded National Center for Electron Microscopy are (from left) Mike Thompson of Philips Electron Optics, Helen Farrell of DOE's Basic Energy Sciences program, Barbara Jones of IBM's Almaden Research Center, NCEM Director Uli Dahmen and Berkeley Lab Director Charles Shank. The ribbon bears the image of an aluminum-germanium interface magnified 40 million times. Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt
Exit surveys showed the visitors left with good feelings, a healthy dose of science, and a greater appreciation for the world of fundamental research.
Laboratory management, choosing to build upon success, has decided to do it again. Berkeley Lab Open House '97 has been scheduled for 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Saturday, Oct. 18. The planning process has already begun with the formation of an Open House Task Force and a request for the appointment of coordinators from divisions and programs.
"It will be a challenge to meet, let alone to exceed, the high standards of performance achieved the last time in the exhibits, demonstrations, and entertainment," Lab Director Charles Shank wrote in his letter to division directors. "Now, more than ever, scientific institutions like ours can benefit from showing the value of our research to the members of our community."
As before, a full program of displays, tours, lectures, children's activities, music and refreshments will be developed for the Open House. Participants may wish to re-stage their 1995 exhibits, update them, or develop new approaches to explain what their programs do and why they're important to America and to society.
A review of the '95 event and a discussion of new ideas for 1997 will take place at an Open House coordinators' meeting to be scheduled in May.
Ron Kolb, head of Public Communications, will again serve as overall coordinator for Open House planning. He will be assisted by Mike Chartock, Doug Vaughan, Reid Edwards, Pam Patterson, Marilee Bailey, Molly Field, and Margaret Johnson.
Suggestions can be forwarded to the Task Force via e-mail to [email protected] Those who wish to volunteer for planning duties or serve as on-site hosts during the Open House should also contact Kolb by mail or phone (X7586).
As the only African American graduate student in the physics department at Duke University, Lewis Johnson used to feel like the odd person out. It was not so much professional assistance that he lacked, as general support, a feeling of belonging within the scientific community.
"You sometimes need someone with whom you can talk about life at the same time as talking about career issues," Johnson said. "It's a feeling most people take for granted. I needed someone who could understand both facets of my world."
This feeling of isolation changed after Johnson joined the National Society of Black Physicists, which held its annual meeting last month (March 27-30) at Berkeley Lab.
"This organization puts you in touch with other people in your field," Johnson said. "Through the magic of e-mail, fax, and phone, you can be in Saskatchewan and not feel isolated."
The organization, which just celebrated its 20th anniversary, was founded to promote African American participation in physics. This year's meeting was attended by 115 physicists, 25 of whom were students. Activities included lectures by experts in the field, a panel discussion, tours of Lab facilities, and a final student poster session.
The lectures focused on current trends in various fields of physics, including material science, plasma physics, astronomy, and high energy physics. A high point of the meeting was the tour of Lab facilities--the Advanced Light Source, the National Center for Electron Microscopy, and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center.
"This is a historical occasion," said Keith Jackson, NSBP's technical executive officer and a scientist at the Advanced Light Source. "We have an opportunity to open up the national facilities at the Laboratory to the African American community. It is time to live up to our view that the more people you have working and accessing knowledge, the more knowledge is coming out."
Jackson praised Lab Director Charles Shank for reaching out to the African American physics community and inviting its members to establish research collaborations. He also said there was a high level of interest among the participants in following up on the meeting and establishing professional research collaborations in the future. Equally important for NSBP members is the opportunity offered by events such as this to build a network of contacts within the physics community.
"The networking support that the society provides to African American physicists is invaluable," said Donnel T. Walton, a professor of optics at Howard University. "You get to meet people, learn the ropes, participate in mentoring programs, and visit facilities such as these at an early age. This type of support has been instrumental in my career advancement."
Caption: Lewis Johnson (right) listens as a fellow physicist describes a display during the student poster session at the annual meeting of the National Society of Black Physicists, held at Berkeley Lab March 27-30. Johnson, who is a graduate student in the Physics Department at Duke University, was one of 115 physicists from around the country who attended the meeting, participating in lectures, tours and the poster session. Photo by Joe Moore
A new technique being developed by Berkeley Lab scientists has the oil industry keenly anticipating its potential use in finding petroleum and natural gas reservoirs hidden beneath underwater bodies of salt. Called "marine magnetotellurics," or marine MT, the new technique is designed to augment seismic imaging in geological surveys by revealing the size and thickness of underwater salt structures. This information can help researchers gauge the prospects for the sediment underlying the salt to be rich in oil or gas.
Marine MT is the work of Michael Hoversten and Frank Morrison, geophysicists with the Earth Sciences Division, and Steven Constable, a marine geophysicist with the Scripps Institute of Oceanography at UC San Diego. It is based on measurements of salt's electrical resistance to low-frequency electromagnetic radiation from the earth's ionosphere.
"We've found that these low-frequency electromagnetic fields are still recordable and capable of being used for sub-bottom imaging even at ocean depths of up to two kilometers," says Morrison, who is also a professor on the UC Berkeley campus.
With conventional seismic imaging, soundwaves are bounced off underground rock layers and reflected back to the surface, where instruments record their travel time. This yields valuable information about rock formations and structures that can be used, among other purposes, to predict the presence and approximate size of petroleum and gas reservoirs. Seismic imaging, however, runs into problems in marine surveys, especially in deep sedimentary basins, because of interference from salt bodies. Sometimes covering hundreds of square miles in area, these salt bodies are highly reflective of soundwaves and prevent surveyors from getting an accurate reading of the geological formations underneath it.
However, in addition to being highly reflective of soundwaves, salt is also highly resistant to the flow of an electrical current, a fact that marine MT exploits through the utilization of atmospheric electromagnetic radiation. This low-frequency radiation occurs naturally as a result of solar wind striking the ionosphere, that region of the atmosphere extending from about 55 to 306 kilometers (34 to 190 miles) above sea level, which is electrically charged. The solar wind causes the ionosphere to vibrate, generating electromagnetic waves that can penetrate deep into the earth's crust. These waves create electrical currents through rock strata and sea floor sediment but not through salt and other substances that have a high degree of electrical resistance.
"The electrical resistivity of salt is often more than 10 times greater than that of the surrounding sediments," says Hoversten. "By measuring the distortion in the flow of electrical currents through seawater and sediment produced by the presence of salt, we can easily map major (salt) structures and resolve questions not answered by seismic imaging. In this manner, marine MT provides us with complementary as well as independent information."
The basic premise of marine MT is an extension of a land-based technology with a major caveat: essential to the success of marine MT is the ability to deploy and retrieve instrumentation from the bottom of the sea. To this end, Hoversten, Morrison, and Constable conducted tests in the Gulf of Mexico, where huge oil and gas reservoirs are believed to be hidden under vast expanses of salt.
Marine MT surveys were conducted over two sites, known as "Mahogany" and "Gemini," where the prospects for finding oil and gas are rated good. Mahogany is a relatively shallow water site, about 100 meters in depth, off the Louisiana coast. Gemini is further off-shore in water as deep as 1.5 kilometers (nearly 5,000 feet). The device used to measure underwater electrical resistivity consists of an X-shaped frame packed with electrodes and special magnetic field sensors that were developed at Berkeley Lab and are among the most sensitive ever made.
To this assembly is added a buoyancy chamber and a concrete anchor. The complete package, which looks somewhat like a four-legged spider the size of a small raft, gets dropped overboard off a ship, sinks to the sea floor, and remains in the sediment for a couple of days. A remote signal is then used to detach the anchor from the frame and the floatation chamber brings it to the surface.
"This is the first time where MT instrumentation has been successfully deployed and retrieved from deep water," says Hoversten, who credits Constable and his colleagues at Scripps for the design of the marine equipment. The Scripps researchers believe their assembly will operate in water depths up to five kilometers (16,500 feet).
Data from the Mahogany and Gemini surveys are still being processed, but based on numerical modeling, Hoversten says he and Morrison are confident that marine MT can map the extent and thickness of salt structures with sufficient resolution to determine the prospects of finding new oil or gas deposits.
"Most of the undiscovered oil and gas in the Gulf and other bodies of water throughout the world are hidden under salt, where the companies couldn't see it using seismic imaging," says Hoversten. "By showing where and how deep the possible pay zones are, marine MT can go a long way toward helping a company pick its drilling targets."
The cost of marine MT pales before the cost of drilling or even the cost of seismic imaging. Marine surveys are divided into "blocks," each of which constitutes an area of three square miles. It costs about $500,000 to survey one block with seismic imaging and about $50,000 to survey it with marine MT.
Currently, Hoversten and Morrison are developing computer programs that will allow the data from marine MT to be integrated with data from seismic imaging. This should improve the accuracy of predicting underwater petroleum and gas reservoirs, and also enable the technique to be applied to scientific studies of geologic structures that are under lava flows, and other formations that pose difficulties for seismic methods alone.
The marine MT surveys of the Mahogany and Gemini sites in the Gulf of Mexico were funded by a consortium of oil companies including AGIP, Chevron, BP, BHP, and Texaco. This project is administered at Berkeley Lab through ESD's Norm Goldstein.
Caption: Geophysicists Frank Morrison (left) and Michael Hoversten, working with Steven Constable of Scripp's Institute of Oceanography, are working on an imaging technique called marine magnetotellurics for use in the gas and oil industry. Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt
The American Chemical Society held its 213th national meeting in San Francisco April 13-17. More than 12,000 attendees signed up for 680 technical sessions and presented approximately 7,700 papers. This year's ASC Presidential Event, which traditionally opens the meeting, featured a tribute to Berkeley Lab associate-director-at-large Glenn Seaborg. Honored for the imminent designation of chemical element 106 as "seaborgium"--the first time ever that an element has been named after an individual who is still alive--Seaborg was presented by ACS President Paul Anderson with a special gift--a T-shirt that reads "I'm in My Element." Even as he approaches his 85th birthday (April 19), Seaborg showed that he is still an active ACS member by giving talks on two papers. He was among dozens of Berkeley Lab chemists who gave talks or presented papers at the meeting.
Cooper began his career at the Lab in 1959 as a graduate student research assistant. Over the next four decades he lent his expertise in the fields of plasma spectroscopy, ion sources, and neutral beam systems to the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division. He retired in 1993.
Cooper was responsible for developing techniques for studying high frequency electric fields in plasmas, was involved with accelerator design for the development of neutral beam systems, and developed novel computer techniques in the design of large neutral beam ion sources.
"Bill Cooper was one of the founding members of the Lab's neutral beam development program, along with Ken Ehlers, Wulf Kunkel, Bob Pyle, and me," said Lab Deputy Director Klaus Berkner. "His creativity and enthusiasm were invaluable in our development of `heaters' for fusion experiments at Princeton, Livermore, and General Atomic."
A native of Greenwood, Miss., Cooper earned his B.S. in physics from MIT, his Ph.D. in physics from UC Berkeley and did post doctoral work at the Max Planck Institute in Germany.
Kunkel, retired head of the Magnetic Fusion Energy Program, was an early mentor to Cooper. He remembers him as an eager student who never lost his enthusiasm for his profession.
"He came to us right at a time when controlled fusion research was declassified," Kunkel said. "He and Klaus Berkner came together. At the time we encouraged graduate students to go elsewhere, but these two we wanted to keep here. We were never sorry."
After his retirement, Cooper pursued his interest in electronics and built various devices, such as an underwater sonar detector. He enjoyed the outdoors--bird watching in particular--and owned a house at Echo Lake.
He is survived by his wife, Glyde Greenfield Cooper of San Francisco, and sons William of New York City and John of Washington, D.C. In lieu of flowers, the family suggests donations to the Save the San Francisco Bay Association, 1736 Franklin St., Oakland, CA 94612.
An expert in accelerator injection systems, Selph worked on the initial design for the Advanced Light Source before his retirement in 1991, and was one of the designers of ALS's injection system. He was also involved in SuperHILAC development, accelerator improvements, and beam transport systems. He was rehired for one year in 1992 to continue his work on ALS injector commissioning and continued to participate in department activities after his retirement.
"Frank's contribution to ALS was vital," said Swapan Chattopadhyey, head of the Lab's Center for Beam Physics. "He was responsible for first initial design of the transfer beam from the ALS Linac to the Center for Beam Test Facility. He was a great help to me and will be missed."
Selph joined the six-member team of the Center for Beam Physics in 1985, before the ALS was funded, and remained with the group until his retirement.
Selph had an early interest in architecture and used to design houses in the Bay Area before returning to college to pursue his interest in physics. He earned his master's degree from UC Berkeley in 1963. After his retirement, he enjoyed spending time at his vacation cottage near Clear Lake, and pursued his interests in travel, sailing, and crafts projects.
He is survived by his wife Marianne, daughters Nicola, Jana, and Karen, and son Douglas.
Nearly 100 computer and math scientists doing research under the auspices of DOE's Mathematics Information and Computing Sciences Division convened at Berkeley Lab last week to compare notes on new algorithms, applications and technologies.
The researchers, about half of whom are from national labs and the other half from universities, spent two days attending half-hour presentations and a poster session. Topics ranged from software and algorithms to networks and communication.
Phillip Colella, deputy department head of the Lab's Center for Computational Science and Engineering and organizer of the conference, said although the participants speak a common language--mathematics--the conference highlights the "extraordinarily diverse applications" of their research.
Charles Tier of the University of Illinois, Chicago, for example, discussed the difficulties of marrying technologies for transmitting voice, data and video signals into one seamless stream. The challenge is in synchronizing three types of signals, each of which varies in its susceptibility to signal loss, delays and speed.
Using "Asynchronous Transfer Mode," such technology will be able to send packets from coast to coast in 15 milliseconds, Tier said. The problem is, if there is trouble in the transmission, thousands of data packets will have been sent before the deficiency is even detected. The technology is now evolving in small systems, such as linking two campuses, until telephone and cable TV companies are ready to launch full-scale systems in the near future.
Marsha Berger of the Courant Institute discussed flows in complicated geometry and using computer algorithms to simplify modeling of airflow around complicated structures, such as helicopters. "Her talk bridged the interests of many of the participants," Colella said, "and illustrated how ideas from computer science, computational science, and classical mathematics can be combined to solve difficult real-world problems."
Fred Howes, program manager for the Mathematics Information and Computing Sciences Division, said DOE convenes such meetings every other year to bring researchers together from large academic and lab programs and encourage them to work together.
"We've had pretty good luck in getting nice collaborations as a result of these meetings," Howes said. "A lot of the work can be done over the Internet, but there's no substitute for face-to-face meetings."
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The full text of each edition of Currents is published on the Lab's home page on the World Wide Web. View it at http://www.lbl.gov/ under "Research News and Publications." To set up your computer to access the World Wide Web, call the Mac and PC Support Group at X6858.
Berkeley Lab is responsible for generating more than half a billion dollars annually in the economy of the Bay Area, according to an analysis of the laboratory's total spending impacts.
Using a generally accepted economic impact model, the Lab has estimated that its direct annual expenditures in the region total $400 million, with another $149 million resulting from indirect and induced impacts. The Lab is responsible for generating up to 5,600 jobs, the study says.
According to the report, which uses 1995 data, the Lab spent $290 million on salaries, benefits and procurements, plus $8.3 million in retiree pensions and $4.7 million in retiree medical benefits-- most of which recycles throughout the region. Guests to the Lab contributed an estimated $47 million in spending during their visits to the Bay Area, and conferences contributed $48 million to the regional economy.
The analysis also shows Berkeley Lab is the second largest employer in Berkeley (after UC Berkeley) and the 12th largest in Alameda County.
"By whatever measure you choose, it is clear that Berkeley Lab is a valuable contributor to the Greater Bay Area economy," said Lab Director Charles Shank. "We're proud of the positive impact we have made on the development and growth of the area in our 65 years of service to the community and the nation."
Shank also noted that the Laboratory is responsible for many other contributions that can't be quantified in dollars and cents but are nonetheless critical to the regional welfare: science partnerships with Bay Area industry, consumer savings through energy efficiency advances, and outreach efforts in education and public service.
Berkeley Lab operates with an annual budget of more than $340 million and employs more than 3,300 people, including 1,000-plus scientists and engineers. About 400 students work at the Lab while pursuing their degrees, and the Lab plays host to nearly 200 guest researchers each year from the United States and abroad.
The economic analysis, coordinated by John Andrew of UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business for the Lab's Technology Transfer and Community Relations offices, noted Berkeley Lab's direct effects of payroll and purchasing, plus the re-spending effects in the greater economy. It applied an economic multiplier analysis and input/output model used by the Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG).
The Lab's employment profile shows 60 percent of its workers residing in Alameda County and 30 percent in Contra Costa County. More than 1,000 Lab employees live in Berkeley, and about 450 in Oakland. In 1995, the Lab spent about $137 million in salaries and wages, $41 million to employees living in Berkeley. About $119 million of the total went to workers living in the East Bay.
Of the $76 million in goods and services purchased from commercial vendors, $43 million went to small businesses and $9.3 million to small disadvantaged businesses. Another $20 million in goods and services was purchased from non-commercial vendors, such as the University of California, state and local government, and non-profit organizations. Berkeley Lab does business with about 11,000 vendors annually.
In addition, the Lab hosts more than 50 conferences each year, attracting several thousand guests to the Bay Area. Outside users of Berkeley Lab's facilities numbered 1,730 in 1995. These short-term visitors combined to boost the local hospitality industry by an estimated $400,000, according to the report.
The Lab's technology transfer program has facilitated research partnerships throughout the Bay Area, including notable work with the California semiconductor industry and companies like Rockwell, Motorola, DuPont, Seagate, Chiron, Octree Corporation and Advanced Photonics. Another collaboration with Kaiser Permanente is focusing on a network-based data management and communications system for storing, analyzing and transmitting medical images and information, sometimes directly into the operating room.
Combined industry and government partnership commitments exceed $65 million, with over half the projects tied to California companies. The Lab also receives more than $40 million for sponsored research from agencies like the National Institutes of Health, Amgen, Children's Hospital, and the U.S. Navy.
The report stated that "while Berkeley Lab has secured its reputation for basic scientific research, many of the Lab's scientific discoveries and inventions have had direct application in industry, spawning new businesses and creating new opportunities for existing firms."
Start-up companies in Alameda County benefiting from Lab-developed technologies project sales revenues of more than $20 million annually by 1998. Among them are Berkeley firms PolyPlus, which markets solid-state lithium battery technology, and Morris Research, which sells superconductivity instrumentation. Symyx of Sunnyvale, another start-up company, is commercializing Berkeley Lab's pioneering method for synthesis of new materials.
The impact of energy efficiency programs and partnerships on the state and nation has been enormous, according to the report. With a total research and development investment of $70 million in areas like new lighting sources, window coatings, and appliance and housing standards, the Lab estimates that consumers have already reduced their energy bills by $5 billion as of 1993.
Throughout California, Berkeley Lab's advice in building design, lighting and window technologies has assisted utilities companies and their customers to maximize their energy use. The Laboratory hosts the California Institute for Energy Efficiency, a research consortium of utility companies, universities and research laboratories. CIEE's mission is to identify, plan and fund coordinated research on energy-efficient end-use technologies.
Copies of the Berkeley Lab Economic Impact Analysis are available from the Technology Transfer Department or on the web at http://www.lbl.gov/Tech-Transfer/econ_impact/start.html
It's April again and, in California tradition, time to "prepare" for the big one. In reality, most of us don't prepare but merely think about it and procrastinate. We think there's nothing we can do that will protect us from the destructive force that will emanate from the Hayward fault; that there's little we can do to protect ourselves and our families. In a nutshell, we feel helpless. But, there are things we can do to protect ourselves; simple things that don't take a lot of time, effort or money. Let's call it a big payoff for a little effort, a common theme in these times of doing more with less.
What do we mean by "big payoff?" A rule of thumb of preparedness is that there is a payback ratio of 100 to 1. For example, for every minute you spend stocking food and water in your emergency supplies kit, you'll avoid 100 minutes of effort trying to find potable water after the earthquake. A similar comparison can be made to dollars invested. Suppose you spend $10 and one hour bracing your china closet at home and it doesn't topple and break during the earthquake; you've saved the furniture and its contents. But suppose you didn't make that investment; it could cost you a thousand dollars or more to replace or repair it, and untold time lost.
So what are the high pay off actions that you can take now? Following are some, but not all, of the things you can do at home and here at the Lab:
1. Prepare a disaster supplies kit. See the checklist in this issue of Currents or contact the Lab's Emergency Services Office at X6554 or X6016. To stock the basics, this could take as little as an hour with little or no investment.
2. Prepare an emergency plan for your family. Discuss with all family members the location of supplies, utility shutdown procedures, emergency phone numbers and who to call should the family be separated when disaster strikes. This costs nothing but 30 minutes of your time.
3. Safeguard or prepare copies of important papers such as insurance policies, titles and deeds, and personal documents such as birth certificates and marriage licenses. Store copies in a safe location other than your home.
1. Spend about 10 minutes reading your building's emergency plan. See your building manager. If you don't know who he or she is, call X6554 and ask. The plan includes instructions for credible emergencies at Berkeley Lab.
2 Spend about five minutes getting familiar with the emergency pages near the back of the Laboratory phone book. You'll find information about what to do during and after an earthquake. On page 260 you'll find information about the 22 emergency rescue boxes located throughout the Lab.
3. Spend two minutes writing down the following number and putting it in your purse or wallet: 800-445-5830. This is the Lab's emergency status information announcement. If there is an emergency affecting the Laboratory, the recording at this number will provide employees emergency information such as whether to report to work, road conditions or special instructions.
If you accomplish the above, you will have a great start in preparing yourself and your family for the next earthquake. There's more you can do to ensure a greater degree of protection. Those seeking information should call the Laboratory Emergency Services Office for free brochures and training. Don't procrastinate; don't read this same article next year and say "I should get ready." Start today, before it's too late.
To the rescue
Berkeley Lab maintains 22 emergency rescue boxes for use by employees following an earthquake. The contents include first aid kits, stretchers, boxed water, gloves, safety glasses, rope, barrier tape and even portable toilets. The rescue boxes will be open and on display during the evacuation phase of the Lab's annual earthquake drill, to be conducted at 10 a.m. on Wednesday, May 14. If you do not know the location of the rescue box closest to your building, consult your building manager or see page 260 of the Lab phone directory.
Extensions 4000 through 7999 and 8600 through 8699 will remain in the 486 prefix. Extensions 2900 through 2999 will be moved to the new 495 prefix. Also, telephone service order requests for new numbers will be assigned an extension in the 495 prefix range.
When calling another extension from your Lab phone, you will still dial the four-digit number. However, callers from outside must dial the seven-digit number on local calls and the 10-digit number when calling long distance.
If you have not yet done so, you should complete the Review Form and return it to the Telephone Service Center, MS 50E-101, or fax it to X7000. You may also update your information electronically by sending electronic mail to [email protected]
Please note that personal information and name changes can only be made by submitting a Personnel Action Form (PAF) to the Human Resources Department at MS 938A. The Telephone Service Center cannot update personal information or change names from the Review Forms.
The following Oracle Channel courses will be held from 8:45 a.m. to 1 p.m. in Bldg. 936-12. The registration deadline for each class is the Monday prior to the week the class is to be held.
To register for a class, send an e-mail to [email protected] or call X5999. Course participants are advised to arrive to class on time. For information about class content, visit http://www.lbl.gov/Workplace/EDT/computers/oracle.html
The following on-site computer courses for Windows are taught from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. in the Bldg. 51L computer room (next to the lower level of the Bevatron). The cost is $100 for each of these one-day courses (except for Windows 95 Transition and Windows 95 Fundamentals, which are free).
Following are free three-hour courses covering the basics of cc:Mail and Meeting Maker:
To enroll, complete an AIM Enrollment Form (http://www.lbl.gov/Workplace/EDT/computers/PC_Classes.html), obtain your supervisor's approval, and fax to AIM at 827-1614. You will receive a confirmation call within two business days. Cancellation policy: Your division account will be charged for on-site computer classes that have a fee unless you cancel five working days prior to the class you are scheduled to attend.
*Pre-registration is required for all courses except Introduction to EH&S. To pre-register for all other classes, send e-mail to [email protected] (or fax to X4072) with your name, employee ID number, extension, and class name, date & code (or call X5999).
The Berkeley Lab Calendar is published biweekly here on the World Wide Web and in Currents by the Public Information Department. Employees can list a meeting, class, or event in the Calendar by using this submission form. The deadline for submissions is 5 p.m. on Monday in the week that Currents is published.
In addition to the events listed below, Berkeley Lab's Washington, D.C. Projects office is hosting a Science and Technology Seminars series.Scientific Conferences
As part of Earth Month, two films will be shown at noon in the Bldg. 50 auditorium: "The Water Cycle" and "The Mighty River." Free popcorn will be served.
A new 10-week series is starting at the Laboratory. Meet at noon in Bldg. 26. Contact Judy Kody at X6266 for more information.
7:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m., Bldg. 54 parking lot.
SOFTBALL PLANNING MEETING
There will be an organizational meeting at noon in the lower cafeteria. Anyone interested in forming or managing a team must attend so the number of teams can be determined. Other topics of discussion include fields, schedules, and rules for the summer.
Vince Resh of UC Berkeley will give a talk on the ecology of Strawberry Creek at noon in the Bldg. 50 auditorium.
8 a.m.-2 p.m. in the cafeteria.
As part of Earth Month, the Lab will host a field trip to the San Francisco Bay Model in Sausalito from 8:45 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. RSVP to X6123. Meet at Bldg. 65 bus stop. Wear comfortable clothing and bring a lunch.
As part of Earth Month, two films will be shown at noon in the Bldg. 50 auditorium: "When the Spill Hit Homer" and "Drinking Water: Quality on Tap." Free popcorn will be served.
As part of Earth Month, there will be a litter cleanup from noon to 1 p.m. Meet in front of the cafeteria.
Robert Hale of Alameda County Water Resources will speak on "Water Quality of Alameda Creeks" at noon in the Bldg. 50 auditorium.
"A Physicist in Congress: A Clash of Two Cultures" will be presented by Congressman Vernon Ehlers at 4:30 p.m. in 1 Pimentel Hall; refreshments, 4 p.m. in 375 Le Conte.
"Functional Analysis of Biochemical & Genetic Networks" will be presented by Adam Arkin of Stanford University at 4 p.m. in Bldg. 66-316.
Physics Division Research Progress Meeting
"Probing the Structure of the Proton at a Q2 Range Between 0.3 and 30000 GeV2" will be presented by Andreas Meyer of DESY at 4 p.m. in Bldg. 50A-5132; refreshments, 3:40 p.m.
"What Can Microbes Tell You in Assessing Bioremediation Effectiveness?" will be presented by David White of the University of Tennessee at noon in Bldg. 50A-5132
Environmental Energy Technologies Division Seminar
"Alternatives to Compressive Cooling in Non-Residential Buildings to Reduce Primary Energy Consumption" will be presented by Martin Behne of the Energy Performance of Buildings Group at noon in Bldg. 90-3148.
Surface Science and Catalysis Science Seminar
"Imaging Molecules and Metals on Metal Surfaces by Scanning
Tunneling Microscopy and Low Energy Electron Microscopy" will be presented by Shirley Chiang of UCD at 1:30 p.m. in the Bldg. 66 auditorium.
Physics Division Research Progress Meeting
"Measurement of the W Mass in the Muon Channel Using the CDF Detector" will be presented by Mark Lancaster of the Physics Division at 4 p.m. in Bldg. 50A-5132; refreshments, 3:40 p.m.
Special Joint Center for Beam Physics/Ion Beam Technology Seminar
"Progress and Plans for BNCT in Australia" will be presented by Barry J. Allen of the St. George Cancer Care Centre, Kogarah, Australia, at 4 p.m. in Bldg. 71B conference room.
"Symmetry Principles, Mixing of Non-Degenerate Eigenstates, and the Higher-Order-Mode Structure of R-F Cavities" will be presented by David Goldberg of AFRD/CBP at 10:30 a.m. in the Bldg. 71 conference room.
"Real-Time Lighting Visualization Using Supercomputers" will be presented by Greg Ward of the Building Technologies Program at noon in Bldg. 90-3148.
Surface Science and Catalysis Science Seminar
"Surface Diffusion of Hydrogen and Deuterium on Ni(111) Over a Wide Range of Temperatures: Exploring Quantum Diffusion on Metals" will be presented by Xiangdong Zhu of UCD at 1:30 p.m. in the Bldg. 66 auditorium.
"Gain and Fluctuations in FELs Starting from Noise" will be presented by Claudio Pellegrini of UCLA at 10:30 a.m. in the Bldg. 71 conference room.
Surface Science and Catalysis Science Seminar
"Mixed Metal Pillared Layer Clays and Their Pillaring Precursors: Synthesis, Characterization and Catalytic Applications" will be presented by Istrán Pálinki of USC at 3 p.m. in the Bldg. 66 auditorium.
Environmental Energies Technologies Division & The Atmospheric Sciences Group Seminar
"The Science Behind EPA's Proposed Revisions to the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Ozone (O3) and Particulate Matter" will be presented by Morton Lippmann of the New York University Medical Center at 3:30 p.m. in Bldg. 90-3148; refreshments, 3:15 p.m.
Items for the calendars may be sent via e-mail to
[email protected], faxed to X6641 or mailed
to Bldg. 65B. The deadline for the May 2 issue is 5 p.m. Monday, April 28.
The Laboratory is observing Take Our Daughters and Sons To Work Day on Thursday, April 24.
This year, 365 children ages 9-15 have been enrolled in the day's activities. Because of the overwhelming interest, more workshops have been added to accommodate all the eligible registrants. There will be no onsite registration.
Letters of confirmation will be mailed to employees no later than Monday, April 21. Please bring the confirmation letter along as a reminder of the workshop assignment. Due to space constraints, no changes in assignments can be made.
The Opening Ceremony begins at 9:30 a.m. in the location specified in the confirmation letter. You are asked to keep your guests with you at your worksite prior to the Opening. Please note that daycare activities in Perseverance Hall are limited to children accompanying employees with restricted worksites (proximity to hazardous materials, etc.). Your cooperation in following the guidelines will increase the orderliness of the day's activities. If you have enrolled a child in the program who is unable to attend, please inform Tara White no later than 5 p.m. Tuesday via Quickmail or fax (X6660).
The Daughters and Sons to Work staff and volunteers appreciate the assistance of the Laboratory family in bringing a meaningful educational experience to these young guests.
'82 TOYOTA Corolla, runs well, gd commuter car, great on gas, must sell, $1500/b.o. Gary, 454-9713
'84 TOYOTA Corolla, a/t, a/c, very clean int. + ext., well maint., reliable trans., $2250/b.o. 848-1807
'86 BUICK 4D SW, a/t, a/c, cc, p/s, p/b, 90K mi., very gd cond., well maint., must see, $2300/b.o. X6809, 528-1270
'86 SUBARU 4-WD hatchbk, 142K mi., red metallic, new clutch, tires, brakes, battery, etc., exc. cond., 1 owner, $2600. 935-2285
'87 FORD Escort, 5-spd, 2-dr, 100K mi., runs great, well maint. (records), $2500. Andres, X6742, 549-1621
'87 FORD Thunderbird turbo, 5-spd, computerized map, loaded, $4500/b.o. Esther, X5306, 843-7678
'87 MAZDA RX7, dk gray, 96K mi., gd cond., KBB value $5300, asking $4500/b.o. Marek, X5029, 582-5867
'93 TOYOTA Tercel, 53K mi., 4-spd, a/c, new tires & battery, exc. cond., well maint., $6450. 631-0510
'97 HONDA Civic DX, 6.5K mi., leaving U.S. mid-May, take over payments. X6318, 665-6525
TENT TRAILER, '94 Rockwood, lg., slps 7, refrig., stove, forced-air heater, hot water, awning, dbl battery, like new, $5500. 687-3904
CAR STEREO, Jensen, radio & cass., detachable face, 6 mo. old, $100/b.o. Nik, X7802, 658-7807
EASEL & other oil painting equip. Tennessee, X5013
LIGHT TABLE. Steve, X6966
MICROSCOPE, monocular and/or binocular, for young student; globe (terrestrial), pre 1940 preferred. 526-2007
NAVY RADIO type RBC or RBB, rackmount type. John, 849-1051
STORAGE SPACE for approx. 6-8 mo. while we remodel, 1-car garage sz. gd. Jonathan, X4148, 525-5540
BICYCLE CHILD SEAT, gd to 40 lb., Rhode Gear Taxi, used 1 yr., gd cond., $95 new, $50/b.o.; Graco Tot-Loc Chair w/tray, never used, gd to 40 lb., $35 new, $25/b.o.; Gerry child carrier, gd to 35 lb., used 1 yr. $20/b.o. Miguel, X6443, 526-5291 (before 8 p.m.)
BIKE, Marin City, new, $499 value, asking $300. Marek, X5029
BOAT, Searay cruiser, 22.5', SRV225, 260 Merc. outdrive, slps 4, head, galley, lots of teak, 300 hours, very gd cond., delta canvas, incl. Trailrite tandem axle trailer, best offer. Bob, 376-2211
CAMERA, Pentax K1000 SLR 35mm + telephoto & flash, $125. Mark, X6452
CRIB, Bellini, natural wood, mattress, bumpers, sheets, was $1200 new, $600; padded rocker, natural wood, $200; vacuum cleaner + 10 bags, $75; Tandy computer 1000 RLX w/monitor, keyboard, Epson BW printer, best offer; 2 stereo systems (Panasonic & Sharp), best offer. 741-7732
DINETTE SET, expandable, oval w/4 chairs, like new, $150; coffee table, dk oak finish, $45; Fisher stereo spkrs, $25; rattan swivel chairs w/light upholstery, $45 ea.; 3 western saddles, jr. to adult sz., $100-$150; child riding hat, English, $10; 10-spd racing bike, Rally, silver, like new, $100; 12-spd m/bike, red, boys, $100. Liona, 210-1119
FUTON SOFABED, queen sz., oak, needs some repair, $100/b.o. Joe, X7284
PIANO, heavy, upright, early 20s, exc. cond., great sound, $950; acoustic guitar, Goya, early 60s, hard case, needs work, $150; Miracle Piano Teaching System, keyboard, cables, manual & disk, $100, or $1K for all. Nick, 938-7969
POWERBOOK, Apple 520, 8mb RAM, 160mb hard drive, ethernet, 14.4 internal modem, b&w display but will support lg. color monitor, can also use external mouse & keyboard, incl. battery, charger & carrying case, asking $750; upgradable to 100Mhz Power PC (603e) for $399. Doug, X4933
POWERBOOK DUO 250, 8/200, w/14.4 modem, active matrix screen, $665; 13" Apple color monitor, $200; HP LaserJet, $300; Mac 512K, printer, external floppy: $50; 14.4 zoom modem, $40. 848-1353
SOFA BED, queen sz., $50; futon frame, full sz., $20; desk, $20; chest of drawers, $100; kitchen table w/4 chairs, $60; shelves, $70. Andres, X6742, 549-1621
WEIGHT-TRAINING SUPPLIES, lg. selection of weights (50 to 2.5 lb.), $.20/lb., dumbbells, barbells, bench press w/leg attachment, all like new. Rob or Soong, 524-3182
BERKELEY, furn. studio apt w/full kitchen & bth avail. for short-term rental, top flr of 1920s bldg., laundry, hardwd flrs, sunlight, 15 min. walk from LBNL shuttle, $637/mo. Sarah, X7283
BERKELEY, 3-bdrm, 2-1/2 bth condo, furn., TV, appliances, W/D, dishwasher, nr UCB & gourmet ghetto, $1500/mo.+util. 845-8086
BERKELEY, 3-bdrm, 1-bth apt, share washer/dryer, off-st. parking, 3 min. walk to LBNL shuttle, 7 min. walk to UCB, nr shops & BART, avail. 5/1, $780/mo. utils. extra. X6345
NO. BERKELEY HILLS, nr Rose Garden, part. furn. 2 rm suite in 3-bdrm house, views, decks, hot tub, wash/dry & more, $500/mo.+share utils. David, 525-4470
NO. BERKELEY, lg., furn. Victorian 1-bdrm, 1-bth apt, laundry fac., sec., enclosed garden, dbl carport, walk to UCB, LBNL shuttle, BART & shopping, term lease only, short term OK, avail. after 7/1. 848-1830
NO. BERKELEY, 1215 Carlotta Ave., furn. 3-bdrm, 2-bth house, dishwasher, washer/dryer, wood flrs, frpl, family rm, formal dining rm, no wheelchair access, no pets, walk to shopping, bus & BART, avail. 6/28 thru Dec., use of car negot., $2100/mo., 1st & $2100 sec. dep. 526-9494
NO. BERKELEY, lg. furn. rm in house, share kitchen & bath, nr trans. & shops, 15 min. walk to LBNL shuttle, $400/mo. + dep. Vida, 526-1256
NO. BERKELEY, furn. 3-bdrm home, living rm w/Golden Gate view, dining rm, kitchen, study, garden & patio, basement rented to LBNL scientist, for rent in July, owner traveling to Europe, dates still somewhat flex., 10 min. to LBNL by car, nr #7 & #43 bus lines, $1600/mo. utils. include. 524-6606 (eve.)
SO. BERKELEY, 1-bdrm in duplex, hardwood flrs + walls, frpl, spacious, washer + dryer, patio, guest scientist leaving Berkeley in May, all furniture + TV + kitchen supply for sale, $875/mo. Thomas, X5363, 883-0219
MORAGA, furn. 3-bdrm house, 30 min. scenic drive to LBNL, avail. 5/25-9/1, prefer nonsmoker, visiting scholar & spouse, util. incl. $1300/mo. + dep. X4905, 376-4126
OAKLAND HILLS, above Montclair, sublet for May-Aug., 1 rm w/sep. entrance avail. in 5-bdrm house, SF Bay, Mt. Tam & GG Bridge views, 3 decks, hot tub, parking, laundry, access to public trans., 1 pet OK,$450/mo.+utils. 339-8037
PT. RICHMOND, on the water, 400 sq. ft. studio, sep. entrance, bay, Mt. Tam & Angel Is. & 3-bridge views, avail. 5/5, furn. avail. $500/mo. 236-8293
WANTED: house to rent for 1 or 2 yr., for French postdoc student & family arriving at LBNL Aug. 1997, 3 children (8, 7 & 3), nonsmoker. Berkeley, Albany, El Cerrito or surrounding, can take care of pets. Alicia, X4251
WANTED: 1-bdrm (or lg. studio) in-law, apt or house in Albany, No. Berkeley or El Cerrito for LBNL employee. Nance, X7328
WANTED: long-term (min. 1 mo.) house and pet-sitting situation, single, mature & responsible LBNL employee, all locations considered, refs. avail. Colleen, X6372, 658-6450
WANTED: apt/rm/shared house in Berkeley, nr campus, for visiting German scientist, from now for 2 mo., non-smoker. Shaukat, X2919, (office), [email protected]
WANTED: furn. bdrm in house/apt w/other students, walking distance to Lab shuttle, for female French student. Estelle, X4555
WANTED: No. Berkeley house, long-term rental for Lab family w/mature children. Carol, X4812
WANTED: 2-bdrm house/apt in Berkeley/Albany/EC from about 5/15 to 10/1 while we remodel ours, prefer unfurn. Jonathan, X4148, 525-5540
SONOMA COAST, 2.16 acres, Timbercove, Ft. Ross area, all utils. Nick, 527-1965
LOST: prescription sunglasses in the vicinity of Bldg. 64, approx. 4/3/97. Joe, X6026
Please note also:
Published once a month by the Communications Department for the employees and retirees of Berkeley Lab.
Reid Edwards, Public Affairs Department head
Ron Kolb, Communications Department head
Pamela Patterson, 486-4045, [email protected]
Lyn Hunter, 486-4698, [email protected]
Dan Krotz, 486-4019
Paul Preuss, 486-6249
Lynn Yarris, 486-5375
Ucilia Wang, 495-2402
Allan Chen, 486-4210
David Gilbert, (925) 296-5643
Caitlin Youngquist, 486-4020
Creative Services Office
MS 65, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley CA 94720
Fax: (510) 486-6641
Berkeley Lab is managed by the University of California for the U.S. Department of Energy.
Flea Market is now online at www.lbl.gov/fleamarket