|Ernest Orlando Lawrence founded
this Lab, the oldest of the national laboratories, in 1931.
Lawrence invented the cyclotron, which led to a Golden Age of
particle physics and revolutionary discoveries about the nature of
the universe. Known as a mecca of particle physics, Berkeley Lab
long ago broadened its focus. Of our nine Nobel Prizes, five
are in physics and four in chemistry. Today, we are a
multiprogram lab where research in advanced materials, life
sciences, energy efficiency, detectors and accelerators serves
America's needs in technology and the environment.
Berkeley Lab is located
on the hillside above one of the world's great universities -- the
University of California at Berkeley. Altogether, we have some
3,800 employees, of which about 600 are students. Each year,
the Lab also hosts more than 2,000 participating guests. We
are managed by the University of California for the U.S. Department
of Energy (DOE).